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乡村公共财产治理的变迁逻辑与方法论自觉

CHANGE AND RECONSTRUCTION:LOGIC AND METHODOLOGY CONSCIOUSNESS OF RURAL PUBLIC PROPERTY GOVERNANCE

ISBN:978-7-5227-0255-1

出版日期:2022-08

页数:284

字数:295.0千字

丛书名:《中国社会科学博士后文库》

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基金信息: 中国社会科学院创新工程学术出版资助项目;全国博士后管理委员会资助项目 展开
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图书简介

古今中外,“财产公共/私有”的起源、合法性、正当性、地位和应然性,构成人类社会生活的中心论题和道德论争的核心话题。财产,其权利的贫困可谓暴力、革命、动荡、冲突的指示器,其正当性的复归可谓安定、繁荣、有序、文明的晴雨表。有鉴于此,人们生发出对“大同社会”“乌托邦”“共同富裕”的无限向往和不懈追求。在小农经济的封闭性、有限性、保守性、简单性语境下,乡村公共财产扮演着极为消极的角色——农业有限剩余、公共财产稀缺、公共意识匮乏;在工业化、现代性、市场化转型冲击下,乡村公共财产治理表现出无所适从的迷茫、彷徨、困惑。在历史裹挟的洪流中,乡村公共财产治理逻辑的重构提上议事日程。

新中国成立以来,对于经历了曲折的认知和无比向往理想社会情怀的社会主义公有制国家和人民来说,乡村公共财产赋有革命理想主义情怀、公共利益供给和价值引领重任。在共产主义革命话语中,乡村公共财产被赋予了集体所有制到全民所有制的过渡性质;在中国特色社会主义共同富裕视域中,乡村公共财产具有提供公共产品公共服务的效率维度和共建共治共享的公平维度。在中国特色社会主义新时代,形成科学社会主义乡村公共财产治理方法论自觉,正确认识和科学把握乡村公共财产治理实质,在方法论上确立问题意识、效率视野和科学价值理念,形塑德治法治自治良性互动的乡村公共财产多元化治理结构和乡村命运共同体,有助于抵御绝对平均主义、全盘私有化、纯思辨化等错误价值观念的冲击,为农业农村农民“短板弱项”的化解、城乡基本公共服务一体化的供给、不平衡不充分发展的有效破解和中国式现代化道路视域中的共同富裕提供重要的方法论启示。

“乡村公共财产治理的变迁逻辑与方法论自觉”是一个科学社会主义财产理论层面上的跨学科的重要理论课题。赋有“物”“权利”“关系”三重内涵的乡村公共财产,是指公有范围相对狭窄、只涉及全体村民或部分村民利益的公共财产,包括农村集体所有的土地、森林、荒地、滩涂、房屋、企业、版权、专利权等有形和无形财产;从能指范围上来看,乡村公共财产与农村集体财产大致吻合,本选题之所以采用乡村公共财产这一术语,主要是因为在价值诉求上期望打破城乡双轨制弊病,建构整个国家范围内统一的公共财政意义上的公共财产(如公共医疗、公共卫生、公共教育、公共道路等),从而最终实现公共产品、公共服务的城乡一体化均衡配置;乡村公共财产在农业生产合作化运动中产生,在人民公社化运动中发展壮大,在历史、政策和制度变革因素作用下弱化;其具有保值增值和为乡村居民提供公共产品、公共服务的功能;其具有非规范性、集体成员自然获得财产权、二元结构性和与政府关系不分性等特征。就此而论,本课题的理论实质是探讨在市场化、工业化、信息化、城镇化、全球化等财产的生产力属性和生产关系属性交织的双重变迁语境下,在科学社会主义财产理论和中国特色社会主义实践有机统一的意义上,形成高度的马克思主义财产理论方法论自觉,实现乡村公共财产治理体系和治理能力现代化,适应市场化对财产权界清晰、要素自由流动、平等交换、信用契约的诉求,工业化对技术内核、效率旨归、规模经营、土地价值扩展的要求,提升其保值增值、提供乡村公共产品和公共服务的能力,从而更好地释放经济活力、发展集体经济、保障农民权益、实现城乡一体化公平旨归乃至实现中国式现代化道路视域中的共同富裕。

