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华北城乡与近代区域社会

出版日期:2019-01-01
浏览次数:46次
简介: 2015年9月,中国社会科学院近代史研究所社会史研究中心与河北大学历史学院在华北古城——保定举办了以“华北城乡与近代区域社会”为主题的第六届中国近代社会史国际学术研讨会。本书为会议论文集结而成,从不同侧面探讨近代华北及区域史相关问题,并提出一个新的研究领域—京津冀区域社会史。
关键词: 文化史  华北地区  近代  文集  

国民政府粮食问题研究:1937-1945

作者: 陈雷
出版日期:2019-01-01
浏览次数:16次
简介: 本书对1937-1945年国民政府粮食问题进行了系统考察与梳理,主要从粮食与粮食问题、战时国民政府粮食政策措施与管理成效、战时各地解决粮食问题实践与成效、战时粮政管理人物与粮政机构等四个方面来进行分析探讨,通过对不同问题、不同地区、各项具体政策措施、相关粮政人物与粮管机构的研究,来进一步深化这一时期国民政府粮食问题的研究,并提出相应的观点和看法,作出较为客观、公正的评价。
关键词: 国民政府  粮食问题  1937-1945  

近代北京慈善与公益事业

作者: 袁熹 杨原
出版日期:2019-01-01
浏览次数:18次
简介: 清代北京地区州县行政建制沿明制且基本保持稳定。北京及近畿地区分为京师、京县和顺天府,即以京城为中心,由内及外,形成三个层次。顺天府“东至遵化州界,二百十六里;西至宣化府保安州界,二百三十里;南至天津府青县界,三百一十三里;北至永平府滦平县界,一百七十五里;东南至天津府天津县界,二百里;西南至保定府新城县界,一百七十里;东北至遵化州界,四百二十里;西北至宣化延庆州界,一百三十里。东西广四百七十六里,南北袤四百八十六里”5059021。顺天府共领有五州十九县:除京县大兴、宛平外,还有良乡、固安、永清、东安、香河、通州、三河、武清、宝坻、宁河、昌平、顺义、怀柔、密云、霸州、文安、大城、保定、涿州、房山、蓟州、平谷。其中紧邻京师的州县有良乡、固安、通州、昌平、顺义、东安等。京县系指两个附郭县,为大兴、宛平。其辖境分别位于京城之东、西。大兴县治在安定门内教忠坊南。据《(光绪)顺天府志·地理志一》:“大兴县:东除城属八里外,至通州界,十二里;西无管辖,系宛平属;南除城属二十四里外,至东安县界,七十一里;北除城属一十二里外,至昌平州界,二十三里;东南除城属三十七里外,至东安县界,五十里;西南除城属二
关键词: 慈善事业  北京  近代  

