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小说·田野:舞鹤创作台湾现代性的曲折

ISBN:978-7-5161-8996-2

出版日期:2016-09

页数:295

字数:303.0千字

丛书名:《中国社会科学博士论文文库》

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舞鹤(1951-)是当代台湾重要的小说家。他从个人生命经验出发的书写,奇崛而丰饶,贯穿了20世纪70年代以来台湾社会的重大转折与现代性问题。本书往返文献的案头与社会生活的田野,探讨舞鹤创作的文学、历史内涵及其折射的台湾现代性问题的曲折:包括殖民史的反思、戒严体制下自由意识的生成、本土政治与本土文化叙述的兴起、乡土/都市的现代化景观与批判、对少数民族文化的乌托邦想象等。概言之,舞鹤体现了战后台湾“婴儿潮”世代作家融汇“本土经验”与“现代主义”所达致的美学高度与思想困境。本书第二部分细读六家,论及旅台马华小说、陈映真、郭松棻、白先勇、张文环、吕赫若等,以延伸讨论台湾现代性问题的更多层面,特别是,日据时代以来具有现代启蒙意义的左翼思想在文学中的沉潜与再生。

The first part is on“Wuhe's works and modern Taiwan”. The contemporary Taiwan writer Wuhe (1951-) is widely acknowledged for his influence,as well as the obscurity of his works. He is born in Tainan. He graduated from the department of Chinese literature in Taiwan Cheng Kung University,and amazed the literary circle of 1990s. This“new”writer,however,had published a short story A Tenuous Joss-Stick with the penname of Chen Jinghua (陈镜花)in 1978,during the period of which an renowned important intellectual and political polemic— Taiwan's Nativist Literary Debate—had been arising. For its literary potential and ambition A Tenuous Joss-Stick has been included into two Selected Annual Novels Series with quite different artistic and intellectual criterions. But in the following heteroglossia of the 1980s,along with the democratic transition in Taiwan society,the Thaw in the literary field,Wuhe retreated from Taibei and lived in seclusion in Tamsui. He comes back ten years later,with an idiosyncratic writing style,which cannot be easily labeled as native,new native,local,modern,or post-modern,etc.. More importantly,his writings,saturated with his peculiar and profound individual life experiences,covered most of the important transitions of Taiwan society since 1970s and the question of modernity. This book endeavors to present the literary and historical connotation of Wuhe's works on the basis of close reading and field works. In addition,it probes into the problem of Taiwan modernity as reflected in Wuhe's literary creation,ranging from the recounting of colonial history,the consciousness of“freedom”in the martial law system,local politics and local cultural narrative,the modern bifurcated vision of country/city and its critique,utopia projection on ethnic minority culture,etc..In context of contemporary Taiwan literature,Wuhe has followed the convention of fusing modernism with local situation opened by Qidengsheng and Wang wenxing,and he is also regarded as the pioneer of“hooligan”and“I-novel”by new generation writer Luo Yijun. Wuhe's early modernist works features with a kind of nihilistic and rebellious consciousness among literary youth. Till A Tenuous Joss-Stick,Wuhe turns to“family history”to record Taiwan's colonial history and rural world,which also demonstrates the great impact of“nativist literature”since 1970s. Literature concerning“reality”and“history”has emerged as a new mainstream along with modernism. Army Deserter Second Elder Brother (taobing erge)was written in the 1990s. It is a modern tale about of fighting against with institution by depicting an army deserter. What is revealed is the distortion of intellectual's mentality of“freedom”under the thirty-year martial law system. Investigation:Narration works on the investigation of“Feb. 28th Event”after 1988,which can be found the origin of Taiwan Pathetic Literature as well as its limitation. My reading is to put it in the context of literary representation on“Feb.28th Event”and analyze the mechanism of local politics and cultural narrative. Collecting Bones(Shigu) and Sadness (beishang)depicts in the variations of country and city in the process of modernization in the tone of black humor. It is also a sharp critique of the so-called critical discourse toward modernization by intellectuals. After these two works,Wuhe went deep into the ethnic minority tribes dwelling in the mountain or the seaside. Two novels of Reflecting on Abang Kalus(sisuo abang kalus) and