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鼻音研究

作者: 时秀娟
出版日期:2017-01-12
浏览次数:32次
简介: 本书是作者十年来进行汉语鼻音和鼻化研究的部分成果,部分内容已在《当代语言学》《语言研究》《南开语言学刊》《中国语音学报》《实验语言学》等重要刊物发表,有的内容为作者在国内外学术会议上的报告。本书研究内容包括普通话、方言和儿童语言及少数民族语言。首先系统分析了普通话语音的鼻化度,测算统计了元音的内在鼻化度、复合鼻化度以及鼻音声母、鼻化元音和鼻音韵尾的鼻化度,得到口音、鼻化音、鼻音之间的临界值,做出了三者的静态分布模式,得出鼻音与相关语音的对比格局。进而考察了在连续语音中的动态变化,诸如韵尾鼻音的弱化、鼻化及脱落的量化区分,协同发音中声母对元音鼻化度的影响,声调对鼻化度的作用,以及鼻化音的性别差异。其次,研究了汉语方言中鼻音与非鼻音的对比格局,得出了方言与普通话的共性和特性,深入分析了方言中/n—l/相混的实质,归纳了不同类型等。再次,研究了儿童语言和少数民族语言中鼻音和鼻化的特性及表现。书中还探索了普通话鼻、边音声母和前、后鼻尾的感知特征。本书的研究拓展和加深了对于鼻音的认识。
关键词: 汉语  发音  研究  

现代汉语语音变异的社会语言学研究

作者: 马楠
出版日期:2017-01-03
浏览次数:13次
简介: 国内语言学界自20世纪80年代引进变异研究,经过30年的发展,成果丰硕,但也暴露出了一些亟需解决的问题。现有的理论研究相对薄弱,不少个案研究是对国外理论的简单套用,在更为重要的解释工作上缺乏建树,未能体现出语言变异在本体研究方面的价值;而国外理论亦不能完全解决汉语的问题,单纯依赖国外理论还会掩盖一些重要的语言现象。本书从现代汉语方言和普通话丰富的变异事实出发,针对变异机制研究的薄弱环节构建一个理论框架,并进行个案研究实践,力图增强变异理论的科学性和解释力。
关键词: 汉语  语音  社会语言学  研究  

语言的韵律与语音的变化

作者: 曹剑芬
出版日期:2016-06-01
浏览次数:9次
简介: 本书所收论文和研究报告内容主要集中在以下四个方面。(1)关于汉语的韵律及一般语音学理论探索:着重论述汉语的节奏、轻重和语调等韵律结构问题。(2)关于语音学知识和理论的应用研究:着重论述怎样应用语音学知识和语言学理论解决言语工程中的语音处理问题,探讨二语教学及其科研中怎样应用语音学理论和方法,纠正发音偏误以及洋腔洋调问题。(3)关于语音随机变化的生成机制及交际意义的理论探讨:从语音产生和感知的自然机制以及语音作为交际工具和思维载体的社会特性角度,论述自然话语局部与全局两个不同层面上语音随机变化的不同性质及其相互关系。(4)关于语音历史演变的现代语音学分析:通过现代语音实验方法与传统语言学理论相结合的途径,对汉语声母与声调古今演变关系等问题进行理论探讨。
关键词: 汉语  语音  研究  

中国语音学报.第6辑

作者: 李爱军
出版日期:2016-01-10
浏览次数:32次
简介: 《中国语音学报》编辑委员会主编:李爱军编委:孔江平、陶建华、李蕙心、胡方、熊子瑜本期执行主编:胡方中国语言学会语音学分会顾问委员会委员鲍怀翘 中国社会科学院民族学与人类学研究所曹剑芬 中国社会科学院语言研究所黄泰翼 中国科学院自动化研究所林茂灿 中国社会科学院语言研究所吕士楠 中国科学院声学研究所王理嘉 北京大学王仁华 中国科学技术大学徐云扬 香港中文大学中国语言学会语音学分会专业委员会委员艾斯卡尔·艾木都拉 新疆大学白音门德内 蒙古大学蔡莲红 清华大学曹文 北京语言大学陈桦 南京大学陈轶亚 荷兰莱顿大学陈忠敏 复旦大学党建武 天津大学丁红卫 上海交通大学顾文涛 南京师范大学呼和 中国社会科学院民族学与人类学研究所胡方 中国社会科学院语言研究所贾媛 中国社会科学院语言研究所孔江平 北京大学李爱军 中国社会科学院语言研究所李蕙心 香港城市大学李敬阳 公安部物证鉴定中心情报信息技术处李永宏 西北民族大学凌震华 中国科学技术大学刘俐李 南京师范大学刘新中 暨南大学路继伦 天津师范大学马秋武 同济大学冉启斌 南开大学石锋 南开大学,北京语言大学陶建华 中国科学院自动化研究所王洪君 北京大学王英
关键词: 汉语  语音学  文集  

