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资本主义经济危机与经济周期:历史与理论

作者: 胡乐明 杨静
出版日期:2018-05-01
浏览次数:403次
简介: 本书秉持史论结合、以论为主的写作思路,围绕两条主线展开,一条是经济史,一条是经济思想史,两条主线既有一定的独立性又在一定程度上相互印证。本书的写作既注重从生产力的发展、生产组织和劳动关系的变化以及由此带来的资本主义制度、体制和政策的变化等层面入手,描述资本主义经济危机和经济周期的发生机制与外在表现的历史演变,又注重系统梳理各个时期马克思主义学者和西方主流学者关于资本主义经济危机和经济周期的代表性观点,全面反映关于资本主义经济危机和经济周期的理论演变。

美国金融危机与当代资本主义的现实困境

作者: 蒯正明
出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:324次
简介: 经济危机的根源是资本扩张的逻辑悖论所导致的,而资本的扩张使得资本在不同历史时期又表现出不同的历史形态。不同资本的历史形态是不同阶段资本扩张所采取的形式,由此所导致的矛盾不同,其矛盾激化的表现形式也不一样。在产业资本占据主导地位的情况下,经济危机主要表现在实体经济领域的生产过剩,而在金融资本占主导地位的时代,资本主义经济危机则主要表现为金融危机。本书立足于马克思主义基本原理,分析美国金融危机发生、全球蔓延的根源,并以此为基础思考资本主义社会制度的内在矛盾。
关键词: 金融危机  资本主义经济  欧洲  美国  

资本主义经济金融化与世界金融危机研究

出版日期:2017-08-01
浏览次数:316次
简介: (一)20世纪最后几十年形成资本主义经济金融化。1997年,美国马克思主义经济学家保罗·斯威齐在其文章中,把“资本积累过程的金融化”称为世纪之交的三大主要经济趋势之一(另外两大趋势是垄断力量的增长和经济停滞)。伦敦大学经济学教授简·托普劳斯基(Jan Toprowski)在《金融的终结》中写道:“20世纪最后几十年,出现了自19世纪90年代和20世纪前10年以来规模最大的金融时代。此外,从证券市场上交换的价值来看,也是历史上规模最大的金融时代。所谓‘金融时代’指的是一个历史阶段,在此期间,金融……取代了工业企业家在资本主义发展过程中的领导地位。”2005年,美国著名学者戈拉德·A.爱泼斯坦(Gorard A Epstein)主编的《金融化与世界经济》一书出版,认为新自由主义、全球化、金融化的兴起是过去30年全球经济变革的主要特征,而金融化是关键。新自由主义和全球化都是金融资本的霸权势力在世界重新兴起的表现。众多论著探究了新自由主义和全球化问题,但解析金融化现象却是较新的论题。爱泼斯坦认为,关于金融化的认识分歧较大,他放宽视野对金融化作了一个宽泛的界定:金融化是指金融动机、金融市场、金融
关键词: 资本主义经济  关系  金融危机  世界  

调整与变革

出版日期:2017-05-01
浏览次数:413次
简介: 本书运用马克思主义立场、观点和方法,探讨了国际金融危机背景下资本主义经济战略的新调整、政治格局的新变动以及社会阶级结构的新变化,深刻揭示这些新变化的动因和实质,以期准确把握当今世界发展大势,科学解答时代提出的重大问题,为推进马克思主义中国化、推动中国特色社会主义事业提供理论指导和思想保障。
关键词: 资本主义经济  现代  

顾客角色外行为研究

作者: 范钧
出版日期:2016-12-01
浏览次数:325次
简介: 本书在前人研究基础上,从顾客公民行为和顾客不当行为两个层面,对顾客角色外行为的概念界定、影响因素及行为结果进行了系统梳理,构建了顾客角色外行为的理论分析框架,提出了顾客公民行为形成机制的TPB模型。并结合网络购物、旅行社团队游、虚拟品牌社区、医院服务、服务失误等研究情境,就服务公平性、顾客参与、顾客心理授权、网络互动和顾客公民行为,以及服务设计缺陷、服务失误归因和顾客不当行为的作用关系,进行了深入的理论和实证研究。本书进一步深化和拓展了顾客角色外行为的理论研究;并为服务企业如何有效激发顾客公民行为、科学预防顾客不当行为提供了实践启示。
关键词: 消费者行为论  研究  

