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“三元化社区”治理张力及其消解

作者: 高飞
出版日期:2019-01-01
浏览次数:38次
简介: 本书提出“三元化社区”概念,用以把握当前经济发达地区从村落社区向城市社区过渡进程中所形成的特有的社区型态。一方面,在户籍与村籍双重制度的强化下,南海区的常住人口分为明显的三个部分:―是外来人群体,二是市民群体(非集体经济组织成员),三是农民群体(集体经济组织成员或社员股东),三大群体勾勒出“三元化社区”的基本轮廓;另一方面,以利益群体一组织结构框架为观察和分析视角,深入考察南海区在不同历史阶段所采取的治理校式,以期理解并解释“三元化社区”的治理需兼顾其出路。本书研究表明,“三元化社区”治理需兼顾社区内三类不同利益群体的诉求,以组织结构的创生回应利益群体的分化,以多元化的组织方式应对多元化的社会结构和利益诉求。
关键词: 社区管理  三元化社区  

清代军机处职权的来源及其演变:以公文运转程序与政局变动为核心...

作者: 宋希斌
出版日期:2018-01-04
浏览次数:98次
简介: 本书利用清代大量的公文档案,以清廷公文运转程序的变化为切入点,结合清代政局的变动及人事的更迭,对清代军机处职权的来源及其演变做了全面的梳理。通过考察军机处职权的演进,本书细致剖析了不同历史时期的军机处在清廷中枢决策过程中的地位及作用。本书的研究不仅推进了学界对军机处本身的认识,而且对理解清代政治活动也有着重要的意义。
关键词: 军机处  研究  中国  清代  

“弱”关系“强”在哪里:网络参与下地方政府决策回应模式研究

作者: 翁士洪
出版日期:2018-01-03
浏览次数:72次
简介: 网络时代公共政策制定和执行中如何有效吸纳公众意见、实现决策者与公众的良性互动?本书是在国家社科基金青年项目基础上完成的,通过研究和解释网络参与背景下中国地方政府决策回应中的行为逻辑、行为模式,以及不同环节、主体之间的内在联系和制度逻辑、回应过程和机制,来深入探讨网络参与和政府决策之间从冲突走向协商的可能性和途径。本书提出在网络参与背景下头现政府管理和基层民主有机结合,提升地方政府决策有效性和治理效能的对策建议,即分别从政府与公众两个主体层面提出完善网络立法、规范网络参与秩序、增强互信与互动。本书对网络治理的研究者和政府管理者有参考价值。
关键词: 互联网络  应用  地方  政府  行政管理  方针政策  研究  中国  

云南青少年民族团结心理与教育

出版日期:2018-01-03
浏览次数:161次
简介: 本书采用问卷调查法、焦点小组访谈、心理传记法、故事完成法等量与质的研究方法,以云南省11个少数民族聚居地的汉族、彝族、藏族、佤族、傈僳族、白族、傣族、壮族、哈尼族、苗族、纳西族等民族共一万多名中小学生,以及一千多名教师为研究对象,较为系统、深入地考察了青少年的民族团结心理及教育的情况。全书以丰富、翔实的数据,报告了民族团结教育在云南省中小学开展、实施的情况,总结了学生在民族团结认知、民族认同、民族间友好交往等方面的一般特征及规律,分析了父母对子女的民族社会化行为、父母的民族间交往行为、学生参与的民族团结教育活动等对学生民族团结心理的影响,提出了改进学校民族团结教育质量的建议。
关键词: 民族团结  云南  青少年读物  

社会政策过程:新农合中的央地互动

作者: 徐晓新
出版日期:2018-01-02
浏览次数:66次
简介: 本书以新型农村合作医疗制度从议程设置到政策基本定型的演进过程为案例,阐释了中国社会政策过程的内部逻辑。基于中国政策过程的特点,本书构建了政策议程设置、政策框架构建和执行中的政策制定三个阶段的政策过程模型,识别了中国社会政策议程设置的科层、上书和协商三条路径及其接力模式,刻画了中央和地方政府在政策框架构建和方案细化中的互动机制和影响,据以揭示出中国决策体系的开放性和弹性。该书为理解中国政策过程、建构中国特色的政策过程理论做出了贡献。

