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马克思主义哲学形态史.第五卷,马克思主义哲学的中国化形态.上:...

作者: 徐素华
出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:65次
简介: 本书探索、总结了马克思主义哲学中国化的过程、规律及成果,主要研究对象是毛泽东哲学思想,同时广泛涉及为马克思主义哲学中国化这一历史任务做出过贡献的部分马克思主义哲学家和理论研究者。重点探讨的是他们创立的一种哲学新形态,即中国化形态的马克思主义哲学。本书的特色在于研究的具体和细致:所谓具体,就是把马克思主义哲学中国化研究具体到每一个相关的哲学观点、方法和哲学学说;所谓细致,就是把马克思主义哲学中国化研究细致到每一个相关的哲学原理和哲学概念、范畴。

晋西北根据地互助合作运动研究:1940—1949

作者: 贺文乐
出版日期:2017-01-01
浏览次数:51次
简介: 本书从区域社会史角度解读战争年代中国共产党在敌后根据地开展互助合作运动的实践历程。20世纪40年代,随着抗日战争的演进,以“组织起来”为口号的互助合作运动在晋西北根据地兴起。本书不仅阐释了该运动在晋西北根据地的发展阶段、组织程度与模式、动员与运作机制,而且还以新革命史视角分析了革命政党与乡村社会的互动关系。一方面,中国共产党革命动员从思想上改造了农民,在政治、经济、教育文化乃至社会风俗等方面促进乡村社会变迁;另一方面,农民传统在某种程度上影响了运动的实际效果。因之,革命与传统的反复博弈形塑了晋西北根据地互助合作运动的复杂面相。

列宁社会主义观的当代解读

作者: 苑秀丽
出版日期:2016-01-01
浏览次数:8次
简介: 社会主义观问题是马克思主义的基本问题,关于这一问题的似是而非甚至错误认识,搅乱了人们的思想,破坏了马克思主义理论的科学性。本书全面深入地解读列宁的社会主义观,以期对当代中国特色社会主义的理论发展与建设实践有所裨益。本书在对马克思、列宁关于社会主义的基本认识进行总结的基础上,分别对十月革命胜利初期、“战时共产主义”时期和新经济政策时期列宁的社会主义观进行了全面的阐释。此外,还对列宁的世界革命思想、利用资本主义思想及立场进行了深入解读,从而揭示出列宁始终坚持马克思主义的社会主义观,新经济政策并未改变他的社会主义观,原则的坚定性与策略的灵活性构成了其社会主义观的丰富内容。

国际因素与斯大林的社会主义建设理论与实践

作者: 苑秀丽
出版日期:2015-01-01
浏览次数:9次
简介: 历史为什么最终选择了斯大林?应当从更广阔的时代背景和国际形势去理解。斯大林执政长达30年之久,期间国际风云不断变幻。国际共产主义运动的高潮与低落、国际局势的和平与紧张、西方资本主义与苏联的关系状态、资本主义世界的经济危机与苏联社会主义的伟大成就的鲜明对比、二战后苏联国际影响力的提升、冷战对峙局面的形成等国际因素都对斯大林的思想与实践产生了重大影响。本书对斯大林执政时期国际形势的变迁进行了较为全面的概括和阐述。可以看到,斯大林的社会主义建设理论与实践的形成与推进是当时的国际形势与苏联国内的社会政治经济条件的产物。本书研究视角独特。从时代背景和国际形势的广阔视角探讨和理解斯大林的社会主义建设理论与实践,是全面认识和评价斯大林,总结和借鉴国际共产主义运动历史经验的新思考。