历史地看,作为小共同体的乡村公共财产,在传统中国政治话语中扮演了一个极其消极的角色。秦汉以降,国家能力和资源的有限性、官治的刚性缺陷、官僚体系治理能力的不足,使得公权力时时需要私权力的配合支持来共同维系庞大乡村的治理,“官主绅辅”式乡村治理结构应运而生。但是,劳心者治人食于人和劳力者治于人侍人、行为秩序规范性知识和自然技术性知识之间“应有的同一性的分离”,共同导致了行为秩序规范性知识的发达和自然技术性知识的弱化停滞,导致人与自然之间物质财富的匮乏稀缺,最终也影响到财产之后人与人之间关系的协调。进而言之,土地产出的有限性与人口增长的无限性、“各亲其亲各养其养”的私性与“天下为公”的公性之间的悖论,使得乡村公共财产不时陷入“夹缝”境遇。近世以降,在欧风美雨的现代性冲击之下,乡村表现出了无所适从的迷茫、彷徨、困惑,公共意识的苏醒、公共内蕴的形塑、“官·绅·民”三元共治地勉力应对,表征了传统乡村公共财产治理困境的无可挽回。

新中国成立,宣告“风雨如晦”“救亡图存”历史重任的胜利结束,也在一定程度上拉开了自给自足的自然经济到工业化经济、“中国人民站起来了”到探索社会主义现代化富裕之路的序幕。在1949—1956年完成新民主主义革命遗留重任的同时,开启了以优先发展工业为中心环节、变“落后的农业国”为“先进的社会主义工业国”的社会主义建设新征程,通过“改造方式”建立起一元行政治理下的乡村绝对公共财产,通过行政的、政治的方式集中统一乡村有限剩余,为改革开放奠定了不可或缺的物质基础和坚实的前提条件。

1978年改革开放率先在乡村展开。当贫困的乡村底层民众推动“自下而上”的自发性变革,国家层面收益与成本指数上扬之间的失衡推动“自上而下”的自觉性变革,两者之间的良性互动,使得政策的松动、制度的变革成为共识。改革时代乡村形成了“乡政村治”的“双轨治理”,即行政主导治理的弱化、农民自主治理的初萌、社会参与治理的有限,形塑了改革时代乡村相对公共财产:其一,相对于计划时代乡村低效率、不充分的经济增长和相对充沛的公共财产来说,改革时代“乡政村治”的“双轨治理”使得乡村经济快速发展与公共财产相对不充裕;其二,相对于改革时代农民农业农村经济相对快速发展,和同时期城市公共财产的富足来说,改革时代乡村公共财产呈现出相对不充分不平衡发展甚至相对贫困稀缺匮乏状况。

在科学社会主义财产理论看来,物质生活资料的生产体现出“人对自然界的关系”以及人们之间的“共同的活动方式”两个方面,这表明财产具有生产力(物质内容)和生产关系(社会形式)双重属性。财产就是人在生产过程中把自身内在本质力量不断对象化和物化的结果,随着技术的变革、工具的改进,人们驾驭自然、创造财富的能力不断提升。财产又内含着生产关系属性,财产本质上就是物之后人与人之间的权利关系,财产关系不过是生产关系的法律用语。虽然财产体现在一个物上,但物本身并不是财产,物只有处于一定社会关系中才成其为财产。就此而论,市场化、工业化(工业化、信息化、城镇化、现代化等变迁因素属于同一序列的范畴,不过工业化是第一因,构成乡村“四化同步推进”的肇始性、先导性、基础性因素)实质上形塑了当代中国乡村公共财产治理变革的生产力属性和生产关系属性交织的时代经济方位。如果说以扩大中等收入群体为抓手、推动中国式现代化道路视域中的共同富裕,更多地从属于生产关系层面上的变革,那么以技术范式变迁为内核、以财产效率范式为旨归、内含人本意蕴的工业化,更多地从属于生产力层面上的变革。