选举民主的有效性与有限性

作者: 吴雨欣
出版日期:2018-01-02
浏览次数:49次
简介: 选举民主是民主形式的一种,它不仅具有广泛的适应性,而且具有极大的包容性。本书在厘定选举民主的科学含义及其实践条件后,着重研究选举民主的有效性与有限性。通过充分地揭示选举民主有效性和有限性的内涵、本质、衡量标准和具体表现,廓清了人们在选举民主问题上的种种迷误,深化和拓展了民主理论研究的空间。更为重要的是,通过对选举民主有效性与有限性的研究,有助于人们正确地选择社会主义民主建设的路径和具体形式。
关键词: 选举制度  社会主义民主  研究  中国  

中国与世界.第六辑

作者: 刘德斌
出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:22次
简介: 中国在变,世界在变,中国与世界的关系也正在经历一场历史性的变化,这种变化的根源和前景可能远远超出我们现在的判断和预期。为了让中国读者能够更好地了解和理解这个变化着的世界,同时也为了让其他国家的人们更好地了解和理解这个正在变化着的中国,我们出版了这本《中国与世界》,以期纵览古今,沟通内外,围绕中国与世界关系历史性变化这一主线,搭建一个中国学者与其他国家同行之间交流与对话的平台,体会中国与世界之间的互动、磨合、交融和精彩!
关键词: 国际政治  国情  

