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俄罗斯改革教训:自由主义乌托邦的破产与创造“经济奇迹”之路

出版日期:2018-01-09
浏览次数:3次
简介: 该著作系统总结、分析了俄罗斯独立以后向市场经济转型期间经济改革的教训,揭示了俄罗斯和中国市场改革的显著差异,闸述了经济长期发展的规律,指出了在世界经济危机背景下俄罗斯创造经济奇迹的方法以及所面临的机遇。共同建设“大欧亚伙伴关系”是构建新型国际经济关系体系的重要内容,该书为实现这一目标提出了具体建议。
关键词: 经济改革  研究  俄罗斯  

企业的环境管理能力与企业绩效关系的理论与实证研究

作者: 黄仕佼
出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:17次
简介: 在当前经济全球化背景下,企业都不可以避免地受到环境的影响,对企业的环境管理能力进行研究,有利于企业更好地对环境进行管理,从而规避环境变化给企业带来的冲击,实现企业环境管理能力的提升,提升企业绩效,具有重要的现实意义。因此,本书主要针对目前企业绩效问题研究的思维定式,以创新性的研究思想,把企业环境理论与企业能力理论结合起来,从企业能力与环境整体性的角度深度探讨与研究企业对环境的管理能力与企业绩效之间的关联性问题,为企业管理理论的研究提供一种新的思路。同时本书也期望通过研究发现企业的环境管理能力与企业绩效之间的一般关系,为提高企业的环境适应能力、环境控制能力或驾驭环境的能力,从而提高企业绩效,提出积极的可操作性建议。
关键词: 企业环境管理  关系  企业绩效  

巴菲特投资哲学

出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:42次
简介: 本书是解析巴菲特投资理念和技巧的经典读本。作者基于巴菲特成功投资的经历,建立了长期投资的基本原则,即“企业视角投资”,注重评估分析企业的成长历史、经营理念、管理团队、盈利模式,并长期关注、持有,从而获得规模可观的长时间盈利。书中正反两方面的实例,精彩地诠释了巴菲特投资理念的成功所在,而这正应该成为所有投资者尊奉的投资哲学。

长江经济带城市协同发展能力指数(2017)研究报告

作者: 王丰龙 曾刚
出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:54次
简介: 摘要:长江经济带是新时期我国重大国家发展战略之一,而城市间的协同发展能力直接关系到长江经济带建设的成败。本书在借鉴协同创新、韧性城市等领域最新研究成果的基础上,根据党的十九大报告指示精神,瞄准“绿色·创新·稳健”的发展目标,构建了由科技创新、经济发展、交流服务、生态保护四大领域、18项具体指标构成的长江经济带城市协同发展能力评价指标体系,对2017年长江经济带110座地级及以上城市的协同发展能力进行了计算。此外,本书还采用了自然断裂点、空间自相关、规模—位序等分析方法,论述了长江经济带城市协同发展能力的空间分布特征、演变过程、驱动因子和存在问题。本书指出,长江经济带城市协同发展能力空间分布上总体呈现东高西低的格局;上海龙头作用显著,南京、武汉等中心城市表现卓越。与2016年相比,杭州、重庆等城市由于在生态保护后续投入不足而在整体排名中下滑,黄山、丽江等经济发展水平不高但环境本底条件较好、生态保护投入增长较快城市则在总排名中显著上升。为了提升长江经济带城市协同发展水平,建议加强顶层设计、构建分层协同发展机制、推动绿色产业的创新协调发展、强化生态安全风险的联合防控。关键词:长江经济带 协同发展 指数 绿色发展 创新Abstract: The Yangtze River Economic Belt is one of China's major national development strategies in the new era.The inter-city cooperation is decisive for the success or failure of the development of Yangtze River economic belt.Based on the latest research in such fields as collaborative innovation and resilient cities,this book defines the guideline as“green,innovative and resilient development”according to the directives of the 19 th National Congress of the Communist Party of China and proposes a series of indictors to evaluate the capability of coordinated development for the 110 prefecture-level cities in the Yangtze River economic belting 2017.These indicators are mainly drawn from four areas including scientific and technological innovation,economic development,transportation and exchange system,and ecological protection.The ranking list of the 110 prefecture-level cities in the Yangtze River economic beltis released based on their capability of collaborative development.In addition,the book also uses natural breakpoints analysis,spatial autocorrelation,ranksize distribution and other methods to analyze the spatial distribution,evolution process,driving factors and problems of coordinated development capability of the cities in the Yangtze River economic belt.It is shown that the spatial distribution of the coordinated development capability of cities in the Yangtze River economic belt is characterized with an overall pattern of high level in the east and low level the west.Shanghai plays a leading role,and the central cities such as Nanjing and Wuhan also have outstanding performance.Noticeably,cities such as Hangzhou and Chongqing decline in the overall rankings compared with 2016,because of insufficient efforts in ecological protection;on the contrary,cities such as Huangshan and Lijiang which are not well developed in economy but in good environmental conditions and with heavy investment in ecological protection significantly proceed in the ranking than 2016.In order to advance the coordinated development of the cities in the Yangtze River economic belt,it is suggested to strengthen the top-level institutional design,build a multiscalar coordinated development mechanism,promote the coordinated innovation in green industry and enhance joint prevention and control of ecological security risks.Key words: Yangtze River Economic Belt,Coordinated Development,Index,Eco-friendly Development,Innovation
关键词: 长江经济带  城市发展  研究报告  2017  