从“以物为载体”“以权利为内核”“以关系为本质”“公私权界的相对模糊性”“在市场化中适用中性竞争原则”“以增进民众福祉为价值归宿”等方面来看,财产和公共财产具有逻辑起点的一致性、概念要素的同质性、保护路径的相同性、意义指向的趋同性特点。就此而论,乡村公共财产具有“物” “权利” “关系”三重内涵。在当代中国乡村公共财产治理理念、方式、模式变革上,存在着“国家、集体、农民利益相协调,效率与公平相统一,城乡一体化均衡配置”三重考量,存在着“更好地发挥政府作用”的新时代中国特色社会主义行政主导治理、“市场在资源配置中起决定性作用”的社会协同治理和“党组织领导的自治、法治、德治相结合”的乡村自主治理等多元治理主体和治理客体规范化相统一。在“历史向世界历史的转变”进程中,正确认识、全面把握中国特色社会主义公共财产问题实质,在方法论上确立财产治理的问题意识、效率视野与公平理念,有助于抵御绝对平均主义、全盘私有化、纯思辨化的冲击,进而为科学社会主义财产价值观的树立、新时代中国特色社会主义乡村公共财产的有效治理提供重要的方法论启示。

改革以降,在市场化、工业化、城镇化、信息化进程中,人们的财产理念、财产逻辑与社会主义关系,财产占有事实都发生了巨大变化,在财产的归属、价值诉求、意义、治理路径以及最终指向方面又出现了一系列的混乱,财产的制度安排和出路等问题越来越凸显出来。在流动性的、陌生人组成的现代乡村市场经济社会中,道德说教和乡规民约的财产秩序维系方式越来越力不从心,以权利为逻辑内核的“良法”、“善治”成为维系乡村公共财产关系的有效方式。变革传统一元行政治理、一元市场化治理、一元能人治理,建构分权、参与、公平、多元的公共事务治理之道,实现行政主导下的法治、德治、自治的有效在场,重塑乡村命运(利益)共同体,才能最终实现“城乡一体化均衡配置”、“致富路上一个都不掉队”的乡村公共财产治理的公平价值归宿。

以集体经济发达度、农村公共财产充裕度、工业化和城镇化度、市场参与度等为依据,选取山东百泉裕、江苏华西村、广东东莞大朗村和贵州盘县顾家村作为乡村公共财产治理的调研典型,设计调研访谈问卷,通过实地调研、问卷调查、深度访谈等方式,总结乡村公共财产治理实践中的经验教训,重构乡村公共财产有效治理模式,形成乡村公共财产治理实践的规律性认识,并以此检验和修正农村公共财产治理模型,保证研究的解释力和预测力。

简言之,“乡村公共财产治理的变迁逻辑与方法论自觉”的逻辑框架如下:

1.乡村公共财产是什么?乡村公共财产的有效治理是什么?从现象上看,乡村公共财产是人(集体)本质力量、生命、意志、智慧的外化、物化、对象化,就此而论,乡村公共财产就是土地、荒山、滩涂、河流、企业等各种有形物(人化自然),以及股票、债券、专利等各种无形物(拟制物)的集合体;但从本质上看,乡村公共财产是关系,不仅指涉人与物(自然)之间的关系,更指涉以物为媒介的人与人之间的关系,特别是村民、集体、社会、国家之间的关系。既然乡村公共财产本质上指涉村民、集体、社会、国家之间的关系范畴,那么乡村公共财产的有效治理当然离不开行政主导治理、村民自主治理、市场化与社会化力量参与治理之间的良性互动。