中国政治学.2018年.第二辑:总第二辑

出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:7次
简介: European Civilization's“Free Space”and Modern China:A Reading of Carl Schmitt's Der Nomos der ErdeLiu Xiaofeng[Abstract] In recent decades,studies on“global history”generally regard the social life of human beings as the standard of historiography.This standard seems to suppose that the struggle within the European civilization to acquire the domination over the world has ended.On the contrary,Carl Schmitt's Der Nomos der Erde,which also represents a type of“global history”study,still regards the state as its standard and surpasses Euro-Centrism.Compared with the former standard,Schmitt's study is based on an opposite theory:the struggle between the Great Powers not only continues but also expands from Europe to a global scale.These two conceptions of“global history”suggest completely different concerns.If someone chose to following the former“global history”approach which regards the social life of human beings as its standard(s),he might well believe that a globalized era of cosmopolitan society is surely about to come.However,if the idea of cosmopolitan society since the 18thcentury was merely an utopia,if the struggle between the states is still grave in our age,if studies and teachings of history still dedicate themselves to a liberal-democratic idea of cosmopolitism,a special kind of amnesia will be the price.The younger generation may well forget that the land beneath them is still on the verge of a world-history moment in an era of global conflict,an era when states still rule and set the“standard”.[Keywords] Global History; Carl Schmitt; International Law; Euro-Centrism;Diplomatic History of Modern ChinaGeopolitical Strategy and Vicissitude of the World Empire: From“Mature Mackinder”to“Old Mackinder”Jiang Shigong[Abstract] This article is about the intrinsic relation between the evolving of Mackinder's geo-politics theory and the power-transfer from old world empire to the new one.Mackinder believes that after 1900,a new age begins,when land-powers and seapowers fight for leadership of the world,seeking to establish a single World Empire.Under this contending circumstance,Mackinder argues that British Empire shouldn't continue the“old way”as a traditional sea-power,but turn to the“new way”to meet the calling of history,marching to the land(especially India and South Africa),integrating British Empire through finance and tariffs reforms,making British a new World Empire.This new empire,financially and constitutionally united,having both the characters of sea-power and land-power,was criticized as“imperialism”.Unfortunately,after the First World War,the power of the world empire transited from Britain to the United States.Mackinder realized that only alliance of Britain and America could prolong the life of the British sea-power empire then,so he tried to teach the lessons of the old empire's geopolitical strategy to the new one.The dream of ruling the whole world with democracy would come true only if the rulers take reality of world geo-politics into consideration seriously.The pivot of world geo-politics is not in North America but in the“world island”,namely the whole continent of Europe,Asia and Africa.America needs the margin land(such as Europe,South Africa,India,Japan,and China)to surround the heartland,squash into it,and establish the world empire.After the World War II,witnessing the destruction that the two world wars brought to human communities changed Mackinder's theory subtly.The“mature Mackinder”focusing on the power struggle over the whole world turned to the“old Mackinder”who was more dedicated to global power balance and world peace.[Keywords] Geopolitics; the World Empire;“Mature Mackinder”;“Old Mackinder”“Protestant Ethics and the Spirit of Capitalism”in the Sight of Historical SociologyYang Guangbin[Abstract] While many Chinese intellectuals still regard Max Weber's Protestant Ethics and the Spirit of Capitalism as an academic canon,the masterpiece is,in fact,not only an answer to the question of“Rise of the West”,but also an attempt to construct the cultural superiority of the West.Upon this issue,scholars across the world have already provided various critics.As Fernand Braudel points out,Weber's project was to“rewrite world history”.Within the text,Weber's assumption or logical chain is composed of a series of concepts,namely: Calling,Predestination,Discipline,Rationality,Commercial Behavior and Self-Redemption.However,by re-examining the Protestant Ethics and the Spirit of Capitalism thesis in the course of European history,global history and history of religion,one may find it easy to grasp the flaws of Weber's one-sided presuppositions.Why would Weber“rewrite world history”? As a nationalist or even an imperialist with racial prejudice,Weber's identity determined that it was not justice,nor morality,but“national power”that defined the end of his life-long pursuit.Unfortunately,such a work of cultural imperialism is still regarded as a“canon”in domestic academic circles.Fundamentally,the misunderstanding should be ascribed to the inadequate development of China's social sciences and the absence of historical sociology studies,which has been mistakenly canonizing a study of historical sociology as a masterpiece of political philosophy.[Keywords]“Rise of the West”; Protestant Ethics; the Spirit of Capitalism;“Rewriting History”; Cultural ImperialismEmpire,Politics and Philosophy:Plato and ThucydidesRen Junfeng[Abstract] Inside the great tradition of Western intellectual history,tensions always exist in terms of the quarrels between two minor traditions: ideal and reality,theory and history,philosopher and polis,philosophy and politics,etc.The vocation of philosophy is seeking the“truth”and the principle,while the common good is the end of political activities.Those two traditions,once integrated as a whole in the early times of ancient Greece,were divided and finally antagonized after the fall of Athenian Empire and the death of Socrates.Focusing on Plato and Thucydides,this article analyzes the source of the tension by searching the clues in history.Embodying two different intellectual directions of the Western intellectual tradition,Plato and Thucydides also offer the Chinese intellectuals a chance to rediscover the crucial issues raised by the Western tradition during its modern change.The tension between“Science as Vocation”and the Imperial Cause not only requires the re-understanding of the Western tradition,but also concerns intellectual integrity and political vision of the Chinese intellectuals in those“great eras of politics”.