新中国成立初期农村基层政权建设问题研究:1949~1958

作者: 刘文瑞
出版日期:2019-01-01
浏览次数:30次
简介: This dissertation focuses on the construction of the rural grass-roots power under the leadership of the CPC in the early years of New China,examining the issue in a chronological order with the interaction between the nation and the society as an entry point and discussing it through the following aspects: its process,approach,significance and effects.It also analyzes the underlying relationships and the interaction between the construction of rural grass-roots power and the social changes,such as the Land Reform and the Agricultural Cooperation.The first chapter briefly discusses the theoretical exploration and the practices of the construction of the rural grass-roots power before the 1949 China.In the period of Domestic Revolution,the CPC always sought to combine the Theory of Marxism and the objective reality of China,gradually developed a complete intellectual system for the construction of the new democratic transition regime,and successfully led the construction of the rural grass-roots power in the revolutionary base areas,which helped accumulate the following great valuable experiences: first,we must wholeheartedly rely on our people,believe their great power and lay a solid mass base for the construction of the rural grass-roots power;second,we must work in accordance with the actual conditions of China,following the path of socialism with distinctive Chinese features;third,we must hold the livelihood issues as our fundamental focuses,increasing the masses'satisfaction degrees,strengthening the relationship between the Party and the masses.The three pieces of experience above are constructive on the construction of the rural grass-roots power after the founding of PRC.Next,the dissertation spends three chapters to examine the history of the construction of the rural grass-roots power under the leadership of the CPC in the early years of New China.Chapter three focuses on the process during which the Party built the system of the rural grass-roots power through the takeover of the regime and the Land Reform.In the early years of New China,the Party strategically transferred the work focus,posed some primary ideas for the development of the economy and the society and completed the top design of the political system,which together founded the theoretical basis for the construction of the rural grass-roots power.In the practical level,the Party gradually transferred to the new organizing system of the rural grass-roots power through the takeover of the old regime,the abolishment of the Bao-Jia System and the grass-roots democratic development.Meanwhile,the Party launched the Land Reform in the newlyliberated area,which played an active role in the construction of the rural grassroots power.First,the Land Reform laid the economic foundation for the rural grass-roots power;Secondly,it changed the power structure of the rural society;Third,it helped strengthen the group political identification of the farmers;Forth,it reconstructed the organizing system of the rural grass-roots power.Through the Land Reform,the rural grass-roots power of the New China gained the support and the acknowledgment of the farmers and earned its legal foundation.Chapter Four mainly discusses how the Party reset the tasks,and opens a new chapter of the construction of the rural grass-roots power after the Land Reform.After the Land Reform,it appeared something new,for example,the class structure of agriculture,the hierarchy newly differentiated,farmers required to enrich their families.Thus,CPC changed their initial envisage of how to transitive to socialism in stand by the Party's general line of transitional period.Under this circumstance,the basic task of rural grass-roots power also became Socialist Transformation for farmers.So the CPC initiated the rural Agricultural Cooperation.Through the boosting of grass-roots power,the implementation of unified purchase and sale and class path,the construction of rural Party organization,a new progress of construction of regime for farmers' Socialist Transformation was preliminarily opened.By the same time,besides opening a new chapter of China's democracy progress,the first session of National People's Congress also established solid basis of democratic and legal system for the construction of rural grass-roots power;the fifth chapter mainly focuses on how rural grass-roots power accelerated the progress of farmers' Socialist Transformation in the later period of Agricultural Cooperation,and record successful implementation of the basic objectives of the grassroots political power constructioncourse.Since the second half of 1955,CPC changed the guideline of Agricultural Cooperation in order to speed up the socialist transformation of agriculture.Under active advocacy of CPC and grass-roots power,Agricultural Cooperation developed rapidly.Rural China completed the transformation from cooperation group to primary community and then to superior community in a short time,and the rural grass-roots power also achieved the basic goal of farmers' Socialist Transformation.Though the development of Agricultural Cooperation broke farmers' ideology bottom line,because of the trust in CPC and Chinese government,the need of production,the hope of the future,and the group psychology when facing stress,they eventually accepted the transformation of state power intent.Upon completion of the co-operative,in response to the wave of retirement from community in parts of the country,to consolidate the triumph of agricultural co-operation,CPC launched movements of rectify the cooperative and rural socialist education,to some extent,to break through the difficulties faced by the rural grassroots political power.However,the socialist education movement also caused the interruption of grassroots political power of self-adjustment process,caused some negative impact on the long-term development of the rural economy and society.Finally,the dissertation summarizes the three historical significances of construction of rural grass-roots power in the early years of New China and its modern enlightenments.First,the construction of rural grass-roots power in the early years of New China build unified regime organization system and effectively integrated the rural resources,which created favorable conditions for the modern transformation of Chinese society.Secondly,the construction of rural grass-roots power in the early years of New China gained farmers' political recognition and build legal foundation of regime,which basically ensured the regime consolidation of New China.Third,the construction of rural grass-roots power in the early years of New China perfected democracy legal system and build legal foundation of regime,which established system and ideology base for the democracy construction of New China.Fourth,establish a good social atmosphere;make notable progress in improving socialist spiritual civilization.By analyzingthe construction of rural grass-roots power in the early years of New China,three modern enlightenments are summarized.First,we must insist the leadership of CPC and strengthen the construction of ruling party,which basically ensure the construction of rural grass-roots power.And then,we must adhere to the principle of popular sovereignty and developdemocracy at the grass-roots level,which are the core of construction of rural grass-roots power.Last,we must stick to seek the benefit for the masses and improve the independent participation of farmers,which are the successful experiences of construction of rural grass-roots power.Keywords: Construction of The Rural Grass-Roots; Organizing System;Basic Task; Basic Goal
关键词: 农村  地方政府  建设  中国  1949~1958  

