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马克思主义哲学形态史.第五卷,马克思主义哲学的中国化形态.上:...

作者: 徐素华
出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:38次
简介: 本书探索、总结了马克思主义哲学中国化的过程、规律及成果,主要研究对象是毛泽东哲学思想,同时广泛涉及为马克思主义哲学中国化这一历史任务做出过贡献的部分马克思主义哲学家和理论研究者。重点探讨的是他们创立的一种哲学新形态,即中国化形态的马克思主义哲学。本书的特色在于研究的具体和细致:所谓具体,就是把马克思主义哲学中国化研究具体到每一个相关的哲学观点、方法和哲学学说;所谓细致,就是把马克思主义哲学中国化研究细致到每一个相关的哲学原理和哲学概念、范畴。

晋西北根据地互助合作运动研究:1940—1949

作者: 贺文乐
出版日期:2017-01-01
浏览次数:28次
简介: 本书从区域社会史角度解读战争年代中国共产党在敌后根据地开展互助合作运动的实践历程。20世纪40年代,随着抗日战争的演进,以“组织起来”为口号的互助合作运动在晋西北根据地兴起。本书不仅阐释了该运动在晋西北根据地的发展阶段、组织程度与模式、动员与运作机制,而且还以新革命史视角分析了革命政党与乡村社会的互动关系。一方面,中国共产党革命动员从思想上改造了农民,在政治、经济、教育文化乃至社会风俗等方面促进乡村社会变迁;另一方面,农民传统在某种程度上影响了运动的实际效果。因之,革命与传统的反复博弈形塑了晋西北根据地互助合作运动的复杂面相。

