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社会主义与中国道路

ISBN:978-7-5161-6196-8

出版日期:2015-09

页数:223

字数:210.0千字

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部历史是发展史、认识史,也是思想启蒙的历史,人们通过历史来厘清思路、发展思想、提高认识,人们也通过历史来得到启示、改变观念、改变做法,以适应历史发展的一般规律。一部社会主义的发展历史,也就是社会主义发展的思想史、认识史,也就是社会发展规律的发展史;同时也就是人们对社会主义的认识再提高、再反思、再升华、再坚定的历史。通过社会主义近500年的发展历史,我们可以看到,一个新生事物的发展,有其从幼小不成熟到成熟的一个历史发展过程,在这个过程中,有反复、有挫折、有失败、有成功,一切其实都是那么的正常,因为其事物背后的发展规律在起作用,历史就是那么跌跌撞撞冲破坎坷地迈入新的阶段的。正如世界上没有两片相同的树叶一样,世界上也没有哪些国家走完全一样的发展道路。我们之所以走上中国特色社会主义的发展道路,是根据我国的国情和历史发展状况决定的,完全是历史发展的必然选择。今天,社会主义已经不再是一个空洞的名词观念,也不再是过去遭受围追堵截的批判对象,社会主义的发展,特别是社会主义在中国的蓬勃发展,已经足以令世界震惊,它逼得世界上许多的组织、政治势力都把自己打扮成了社会主义的形象和拥护者,都宣称自己就是在搞社会主义。在这样一个纷繁复杂的情况下,社会主义发展的历史现实告诉我们:必须搞清什么是社会主义,必须认识科学社会主义的发展历史。历史是一面镜子,它让我们看到了发生在历史上的正反两方面的许多经验和教训,让我们知道该去怎么做、怎么认识问题,别犯同样的历史错误;历史也是一个警钟,它告诉我们:就有那么一些人,不顾历史的事实、不顾历史的教训、不顾历史的警示,而是一意孤行、我行我素,闹得世界不太平、不安宁,那么,历史就要在它的头上郑重地敲响警钟,不要让历史的悲剧重演。历史更是斗争的工具,那些对社会主义抱有敌意的人,往往从历史下手,改动历史,搞起了对中国革命历史的虚无主义,妄图以否定历史的做法否定中国革命的成就和社会主义发展的成就,因此,我们要对那些否定中国革命历史,搞历史虚无主义的人给予一个郑重提示:忘记历史就意味着背叛,否定历史就是无视现实,没有历史就没有根基。只有了解历史、尊重历史,才是发展历史,才是实现社会进步的根基。历史还是一个尊重规律的慈祥老人,它懂得关爱、懂得呵护、懂得不能让弱小者吃亏、懂得让新生的力量茁壮成长,凡是具有发展前途的东西、凡是具有生命力的事物,不管它最初是多么弱小,都一定会赢得支持、赢得信任、赢得力量和赢得希望,它必将走向繁荣富强,社会主义就是这样一种新的事物、新的力量,它更是一种精神信仰和一种希望,无论遇到什么疾风暴雨、艰难困苦,它都会一往无前、不可阻挡。社会主义作为一种新生的事物,从最初的一种思想、主义、思潮,到后来的社会运动,再到一种社会主义制度的确立,经历了近500年的历史发展过程,这其中,经历了从空想到科学、从理论到实践、从一国实践到多国实践发展的历史过程,经历了曲折坎坷的发展道路,也经历了辉煌灿烂的发展年代。所以说,社会主义也是一个不断迎接挑战、战胜困难、取得胜利的历史发展过程。社会主义来到中国,是伴随着帝国主义的洋枪洋炮声走进来的,在中国现代化发展的道路上,我们之所以选择了社会主义,走社会主义的发展道路,是经过了自1840年鸦片战争以来,中国人民在中国近代史发展历程中痛苦选择的结果,是历史和人民的选择,是因为社会主义代表了时代发展前进的方向,是因为只有社会主义才能够救中国。今天,历史来到了21世纪,社会主义也迎来了新的挑战和新的发展机遇,特别是中国特色社会主义,更是赢得了世界的瞩目和期待,中国人民选择的中国特色社会主义的发展理论、发展道路和发展制度以及它取得的巨大成就,在全世界产生了巨大影响力,也赢得了中国人民的道路自信、理论自信和制度自信,中国精神、中国力量和中国崛起成为不可回避的世界历史话题,一个中华民族伟大复兴的中国梦,正在中华大地上喷薄而出、冉冉升起。习近平总书记指出,实现中国梦必须走中国道路,必须弘扬中国精神,必须凝聚中国力量。这三个必须,第一次把中国道路、中国精神和中国力量这三大要素统一起来,它是我们党带领人民实现中华民族伟大复兴中国梦的一个基本的执政遵循。特别是走中国特色社会主义道路,是实现中国梦的政治前提。中国特色社会主义道路与中国梦的统一,就是实现中国梦的过程,就是我国经济建设、政治建设、文化建设、社会建设和生态文明建设五位一体全面发展的过程,它体现了建设富强中国、民主中国、文明中国、和谐中国和美丽中国的本质要求。这是历史的结论,这是人民的选择。中国社会主义60多年的发展,特别是改革开放30多年的发展,社会主义道路越走越宽阔,取得了举世瞩目的巨大发展成就,社会主义的“风景这边独好”,我们要坚定不移地沿着中国特色社会主义道路走下去。今天,我们学习社会主义理论,走中国特色社会主义道路,建设社会主义国家,就要了解社会主义的发展历史,只有了解了社会主义的发展历史,才能够正确认识、评价社会主义发展中面临的一系列问题,才能够正确面对社会主义发展中的各种挑战和困难,才能够坚定社会主义的理想信念。