唐调吟诵研究

作者: 朱立侠
出版日期:2015-01-12
浏览次数:8次
简介: Recital contains the concepts of singing,reciting and chanting.The narrow concept of recital means a reading method using vocal variety based on the character of Chinese language.The broad concept of recital contains singing,reading,and the narrow concept of recital.Recital is a combination of literature,language and music.It expresses the beauty of the sounds inside ancient literary works in a musical way,which is based on language.As an efficient,graceful way of reading and learning,recital improves memory,arouses interest,helps to understand and appreciate the beauty of literature.Further more,recital is a good way of teaching,writing,cultural inheritance,health maintenance and self-cultivation.Recital has a long history in China.The tradition of recital formed in pre-Qin period.The widespread recital rose in Han Dynasty,became popular in Wei and Jin Dynasties,ripened in Tang and Song Dynasties.More and more schools had emerged since Yuan Dynasty as the popularity of recital,and the theory had became mature gradually.Recital declined and was discarded by education system.Meanwhile,scholars started to pay attention to it.The work of collecting,studying and popularizing recital has been launched gradually since 1949,and there is a sign of revival in these days.This paper studies the biggest one of recital schools in modern times:Tang Wen-tche's recital.The founder,Professor Tang Wen-tche,is an outstanding expert at ancient prose,Confucian classic,education and recital in the early 20th century.Tang's recital is an important method.Tang Wen-tche used to conducted moral and disposition education.It is a reading method that expresses the spirit of text with vocal variety.Its essential feature is that different genres use different tunes,and prose is speciol,which the repetitive end of the melody,6i5.Tang Wen-tche left us with lots of phonographic reading records of different genres such as pre-Tang poems,Ci,Qu,scriptures,prose,etc.The methods of reading vary by genres,and the sources are different.I believe that his recital mainly came from Taicang of Jiangsu province,his hometown,while the recital of ancient prose came from Tongcheng School.Tang's recital is a combination of Jiang-nan tune and Tongcheng's theory.Prof.Tang's students in two generations learned and innovated,making Tang's recital the most influential recital school in 20th century.Chapter four to chapter six are the core part in this paper and the main part of Tang's recital study:the study of its tune and theory.Tang Wen-tche is the pioneer in the history of Chinese Literary Criticism.His theory is the conclusion of ancient theory of“spirit of ancient prose”and a development of Tongcheng School's prose theory.His method of reading prose is the conclusion of ancient recitals theory.Tang's recital is so valuable that it should be a part of modern history of Chinese literature.Tune study includes rhythm,melody,phonation and breath.New ideasare proposed in the study of this part.The rhythm of reading poems in The Book of Songsby Tang's recitals is three claps,while that The Songs of Chuand other ancient poems are four clap.Every sentence is divided into two parts based on key points such as rhythm point or function word.Each of the last two characters of the second part is one clap,others remain one clap.(If there are too many characters left in the second part,then every two characters become one clap.)The rhythm of pre-Tang poetry is similar with singing and is more even.The rhythm of modern style poetry and Ci are divided by their metres.The rhythm of reading ancient prose by Tang's recitals is influenced by sentence pattern and the quality of text.Tang Wen-tche used different tunes when reading text of different genres.The Book of Songs,The Songs of Chuand pre-Tang poetry share one tune,the main melody of which is 661.35 and 2231.1..The development of melody is based on the art of composition of the text.When reading modern style poetry,there is no permanent tune,the melody is based on the characters of tones,therefore,depends on every single word.Yet at the end of the melody,we always have 653.When reading scriptures,the basic melody is 661.35,which is same as pre-Tang poetry,and the end of the melody is short.When reading ancient prose,the rhythm is average,every one character occupies a clap,and the entering tone character occupies half of the clap.The melody is made by two cyclic tunes.The tunes are plain,containing a permanent melody at the end,which is obviously longer and more saltatorial.This is the sign of being Tang's recital or not.The range of Tang's recitals is narrow,within one octave.It uses the ancient Chinese fifth formal scale.The features of the timbre in Tang's recitals are creaky voice.Its unique toning method is nasal resonance.Tang's recital uses abdominal breathing,thoracic breathing and anti- abdominal breathing to control breath when reading texts.The study of Tang's recital theory has been launched before,but not enough.In this paper,I combine Tang's recital with his thoughts like studying prose with music,Neo-Confucianism and poetry.I also reveal his recital theory and practice system in a comprehensive perspective.Tang Wen-tche's reading method is the most perfect recital method in modern times.Theoretically speaking,it inherits Tongcheng School's theory of‘embodying spirit in pronunciation’on one hand,and creates Yin-yang-gang-rou theory based on Chinese ancient temperament and Zeng Guofan's writing method on the other hand.In practice,Tang Wen-tche combined teaching method of reading and writing,proposing the way of “reading thirty times”,including four steps:relying on sound,looking for spirit,finding the soul,entering the realm.This new teaching method works well in practice.I present that the steps and requirement of reading a text with Tang's recitals are:distinguish its genre and character,pay attention to its art of composition,analysis its rhythm of sound,express its spirit,enter in its realm,etc.Only by accomplishing all these steps can it be called excellent.In the last chapter,I discussed the function,significance and promotion value of Tang's recital,I hope this can be combined with today's promotion work,and helps to study the method of promotion.Tang's recital has many functions including expressing the spirit of prose,experience of emotion,helping with writing,self-cultivation and correcting convention.Furthermore,Tang's recital has a profound significance in practice,and can play an important role in construction of spiritual civilization and school education.Therefore,it's necessary to inherit and popularize Tang's recitals.This paper is based on lots of field work,using studying ideas and methods that are efficient in literature,language and music.It discusses the feature,rule and method of recitals,especially Tang's recital.It focuses on tone and theory,in order to present theoretical support for its promotion.Key words:Chanting,Tang's Recital,Tang Wen-tche,theory of reading,Tongcheng School,spirit of ancient prose
关键词: 汉语  中古音  研究  唐代  