NAES宏观经济形势分析.2017年.第4季度

出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:93次
简介: 2017年世界经济出现了超预期复苏,美国经济的基本面决定了美联储将适时推进缩表和加息,逐步实现货币政策正常化。2017年我国经济在国际经济复苏加快的背景下,供给侧结构性改革效果显现,经济继续保持稳中向好态势。2018年总体补库存力度减弱,货币供应速度减缓,环保督查力度加大,房地产投资和基建投资面临下行压力;但国际经济可能继续保持复苏,出口仍保持增长态势,民间投资有望继续保持平稳增长。短期经济波动不会改变经济韧性加强的显著特征。2018年是党的十九大胜利召开后新时代的开端,应抓住时机,继续坚持稳中求进的总基调,突出稳中有为,在保证国内需求基本平稳的前提下,深化新时代供给侧结构性改革,化解经济中潜藏的风险,提高经济发展质量,使经济运行保持在合理区间,延续经济稳中向好的局面。
关键词: 中国经济  宏观经济分析  

京津冀协同发展指数报告.2017

出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:5次
简介: 摘要:本报告在前期研究的基础上,继续运用基于创新、协调、绿色、开放、共享的新发展理念构建的京津冀协同发展指数评价指标体系跟踪评价京津冀协同发展的阶段效果。测算结果表明,2016年京津冀协同发展指数延续上升趋势,这种趋势客观反映了京津冀协同发展取得了显著的阶段成效。从京津冀创新发展、协调发展、绿色发展、开放发展和共享发展五个协同指数变化趋势看,共享发展、绿色发展和协调发展这三个协同指数上升相对明显,创新发展协同指数出现了积极的变化,而开放发展协同指数略有下降。在创新发展协同指数中,创新投入、创新协作和创新优化三个方面共同推动了京津冀创新发展协同指数的上升,而创新效率和大众创业作用较小。在协调发展协同指数中,城乡差距、地区分工和产出强度三个方面成为促进京津冀协同发展协同指数升高的主要因素,而地区差距和城市规模较上年出现了微弱的恶化趋势。在绿色发展协同指数中,能源消耗、碳排放、大气治理、资源利用和生态建设等方面都取得明显的效果,其中大气治理和生态建设方面进步更加明显。在开放发展协同指数中,市场一体化和交通一体化对京津冀开放发展协同指数推动作用较大;同时,受宏观经济形势的影响,区域贸易流作用不明显,贸易开放和资本开放都呈现出下滑的趋势。在共享发展协同指数中,教育公平是推动京津冀共享发展协同指数上升的主要力量,收入差距进一步缩小,就业机会持续提高,精准扶贫继续取得明显进展,这些因素也成为促进共享发展协同指数上升的重要力量,但公共服务差距较上年略有扩大。从京津冀三地发展指数的横向比较看,北京综合发展指数最高,天津次之,河北最低。但跟上年的表现不同的是,2016年北京和河北综合发展指数继续保持上升的趋势,而天津则较上年下降了约1个百分点。在创新发展指数方面,京津冀三地创新发展指数都出现缓慢增长情况,地区间差距逐步缩小,天津创新发展指数继续领跑。在协调发展指数方面,与上年相比,河北各地市的协调发展程度改善最为明显,增长了5.9个百分点。在绿色发展指数方面,京津冀三地绿色发展指数均呈上升态势,北京的绿色发展指数较上年增长最快,增长了5个百分点。在开放发展指数方面,北京的开放发展指数下降较快,较上年下降了约9个百分点。河北的开放发展指数较上年出现了增长现象,但开放程度一直处于低位。在共享发展指数方面,京津冀三地共享发展取得了良好的效果,尤其是北京的共享发展指数增长最快,较上年增长了11.8个百分点。为了推进京津冀协同发展战略,2017年4月1日中共中央国务院决定设立河北雄安新区。本报告根据中央对雄安新区的定位和要求选择若干重大问题进行深入专题研究。报告认为,雄安新区发展要协调处理好“两个速度”的关系,也要防范“四个方面”的倾向。今后,雄安新区要加快打造世界级“新经济”新区,建设绿色智慧新城。针对京津冀协同发展存在的问题,本报告建议采取如下措施加以应对:一是建立产业链分工协作机制,推动区域产业协同发展。二是推动京津优质服务资源对外辐射,促进公共服务区域均等化。三是引入多元化的治理机制,改善区域生态环境质量。四是引导区域创新要素有序流动,促进科技成果转移转化。五是创办雄安世界创新发展博览会,建设京津冀对外开放新高地。关键词:京津冀协同发展;雄安新区;五大发展理念;协同发展指数;地区发展指数Abstract: In order to keep track of the stage effect ofBeijing-Tianjin-Hebei Integrated Development,the book continues to use the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Integrated Development index system based on innovative,coordinated,green,open and sharing development concepts.The results show that the index continued to rise in 2016,which objectively reflects the significant progress achieved in the integrated development of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region.Among the five Integrated Development Indexes,the sharing development index,the green development index and the coordination development index rise obviously,the innovation index shows positive change,while the opening up index declines slightly.Innovation input,innovation collaboration and innovation optimization have jointly promoted the growth of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei innovation development index,while the innovation efficiency and mass entrepreneurship have little effect.The urban-rural gaps,regional division of industry and production strength are the main factors promoting the coordination development index increases,and regional disparities and the deterioration of urban size appears weak trend than 2015.In the green development integrated index,energy consumption,carbon emission,air treatment,resource utilization and ecological con struction have all achieved obvious achievements,among which the improvement of atmospheric governance and ecological construction are more obvious.The integration of the market and the integration of transportation have great effect on the cooperation development integrated index.At the same time,affected by the macroeconomic situation,regional trade flows are not obvious,and both trade liberalization and capital opening have shown a downward trend.Education fair is main force promoting the coordination development integrated index increment; at the same time,the income gap narrows,jobs