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阿拉伯社会主义国家治理的历史考察

作者: 韩志斌
出版日期:2019-01-01
浏览次数:439次
简介: 阿拉伯社会主义国家包括埃及的纳赛尔社会主义、伊拉克和叙利亚的复兴社会主义、阿尔及利亚的自管社会主义、利比亚的伊斯兰社会主义、突尼斯的宪政社会主义。阿拉伯社会主义作为中东民族主义发展史上重要的思想流派和社会运动,是阿拉伯思想家哲学抽象、理性认知与社会实践的产物,反对西方殖民主义、推动阿拉伯民族统一以及经济上践行社会主义是其核心理念,而其最大特点则是付诸革命民族主义与中东现代化的国家治理与实践互动,并对中东地区秩序、国际抶序与当代国际关系产生深远影响。因此,深入研究阿拉伯社会主义思潮及其实践,总结其成功经验,吸取其失败教训,对服务我国社会主义建设有着深刻的意义。

马克思主义哲学形态史.第五卷,马克思主义哲学的中国化形态.上:...

作者: 徐素华
出版日期:2018-02-01
浏览次数:543次
简介: 本书探索、总结了马克思主义哲学中国化的过程、规律及成果,主要研究对象是毛泽东哲学思想,同时广泛涉及为马克思主义哲学中国化这一历史任务做出过贡献的部分马克思主义哲学家和理论研究者。重点探讨的是他们创立的一种哲学新形态,即中国化形态的马克思主义哲学。本书的特色在于研究的具体和细致:所谓具体,就是把马克思主义哲学中国化研究具体到每一个相关的哲学观点、方法和哲学学说;所谓细致,就是把马克思主义哲学中国化研究细致到每一个相关的哲学原理和哲学概念、范畴。

民主革命时期马克思主义大众化研究

出版日期:2017-06-01
浏览次数:45次
简介: 民主革命时期的马克思主义大众化,是一段光辉灿烂的历史。本书以民主革命时期的政治舞台为背景,按照以时间为顺序的动态研究和以事件为对象的静态研究相结合的思路展开。动态研究,即深入考察和审视马克思主义大众化的历程和路径;静态研究,即努力发掘马克思主义大众化的特点。在此基础上,动态研究和静态研究相结合,从民主革命时期持续不断的马克思主义大众化活动中揭示其经验和规律。
关键词: 马克思主义  大众化  中国近代  

马克思主义在哈尔滨传播的历史经验和现实启示

作者: 黄进华
出版日期:2017-06-01
浏览次数:122次
简介: 本书是第一部运用社会学“场域理论”探究马克思主义传播的学术专著,也是第一部对20世纪上半叶马克思主义在哈尔滨传播进行深入考察的学术专著。一是从早期现代化运动入手,指出随着中东铁路的修建,哈尔滨社会场域迅速分化,马克思主义在哈尔滨的传播场域随之产生和发展。二是马克思主义在哈尔滨传播场域的个案研究,对中东铁路(以苏共党员为中心)、哈尔滨工业大学(以高诚儒为中心)、东华学校(以邓洁民为中心)、《晨光报》(以韩铁声为中心)、中共哈尔滨独立组(以陈为人为中心)等若干个案展开深入剖析。三是对马克思主义在哈尔滨传播的历史经验进行深度分析,进而立足“场域”视角,提示马克思主义在哈尔滨传播的若干现实启示。
关键词: 马克思主义  传播  哈尔滨  

晋西北根据地互助合作运动研究:1940—1949

作者: 贺文乐
出版日期:2017-05-01
浏览次数:229次
简介: 本书从区域社会史角度解读战争年代中国共产党在敌后根据地开展互助合作运动的实践历程。20世纪40年代,随着抗日战争的演进,以“组织起来”为口号的互助合作运动在晋西北根据地兴起。本书不仅阐释了该运动在晋西北根据地的发展阶段、组织程度与模式、动员与运作机制,而且还以新革命史视角分析了革命政党与乡村社会的互动关系。一方面,中国共产党革命动员从思想上改造了农民,在政治、经济、教育文化乃至社会风俗等方面促进乡村社会变迁;另一方面,农民传统在某种程度上影响了运动的实际效果。因之,革命与传统的反复博弈形塑了晋西北根据地互助合作运动的复杂面相。

