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认识世界,认识自己

ISBN:978-7-5161-6706-9

出版日期:2019-08

页数:312

字数:313.0千字

丛书名:《中国社会科学院学部委员专题文集》

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2005年中国社会科学出版社曾出版过一套以个人命名的集子,其中有《资中筠集》,收入专业论文共21篇。2011年广西师大出版社出版一套《自选集》,收入本人三十年来陆续发表的文章中自以为值得长期保存的部分,按内容分类,共五卷。如今,中国社科院方面决定为每位荣誉学部委员出一本文集留念,本人忝列其中。离《自选集》出版刚一年多,不可能有大量新作,重复之处在所难免。不过《资中筠集》印数很少,据称已告罄且不拟重印,所以本书中的部分文章可以视作是那本书的再版。少部分是2012年新作,但是鉴于中国社科院出书的性质,本书只收入与专业有关的学术性文章,随笔、杂文类的不在其内。这一点需要向读者交代,并希见谅。本人从实际工作转向学术研究几乎与改革开放同步。由于过去的工作是涉外领域,面向国际,研究的专业顺理成章也是国际问题,适逢与美国关系解冻之契机,美国研究就成为重点。最早发表的,引起不小反响的论文是关于台湾问题之由来和“二战”后美国的政策演变。此文被翻译成多国文字,在各种报纸杂志刊登过,后来又成为一章,收入《美国对华政策的缘起和发展——1945—1950》一书。所以本书不再收入。以后,我的研究领域逐步拓宽,特别是退休以后,无论是时间和选题,都取得更大的自由,思想进一步深化,眼界也有所开阔,近年来兴趣日益转向中西历史文化,立足全世界,试图在古、今、中、西之间进行探索。此外,自从关于美国公益基金会的研究专著《散财之道》(再版改名为《财富的归宿》)问世以来,我开始与我国公益事业和民间组织有了接触,对这个领域发表了不少论述。因此这本文集大致分为国际、国内和公益三个领域。中国社科院许多荣誉学部委员必定也像我一样,已经出版过不少著述,现在院方不惮重复,决定再出一套文集,我揣测其意义是为社科院本身集中留下学术业绩,同时也为学术生涯接近尾声的老学者们留下一本精选的文存。根据这一理解,本书遴选的是一些经得起时间考验,有一定分量,代表本人学术思想的文章。随笔、杂文以及抒情类文章不在其中。需要说明的是,有关国际关系和美国研究的大部分研究成果已经发表专著。作为文章发表的,除少数实证性、资料性较强的论文之外,多数是表达作者本人与时下流行的观点有所不同的思想、见解。每个人有自己的文风,本人一向遵循白话文要“明白如话”的原则,不善于写高头讲章,也力避大量引经据典。也许有些文章看来不那么“学术性”,有些介于随笔与论文之间。但这些都不是即兴随意之作,而是对某个问题进行一定的思考和阅读后积淀成文。人的思想是发展、变化的。文章按最初发表的时序排列,略能看出作者的思想历程。贯穿始终的是独立思考和求真的精神、我多年来形成的“人本”观,以及以此为基础的看待中外历史和现实的坐标。我心目中的“人”是一个个鲜活的生命,而不是笼统抽象、集体的“人民”,或“国族”。近年来日益强烈地感觉到我国人在“爱国”的口号下所滋长的虚骄之气和狭隘的国族主义(我现在觉得称“国族主义”比“民族主义”更恰当)恰好是民族振兴之大碍。因而对他国兴衰、利弊的分析也一叶障目,多有偏颇。而某些媒体片面宣传的误导和煽动害人匪浅。我的许多思路的形成是有针对性的。至于对具体问题的结论,本人完全意识到存在各种不同的看法。随着时间的推移有些可能被证实其预见性,有些可能被推翻。只求对于严肃的、愿意探讨问题的读者,不是浪费时间;对青年学子,不误人子弟,则于愿已足。资中筠识2013年春节

