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英语文学中的社会主义思潮研究

ISBN:978-7-5203-2080-1

出版日期:2018-03

页数:492

字数:450.0千字

丛书名:《国家哲学社会科学成果文库》

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引用量:3次

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基金信息: 国家哲学社会科学成果文库 展开
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在世界文学史上,社会主义思潮对英语文学产生了深远的影响。自托马斯·莫尔在《乌托邦》(1516)中提出“乌托邦”理想而萌发了空想社会主义思潮之后,社会意识形态领域中出现了多种多样的社会主义的概念和理论,影响着世界各国的社会沿革、国际政治、国家政体、文化教育、经济税收、医疗保险、福利保障等方面的演变和完善,也启迪着人类从未停止步伐去追求和探索一个没有资本主义弊端的完美的社会体制或“自由国度”(马克思语)。历史证明,马克思是人类的人文精神和社会发展的重要导师。以马克思主义为指导的国际共产主义运动和无产阶级革命实践汇成了强大的社会主义思潮,在世界范围内催生和繁荣了社会主义文学和文学批评,深刻地影响着世界文学的构成和发展。马克思主义诞生后,很多国家如英国、法国、德国、俄国、美国、加拿大、澳大利亚、新西兰、古巴、中国等先后成立了共产主义者同盟、共产党、社会主义党等共产主义性质的政党和组织,它们不仅引导了本国的社会主义革命实践,也吸引了大批作家和文学评论家加入共产主义思想阵营和组织,成为社会主义文学发展的核心力量。英国、美国、加拿大、澳大利亚、新西兰等英语国别文学基本上都历经了激进老左翼、新左翼、当代左翼三个发展阶段,左翼文学书写不可否定地已经融入了各自民族主义文学和本土文学的构建,不但勃发出社会主义文学独有的文学特质和持久生命力,也弘扬了马克思主义美学观和共产主义精神。社会主义思潮也穿越和汇接了浪漫主义、现实主义、现代主义和后现代主义等文学流派的嬗变,增强和丰富了马克思主义文学批评理论的方法和内涵。

In the history of world literature, socialist ideas have had a profound impact on English literature. Since Thomas More put forward the ideal of "utopia" in "Utopia" (1516) and germinated the trend of utopian socialism, a variety of concepts and theories of socialism have emerged in the field of social ideology, affecting the evolution and improvement of social evolution, international politics, national polity, culture and education, economic taxation, medical insurance, welfare security, etc. in all countries of the world, and also inspired mankind to never stop the pace to pursue and explore a perfect social system or "free country" without the drawbacks of capitalism (Marx). History proves that Marx is an important teacher of human humanistic spirit and social development. The international communist movement and the practice of proletarian revolution guided by Marxism have converged into a powerful socialist trend of thought, giving birth to and prospering socialist literature and literary criticism around the world, and profoundly affecting the composition and development of world literature. After the birth of Marxism, many countries, such as Britain, France, Germany, Russia, the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Cuba, China, etc., successively established communist political parties and organizations such as the Communist League, the Communist Party, and the Socialist Party, which not only guided the practice of socialist revolution in their own countries, but also attracted a large number of writers and literary critics to join the communist ideological camp and organizations, becoming the core force for the development of socialist literature. English-speaking literature such as Britain, the United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand has basically gone through three stages of development: radical old left, new left, and contemporary left, and left-wing literary writing has undeniably integrated into the construction of their respective nationalist literature and local literature, which not only exudes the unique literary characteristics and lasting vitality of socialist literature, but also promotes the Marxist aesthetic outlook and communist spirit. The trend of socialist thought also crosses and converges the transmutations of literary schools such as romanticism, realism, modernism and postmodernism, and enhances and enriches the methods and connotations of Marxist literary criticism theory.(AI翻译)

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引文

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GB/T 7714-2015 格式引文
蘶莉.英语文学中的社会主义思潮研究[M].北京:中国社会科学出版社,2018
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MLA 格式引文
蘶莉.英语文学中的社会主义思潮研究.北京,中国社会科学出版社:2018E-book.
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APA 格式引文
蘶莉(2018).英语文学中的社会主义思潮研究.北京:中国社会科学出版社
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