种族主义制度废除后南非共产党对社会主义的新探索

出版日期:2013-01-01
浏览次数:11次
简介: From three dimensions of the history,the theory and the practice of South African Communist Party,through summarizing90-year development history of South African Communist Party,taking South African Communist Party exploring the theory and the practice of Socialism as the main line after abolition of institutional racism,the paper carries out the study on South African Communist Party re-exploring the socialism.The full text consists of seven parts over the introduction,the struggle course of South African Communist Party,South African Communist Party exploring the development road of the socialism,South African Communist Party concerning the theory of the future socialist society,the practice of South African Communist Party for the democracy and the socialism,the theory and the practice of South African Communist Party strengthening the party construction,and the conclusion.The first part is the introduction,mainly clarifying the reason and significance of the research,the status of the research,the thinking and the method of the research,the innovation and shortcomings of the research.The second part is the struggle course of South African Communist Party,in which90-year tough struggle course of South African Communist Party is divided into three stage:the first stage is the early struggle and forced dissolving period(from1921to1952);the second stage is the Party reconstruction and the anti-racism period(from1953to1994);the third stage is the struggle period of South African Communist Party for democracy and socialism(from1995to the present)。The third part is South African Communist Party exploring the development road of the socialism,mainly expounding the route,the guideline and the basic strategies of the transition to socialism put forward by South African Communist Party based on deeply analyzing the basic national conditions after establishment of the new democratic South Africa.South African Communist Party thought that South Africa was a dependent developing capitalist country.The contradiction between the people of South Africa and imperialism on behalf of Britain,the contradiction between the big landlords and the vast majority of African people(South Africa)(including Asians,Indians and colored people)as well as the white minority's monopoly capital between are the main contradiction of South African society.Current South African revolutionary still features“National Democratic Revolution”in the process of“transition to socialism”.It is the organic combination of national democratic revolution and socialist revolution.And herewith make the political route,the basic strategies of revolutionary reform and the basic guideline of the transition to socialism such as“the future belonging to socialism,the construction coming to begin today!”.Eventually form the socialism theory possessing South African characteristics.The fourth part is South African Communist Party concerning the theory of the future socialist society,mainly discussing the historical development of South African Communist Party's recognition of the future socialist society,the basic contents of socialist society theory along with the basic characteristics of the future socialist society theory.South African Communist Party thought that the future socialist society should be a democratic,equal and free one,and one abolishing private ownership of the productive means and the various exploitation and oppression through socialist revolution,and one promoting the individual freedom and all-round development of the society.Emphasize on democracy,equality,freedom,the socialization of main economics section.Socialism should adhere to the organic combination of both“efficient program”and“beneficial market”Socialist society persisting in the sustainable development is the basic characteristics that South African Communist Party has some claim about the future socialism society theory.The fifth part is the practice of South African Communist Party for the democracy and the socialism,mainly expounding South African Communist Party implemented the positive work about the aspects of politics,economy,society and foreign relations after the victory of democratic breakthrough.In politics,South African Communist Party(South Africa)and the ANC(African National Congress”)not only unite each other but also struggle,playing a positive role as participating Party,struggling against the residue of the white racism for democracy and equality.In the economy,and actively promote the economic development of socialist-oriented economic form of South Africa,vigorously carry out against the consequences of financial crisis export.In social activities,start and lead“red-October movement”so as to enhance the effect of the working class.In foreign relations,support the“the New Partnership for Africa's Development”;realize Africa Union and Rejuvenation;oppose the imperialist globalization;strive to realize the“unity of the globalization”The sixth part is the theory and the practice of South African Communist Party strengthening the party construction,mainly discussing South Africa Communist Party took up with constructing mass pioneer Party,insisted on the development of democratic centralism,strengthened ideological and political work of the Party,improved the theory and practice uniting and cooperating with other countries in the struggle course of leading South Africa people against racism for democracy and socialism South Africa Communist Party was of the opinion that strengthening the construction of the part is the fundamental guarantee of the transition to the socialism.South Africa Communist Party has always adhered to Marx-Leninism as a guide,and devoted to the combination of Marx-Leninism and national conditions,aimed at strengthening self-construction of the Party,and actively carried forward the theoretical innovation of the Party to go in quest of the channels and the methods able to bring into a vanguard role of the Party in the process of the practice.In the conclusion part,it mainly discusses the basic reasons that compared with other Communist Party of capitalist countries,South African Communist Party possesses distinctive characteristics,analyzing the opportunity and the challenge that South African Communist Party met with in the new historical conditions.South African Communist Party insisted on the basic reasons over holding independent and development road,persisting the combination of Marxism-Leninism basic principle and South Africa national conditions in the long-term struggle,instantly promoting theoretical innovation,correctly adjusting the route and guide and policy of the Party,unceasingly strengthening self-construction of the Party,which results in the Party from the small to the strong,from the dissolution to reconstruction,from the illegal to legal,from the opposition to participation in government,regularly forming a more mature Marxism Party With the development and change of the world conditions,national conditions and Party conditions,South Africa is confronted with aggravated contradictory of the current capitalist country,additionally the progressive social movements has vigorously been growing up with favorable domestic situation after South Africa binging into democracy breakthrough;South Africa possessed the rare development opportunity with favorable terms after participating in politics;it also is confronted with“capitalist strong but socialist weak”and international socialism movement still remaining low tide;South Africa has been meeting by various challenges over South African working class looking towards“multilayer”,the degree of difficulty seeking more support becoming increased,self-construction of South African Communist Party still exiting problems pending solutions etc.Only when South African Communist continuously improves self-construction level and influence on the society,constantly revises and perfects the guideline and the policy in the new practical exploration,incessantly deepens the understanding and recognition on the relationship between national democratic revolution and socialist revolution,will South African Communist become more mature,carry within itself and accumulate inexhaustible strength towards socialist society.
关键词: 共产党  社会主义理论  种族主义  南非  