2.乡村为什么需要公共财产?为什么需要实现乡村公共财产治理方式的变革?从技术层面上来看,在乡村准公共财产经营性、盈利性能力大增的条件下,提高为乡村提供(基本)公共产品和公共服务等纯公共财产能力,从而解决乡村非竞争性、非排他性的公共消费问题。从本质上看,乡村之所以需要公共财产,关键就在于公共财产保障乡村的“社会主义性质”,实现改革开放成果的共建共治共享,有效应对“一元化市场失灵”以及由此而来的公平正义沦丧、基层行政主导治理的错位越位、农民市民化和社会资本下乡之间的无效互动。由此可见,在当代中国市场化、工业化、信息化、城镇化、农业现代化、全球化转型语境下,乡村公共财产治理面临“一元化市场治理失灵”、“一元化行政治理失灵”、“一元化能人治理失灵”威胁,以致乡村公共财产功能和性质面临“空心化”危险。由此可见,乡村公共财产治理模式的转变迫在眉睫。

3.如何实现乡村公共财产的有效治理?应当承认,在工业化、市场化、信息化、城镇化转型语境下,乡村公共财产的传统治理方式遇到效率的瓶颈性因素,陷入提供更多更好公共产品、公共服务的困境;遇到公平的掣肘性因素,在未来相当长的一段时间内难以实现与城市一体化均衡发展的公平问题。由此可见,只有在公共治理全要素的有效在场、法治化治理路径、公平正义的价值归宿三位一体下,才能实现乡村公共财产的有效治理。

关键词:乡村公共财产治理;变迁与重构;理论逻辑;马克思财产理论方法论自觉

Abstract

At all times and in all countries,the origin,legitimacy,legitimacy,status and necessity of“public/private property”constitute the central topic of human social life and the core topic of moral debate.The poverty of property rights can be described as an indicator of violence,revolution,turbulence and conflict,and the return of its legitimacy can be described as a barometer of stability,prosperity,order and civilization.In view of this,people are born with infinite yearning and unremitting pursuit of“Great harmony”,“Utopia”and“common prosperity”.In the context of smallholder economy´s closeness,limitation,conservatism and simplicity,rural public property plays an extremely negative role-limited agricultural surplus,scarcity of public property and lack of public awareness;Under the impact of industrialization,modernity and market-oriented transformation,the governance of rural public property shows confusion,hesitation and confusion.In the torrent of history,the reconstruction of rural public property governance logic is put on the agenda.

Since the founding of the People´s Republic of China,for the socialist public-owned countries and people who have experienced tortuous cognition and yearning for ideal society,rural public property is endowed with revolutionary idealism,public interest supply and value guidance.In the discourse of communist revolution,rural public property is endowed with the transitional nature from collective ownership to ownership by the whole people.From the perspective of common prosperity of socialism with Chinese characteristics,rural public property has the efficiency dimension of providing public goods and services and the fairness dimension of co-construction,co-governance and sharing.In the new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics,forming a scientific socialist rural public property governance methodology consciousness,correctly understanding and scientifically grasping the essence of rural public property governance,establishing problem consciousness,efficiency vision and scientific value concept in methodology,and shaping the diversified governance structure of rural public property and the community of rural destiny with benign interaction of rule of virtue,rule of law and self-government are helpful to resist the impact of wrong values such as absolute equalitarianism,total privatization and pure speculation.It provides important methodological enlightenment for the solution of“shortcomings and weaknesses”of agricultural and rural farmers,the integrated supply of basic public services in urban and rural areas,the effective solution of unbalanced and inadequate development and common prosperity in the view of Chinese modernization road.