西北伊斯兰教社会组织形态研究

作者: 丁明俊
出版日期:2013-07-01
浏览次数:12次
简介: 宗教组织是独立于政府之外的一种社会组织,往往与政府组织互动,演变为具有一定社会控制功能的社会群体组织。通过组织来研究宗教,通过伊斯兰教组织来研究历史上中国穆斯林社会组织的运行机制、中国伊斯兰教派门宦的产生背景与分化路径,使人们对中国伊斯兰教的发展历史与现实状况有比较准确的把握。宗教组织是由信教者所组成的、具有某种特定的宗教信仰与仪式,并共同遵守一定的制度与规范的社会组织,它是宗教得以存在的载体。宗教仪式、宗教符号、信仰体系、宗教活动场所都是宗教组织的象征。同时,作为一种社会组织,宗教领袖在宗教组织中发挥着重要作用。许多宗教都有比较严密的组织管理制度,等级分明,其内部又有许多具体的规章制度约束教民的行为。宗教组织是教徒与宗教领袖联系的纽带,也发挥着对外联系的重要作用。每一种宗教都具有不同的组织形态与构成要素,甚至同一宗教不同宗派之间的组织形态也各不相同。伴随伊斯兰教传入中国就形成以清真寺为中心的教坊组织,明清以后随着伊斯兰教苏非思想在西北穆斯林社会中的进一步传播与发展,使得具有更高组织形态的门宦制度在西北穆斯林社会中出现。宗教组织作为宗教内在因素的外在表现,对于宗教的巩固和发展起着重要的

古巴模式的“更新”与拉美左派的崛起

作者: 徐世澄
出版日期:2013-01-01
浏览次数:34次
简介: 《中国社会科学院学部委员专题文集》编辑委员会主任 王伟光委员(按姓氏笔画排序)王伟光 刘庆柱 江蓝生 李扬李培林 张蕴岭 陈佳贵 卓新平郝时远 赵剑英 晋保平 程恩富蔡昉统筹 郝时远助理 曹宏举 薛增朝编务 田文 黄英
关键词: 古巴  拉美左派  崛起  

科学乌托邦主义的建构与解构

作者: 邬晓燕
出版日期:2013-01-01
浏览次数:19次
简介: 本书从乌托邦研究、科幻文艺学、科学技术哲学等多学科视角出发,运用历史与逻辑、理论与现实相结合的方法,批判性地考察科学乌托邦主义崛起、涌动、困惑与超越的四段历程,既挖掘科学乌托邦主义的历史合理性,又审视其缺失与症结,试图破除科学乌托邦主义的迷梦,借以清醒地审度人类生存与发展的困境,为中国建设创新驱动与科学发展的和谐社会提供必要的思想借鉴。
关键词: 乌托邦  乌托邦主义  