History is a history of development, understanding, and ideological enlightenment; people use history to clarify ideas, develop ideas, and enhance understanding, and people also use history to get enlightenment, change concepts, and change practices to adapt to the general laws of historical development. A history of the development of socialism, that is, the history of ideology and understanding of the development of socialism, that is, the history of the development of the laws of social development; At the same time, it is also a history of people's understanding of socialism being further enhanced, reflected, sublimated and re-determined. Through the nearly 500-year history of socialist development, we can see that the development of a new thing has a historical development process from young immaturity to maturity; in this process, there are repetitions, setbacks, failures, and successes; everything is actually so normal, because the development law behind its things is at work, and history is so stumbling through the bumps and entering a new stage. Just as no two leaves in the world are the same, no country in the world follows exactly the same path of development. The reason why we embarked on the development path of socialism with Chinese characteristics is determined according to China's national conditions and historical development conditions, and is completely an inevitable choice for historical development. Today, socialism is no longer an empty noun concept, nor is it the object of criticism in the past, and the development of socialism, especially the vigorous development of socialism in China, is enough to shock the world, and it has forced many organizations and political forces in the world to dress themselves up as the image and supporters of socialism, and all declare that they are engaged in socialism. In such a complicated situation, the historical reality of the development of socialism tells us that we must clearly understand what socialism is and understand the history of the development of scientific socialism. History is a mirror that allows us to see many experiences and lessons from both positive and negative aspects of history, so that we know what to do, how to understand problems, and not to make the same historical mistakes; History is also a wake-up call, which tells us: There are some people who, in spite of the facts of history, the lessons of history, and the warnings of history, insist on going their own way, go their own way, and make the world unpeaceful and restless, then history must solemnly sound the alarm on its head and not let the tragedy of history repeat itself. History is even more a tool of struggle, and those who are hostile to socialism often start from history, change history, and engage in nihilism against the history of the Chinese revolution, in a vain attempt to negate the achievements of the Chinese revolution and the development of socialism by denying history. Only by understanding and respecting history is the history of development and the foundation for achieving social progress. History is still a kind old man who respects the law, it knows how to care, how to care, knows how not to let the weak suffer losses, knows how to let the new strength thrive, everything with development prospects, everything with vitality, no matter how weak it is at the beginning, will surely win support, win trust, win strength and win hope, it will surely move towards prosperity and strength, socialism is such a new thing, a new force, it is more a spiritual belief and a hope, no matter what storms and storms it encounters, Hardship and hardship, it will be inexorable and unstoppable. As a new thing, socialism has gone through a historical development process of nearly 500 years from the initial idea, ism, and trend of thought, to the later social movement, and then to the establishment of a socialist system, among which it has experienced the historical process of development from utopia to science, from theory to practice, from practice in one country to practice in many countries, experienced twists and turns in the development path, and also experienced brilliant and splendid development years. Therefore, socialism is also a historical development process of constantly meeting challenges, overcoming difficulties, and achieving victories. On the road of China's modernization and development, the reason why we chose socialism and take the socialist development path is the result of the painful choice made by the Chinese people in the course of the development of China's modern history since the Opium War in 1840, the choice of history and the people, because socialism represents the direction of the development of the times, and because only socialism can save China. Today, history has come to the 21st century, socialism has also ushered in new challenges and new development opportunities, especially socialism with Chinese characteristics, which has won the attention and expectations of the world, the development theory, development path and development system of socialism with Chinese characteristics chosen by the Chinese people and its great achievements have exerted great influence in the world, and also won the confidence of the Chinese people's road, theory and system, and the Chinese spirit, Chinese strength and China's rise have become an unavoidable topic of world history. A Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation is surging and rising on the land of China. General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that to realize the Chinese dream, we must take the Chinese road, carry forward the Chinese spirit, and unite China's strength. These three musts unify the three major elements of the Chinese road, Chinese spirit and Chinese strength for the first time, and they are a basic ruling principle for our party to lead the people to realize the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. In particular, taking the road of socialism with Chinese characteristics is a political prerequisite for realizing the Chinese dream. The unification of the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics with the Chinese dream is the process of realizing the Chinese dream, and the process of comprehensive development of China's economic construction, political construction, cultural construction, social construction and ecological civilization construction, which embodies the essential requirements of building a prosperous and strong China, a democratic China, a civilized China, a harmonious China and a beautiful China. This is the conclusion of history, this is the choice of the people. With the development of socialism in China for more than 60 years, especially the development of reform and opening up for more than 30 years, the socialist road has become broader and broader, and tremendous development achievements have been made that have attracted worldwide attention. Today, when we study socialist theory, take the road of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and build a socialist country, we must understand the history of the development of socialism; only by understanding the history of socialist development can we correctly understand and evaluate a series of problems facing the development of socialism, correctly face various challenges and difficulties in the development of socialism, and strengthen our ideals and convictions in socialism.(AI翻译)

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引文

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GB/T 7714-2015 格式引文
朱聪明,张跃进.社会主义与中国道路[M].北京:中国社会科学出版社,2015
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MLA 格式引文
朱聪明,张跃进.社会主义与中国道路.北京,中国社会科学出版社:2015E-book.
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APA 格式引文
朱聪明和张跃进(2015).社会主义与中国道路.北京:中国社会科学出版社
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