返回总库    

中图法分类

构建新时代中国特色社会主义政治经济学

作者: 蔡昉 张晓晶
出版日期:2019-01-01
浏览次数:452次
简介: 本书是在深入学习研读习近平总书记全面从严治党重要论述的基础上形成的学习研究成果。 本书以习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想为指导,本着忠实于习近平总书记关于全面从严治党重要论述的原则,系统梳理了习近平总书记十八大以来管党治党的重大思想理论观点,对全面从严治党的重要意义、地位作用、方针原则、形势任务、内涵思路、制度机制、方式方法、路径举措、基本规律等进行了系统归纳和理论概括。

“一带一路”手册:英文

出版日期:2019-01-01
浏览次数:89次
简介: The countries of the world are at different stages of development and have their own different histories and cultures,but the people of all countries share a common desire for peace and development.It is also the goal and constant commitment of the ruler of every country to raise the country's economic and social development level with a view to bringing people out of poverty and improving people's quality of life.Meanwhile,people tend to agree that a country should also accommodate the legitimate concerns of others when seeking its own development and the common development of all countries is the only way for a country to achieve its sustainable development.Since Comrade Xi Jinping was elected the president of China in 2013,he has consistently advocated and made profound interpretations of the idea of building a community of shared future for mankind,which has quickly gained widespread recognition from the international community.The idea itself has also been recorded in a series of UN resolutions.A desire for common development does not mean the pursuit of a single path,nor does it entails a single model.Instead,it allows diversified and localised development paths that keep abreast with the times.However,all countries also face common obstacles in their development,such as a bottleneck of capital accumulation,inequality in international economic and trade relations,low infrastructure capacity,difficulties in cultivating human capital,and low mobilization capability and inefficient allocation of human resources.Therefore,while acknowledging and encouraging diversified models,all countries around the world,especially the developing countries,are also desperate for a strategic framework for development that not only helps to create the necessary conditions for development,breaking the bottlenecks in key areas and learning from success or failure,but also gives each country an adequate space of choice.The Belt and Road Initiative proposed by Chinese President Xi Jinping in 2013 is such an open framework.First of all,the basic ideas of the Belt and Road Initiative have been verified by China's development and shared experience during its reform and opening up.China's development course in the past 40 years has provided a successful case in the economic history for making the pie of shared interests even bigger and sharing it among all participators.During the period from 1978 to 2015,China's real total GDP and per capita GDP increased by 29 times and 20 times,respectively,and along with the economic growth,employment expanded continuously,the income of urban and rural residents greatly increased,and the real consumption level increased by 16 times and generally synchronized with labor productivity(which increased by 16.7 times during this period as measured by GDP per worker).Since the beginning of the twenty-first century,the implementation of the regional development strategies,such as the Great Western Development Strategy and the Strategy for the Rise of Central China,has improved the traffic conditions,infrastructure conditions,support capability of basic public services and human capital levels in the central and western regions.As the investment and development environments have been improved significantly,the ability of the central and western regions to take on manufacturing transfer has improved.Second,the Belt and Road Initiative adheres to the principle of achieving shared growth through discussion and collaboration.The Initiative has deeper historical connotation and inspiration rather than simply borrowing the symbol of the ancient continental and Martime Silk Road.From a greater historical depth,this symbol implies a negation of the traditional Western centralism and lays more emphasis on the role of connectivity and mutual learning between Eastern and Western civilizations in the history of human development.From a broader historical perspective,this symbol also implies how to break the content and model of supply of global public goods centering on the traditional hegemons and pays more attention to the new idea of eradicating global poverty through the participation of all countries.Third,the Belt and Road Initiative has identified infrastructure construction as the critical constraint that all countries face.In almost all the countries along and involved in the Belt and Road,there are bottleneck problems brought by poor infrastructures in transportation,energy and other areas,which have long restricted investment efficiency and industrial development and prevented many countries from fully enjoying the dividends of economic globalization.China has initiated and took the lead in investing in these countries.With the assistance of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank(AIIB),BRICS New Development Bank,the Silk Road Fund and other financing institutions,China has cooperated with relevant countries and regions in building infrastructure construction capabilities.As demonstrated by China's Great Western Development Strategy that has already been implemented,it is expected that the Belt and Road Initiative will greatly improve the infrastructure conditions in the developing countries.Finally,the Belt and Road Initiative provides countries with a sufficient space to explore their own development models that suit their national conditions.To lift itself out of poverty and move towards modernization,a country eventually needs to proceed from its national conditions and rely on its internal determination and efforts to eradicate various existing obstacles in development and institutional environment.If outsiders can do something meaningful(regardless of whether they can be called international public goods),it is undoubtedly to provide useful knowledge,including successful experiences acquired and lessons drawn from other environments,necessary assistance in software and hardware infrastructure construction,as well as effective market investment opportunities.The Belt and Road is such a joint construction and sharing initiative that runs parallel without interfering with the needs and efforts of all countries.Since being proposed by Chinese President Xi Jinping in 2013,the Belt and Road Initiative has rapidly become an action,reflected in the establishment of a series of international cooperation mechanisms and projects and the achievement of some early results.However,people still have different understandings,doubts,misunderstandings and even intentional distortions of this Initiative.This is not unexpected.After all,as any activity in human society will inevitably undergo a process of continuous exploration and recognition and any cooperation undertaking needs all parties involved to mutually adapt,the Belt and Road Initiative is inherently open-ended,so it also needs to accumulate experience,improve ideas and enhance mutual understanding during its implementation.Therefore,in every stage of practice of the Initiative,it is necessary to summarize the progress that has been made,evaluate the existing experience and confirm the consensuses that have been formed.The Handbook can be regarded as a phased summary of the preliminary results of the theory and practice of the Belt and Road.The authors of this Handbook include researchers in related fields,and it tries to reflect the original intentions and principles,history and status quo,basic knowledge and latest research results related to the ideas and practice of the Belt and Road.The editors of the Handbook do not extravagantly hope that it can act as a guidance document for theory and practice,but expect that it can serve as a guide for readers and be of benefit to researchers,practitioners and observers involved in the construction of the Belt and Road Initiative and ordinary readers.The contents in the Handbook may not reflect the latest progress,and there might be some mistakes.The authors and editors are sincerely welcoming comments and criticisms from readers.CAI FangVice President and Member of the Chinese Academy of Social SciencesPresident of National Institute for Global Strategy(NIGS),Chinese Academy of Social SciencesApril 25,2018
关键词: “一带一路”  国际合作  手册  英文  

