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转型中的实践:对一个“城中村”社区的人类学研究

ISBN:978-7-5161-1718-7

出版日期:2012-10

页数:309

字数:319.0千字

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在中国农村“非农化”过程中诞生了一类以物业出租为主要生计方式的“后工业型”村落。所谓“后工业型”村落是指没有经过工业化而直接进入城市化进程的村落。这些村落原本位于城市近郊,在城市扩张中村落土地逐渐被国家征用转变为城市建设用地。在失去土地后,原本以耕种为主要生计方式的村民便在宅基地聚居点兴建起出租屋,以向外来人口收取租金为生。这种处于城市包裹,在产业结构和职业结构上已经“非农化”,但在制度、管理和人口素质上仍没有完全城市化的都市边缘社区一般被称为“城中村”。“城中村”是中国城市化进程中的一种独特现象,本地村民与大量外来人口共同聚居其中,实践着由传统到现代的转型。

本书是对厦门岛内一个“城中村”社区——厦禾村城市转型的个案深描,以村落转型中主体实践为着眼点,侧重于呈现在由农村到城市、由农民到市民、由传统到现代这一转型过程中社区各个层面的真实存在状态及其生成、运行逻辑,其目的在于考察作为主体的“城中村”民众如何对城市转型作出应对与调适。全书首置绪论,尾置结论,正文部分共六章。

第一章绪论依次说明本书的研究缘起、研究意义、研究现状及本研究所借鉴的理论与方法。

第二章回顾厦禾村从19世纪末至今百年间的发展历程,着重分析厦禾“城中村”形成的内外因素。

第三章首先从信仰、婚育及民间纠纷三个方面描绘厦禾民众日常生活文化在“城中村”状态下的延绵与变异;其次关注厦禾民众从“农民”转变为“市民”后的身份认同及心态状况。

第四章记述厦禾村五支宗族重建的动因、经过及一个村社为村庙申请文物保护单位的运作过程,并以此为据阐释传统文化资源在村落城市化转型中的意义。

第五章聚焦厦禾村旧村改造与集体经济股份改制两大事件,力图展现各利益主体博弈的复杂过程及其对村落城市转型的深刻影响。

第六章以村庄选举事件为切入点,透视“城中村”内部因素如何作用于厦禾民众的政治实践,从而造就出厦禾村当下的政治生态与权力结构。

第七章以观察参与的方式集中展现厦禾村治安、计生、卫生治理及行政工作的画面,侧重于揭示厦禾村如何在资源极度有限的情况下利用本土性的方法与技巧维持社区管理局面的平衡。

外在结构与主体实践相互建构的过程是为历史发展进程的实质。厦禾村民众为应对城市化情境在文化、经济、政治、社区管理等方面进行的调适与建设正在再造出一个新的社区与新的自我。厦禾村的转型实践折射出中国农村城市化、现代化历程的独特经验。在现代与传统的对接过程中,一种新的现代性便可能于乡土社会中生长出来。这是本书结语部分所论述的内容。

关键词:厦禾村 城中村 实践 转型

Abstract

In the course of Chinese non-agriculturalization in rural areas,a group of" post-industrial" villages,where most villagers made a living mainly by rental property,turned up·" Post -industrial" villages refer to those which entered the process of urbanization directly without undergoing industrialization·These villages used tobe located in the nearby suburbs of the city and the village land requisitioned by the government for urban expansion was changed into urban construction land·After losing their land,the villagers began to construct rental estates in the house sites and changed their livelihood from agriculture to collecting rent from migrations·These urban marginalized communities,encompassed by the city and non-agriculturalized in both industrial structure and career structure,however,not completely urbanization in institution,management,and quality of population,are generally called " urban village"·" Urban village",where local villagers and a large number of migrations live together and practice the transformation from tradition to modern,is a unique phenomenon in the process of Chinese urbanization.

This paper is a thick description on urban transformation of an" urban village" community,taking the case of Xiahe Village in Xiamen island·The focus point of this dissertation is subject practice during the transition of the village,emphasizing particularly on revealing the real state of all walks of life in the community along with its generated and operational logic in the period of transition from rural areas to cities,farmers to citizens and tradition to modern·The whole article is divided into eight chapters,beginning with Introduction,ending with Conclusion and the body composed of six chapters.

The first chapter accounts for the origin,significance and present situation of the research by sequence,as well as the theories and methods drawing on·

The second chapter reviews Xiahe Village's developing course of 100 years since the late 19th century and particularly analyses the internal and external factors in the formation of Xiahe " urban village".

The third chapter firstly depicts the inheritances and changes of Xiahe villagers'daily life culture in the " urban village" from three aspects,that is belief,marriage and childbearing and folk disputes·Secondly,this chapter also pays attention to the villagers'cognitive identity and their state of mind.

The fourth chapter describes the agent and the course of five lineages reconstruction in Xiahe village and the operational process of applying for cultural relics protection by a village community·On the basis of what have narrated above,the significance of traditional culture resources in the course of urbanization is interpreted.

The fifth chapter focuses on two big things,namely reforming old village and reconstructing the stock system of collective economy,occurred in Xiahe village in order to reveal thecomplicated game process among different stakeholders and its profound impact on urban transformation.

Taking village election as the cut-in point,the sixth chaptergrasps the essence of how the interior factors of" urban village" act on the villager's political practices and how the political ecosystem and the power structure are produced in today's Xiahe village.

The seventh chapter gives a central demonstration of public security,family planning,environmental health administer and clerical work in Xiahe village by means of participant observation and emphasizes on how local methods and techniques are used to maintain the balance of community administration in the condition of resources extremely limited.

Mutual construction between external structureand subject practice is the essence of the course of historical development·Xiahe villagers'adaption and construction in culture,economy,politics and community administration,which replies to the urbanized context,is reconstructing a new community along with a new self·The transformation practice of Xiahe village refracts the unique experience of Chinese urbanization and modernization·In the course of tradition interfaced with modern,a kind of sinitic modernity is stemming form local societies,which is discussed in the Conclusion.

Keywords:Xiahe Village; Urban Village;Practice;Transformation

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引文

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GB/T 7714-2015 格式引文
邵媛媛.转型中的实践:对一个“城中村”社区的人类学研究[M].北京:中国社会科学出版社,2012
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MLA 格式引文
邵媛媛.转型中的实践:对一个“城中村”社区的人类学研究.北京,中国社会科学出版社:2012E-book.
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APA 格式引文
邵媛媛(2012).转型中的实践:对一个“城中村”社区的人类学研究.北京:中国社会科学出版社
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