continues to improve,precise poverty alleviation continue to make obvious progress,these factors are an important force too; but the public service gap year-on-year slightly enlarges.From the horizontal comparison of development indexes of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region,Beijing has the highest comprehensive development index,followed by Tianjin and the lowest in Hebei.Beijing's and Hebei's indexes continued to rise in 2016,while Tianjin fell by about 1 percentage point from the previous year.The index of innovation development in Beijing,Tianjin and Hebei has been growing slowly,and the regional gap has gradually narrowed,but the Tianjin's index continues to lead the way.In terms of the co ordination development index,the growth of Hebei is the most obvious,with a 5.9 percentage point increase compared with the previous year.The green development index of Beijing,Tianjin and Hebei all shows upward trends and the index in Beijing climbs the fastest over the previous year,increasing by five percentage points.The index of opening up development in Beijing declines rapidly,down about 9 percentage points from the previous year.The index of opening up development in Hebei has increased over the previous year,but has remained low.In terms of the Sharing development index,the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region has achieved good results,especially in Beijing,with an increase of 11.8 percentage points over the previous year.In order to promote the strategy of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Integrated Development,the central committee of the Communist Party of China(CPC)decided to set up a new district of Hebei province on April 1,2017.The present report carries out in-depth thematic studies based on the positioning of Xiong'an New Area.According to the report,the development of Xiongan New Area should coordinate the relationship between“two speed”and avoid the tendency of“four aspects”.In the future,Xiong'an New Area will be posited in a world-class“new economy”and a green smart new city.In view of the problems existing in the integrated development of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region,the present report recommends the following measures.First,we should establish a cooperation mechanism for industrial chain division of labor and promote the integrated development of regional industries.Second,we should promote the external radiation of Beijing and Tianjin quality service resources and promote equalization of public service.Third,we should introduce a diversified governance mechanism to improve the quality of regional ecological environment.Fourth,we should guide the orderly flow of regional innovation elements and promote the transfer and transformation of scientific and technological achievements.Fifth,we should set up the world expo for innovation and development,improving the quality of opening up of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region.Keywords: Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Integrated Development,Xiong'an New Area,Five New Development Concepts,Integrated development index system,Regional development index

拉丁美洲和加勒比经济发展分析与展望.2017

作者: 陈朝先
出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:10次
简介: 这本书集中分析了拉美地区当前的经济形势与经济政策。出书的目的很明确,就是为政府部门、工商企业和广大读者展示拉美经济的现实情况和发展态势,为推动中拉经贸合作提供决策咨询和学术研究方面的服务。因此,除拉美经济形势之外,中拉双方经贸合作的进展状况也是贯穿全书的重要内容。

近代粤港澳经济史研究

作者: 张晓辉
出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:42次
简介: 粤港澳历来联系紧密,在中国近代史上具有独特的地位和作用。开展对粤港澳经济史的研究,可以深化香港、澳门历史的研究,也可丰富中国近代史、广东地方史、华侨华人史的内容。本书收录的多篇论文分别从粤港澳华商的发展与近代世界、粤港澳对外贸易与国内外市场、重要历史人物与粤港澳地方经济社会三个方面进行了深入探讨,对其中一些重大事件和问题做了全新的梳理,并取得了原创性的成果。本书内容丰富,史料翔实,论证充分,具有较高的学术质量。本书既总结历史经验、探寻社会经济发展的客观规律,亦对中国近代社会经济史和岭南区域史等领域的研究有较大参考价值。
关键词: 区域经济  经济史  广东  香港  澳门  近代  
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