种族主义制度废除后南非共产党对社会主义的新探索

出版日期:2013-01-01
浏览次数:23次
简介: From three dimensions of the history,the theory and the practice of South African Communist Party,through summarizing90-year development history of South African Communist Party,taking South African Communist Party exploring the theory and the practice of Socialism as the main line after abolition of institutional racism,the paper carries out the study on South African Communist Party re-exploring the socialism.The full text consists of seven parts over the introduction,the struggle course of South African Communist Party,South African Communist Party exploring the development road of the socialism,South African Communist Party concerning the theory of the future socialist society,the practice of South African Communist Party for the democracy and the socialism,the theory and the practice of South African Communist Party strengthening the party construction,and the conclusion.The first part is the introduction,mainly clarifying the reason and significance of the research,the status of the research,the thinking and the method of the research,the innovation and shortcomings of the research.The second part is the struggle course of South African Communist Party,in which90-year tough struggle course of South African Communist Party is divided into three stage:the first stage is the early struggle and forced dissolving period(from1921to1952);the second stage is the Party reconstruction and the anti-racism period(from1953to1994);the third stage is the struggle period of South African Communist Party for democracy and socialism(from1995to the present)。The third part is South African Communist Party exploring the development road of the socialism,mainly expounding the route,the guideline and the basic strategies of the transition to socialism put forward by South African Communist Party based on deeply analyzing the basic national conditions after establishment of the new democratic South Africa.South African Communist Party thought that South Africa was a dependent developing capitalist country.The contradiction between the people of South Africa and imperialism on behalf of Britain,the contradiction between the big landlords and the vast majority of African people(South Africa)(including Asians,Indians and colored people)as well as the white minority's monopoly capital between are the main contradiction of South African society.Current South African revolutionary still features“National Democratic Revolution”in the process of“transition to socialism”.It is the organic combination of national democratic revolution and socialist revolution.And herewith make the political route,the basic strategies of revolutionary reform and the basic guideline of the transition to socialism such as“the future belonging to socialism,the construction coming to begin today!”.Eventually form the socialism theory possessing South African characteristics.The fourth part is South African Communist Party concerning the theory of the future socialist society,mainly discussing the historical development of South African Communist Party's recognition of the future socialist society,the basic contents of socialist society theory along with the basic characteristics of the future socialist society theory.South African Communist Party thought that the future socialist society should be a democratic,equal and free one,and one abolishing private ownership of the productive means and the various exploitation and oppression through socialist revolution,and one promoting the individual freedom and all-round development of the society.Emphasize on democracy,equality,freedom,the socialization of main economics section.Socialism should adhere to the organic combination of both“efficient program”and“beneficial market”Socialist society persisting in the sustainable development is the basic characteristics that South African Communist Party has some claim about the future socialism society theory.The fifth part is the practice of South African Communist Party for the democracy and the socialism,mainly expounding South African Communist Party implemented the positive work about the aspects of politics,economy,society and foreign relations after the victory of democratic breakthrough.In politics,South African Communist Party(South Africa)and the ANC(African National Congress”)not only unite each other but also struggle,playing a positive role as participating Party,struggling against the residue of the white racism for democracy and equality.In the economy,and actively promote the economic development of socialist-oriented economic form of South Africa,vigorously carry out against the consequences of financial crisis export.In social activities,start and lead“red-October movement”so as to enhance the effect of the working class.In foreign relations,support the“the New Partnership for Africa's Development”;realize Africa Union and Rejuvenation;oppose the imperialist globalization;strive to realize the“unity of the globalization”The sixth part is the theory and the practice of South African Communist Party strengthening the party construction,mainly discussing South Africa Communist Party took up with constructing mass pioneer Party,insisted on the development of democratic centralism,strengthened ideological and political work of the Party,improved the theory and practice uniting and cooperating with other countries in the struggle course of leading South Africa people against racism for democracy and socialism South Africa Communist Party was of the opinion that strengthening the construction of the part is the fundamental guarantee of the transition to the socialism.South Africa Communist Party has always adhered to Marx-Leninism as a guide,and devoted to the combination of Marx-Leninism and national conditions,aimed at strengthening self-construction of the Party,and actively carried forward the theoretical innovation of the Party to go in quest of the channels and the methods able to bring into a vanguard role of the Party in the process of the practice.In the conclusion part,it mainly discusses the basic reasons that compared with other Communist Party of capitalist countries,South African Communist Party possesses distinctive characteristics,analyzing the opportunity and the challenge that South African Communist Party met with in the new historical conditions.South African Communist Party insisted on the basic reasons over holding independent and development road,persisting the combination of Marxism-Leninism basic principle and South Africa national conditions in the long-term struggle,instantly promoting theoretical innovation,correctly adjusting the route and guide and policy of the Party,unceasingly strengthening self-construction of the Party,which results in the Party from the small to the strong,from the dissolution to reconstruction,from the illegal to legal,from the opposition to participation in government,regularly forming a more mature Marxism Party With the development and change of the world conditions,national conditions and Party conditions,South Africa is confronted with aggravated contradictory of the current capitalist country,additionally the progressive social movements has vigorously been growing up with favorable domestic situation after South Africa binging into democracy breakthrough;South Africa possessed the rare development opportunity with favorable terms after participating in politics;it also is confronted with“capitalist strong but socialist weak”and international socialism movement still remaining low tide;South Africa has been meeting by various challenges over South African working class looking towards“multilayer”,the degree of difficulty seeking more support becoming increased,self-construction of South African Communist Party still exiting problems pending solutions etc.Only when South African Communist continuously improves self-construction level and influence on the society,constantly revises and perfects the guideline and the policy in the new practical exploration,incessantly deepens the understanding and recognition on the relationship between national democratic revolution and socialist revolution,will South African Communist become more mature,carry within itself and accumulate inexhaustible strength towards socialist society.
关键词: 共产党  社会主义理论  种族主义  南非  
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