中古以来汉语韵母开合口衍化史略

作者: 张平忠
出版日期:2013-12-01
浏览次数:15次
简介: 附錄:《韻鏡》、《七音略》列字校正注:“○”爲無字;以《韻鏡》圖次爲序,如《七音略》圖次與之不同,則注明。
关键词: 汉语  韵母  语言史  

新闻发言人语言风格研究

作者: 张洋
出版日期:2013-10-01
浏览次数:12次
简介: 政府新闻发言人是政府的代言人,是建立在政府与媒体之间的桥梁,是政府和公众沟通的重要纽带。语言是新闻发言人跟媒体和有关的人沟通的重要载体。发言人主要通过语言来发表意见,通过对方的语言等来了解自己发言的效果,也通过对方问话的用语来组织自己回答的用语,它不仅直接关系到信息交流的效果,而且关系到政府等的形象等诸多问题。所以,使用什么样的语言来解读政策、回答问题能使媒体和公众乐于接受,并且达到最佳的交际效果,是每一位新的政府新闻发言人应该认真思考和努力践行的重要问题。本书以新闻发言人的语言风格为研究对象,在发布会的交际环境下,按照人——语言——风格的思路阐释“新闻发言人”、“新闻发言人语言”、“新闻发言人语言风格”之间的关联。从人的角度来理解风格的本质,认为语言风格就是人的风格在语言上的一种体现。语言风格是源自内心的真诚和好的语言表达的结合,是语言使用者在交际中内在和外在高层次的反映和表达。本书主要侧重从人的个性角度谈风格,结合新闻发言人的语言状况,阐释为什么新闻发言人需要个性与风格。结合语言交际的实际情况,探讨个性与共性的关系、个性与合作的关系和对配合的理解,多角度来理解风格群。本书认为,风格是比较成熟的个性,风格有不同,但无好坏。凡是称得上风格的,都没有好坏之分,是发自人内心的真诚,是“得饶人处且饶人”,是与人为善、善待他人,是“诚于内而形于外”的诠释。风格有不同类型之分,同一类型里又有程度的不同。个性化、有风格的语言表达有助于人们的语言交际,有助于人们使用语言进行合作,有助于人们使用语言和社会发展的相互促进。在交际中既独立又不割裂,不是附庸,又不闹矛盾,既发挥了自己的作用同时又能做好配合,这就是风格。本书从新闻发言人的语言实践中概括分析新闻发言人语言与风格有关的七种情况以及新闻发言人语言的风格要素及手段等,并对上海市和外交部的三位发言人的发布会语料进行统计分析,注重以具有个性苗头的发言人的语言为统计对象进行个案研究。本书从我国政府新闻发言人的语言实际情况出发,通过对政府新闻发言人的语言状况进行考察、分析,试图寻找展现和影响发言人语言风格的形式标志,概括与发言人语言风格有关的若干情况,从而阐释发言人语言风格的内涵。希望能够为今后新闻发言人语言方面的提高提供建议和参考。 关键词:新闻发言人;语言;风格;个性;配合
关键词: 汉语  新闻公报  语言风格  研究  

文史语言研究丛稿

作者: 万久富
出版日期:2013-05-01
浏览次数:9次
简介: 本书主要是对《论语》、《诗经》、《世说新语》、《宋书》、《晋书》、《大慈恩寺三藏法师传》、《封氏闻见记》、《大唐新语》、《清平山堂话本》、《熊龙峰刊行小说四种等一种》以及《晋书音义》、《切韵序》、《字林考逸》、《通俗常言疏证》等文献的语言观照。重点内容是中古汉语词汇史的研究,兼及专书语言学史价值的探讨,还涉及文史语言风格学、修辞学的探索。古籍校勘标点问题和辞书编纂理论问题的探讨也是本书值得关注的内容。
关键词: 汉语史  词汇学  研究  
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