In 2005, China Social Sciences Press published a set of collections named after individuals, including "Zizhongjun Collection", which included a total of 21 professional papers. In 2011, Guangxi Normal University Publishing House published a set of "Self-Selected Collections", which included the parts of my articles published in the past 30 years that I thought were worthy of long-term preservation, classified by content, a total of five volumes. Now, the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences has decided to publish a collection of essays for each honorary member of the Faculty of Social Sciences, and I am among them. Just over a year after the publication of the "Self-Selected Collection", it is unlikely that there will be a large number of new works, and duplication is inevitable. However, the number of copies of Zizhongjun is very small, and it is said that it has run out and is not intended to be reprinted, so some of the articles in this book can be regarded as reprints of that book. A small number of them are new works in 2012, but in view of the nature of books published by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, this book only includes academic articles related to the major, excluding essays and essays. This needs to be explained to the reader and forgiven. My shift from practical work to academic research is almost in sync with the reform and opening up. Since the past work was a foreign-related field and an international orientation, the major of research was naturally also an international issue, and American studies became the focus at the opportunity of the thaw of relations with the United States. The first published paper that caused considerable repercussions was on the origin of the Taiwan issue and the evolution of US policy after World War II. The article was translated into many languages, published in various newspapers and magazines, and later became a chapter in the book "The Origin and Development of U.S. Policy toward China: 1945-1950." So this book is no longer included. Since then, my research field has gradually broadened, especially after retirement, whether it is time and topic, I have gained greater freedom, further deepened my thinking, broadened my horizons, and in recent years, my interest has increasingly turned to Chinese and Western history and culture, based on the world, trying to explore between ancient and modern, Chinese and Western. In addition, since the publication of the research monograph "The Way to Scatter Wealth" (republished as "The Destination of Wealth") on the American Public Welfare Foundation, I have begun to have contact with public welfare undertakings and non-governmental organizations in my country, and have published a lot of discussions in this field. Therefore, this collection of essays is roughly divided into three areas: international, domestic and public welfare. Many members of the Honorary Faculty of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences must have published many works like me, and now the academy has decided to publish another anthology, which I speculate is to leave a concentrated academic record for the Academy of Social Sciences itself, and also for the old scholars who are nearing the end of their academic careers. Based on this understanding, this book selects articles that have stood the test of time, have a certain weight, and represent my academic thought. Essays, essays, and lyrical essays are not among them. It should be noted that most of the research results on international relations and American studies have been published in monographs. Except for a few empirical and informative papers, most of them express the author's own thoughts and opinions that are different from the popular views. Everyone has their own style of writing, and I have always followed the principle that the vernacular should be "clear as words", not good at writing high-level sermons, and also avoided quoting a lot of scriptures. Perhaps some articles seem less "academic" and some fall somewhere between essays and essays. But these are not improvised and casual works, but accumulated after a certain amount of thinking and reading on a certain issue. Man's mind is developing and changing. The articles are arranged in the chronological order in which they were originally published, giving a glimpse of the author's thought journey. What runs through is the spirit of independent thinking and truth-seeking, the "humanistic" view that I have formed over the years, and the coordinates of Chinese and foreign history and reality based on it. The "people" in my mind are living beings, not general, abstract, collective "people" or "nations". In recent years, there has been a growing sense of the pride and narrow nationalism that our people have grown under the slogan of "patriotism" (I now think it is more appropriate to call it "nationalism" than "nationalism") which is precisely the major obstacle to national rejuvenation. Therefore, the analysis of the rise and fall, pros and cons of other countries is also blind and biased. And the one-sided propaganda of some media is misleading and instigating, which is very harmful. Many of my ideas are formed in a targeted manner. As for conclusions on specific issues, I am fully aware of the divergent views that exist. Over time, some may prove to be predictable, and some may be overturned. It is not a waste of time for serious readers who are willing to discuss problems; For young students, if they do not mislead people's children, their wishes are enough. Zi Zhongjun 2013 Spring Festival(AI翻译)

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引文

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GB/T 7714-2015 格式引文
资中筠.认识世界,认识自己[M].北京:中国社会科学出版社,2019
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MLA 格式引文
资中筠.认识世界,认识自己.北京,中国社会科学出版社:2019E-book.
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资中筠(2019).认识世界,认识自己.北京:中国社会科学出版社
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