列宁社会主义观的当代解读

作者: 苑秀丽
出版日期:2016-03-01
浏览次数:223次
简介: 社会主义观问题是马克思主义的基本问题,关于这一问题的似是而非甚至错误认识,搅乱了人们的思想,破坏了马克思主义理论的科学性。本书全面深入地解读列宁的社会主义观,以期对当代中国特色社会主义的理论发展与建设实践有所裨益。本书在对马克思、列宁关于社会主义的基本认识进行总结的基础上,分别对十月革命胜利初期、“战时共产主义”时期和新经济政策时期列宁的社会主义观进行了全面的阐释。此外,还对列宁的世界革命思想、利用资本主义思想及立场进行了深入解读,从而揭示出列宁始终坚持马克思主义的社会主义观,新经济政策并未改变他的社会主义观,原则的坚定性与策略的灵活性构成了其社会主义观的丰富内容。

国际因素与斯大林的社会主义建设理论与实践

作者: 苑秀丽
出版日期:2015-12-01
浏览次数:260次
简介: 历史为什么最终选择了斯大林?应当从更广阔的时代背景和国际形势去理解。斯大林执政长达30年之久,期间国际风云不断变幻。国际共产主义运动的高潮与低落、国际局势的和平与紧张、西方资本主义与苏联的关系状态、资本主义世界的经济危机与苏联社会主义的伟大成就的鲜明对比、二战后苏联国际影响力的提升、冷战对峙局面的形成等国际因素都对斯大林的思想与实践产生了重大影响。本书对斯大林执政时期国际形势的变迁进行了较为全面的概括和阐述。可以看到,斯大林的社会主义建设理论与实践的形成与推进是当时的国际形势与苏联国内的社会政治经济条件的产物。本书研究视角独特。从时代背景和国际形势的广阔视角探讨和理解斯大林的社会主义建设理论与实践,是全面认识和评价斯大林,总结和借鉴国际共产主义运动历史经验的新思考。