[Keywords] Plato;Thucydides;Philosophy;PoliticsThe Inner Control of Communes in the People's Commune Period and theImplementation of Family Planning Policy:The Case of Jinshan Village(1970-1982)Tong Zhihui;Yang Xiaoting;Peng Fulin[Abstract] Based on various documents and archives(1967-1981)of Jinshan Village(administratively affiliated to Beiwan Town of Jingyuan County in Gansu Province),this article is an attempt to investigate the interactions between the System of People's Commune and the implementation of Family Planning Policy.Focusing on the special role of Production Brigade and Production Team's inner control in the implementation of Family Planning Policy,we have offered an explanation on the difference of policy effect between the 1970s and 1980s.As the study shows,it was the mechanism of Production Brigade and Production Team that connected the task of national governance and the process of rural governance.[Keywords] Family Planning Policy;The System of People's Commune; National Governance; Rural GovernanceThe Evolution and Operation of the Cadre Rotation Mechanism in China:Based on the Experience of 1101 Cadres at the Provincial and Ministerial LevelLi Zhen;Liu Zhi[Abstract] Scholars have paid much attention to Chinese cadre management system for over decades,especially the mechanisms on cadres' promotion,which indicates the significance of the system in PRC.Cadre management system in China,however,means not only the top-down controlling or mutual competing system,but also a training system.The cadre rotation mechanism,different from the Western democratic election or bureaucracy based on merit,isan important,but under-researched issue in contemporary China,through which may broaden cadres'visions and enrich their governing experience.So it is fundamental and essential for the development of cadres' career.The institutionalized cadre rotation involves three different patterns:rotations between the branches of party/government and other organizations such as universities,mass organizations,and state-owned enterprises(diaoren),rotations among various branches within the party and government(zhuanren)and temporary rotations(guazhiduanlian).Furthermore,the evolution of rotation mechanism demonstrates the Party's oscillations and striving for balancing the institutionalization of the governing and flexibility of the regime.The article traces the origin and evolution of the cadre rotation institutions,and shows the diverse characteristics of the rotation experiences of various types of cadres,based on historical documents,typical cases and relevant data.[Keywords] Cadre Management System;Cadre Rotation;Career Development;InstitutionalizationThe Paradigm Change of Hong Kong's Political DevelopmentWang Heng[Abstract] Since Hong Kong's return to her motherland in 1997,Hong Kong has made remarkable achievements in its political development.On the other hand,Hong Kong's development also met with problems such as“Pan-Politicalization”,“Populism”,“Separatism”,“Veto Politics”and“Street Political Confrontation”.These phenomena revealed the difficulties of the Electoral Democracy Paradigm both in theory and practice.As a by-product of Britain's“Colonial Withdrawal”tactic,the introduction of electoral democracy to Hong Kong and its later exercise were essentially driven by the“myth of general election”,a principle intentionally neglecting the importance of effective governance to political development.The conditionality of electoral democracy determines that general election should be gradually carried out,according to Hong Kong's own situations.Under the current circumstance,Hong Kong's political development strongly requires a transformation both in theory and policy.The basic task is to establish a shared goal with national governance of the Central government,to ensure positive interactions between different governance subjects and to acquire an all-round improvement of governance system and governance capacity.On that basis,the focus of political development in Hong Kong could be turned from political structure to governing functions,from systemic change to effects in practice.Consequently,economic growth,social welfare,national education and political trust could help to rebuild a positive political environment in Hong Kong.[Keywords] Political Development; Paradigm; Electoral Democracy; Democratization; National GovernanceExploring Political Legitimacy Again:From the Perspective of Political TrustYang Duancheng[Abstract] As an important fundamental theory in political science,political legitimacy is often explained by two approaches.One is constructed by the reasoning of political philosophy which aims at justification,and the other is based on the description of objective phenomenon.However,the justification approach was marked by the Western ideology due to the Cold War and finally evolved into a doctrine that only liberal democracy could fundamentally provide regimes with legitimacy.Nevertheless,this theory has much difficulty in explaining the world of being.Why do many countries,in which new regimes have been established in accordance with Western logic after experiencing democratic transition or even“Colour Revolution”,still face with the dilemma that most people distrust the new ruling authorities?Moreover,it is also difficult to explain contemporary China by the traditional legitimacy theory.As a result,inconsistences inevitably occur when China is examined and explained in full accordance with the constructed legitimacy theory.On the contrary,the descriptive approach focused on public opinion and political trust may provide us with a new perspective to reexamine China's political legitimacy.Nonetheless,the existing literature has not elaborated on why it is appropriate to use political trust to measure political legitimacy.This article is an attempt to recognize the premise and offer some illustrations.[Keywords] Political Legitimacy;Political Trust;Political Support;Contemporary China
关键词: 政治学  政治发展  
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