中国近代史研究回顾与展望.2012—2014年卷

出版日期:2019-01-01
浏览次数:20次
简介: 《中国近代史研究回顾与展望》由中国社会科学院近代史研究所组织撰写,对中国近代史各学科的前活状况按年度进行描这和分析,内容涵益晚清政治史、近代经济史、近代社会文化史、近代思想史、马克思主义史学理论、革命史、民国政治史、近代中外关系史、台湾史等。
关键词: 中国历史  近代史  

新中国成立初期农村基层政权建设问题研究:1949~1958

作者: 刘文瑞
出版日期:2019-01-01
浏览次数:30次
简介: This dissertation focuses on the construction of the rural grass-roots power under the leadership of the CPC in the early years of New China,examining the issue in a chronological order with the interaction between the nation and the society as an entry point and discussing it through the following aspects: its process,approach,significance and effects.It also analyzes the underlying relationships and the interaction between the construction of rural grass-roots power and the social changes,such as the Land Reform and the Agricultural Cooperation.The first chapter briefly discusses the theoretical exploration and the practices of the construction of the rural grass-roots power before the 1949 China.In the period of Domestic Revolution,the CPC always sought to combine the Theory of Marxism and the objective reality of China,gradually developed a complete intellectual system for the construction of the new democratic transition regime,and successfully led the construction of the rural grass-roots power in the revolutionary base areas,which helped accumulate the following great valuable experiences: first,we must wholeheartedly rely on our people,believe their great power and lay a solid mass base for the construction of the rural grass-roots power;second,we must work in accordance with the actual conditions of China,following the path of socialism with distinctive Chinese features;third,we must hold the livelihood issues as our fundamental focuses,increasing the masses'satisfaction degrees,strengthening the relationship between the Party and the masses.The three pieces of experience above are constructive on the construction of the rural grass-roots power after the founding of PRC.Next,the dissertation spends three chapters to examine the history of the construction of the rural grass-roots power under the leadership of the CPC in the early years of New China.Chapter three focuses on the process during which the Party built the system of the rural grass-roots power through the takeover of the regime and the Land Reform.In the early years of New China,the Party strategically transferred the work focus,posed some primary ideas for the development of the economy and the society and completed the top design of the political system,which together founded the theoretical basis for the construction of the rural grass-roots power.In the practical level,the Party gradually transferred to the new organizing system of the rural grass-roots power through the takeover of the old regime,the abolishment of the Bao-Jia System and the grass-roots democratic development.Meanwhile,the Party launched the Land Reform in the newlyliberated area,which played an active role in the construction of the rural grassroots power.First,the Land Reform laid the economic foundation for the rural grass-roots power;Secondly,it changed the power structure of the rural society;Third,it helped strengthen the group political identification of the farmers;Forth,it reconstructed the organizing system of the rural grass-roots power.Through the Land Reform,the rural grass-roots power of the New China gained the support and the acknowledgment of the farmers and earned its legal foundation.Chapter Four mainly discusses how the Party reset the tasks,and opens a new chapter of the construction of the rural grass-roots power after the Land Reform.After the Land Reform,it appeared something new,for example,the class structure of agriculture,the hierarchy newly differentiated,farmers required to enrich their families.Thus,CPC changed their initial envisage of how to transitive to socialism in stand by the Party's general line of transitional period.Under this circumstance,the basic task of rural grass-roots power also became Socialist Transformation for farmers.So the CPC initiated the rural Agricultural Cooperation.Through the boosting of grass-roots power,the implementation of unified purchase and sale and class path,the construction of rural Party organization,a new progress of construction of regime for farmers' Socialist Transformation was preliminarily opened.By the same time,besides opening a new chapter of China's democracy progress,the first session of National People's Congress also established solid basis of democratic and legal system for the construction of rural grass-roots power;the fifth chapter mainly focuses on how rural grass-roots power accelerated the progress of farmers' Socialist Transformation in the later period of Agricultural Cooperation,and record successful implementation of the basic objectives of the grassroots political power constructioncourse.Since the second half of 1955,CPC changed the guideline of Agricultural Cooperation in order to speed up the socialist transformation of agriculture.Under active advocacy of CPC and grass-roots power,Agricultural Cooperation developed rapidly.Rural China completed the transformation from cooperation group to primary community and then to superior community in a short time,and the rural grass-roots power also achieved the basic goal of farmers' Socialist Transformation.Though the development of Agricultural Cooperation broke farmers' ideology bottom line,because of the trust in CPC and Chinese government,the need of production,the hope of the future,and the group psychology when facing stress,they eventually accepted the transformation of state power intent.Upon completion of the co-operative,in response to the wave of retirement from community in parts of the country,to consolidate the triumph of agricultural co-operation,CPC launched movements of rectify the cooperative and rural socialist education,to some extent,to break through the difficulties faced by the rural grassroots political power.However,the socialist education movement also caused the interruption of grassroots political power of self-adjustment process,caused some negative impact on the long-term development of the rural economy and society.Finally,the dissertation summarizes the three historical significances of construction of rural grass-roots power in the early years of New China and its modern enlightenments.First,the construction of rural grass-roots power in the early years of New China build unified regime organization system and effectively integrated the rural resources,which created favorable conditions for the modern transformation of Chinese society.Secondly,the construction of rural grass-roots power in the early years of New China gained farmers' political recognition and build legal foundation of regime,which basically ensured the regime consolidation of New China.Third,the construction of rural grass-roots power in the early years of New China perfected democracy legal system and build legal foundation of regime,which established system and ideology base for the democracy construction of New China.Fourth,establish a good social atmosphere;make notable progress in improving socialist spiritual civilization.By analyzingthe construction of rural grass-roots power in the early years of New China,three modern enlightenments are summarized.First,we must insist the leadership of CPC and strengthen the construction of ruling party,which basically ensure the construction of rural grass-roots power.And then,we must adhere to the principle of popular sovereignty and developdemocracy at the grass-roots level,which are the core of construction of rural grass-roots power.Last,we must stick to seek the benefit for the masses and improve the independent participation of farmers,which are the successful experiences of construction of rural grass-roots power.Keywords: Construction of The Rural Grass-Roots; Organizing System;Basic Task; Basic Goal
关键词: 农村  地方政府  建设  中国  1949~1958  

