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禀赋、有限理性与农村劳动力迁移行为研究

ISBN:978-7-5161-9776-9

出版日期:2017-09

页数:288

字数:255.0千字

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With the further deepening of reform and opening up,and the gradual loosening of the household registration system,the migration of rural labor force also increased.However,in the process of labor migration in rural areas,there is a phenomenon worthy of our attention:the migration of rural labor force employed showing the coexistence of multiple choice among the local county,the local city,intra-province and inter-province.Why the rural labor force make such choices? What kind of effect the different choices of migration would have? In order to answer these questions,a fundamental issue should be the starting point-the rural labor migration behavior.The author considering migration of rural labor force as the research object,based on bounded rationality,with the use of demographic,behavioral economics,behavioral decision-making,cognitive psychology and other disciplines of theoryand method,analyzed the mechanism of endowment,limited rationality,and rural labor migration behavior and constructed multi-objective selection model of rural labor migration.In addition,from the macro,meso and micro level system analyzed the rural labor migration behavior and its influencing factors,and brought forward the employment environment of the transfer of rural labor force from the institutional level.This article is divided into seven chapters,each chapter revolves around the main research questions:

First,how to understand the diversity of the rural labor migration behavior? Rural labor migration option not only influenced by individual factors,but also by external socio-economic environment constraints.Within constraints from internal and external factors,in the migration option process,rural labor show a kind of bounded rationality and a diversity of migration behavior in the way of migration.How to change the bounded rationality of rural labor migration into complete rationality is the key to reasonably guide rural labor to migrate orderly,decrease migration costs,and to achieve stable employment.This artice conducted an in-depth research on rural labor migration behavior from a brand-new perspective,aiming to expand the ken of population economics,and provide references for government departments to set up relevant policies.

Second,what's the reason of the diversity of rural labor migration behavior? Firstly,the labor endowments factors.Secondly,the bounded rationality under the constraints of rural labor migration endowment.In defining the labor endowment,the concept of bounded rationality and other related,Chapter Ⅱ from the theory level,expounded endowment,bounded rationality and option behavior of rural labor migration mechanism.Furthermore pointed out,due to the labor endowment constraints and external environmental uncertainty,the behavior of the rural labor force selection decision process only has the complete rational sense,but can not be realized fully rational decisions,the final selection decision is a kind of bounded rationality of decision-making.As the endowment heterogeneity,reflected in the specific performance of decision-making process is the migration of different motivations,under which migration choices made are also varied.

Chapter Ⅲ,this article used multi-attribute decision making related analytical tools to build a fuzzy multi-objective decision model of rural labor migration options.In accordance with the mastery degree of information on the rural labor force options,unbiased and biased information are divided into.Meanwhile,with the use of survey data,selecting the relevant indicators,analyze selection destination areas of the rural labor force.Result is whether in the information unbiased or biased conditions,the optimal option of rural labor migration is from the county to the city.

Third,how to explain the influences on the behavior of the rural labor migration from endowments and the bounded rationality of the empirical interpretation? Based on the bounded rationality theory,this article did the empirical researches on the rural labor migration and the influencing factors respectively from the macro,meso and micro levels.Chapter Ⅳ used the second national agricultural census data(2006)and the relevant data of monitoring survey of migrant workers,analyze rural labor migration in rural areas from a macro perspective.Additionally,compared with the rural labor endowment competitiveness,it is found that there is a closely connection between the direction of rural labor migration and the strength of rural labor endowment competitiveness.China's rural labor migration is mainly from the middle and western to the eastern region,while the competitiveness of the rural labor endowment is decreasing from the eastern to the western region progressively.It showed that regional external circumstances such as economic development have an important influence upon rural labor migration option.

Chapter Ⅴ took Hebei as an example,with the use of 1‰ sample original data of the fifth population census in Hebei(2000)analyze rural labor migration motivation,migration option,and migration effect and infuencing factors.It was thought that the economic development gap among regions is the main factor which affect the rural labor force inter-provincial migration.Based on the meso level,this paper defined the analysis tool on regional migration pattern-MIGRATION CYCLE.

Chapter Ⅵ conducted empirical researches on migration motive,option and benefit of rural migration labor force on the stage by using survey data.From the factors which influence migration option,besides the ability of labor endowment(with or without skills),the external conditions such as the capital and natural resources endowment have on a significant influence on the rural labor migration option.Among numerous factors,the migration distance and migration cost is the most significant factor impacting upon the labor migrantion option,and the distance of migration is an indirect migration cost.The influence from labor income is smaller,only significant on migration inter-province.Per capita share of cultivated land resources and land tillage practices affect migration options to a certain extent.In addition,the kind of residence(Environment),traffic conditions and economic development level have a great influence on rural labor migration option.It is thus clear that rural labor migration option-making is under the internal abilities and also the external socio-economic conditions.In addtion,to some extent the external conditions of the rural labor migration option have greater influence in decision-making.

Endowment,as the ability and conditions of labor force to earn a living,is bound to has an important impact on rural labor migration.Rural labor force is different from others on individual's own conditions,family and the community environments,Which comprehensively reflect the heterogeneity of the labor endowment.This heterogeneity is not only embodied in the employment competence during rural labor migration,and also represented the external conditions of realizing migration employment.Influenced by the uncertain external environment and restricted by labor endowment,when faced with a variety of migration options,the rural labor force would make a bounded rational option under completely rational awareness.The results are the varied migration distribution.

Fourth,how to promote rural labor migration via stable employment?Rural migration workforce,pursuing maximize employment revenue with bounded rationality,their own capacity level and the external conditions togetherly restrict the degree of realization of rationality in the process of migration option,It is considerably crucial to construct stable employment environment for the rural labor force from an institutional lay.The key of path selection is to improve the internal and external factors of the rural labor migration behavior.Therefore,Chapter VII answered for this question.

Based on the conclusion and summary from macro,meso,micro re sults,the restrictive factors of labor migration behavior were located,centering on how to sort out internal and external conditions of bounded rationality constraint and realize the target of stable employment of rural labor force,constructed five aspects of the institutional framework:the education and training system,industrial restructuring,labor market construction,household registration system,and regional labor migration regulation.and then create a favorable internal and external environment for the rural labor force achieving the greatest rationality in the migration process,reducing migration costs and realizing stable employment.

Answering the above four questions,not only composed the basic logic and research ideas,but also constitute the core content and key innovations of this article.This paper strives to innovate in the aspects of the concept of the labor endowment,the concept of migration cycle and rural labor migration option model.However,due to limited capacity of the author and limited access to large-scale survey data,the research on the issue is still immature.In the future scientific research,the author will continue to make up for the deficiencies of this study.

Key words: Labor Endowment; Bounded Rationality; Migration Behavior; the Migration Cycle

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引文

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GB/T 7714-2015 格式引文
王春蕊.禀赋、有限理性与农村劳动力迁移行为研究[M].北京:中国社会科学出版社,2017
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MLA 格式引文
王春蕊.禀赋、有限理性与农村劳动力迁移行为研究.北京,中国社会科学出版社:2017E-book.
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APA 格式引文
王春蕊(2017).禀赋、有限理性与农村劳动力迁移行为研究.北京:中国社会科学出版社
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