“Transition and reconstruction: the logic and methodology of rural public property governance”is an important interdisciplinary theoretical topic on a scientific socialist property theoretical level.There are three connotations of property,right and relation.“Rural public property”refers to a relatively narrow public range,only involving the interests of all the villagers or some villagers public property.It includes rural collectively owned land,forests,wastelands,beaches,houses,businesses,copyrights,patents and other tangible and intangible property.From the signifier perspective,rural public property coincides rural collective property roughly.Mainly because of expectations of breaking the urbanrural dual system ills on the value demands to construct the entire country to be unified Public property,public finance sense(such as public health,public health,public education,etc.),and ultimately to achieve public goods and public services in urban and rural balanced configuration,this topic has been adopted the term of rural public property.Rural public property generated in agricultural production co-operative movement,grew in history,the policy and institutional factors.It has increasing the value and the provision of public goods,public service functions for rural residents.It has a non-normative,group members naturally acquired property,binary structural and relationship with the government,regardless and other features.In the scientific theory of socialist property and the practice of socialism with Chinese characteristics and the organic unity of meaning,context the so-called“Management of Rural Public Property”,that is,realize the nature of public property requirements and basic values in the value of urban and rural demand levels in accordance with the provisions of the rural public property.The essence of his theory is to discuss the organic unity of the scientific socialist property theory and the practice of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the context of the double changes of the property attributes of productivity and relations of production,such as marketization,industrialization,informatization,urbanization and globalization.To realize rural modernization,public property management capabilities and management system to adapt to the marketization of property rights clear boundary and the free flow of factors of,equal exchange,credit contract,industrialization of core technology,orientation and scale operation efficiency,expansion of land value requirements,improve their value,provides the rural public products and public service ability,to better release economic vitality,and developing the collective economy,safeguard the rights and interests of farmers,achieved the integration of urban and rural fair orientation and Realizing common prosperity from the perspective of Chinese modernization road.

Historically,rural public property,as a small community,has played an extremely negative role in traditional Chinese political discourse.Since the Qin and Han dynasties,due to the limitation of national capacity and resources,the rigid defect of official governance and the insufficient governance ability of the bureaucratic system,public power always needs the coordination and support of private power to jointly maintain the governance of the huge countryside,and the rural governance structure of“officials,owners and gentry supplemented”emerged at the historic moment.But,he who rules lives by mental perplexity in and by physical labor,normative behavior order between natural technical knowledge and separation of identity“should be”,jointly led to the order of the behavior of normative knowledge developed and natural in the stagnation of the weakening of technical knowledge,lead to the lack of(property)between man and nature is scarce,ultimately affect the property after the coordination of interpersonal relationships.Furthermore,the paradox between the limited output of land and the infinity of population growth,the private nature of“each supporting the other”and the public nature of“the world for the common”causes the rural public property to fall into the“crack”situation from time to time.In the modern times,under the impact of the modernity of European style and beauty,the countryside shows its confusion,hesitation and confusion,the awakening of public consciousness,the shaping of public connotation,and the efforts of“guan,gentleman and people”to cope with the triple governance,which represents the irreparable plight of traditional rural public property management.

The founding of the People´s Republic of China marked the successful end of the historical task of“facing difficulties and difficulties”and“saving the nation from subjugation”.To a certain extent,the founding of the People´s Republic of China marked the beginning of the transition from a self-sufficient natural economy to an industrialized economy,from“Chinese people have stood up”to the exploration of the path of socialist modernization and prosperity.Complete new democratic revolution in 1949-1956 legacy burden at the same time,open the link for the center with priority to the development of industry,“the backward agricultural country”as“advanced industrial country socialism”the socialist construction of a new journey,through the way of“transform”establish the yuan under the administration of the rural public property,centralized and unified the country by means of administrative and political limited surplus,lay the indispensable material basis for the reform and opening to the outside and solid premise condition.

Reform and opening up took the lead in rural areas in 1978.When the poor rural people at the bottom push forward the“bottom-up”spontaneous change,and the imbalance between the rising income and cost index at the national level drives the“top-down”self-conscious change,the benign interaction between the two makes the policy looser and the system reform become a consensus.Rural reform era formed“rural politics”of“dual-track governance”,namely,the weakening of political governance,farmers autonomous governance incipience,participation in community governance is limited,shaping the rural reform era relative public property.Firstly,relative to the plan time rural low efficiency,insufficient economic growth and relatively abundant public property,reform era“rural politics”of“dual-track governance”rural modern rapid economic development and public property is relatively abundant.Secondly,compared with the relatively rapid development of farmers ´ agriculture and rural economy in the reform era and the abundance of urban public property in the same period,the rural public property in the reform era presents a relatively insufficient,unbalanced and even poor and scarce situation.