直接经验与非伦理消费行为决策

作者: 赵宝春
出版日期:2016-12-01
浏览次数:212次
简介: In this book,with an integration of theoretical method and empirical one,machinism of direct experience functioning in consumer unethical behavior decision-making is explored from two sides,influencing effections and psychological pathes,on the base of constructing a comprehensive theoretical model.Questionnaire is accomplished by intercept in street for the empirical researches,and predecessors’ way is imitated to take research at macro level across diverse ethical situations just for getting some conclusions more closely to the facts.In the part of researches on influencing effects,direct experience is found to promote the formation of the intention to take unethical behavior,and the positive function is outstanding.It is also significant of direct experience to impact on ethical judgment and perceived risk,two important variables as one step of the decision psychological process.Moreover,direct experience is found to not only moderate the relationships between ethical judgment and consumer unethical behavior intention,as well as between perceived risk and consumer unethical behavior intention,but especially reverse the directions of ethical judgment and perceived risk affecting consumer unethical behavior intention.In the part of the researches on psychological pathes,it is found that direct experience could influence indirectly consumer unethical behavior intention through ethical judgment and perceived risk,while the direct path of direct experience influencing consumer unethical behavior intention is still the leading one.Among the indirect pathways,effects transmitted indirectly through ethical judgment equated to another one through perceived risk.Furthermore,the relationship between direct experience and consumer unethical behavior intention is moderated respectively by ethical judgment and perceived risk.However,the moderation effects can not diverse the direction of direct experience promoting consumer unethical behavior intention.Compared with other factors of consumer ethics like ethical judgment and perceived risk,the function of direct experience is outstanding much more in the formation of consumer unethical behavior intention.Regard to the influencing effects,those of direct experience are much greater than others,and for the psychological pathes,the direct one is the main to transmit the influence of direct experience on consumer unethical behavior intention.Besides being a variable with implication of reflecting personal characteristics of decision-maker,direct experience could be rised to the same logical level of ethical judgment and perceived risk just as the forecaster of consumer unethical behavior intention,with much higher accurate rate than the latter two.All of these conclusions are brand new in the empirical research on consumer ethics.Key Words:Consumer Ethics,Consumer Unethical Behavior,Direct Experience,Theoretical Model,Influencing Effects,Psychological Pathes

群发性产品危机中企业响应策略对消费行为的动态影响研究

作者: 冯蛟
出版日期:2016-11-01
浏览次数:211次
简介: 本书运用解释水平理论和调节聚焦理论,研究群发性产品危机背景下涉事企业响应策略对危机中、危机后消费行为的动态影响过程及传导机制,同时考察企业品牌声誉与消费者调节聚焦属性在此过程中的交互效应以及群发性危机对消费者行业信任的内在影响机制,据此重构危机群发情景下消费者对企业行为反应的动态理论模型,并为企业建立危机预警机制和紧急响应机制,最终唤醒全行业共同应对危机的集体意识,并提供相应的理论依据和策略建议。
关键词: 消费者行为论  产品危机  

理解经济周期:西方理论和中国事实

作者: 汤铎铎
出版日期:2016-08-01
浏览次数:295次
简介: There are two dimensions for understanding business cycle:one is clarifying facts,and another is constructing theory. Economics is a western learning. Modern free market economy has originated and matured in western world,along with the initiation and development of business cycle theory. China’s economy has experienced an unprecedented rapid growth after the reform and open-up,while the feature of its business cycle fluctuations has also changed evidently. How to clarify and explain China’s business cycle facts and even to enrich and develop western theory following the tradition and framework of western business cycle theory? This is the theme this book tries to discuss.In western world,the history of business cycle theory lasts at least two hundred years,which includes three times of paradigm shifting. The first time is preliminary mathematization and formalization;the second one is the large scale macroeconomic econometric model;and the last one is the DSGE framework which was evolved from the RBC theory. After the global financial crisis in 2008,the mainstream macroeconomics has been rethought and criticized continually,and the DSGE framework has been the first to bear the brunt of it. The so called Great Recession may prepare the condition for new macroeconomic paradigm,just like the Great Depression bringing the Keynesianism and the Stagflation helping the New Classical Macroeconomics.The facts of business cycle can be studied by two ways. One is economic history,another is time series analysis. We call the former descriptive facts,and the latter stylized facts. The descriptive facts mostly describe the business cycle phenomenon in language. Their conclusion is qualitative and based on the events and details which had really happened,although data are quoted sometimes. The stylized facts are the empirical laws which are found by transforming and comparing macroeconomic time series. Their conclusion is quantitative and paying more attention to the uniform characters of business cycle in long run.From the point of view of the descriptive facts,China’s business cycle can be divided into a few obvious stages,and each stage has its sharp-cut peculiarity. There are two good reasons why this condition exists. First,China’s economy had been a closed and agricultural economy when the PRC was founded in 1949. Modernization and industrialization are two long-range goals,and then the different stage of economic development results in the different feature of business cycle. Second,after the foundation of the PRC,the centralized planned economic system was established rapidly,which was based on unitary public ownership. Some modifications and reforms have been carried on continuously because the disadvantage of this system appeared soon. After the market-oriented economic reform started in 1978,the economic structure and operation had changed hugely. Therefore the stage of institutional change shaped the stage of business cycle.From the point of view of the stylized facts,the behavior of Chinese macroeconomic time series is very different between pre and post reform and open-up. We summarize thirteen important changes in all. Most of them exhibit the promotion of the degrees of marketization,monetization and industrialization of our national economy,which is consistent with the economics common sense and intuition. For example,the change of real economy and price’s amplitudes,the changes of the fiscal revenue and expenditure’s business cycle features,the changes of the money supply’s business cycle features and the change of the co-movement with UK and US etc. Furthermore,these changes are all correlated with economic development and institutional change. On the contrary,some changes seem to be relatively erratic and abnormal. For example,the changes of price and inflation’s business cycle features,the change of aggregate employment’s business cycle features and the change of real interest rate’s business cycle features etc. It is not so easy to explain such changes in general economic theories simply,and some profounder and more prudent research must be carried on.
关键词: 经济周期分析  
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