种族主义制度废除后南非共产党对社会主义的新探索

出版日期:2013-12-01
浏览次数:213次
简介: From three dimensions of the history,the theory and the practice of South African Communist Party,through summarizing90-year development history of South African Communist Party,taking South African Communist Party exploring the theory and the practice of Socialism as the main line after abolition of institutional racism,the paper carries out the study on South African Communist Party re-exploring the socialism.The full text consists of seven parts over the introduction,the struggle course of South African Communist Party,South African Communist Party exploring the development road of the socialism,South African Communist Party concerning the theory of the future socialist society,the practice of South African Communist Party for the democracy and the socialism,the theory and the practice of South African Communist Party strengthening the party construction,and the conclusion.The first part is the introduction,mainly clarifying the reason and significance of the research,the status of the research,the thinking and the method of the research,the innovation and shortcomings of the research.The second part is the struggle course of South African Communist Party,in which90-year tough struggle course of South African Communist Party is divided into three stage:the first stage is the early struggle and forced dissolving period(from1921to1952);the second stage is the Party reconstruction and the anti-racism period(from1953to1994);the third stage is the struggle period of South African Communist Party for democracy and socialism(from1995to the present)。The third part is South African Communist Party exploring the development road of the socialism,mainly expounding the route,the guideline and the basic strategies of the transition to socialism put forward by South African Communist Party based on deeply analyzing the basic national conditions after establishment of the new democratic South Africa.South African Communist Party thought that South Africa was a dependent developing capitalist country.The contradiction between the people of South Africa and imperialism on behalf of Britain,the contradiction between the big landlords and the vast majority of African people(South Africa)(including Asians,Indians and colored people)as well as the white minority's monopoly capital between are the main contradiction of South African society.Current South African revolutionary still features“National Democratic Revolution”in the process of“transition to socialism”.It is the organic combination of national democratic revolution and socialist revolution.And herewith make the political route,the basic strategies of revolutionary reform and the basic guideline of the transition to socialism such as“the future belonging to socialism,the construction coming to begin today!”.Eventually form the socialism theory possessing South African characteristics.The fourth part is South African Communist Party concerning the theory of the future socialist society,mainly discussing the historical development of South African Communist Party's recognition of the future socialist society,the basic contents of socialist society theory along with the basic characteristics of the future socialist society theory.South African Communist Party thought that the future socialist society should be a democratic,equal and free one,and one abolishing private ownership of the productive means and the various exploitation and oppression through socialist revolution,and one promoting the individual freedom and all-round development of the society.Emphasize on democracy,equality,freedom,the socialization of main economics section.Socialism should adhere to the organic combination of both“efficient program”and“beneficial market”Socialist society persisting in the sustainable development is the basic characteristics that South African Communist Party has some claim about the future socialism society theory.The fifth part is the practice of South African Communist Party for the democracy and the socialism,mainly expounding South African Communist Party implemented the positive work about the aspects of politics,economy,society and foreign relations after the victory of democratic breakthrough.In politics,South African Communist Party(South Africa)and the ANC(African National Congress”)not only unite each other but also struggle,playing a positive role as participating Party,struggling against the residue of the white racism for democracy and equality.In the economy,and actively promote the economic development of socialist-oriented economic form of South Africa,vigorously carry out against the consequences of financial crisis export.In social activities,start and lead“red-October movement”so as to enhance the effect of the working class.In foreign relations,support the“the New Partnership for Africa's Development”;realize Africa Union and Rejuvenation;oppose the imperialist globalization;strive to realize the“unity of the globalization”The sixth part is the theory and the practice of South African Communist Party strengthening the party construction,mainly discussing South Africa Communist Party took up with constructing mass pioneer Party,insisted on the development of democratic centralism,strengthened ideological and political work of the Party,improved the theory and practice uniting and cooperating with other countries in the struggle course of leading South Africa people against racism for democracy and socialism South Africa Communist Party was of the opinion that strengthening the construction of the part is the fundamental guarantee of the transition to the socialism.South Africa Communist Party has always adhered to Marx-Leninism as a guide,and devoted to the combination of Marx-Leninism and national conditions,aimed at strengthening self-construction of the Party,and actively carried forward the theoretical innovation of the Party to go in quest of the channels and the methods able to bring into a vanguard role of the Party in the process of the practice.In the conclusion part,it mainly discusses the basic reasons that compared with other Communist Party of capitalist countries,South African Communist Party possesses distinctive characteristics,analyzing the opportunity and the challenge that South African Communist Party met with in the new historical conditions.South African Communist Party insisted on the basic reasons over holding independent and development road,persisting the combination of Marxism-Leninism basic principle and South Africa national conditions in the long-term struggle,instantly promoting theoretical innovation,correctly adjusting the route and guide and policy of the Party,unceasingly strengthening self-construction of the Party,which results in the Party from the small to the strong,from the dissolution to reconstruction,from the illegal to legal,from the opposition to participation in government,regularly forming a more mature Marxism Party With the development and change of the world conditions,national conditions and Party conditions,South Africa is confronted with aggravated contradictory of the current capitalist country,additionally the progressive social movements has vigorously been growing up with favorable domestic situation after South Africa binging into democracy breakthrough;South Africa possessed the rare development opportunity with favorable terms after participating in politics;it also is confronted with“capitalist strong but socialist weak”and international socialism movement still remaining low tide;South Africa has been meeting by various challenges over South African working class looking towards“multilayer”,the degree of difficulty seeking more support becoming increased,self-construction of South African Communist Party still exiting problems pending solutions etc.Only when South African Communist continuously improves self-construction level and influence on the society,constantly revises and perfects the guideline and the policy in the new practical exploration,incessantly deepens the understanding and recognition on the relationship between national democratic revolution and socialist revolution,will South African Communist become more mature,carry within itself and accumulate inexhaustible strength towards socialist society.
关键词: 共产党  社会主义理论  种族主义  南非  
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