According to the property theory of scientific socialism,the production of material means of life reflects the“relationship between man and nature”and the“common mode of activity”between people,which indicates that property has dual attributes of productive forces(material content)and productive relations(social form).Property is the result of people´s continuous objectification and materialization of their intrinsic power in the process of production.With the change of technology and the improvement of tools,people ´s ability to control nature and create wealth is constantly improved.Property also contains the property of relations of production.Property is essentially the relationship of rights between people after things.Property relationship is just the legal term of relations of production.Although property is embodied in an object,the object itself is not property.Only when the object is in a certain social relationship can it become property.For that matter,marketization,industrialization,industrialization,informationization,urbanization,modernization change factors such as belongs to the category of the same sequence,but the industrialization is the first cause,a country of“four modernizations propulsive synchronous”began,pilot,fundamental factors)essentially shape on the change of the contemporary Chinese countryside public property governance productivity and production relationship attribute interweave the era of economic position.If we take expanding middle-income groups as the starting point and promoting common prosperity in the vision of Chinese-style modernization road,more from belongs to the change of production relation level,then to technological changes as the kernel,efficiency as the purpose,with humanistic implication of industrialization,more and more change from belongs to the productivity level.For the purpose of this thesis,with the property of the double change of production relations and productive forces,“possession-the author note(property),you must adapt to productivity and communication of the universal nature”,the marketization of rural public property must adapt to the free flow of factors of competition,equal exchange,neutral,credit ethics,integration of right protection,homogeneity,industrialization of technology upgrade,scale operation,the efficiency of paradigm,“humanistic”implication,the call of the knowledge economy,the urbanization of rural land and other public property value extension of reality,improve its value,providing rural public products and public service ability.So as to better release the economic vitality,develop the collective economy,protect the rights and interests of farmers,realize the integration of urban and rural equity and even realize common prosperity from the perspective of Chinese modernization road.

From“as the carrier the object”,“to the right is the kernel”,“relationship as essence”,“relative fuzziness of public and private law”and“is neutral in the market competition principle”,“home”to enhance the welfare of people value perspective,such as property and pub lic property has the consistency of the logic starting point,concept elements of homogeneity,to protect the identity of the path,meaning to convergence characteristics.From this point of view,“rural public property”has three connotations: property,right and relation.In contemporary Chinese rural public property management concept,methods,mode change,there is a“state,the collective,coordinate the interests of farmers,efficiency and fair unity,integration of urban and rural balanced configuration”triple considerations,there is a“give full play to the functions of the government”in a new era of political governance,socialism with Chinese characteristics“market plays a decisive role in the allocation of resources”social collaborative governance and“the party leadership of autonomy,the rule of law,the combination of rule of virtue”of rural autonomous governance and the governance body and governance object standardization unity.

In the process of“the transition from history to world history”,a high degree of methodological consciousness of contemporary Chinese Marx´s property theory is formed,the essence of socialist public property with Chinese characteristics is correctly understood and fully grasped,and the problem consciousness,efficiency vision and fairness concept of property governance are established in methodology,help resist the absolute equalitarianism,wholesale privatisation,speculative shocks,thus for property values set up scientific socialism,the common property of socialism with Chinese characteristics of effective governance provides important methodology.