Rest of Life (yusheng) are about those ethnic minority tribes,in which Wuhe tries to get close to their current life and historical memory,and transcend the prevalent model of“cultural pluralism”and“concern for the disadvantaged group”. Wuhe Tamsui takes the biographical style and centering on the emancipation of body and desire,which can be traced back to his early modernist works as a college student. The idea of taking body and sexual liberation as the ultimate actualization of individual“freedom”has gotten fully developed in this Wuhe Tamsui. In his novel Bewilderment (Luanmi),Wuhe subverts the writing conventions and experiment new forms to approximate his reflection on freedom. He intentionally adopts“nonsense”instead of writing regular“fluent Chinese”,in which resides the relentless seeking and self-reflection about what is to be human,what is to be Taiwanese,and Taiwanese in Fin de Siecle,in the hope of the individual“obsession”conditioned by ideology.In this sense,writing becomes the road of fighting for freedom. Wuhe's writing serves as a full-fledged experiment,a unique case of universal significance,for examining the emergence of individual consciousness from Taiwan's modernization after 1945 historically.In sum,expansion of Confucian cultivation and Anti-Communist propaganda and the American Aid culture permeated in literary and artistic creation and daily life,have fostered the formation of a conservative ideology of modernization after 1945. This is the place Wuhe grew up and the place he kept rebelling and leaving. The spontaneity,the yet-to be institutionalized natural energy and even the“evil”power from migration tradition and local society nurture an alternative view unfettered from the mainstream of aesthetics and politics,which has greatly backed his critical thinking of the dilemma of modern Taiwan. Nevertheless,his pursuit of absolute freedom and the aesthetics of“bewilderment”cannot break through the constraints set by“modern Taiwan”,needless to say that a practical vision social reconstruction and progress emerges from it. In The Rest of Life (yusheng),the male protagonist had been wandering in the tribe and walking along the stream companied with a Atayal girl and seeks for the ancestral soul of the Utopia,which has been considered as the loci of benevolence and beauty among human kinds and nature. To put it another way,the contribution of“Wuhe Taiwan”oriented by individual resistance is nothing but a radicalized version of nihilism in terms of socio- historical reflection,though it presents an impressive literary and aesthetic style. Wuhe's writing,praised as highly as the potential Nobel Laureate of Taiwan,touches upon the limits of individualized notion of“humanity”and“freedom”,which also registers the intellectual predicament of the postwar generation (also the baby boom generation) writers,as well as their aesthetic exploration by intermingling“local experience”with“modernism”.The second part includes six article of closing read,on works written respectively by Indonesian writers in Taiwan,Chen Yingzhen,Guo Songfen,Bai Xianyong's adaption of Kunqu,and Zhang Wenhuan $ Lv Heruo's reflection on colonial intellectuals in the late Occupation period. It is aimed to reveal more dimensions of Taiwan modernity,especially the rejuvenation of left-wing thought which played an important role of modern enlightening since the Occupation period;on the other hand,it is to contextualize Wuhe's vision of Taiwan in reference with these writings in the hope of creating more space to understand Taiwan.Keyword:Wuhe's Literature,Modern Taiwan,Colonial Modernity

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GB/T 7714-2015 格式引文
李娜.小说·田野:舞鹤创作台湾现代性的曲折[M].北京:中国社会科学出版社,2016
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MLA 格式引文
李娜.小说·田野:舞鹤创作台湾现代性的曲折.北京,中国社会科学出版社:2016E-book.
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APA 格式引文
李娜(2016).小说·田野:舞鹤创作台湾现代性的曲折.北京:中国社会科学出版社
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