“一带一路”年度发展报告.2018

出版日期:2019-01-01
浏览次数:58次
简介: 发挥智库作用,推动“一带一路”高质量发展近年来,大家都非常关心一个问题,现在世界还好吗?这个世界究竟会怎样?中国国家主席习近平发表讲话时指出,当前中国处于近代以来最好的发展时期,世界处于百年未有之大变局,两者同步交织、相互影响。全球治理机制经历挑战,经济增长80%的贡献率来自新兴经济体,世界的权力结构正在趋向于平衡与合理化。未来10年,将是世界经济新旧动能转换的关键10年,是国际格局和力量对比加速演变的10年,是全球治理体系深刻重塑的10年。合作还是对立,开放还是封闭,互利共赢还是以邻为壑?国际社会再次来到何去何从的十字路口。2013年的秋天,国家主席习近平提出了共建丝绸之路经济带的重大倡议。五年来,“一带一路”遵循共商共建共享原则,“朋友圈”不断扩大,得到100多个国家和国际组织的支持和参与。2017年5月召开了第一届“一带一路”国际合作高峰论坛。今年,我们又将迎来第二届高峰论坛,这将是一次凝聚智慧、扩大共识、开启共同征程的全球盛会。在这样一个大变革的时代,智库能够做什么?2017年5月14日,习近平主席在第一届“一带一路”国际合作高峰论坛开幕式主旨演讲中强调,“一带一路”建设“要发挥智库作用,建设好智库联盟和合作网络”。我很高兴地看到,短短两年来,投身“一带一路”的智库越来越多、研究的领域越来越广、讨论的议题越来越实,涌现出一批高质量的成果。中国社会科学院“一带一路”国际智库、中国城市和小城镇改革发展中心等机构,邀请相关领域的专家学者,共同编著《“一带一路”年度发展报告》(2018)一书。这本发展报告充分关注“一带一路”倡议在优化全球治理体系和促进世界经济增长等方面的重要作用,聚焦其战略性、全局性、趋势性问题,提供专业研究成果和建议。本报告既展望了“一带一路”倡导的人类命运共同体的美好愿景,也客观记述了“一带一路”亲历者和建设者的历程;既描绘了新型全球化、第四次工业革命背景下“一带一路”所带来的各种国际合作机遇,也分析了世界大变局背景下的诸多挑战;既解读了全球治理转型等方向性问题,又探讨了政策沟通、设施联通、贸易畅通、资金融通、民心相通等问题的解决方案;既强调了“一带一路”建设首重实践,千里之行、始于足下,也充分证明了智库研究对于开启思路、推进共识的重要价值。总之,这本发展报告是一份高质量的智库成果,全面系统、有深度、有高度,对“一带一路”发展具有重要的借鉴价值,并体现出重要的预见性和前瞻性。众所周知,智库是思想产品的制造者,也是思想产品的传播者,通过思想产品为社会提供智力服务。事实证明,积极正面的智库思想产品通过一定的舆论媒介向社会进行信息传递,有助于传播主流思想价值,集聚社会正能量,提高舆论的传播力、引导力、影响力、公信力。智库学者要承担社会责任,服务政府决策,追求公共利益的改进,为经济由高速增长转向高质量发展出谋划策。“一带一路”未来发展务必追求行稳致远。这个目标的实现,需要更多高质量的智库提供更加优质的智库产品。在我看来,“一带一路”建设过程中,高质量的智库需要在四个方面做出努力:一是引领的作用。当前,全球治理机制面临一系列挑战,智库要具有战略性思维,能够做出重大的、富有远见的研判,引领“一带一路”持久深入发展。二是特色的定位。“一带一路”涉及范围大、领域广,智库要立足于一个或几个特色领域,长期跟踪、深入调研、持续研究,提供科学、客观、全面、及时和专业的成果。三是务实的风格。“一带一路”涉及到具体的合作机制建设,涉及到区域、国别、行业、地方、热点、难点等一系列中观以至微观的操作问题,这需要从智库层面提供可操作性方案或给出解答。四是包容的胸怀。“一带一路”倡导“五通”,服务“一带一路”建设的智库亦需互通有无、包容合作。包容是形成客观公正之智库观点的基本要求,是智库不断汲取智慧的重要途径。“一带一路”高质量发展,给智库发展带来了新空间、新机遇、新动能。应该看到,如何满足民众对于智库更高的期待,如何发挥智库在公共外交和文化互鉴中的重要作用,在这方面,国外一些成熟智库的经验值得我们借鉴,其较为成熟的话语传播机制、与媒体间的合作以及研究成果的公共传播等都给我们以启示。在“一带一路”征程中,各类智库千帆竞发、百舸争流的局面已见雏形。我衷心祝愿越来越多的智库积极参与到“一带一路”发展进程之中,不断增强国际影响力和国际话语权,为民众提供思想观点,为决策者提供解决方案,用更高质量的智库成果推动“一带一路”实现更高质量的发展,推动国际经济合作,实现构建人类命运共同体的愿景。第十三届全国政协副主席中国社会科学院“一带一路”国际智库名誉主席“一带一路”国际合作香港中心主席梁振英2019年3月
关键词: “一带一路”  国际合作  研究报告  中国  2018  