葡萄牙共产党争取“先进民主”和社会主义的理论与实践研究

作者: 张文化
出版日期:2012-01-01
浏览次数:14次
简介: This year sees the 90th anniversary of Portuguese Communist Party(PCP),which is the third Party with some 110 thousand Party members in Portugal.The PCP,the second largest Communist Party in Western Europe after French,is a major force of contemporary world socialist movement.For 90 years,the PCP has been exploring the theory and practice hard to achieve the goal of socialism and communism in Portugal.Guided by Marxism,this paper mainly ananlyzes and elaborates upon the PCP's socialist outlook and program of“advanced democracy”at present stage.Except introduction,it consists of five chapters: the PCP's history of exploring the road to socialism,the PCP's socialist outlook and program of“advanced democracy”,the socialist prerequisites and basic policy,analysis of PCP's theory and practice and the dilemma facing the development of the PCP and the future prospectives.The introduction states the purpose of this paper topic,research status,the basic ideas and methods,innovation and defects.The first chapter deals with the PCP's history of exploring the road to socialism.With theoretical development and program policy adjustment as the main line,the PCP's altogether 90 years of history is divided into four stages based on the PCP's specific historical surrounding and main tasks: period of national democratic revolution of anti-fascism(1921.3—1974.4); democratic reform period after April Revolution(1974.4—1975.11); period of struggle for“democratic alternative”and establishing democratic government for the national salvation(1975.11—1988.12); period of struggle for the“advanced democracy”and socialism(1988.12—).The second chapter mainly expounds the basic contents of the PCP's socialist outlook and the“three main pillars”,the theoretical foundation of current“advanced democracy”and its main contents and the relationship between“advanced democracy”and socialism.The PCP insists that socialism is the most reliable prospect for human social development,but no unified mode,so Portuguese socialism is inevitably of its own particularity and originality.Scientificity and practicality of Marxism-Leninism,universal historical significance of the October Socialist Revolution and achievements and lessons of world socialist movements in the 20th century,unconquerable contradiction and development trend of capitalist system are the“three main pillars”of the theory.The“April 1974 Revolution”made a great historic achievements and opened the Portuguese new historical period as the symbol of freedom and social progress.However,“April revolution”was an unfinished revolution,at present the Party's main task is struggling for“advanced democracy”including political democracy,economic democracy,social democracy and cultural democracy.The Program of“advanced democracy”is the one of national democratic revolution,but the realization of“advanced democracy”will create favorable conditions for Portugal towards socialism.The third chapter elaborates upon what kind of roads and means the PCP has chosen to realize“advanced democracy”and socialism.The PCP holds that combining the parliament struggle with the mass struggle is the realistic choice to realize“advanced democracy”and socialism.The prerequisite for a peaceful transition is to“build a stronger Party”to enhance the PCP's social,political and electoral influence and ensure their participation in government administration,the basic policy for a peaceful transition is to build a joint system of society and establish social struggle front of anti-imperialist and anti-monopoly.Mainly through comparison of the PCP with the French Communist Party and Marxist theory,the fourth chapter analyzes the PCP's theory about“what is socialism”,“advanced democracy”program at present stage,the strategy ideology to realize“advanced democracy”and socialism and the theory and practice of the Party's construction.It holds that compared with the French Communist Party of big adjustments in theoretical policy after the upheavals of Soviet Union and East Europe,the PCP adheres to much more Party's basic characteristics and Marxist theoretical tradition,which is the important guarantee for the PCP to withstand risks and challenges and explore socialism soundly.In the transformation and adjustment,the PCP put forward some theories such as engaging in multi-Party system,making socialist democracy as the“value pursuit”and basic characteristics,paying attention to play the role of the market,going towards socialism through peaceful and democratic ways and developing inner-Party democracy.Some of the theories are the important theoretical results obtained by the creative applying of Marxism,but some also need to be tested in practice.We should take it dialectically,from which we can derive theoretical references and informative messages.The fifth chapter insists that the development of the PCP is restricted by some factors such as the world socialist movement as a whole at low ebb,the current conditions of Portuguese multi-Party parliamentary democracy and the PCP's dilemma in its own building.It will be a long-term process and arduous task to achieve the goal of“advanced democracy”and socialism.The revival of world socialist movement to a certain degree under the background of financial and debt crisis provided a good opportunity for the revival of the PCP.The PCP,with a wealth of practical experience,current development bottoming out,the scientific attitude committed to Marxism-Leninism with the concrete realities and determined socialist and communist belief has laid an important foundation for realization of“building a stronger Party”.Keywords: Portuguese Communist Party “advanced democracy”socialism the Party's construction anti-imperialist and anti-monopoly