Reform,in the process of marketization,industrialization,urbanization and informationization,the concept of property,property logic relation with socialism,property possess great changes have taken place in truth,in the ownership of the property,value aim,significance,appeared a series of governance of path and lead to chaos,system arrangement and way out of the property is becoming more and more highlighted.In the modern rural market economy society composed of mobile and strangers,moralizing and maintaining the property order of the village rules and covenants are increasingly powerless,and the“good law”and“good governance”with rights as the logical core have become effective ways to maintain the rural public property relations.Change the traditional administration of one yuan,market-oriented management of one yuan,artist management of one yuan,reconstruction of decentralization,participation,fairness,multiple way of public affairs management,implementation of administration under the rule of law,morality,autonomy effectively present,reshaping rural community of fate(interest),to achieve“the equilibrium configuration of urban and rural integration”,“to get rich on the road are not left behind”the rural fair value end-result of the governance of public property.

On the basis of collective economic development,rural public property abundance,industrialization and urbanization,market participation,etc,Baiquanyu in Shandong Province,Huaxi Village in Jiangsu Province,Da Lang Village in Dongguan,Guangdong Province and Gujia Village in Panxian County,Guizhou Province were selected as typical research examples,and questionnaire was designed.Through field investigation,questionnaire survey and in-depth interview,the experience and lessons in rural public property governance practice were summarized,and the effective governance mode of rural public property was reconstructed to form a regular understanding of rural public property governance practice.

In summary,the“Contemporary Chinese rural public property effective governance”is based on logical framework of“what,why,how”on the basis.

1.What is rural public property?What effective governance of rural public property is? According to the point of“From the phenomenological point of view,the property is nothing more than the power of human nature,life,will,wisdom,externalization,materialization and objectification.In essence,it is the relationship between people and property”,we can define“public property”: from the point of the phenomenon rural public property is externalization,materialization,object-oriented of the nature of power,life,will,wisdom of a person(collective).Therefore,public property is land,hills,beaches,rivers,businesses and other tangibles and the aggregate stocks,bonds,patents and other intangibles(fictitious product).But in essence,it is the relationship between rural public property,not only referent relations between human and objects(natural),but also referent the relationship between people,especially the relationship between the villagers,collective,social,countries.Since the villagers referent relations,collective,social,rural nature between countries on public property,then the effective governance of rural public property,of course,inseparable from the executiveled governance,the villagers self-governance,benign tripartite between market forces and socialization interaction.

2.Why do we need public property in rural areas?Why do we need to bring about change in rural governance of public property? From a technical perspective,the quasi-public property under management in rural areas,profitability sexual surge conditions,increase the offer(basic)public goods and public services such as the ability for rural pure public property,so as to solve the rural non-competitive,non-ex-clusive public consumption problem.In essence,the reason for the need of public property in rural areas,the key lies in the rural countryside to protect public property“socialist nature”to achieve all enjoy the fruits of reform,to effectively deal with the“market failure”and the resulting lack of fairness problems.But in the traditional context of contemporary China marketization,industrialization,information technology,urbani-zation,agricultural modernization,restructuring the context of globaliza-tion,management of rural public property fall into trouble,even face dual threat between“market failure”and“government failure”so that rural public property features and properties faces a“coloring”danger.

3.Under the premise of rural public property preventing from chan-ging the nature,how to achieve effective governance of rural public property? It should be recognized that,under the context of industriali-zation,marketization,information technology,urbanization,traditional governance in rural public property encountered efficiency bottlenecks,fall into providing more and better public goods and public service,and thus it is difficult to achieve integration equity of balanced development between and urban.Thus we should start rural public property effective governance sticking to the principle of“country,farmers,coordinated collective interests,equity and efficiency of unity,under balanced allocation of urban-rural integration”,by strengthening rural public property laws and regulation and promoting the construction of rural public property governance.

Key words: The governance of rural public property; Transition and reconstruction; Theoretical logic; Marx property theory methodology consciousness

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GB/T 7714-2015 格式引文
刘长军.乡村公共财产治理的变迁逻辑与方法论自觉[M].北京:中国社会科学出版社,2022
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刘长军.乡村公共财产治理的变迁逻辑与方法论自觉.北京,中国社会科学出版社:2022E-book.
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刘长军(2022).乡村公共财产治理的变迁逻辑与方法论自觉.北京:中国社会科学出版社
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