欧洲与“一带一路”倡议:回应与风险:2019

作者: 刘作奎
出版日期:2019-01-01
浏览次数:62次
简介: Europe is an important region for China to push forward the BRI construction.Most European countries are well developed markets,and the EU has been China's largest trading partner for many years.Most of the countries encompassed by the BRI belong to the developing world,and thus,as a developed economy,the European role in BRI construction is important and special.The attitudes of EU institutions and some member states toward the BRI have evolved since its introduction,which can be divided into f

欧洲与“一带一路”倡议:回应与风险.2019

作者: 刘作奎
出版日期:2019-01-01
浏览次数:63次
简介: Abstract:Europe is an important region for China to push forward the BRI construction.Most European countries are well developed markets,and the EU has been China’s largest trading partner for many years.Most of the countries encompassed by the BRI belong to the developing world,and thus,as a developed economy,the European role in BRI construction is important and special.The attitudes of EU institutions and some member states toward the BRI have evolved since its introduction,which can be divided into four phases:the wait-and-see phase,participation phase,caution phase,and the phase of a mix of competition and cooperation.The EU issued a joint communication entitled“Connecting Europe and Asia:Building Blocks for an EU Strategy”in September 2018.The EU’s new strategy underscores the sustainable,comprehensive and rules-based connectivity.Moreover,the EU has taken concrete actions to put the coexistence of cooperation and competition relationship with China on connectivity into practice.On one hand,the European powers and EU institutions take their practices and self-written rules as a wall to strengthen the protection of their common market and interests.They participate in the BRI selectively,prevent China from adopting open and consultative approaches to erode the EU’s high-level standards.On the other hand,the tremendous commercial opportunities in Euro-Asian connectivity,and the achievements and wide impact made by the BRI have driven the EU to seek concrete and in-depth cooperation with China on the premise of guaranteeing its priorities and interests.From 2018-2019 survey on the opinion about the BRI of 103 influential elites across 38 European states,their opinions have been evolving and becoming increasingly favorable,but negative opinions remain.The positive side of European elites’opinions is that most of them(over 70 percent)view the BRI as an opportunity for Europe and the world,and believe that the BRI shares solid cooperation foundation with European regional development plans.However,there are also a number of elites who believe that the achievements of the BRI in Europe remain limited;China and EU still have a lot to do on policy dialogue;and the European public awareness of the BRI is still weak.They hold both positive and negative views on some specific issues.For example,on the relationship between the“16+1 cooperation”and the China-EU cooperation,the elites,on one hand,believe that the“16+1 cooperation”may bring opportunities and coordination space for China-EU cooperation;on the other hand,they remain skeptical about the motives behind the“16 +1 cooperation”.They contend that although the EU’s new Euro-Asian connectivity strategy can work well with the BRI,they might become rivals in the future.European elites find that the core risks of the China-EU BRI cooperationinclude:trade imbalance,transparency of Chinese infrastructure projects,and the reciprocity of market access in China.Therefore,they suggest China to improve market accessibility and the conjunction of the two initiatives,and encourage localization of investments and better cooperation between Chinese and European companies.The book also analyzes the six risks that the BRI faces in Europe from the macro dimension:China-EU economic and trade dispute,the rise of protectionism,uncertainty of the European integration prospect,Europe’s geopolitical change,unfavorable public opinion environment,and the misperception on China model.In the book,I study six cases regarding the abovementioned risks to examine them in detail.At the end of the book,I discuss the prospect of the EU-China relationship within the BRI framework,and raise some recommendations.Key Words:Europe,Belt and Road Initiative,Risk Assessment,Case Study,Policy Recommendation