希腊共产党争取民主和社会主义革命的理论与实践

作者: 王喜满
出版日期:2012-01-01
浏览次数:11次
简介: The theme of this paper is the Greek communist party's exploration of the socialist revolution road against imperialism and monopoly.The two main lines are theoretical propositions and practical activities of the Greek communist party.This paper begins the study on Greek communist party according to three different but close related dimensions,including the new changes in the capitalist,socialist theoretical and practical innovation and communist Party's development and change.This paper consists of six parts:The first is the introduction.It discussed the value of the paper's topic,research status at home and abroad,research ideas and methods,the major innovations and so on.The second is that Greek communist party was created and developed.The historical development of Greek communist party can be divided into five stages,creation period(1918—1924 years),anti-fascist and anti-monarchy struggling period(1925—1944 years); democratic anti-fascist and anti-monarchy struggling period(1945—1974 years); people's anti-imperialist and anti-monopoly democratic struggling period(1974—1989 years); anti-imperialist struggle of anti- monopoly of the socialist period(1989—present).The third is that socialist revolution theory was produced and developed.It was the product of the basic principles of Marxism combined the context of that time with Greek special conditions.The material basis of its produce was the third technological revolution and the productivity revolution.The internal basis of its produce was the social,economic and political development and changes in Greece.The grim situation of the world socialist movement and Greek communist party was the direct reason of its produce.The indispensable subjective condition of cites produce was fine traditions and revolutionary spirit of Greek communist party.The emergence and development of anti-imperialist,anti-monopoly socialist revolutionary theory had gone through consultation,proposition and improvement three stages.The fourth is that the theory of Greek Communist Party's exploration for democracy and socialist revolution.The Greek communist party is good at theoretical thinking.Its socialist revolutionary theory can be summarized in four main areas:the new changes in capitalism,contemporary world socialist movement,anti-imperialist anti-monopoly socialist revolutionary road,construction of the new workers'Marxist party.The fifth is that the practice of Greek Communist Party's exploration for democracy and socialist revolution.The practice of Greek Communist Party's Exploration for Democracy and Socialist Revolution is multifaceted.It mainly includes the following areas:strengthening the Party's solidarity and unity,combing parliamentary struggle and masses struggle outside the parliamentary together,combining domestic activities fighting for socialism and the practice of world socialism movement together,fighting for the democratic front of domestic and international anti- imperialist and anti- monopoly.Greek Communist Party's socialist revolutionary activities have achieved positive results and promoted the unity and cooperation of the world socialist movement.The sixth is that the basic experience,achievements and future of Greek communist party's exploration for democracy and socialism.It includes that stick to the guiding ideology of Marxism-Leninism position and the belief of scientific socialism unwaveringly; insist on the basic Marxist principle and the Greek national context; constantly improve and strengthen the party building,build the new workers'Marxist party; insisted that the party rooted in the working class and the broad masses of the people,adhering to the basic strategy of the united front.This is the ideological,organizational guarantee,the political line of security,and source of strength of the communist Party of Greece to fight for democracy and for the victory of the socialist cause.Looking at the communist Party of Greece's development in 90 years of dramatic changes,especially since the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe,she has the basic principles of Marxism combined with the Greek practice,adhere to the Greek path of socialist development.Key words:Communist Party of Greece; Anti-imperialist and Anti-monopoly; Socialist Revolution; Theory and Practice
关键词: 共产党  社会主义  理论研究  希腊  

战后英共的社会主义理论及英共衰退成因研究

出版日期:2010-01-01
浏览次数:13次
简介: 《战后英共的社会主义理论及英共衰退成因研究》以马克思主义为指导,采用纵向研究与横向研究相结合、史论结合和比较分析的研究方法,注意借鉴政治学、经济学、社会学和宗教学等相关学科的研究成果,以战后英国国内外的政治经济形势和国际共运的曲折发展为背景,比较全面地研究了战后英国共产党的社会主义理论与实践,重点研究了英共和平过渡到社会主义的理论,分析了20世纪下半叶英共持续衰退的原因,跟踪研究了英共发展的现状,展望其未来的发展。

无政府、国家和乌托邦

出版日期:2008-01-01
浏览次数:33次
简介: ANARCHY,STATE,AND UTOPIA/BYROBERT NOZICKBasic Books Inc.1974根据Basic Books Inc.1974年版译出
关键词: 无政府主义  国家理论  乌托邦  

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