国民政府粮食问题研究:1937-1945

作者: 陈雷
出版日期:2019-01-01
浏览次数:16次
简介: 本书对1937-1945年国民政府粮食问题进行了系统考察与梳理,主要从粮食与粮食问题、战时国民政府粮食政策措施与管理成效、战时各地解决粮食问题实践与成效、战时粮政管理人物与粮政机构等四个方面来进行分析探讨,通过对不同问题、不同地区、各项具体政策措施、相关粮政人物与粮管机构的研究,来进一步深化这一时期国民政府粮食问题的研究,并提出相应的观点和看法,作出较为客观、公正的评价。
关键词: 国民政府  粮食问题  1937-1945  

简明中国近代史读本

出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:236次
简介: 中国近代史不仅是屈辱的历史,也是中国人民为了民族独立、国家富强而不屈不挠奋斗的历史。所谓屈辱主要体现在历史的“沉沦”时期,所谓奋斗,主要体现在历史的“上升”时期。这不是说历史的“沉沦”时期没有奋斗,那个时期中国人民有过不少次的奋斗,但是,由于觉醒程度不够,物质力量不够,斗争经验不够,那时候中国人民的奋斗还不足以制止中国社会的“沉沦”;在历史的“上升”时期,不是没有屈辱,日本帝国主义对中国的侵略,甚至比以往历次帝国主义侵略给中国造成的损害还要严重,但由于中国人民空前的民族觉醒和空前的艰苦奋斗,中国社会不仅避免了继续“沉沦”,而且赢来了反侵略战争的彻底胜利,为中国的现代化奠定基础。
关键词: 中国历史  近代史  通俗读物  
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