“一带一路”倡议下的中国—巴尔干国家合作=The Cooperation bet...

出版日期:2019-01-01
浏览次数:53次
简介: The Cooperation between China and Balkan Countries under the“Belt and Road”Initiative“一带一路”倡议下的中国—巴尔干国家合作16+1 Think Tanks NetworkThrough the history the Balkans is known as area that traditionally attracts interests of global powers.To those“traditionally interested”powers,along with the strengthening of its global political and economic position,China joined at the beginning of the 21stCentury.Chinese interest in the Balkan countries became visible at the time of their post conflict political s

京津冀产业协同发展研究

作者: 田学斌
出版日期:2019-01-01
浏览次数:126次
简介: 产业协同发展是京津冀协同发展的重要内容,构建协调可持续发展的京津冀现代产业体系,是大幅提升区域产业综合竞争力,促进京津冀真正走上协同发展并推动京津冀城市群共同崛起的重要举措和关键支撑。本书首先界定了京津冀产业协同发展的内涵、目标及模式;然后,在深入分析京津冀三地十三市产业发展优劣势基础上,分别对农业、制造业、高新技术产业、文化产业、旅游业等重点行业的协同发展现状和存在的问题进行了分析并提出了相应对策;其次,对京津冀产业协同发展的重要途径一一非首都功能疏解和产业协同创新进行了研究,界定了非首都功能疏解的基本问题并分析了河北省的承接进展、条件及对策,比较分析了京津冀区域创新能力,结合国内外经验提出了促进京津冀产业协同创新的对策建议;再次,对产业协同发展的关键支撑体制一一绿色金融和公共服务进行了研究,分析了绿色金融对京津冀产业协同发展的战略作用和京津冀绿色金融协同机制和体系建设的思路及对策,分别对京津冀医疗卫生服务、教育及创新资源和交通服务协同发展的内涵和现状进行了分析并提出相应对策。

中国多尺度区域差异分析:地理空间分析视角:英文

作者: 贺三维
出版日期:2019-01-01
浏览次数:192次
简介: The study of regional inequality has attracted numerous attentions of geographers and economists. The interdisciplinary research has been reflected in a spatial-temporal hierarchical structure, that is, the multi-scalar nature of economic convergence and the temporal dynamics of geographical inequality. With the support of big databases, the integration of these two growing fields provides opportunities for a spatially integrated social science. Therefore, this paper aims to explore this long-debated issue from two novel perspectives. On the one hand, the newly available county-level dataset will be employed to reexamine the three major issues of economic inequality and then a comparative analysis at the county level, city level and provincial level will be conducted to study the scale nature of economic inequality. On the other hand, the spatial data exploratory analysis as well as the geospatial analysis provides a new methodological framework to study the spatial effects of economic development. Three major research issues regarding to the temporal trend, global and local spatial pattern and the multi-scalar mechanisms of regional inequality have been reexamined at three different spatial scales using the geospatial analysis.
关键词: 区域差异  中国  
上一页 1 2345678910下一页  第 /90页  跳转

版权所有:中国社会科学出版社 地址:北京西城区鼓楼西大街甲158号 邮编:100720

京ICP备05032912号-4