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中国市场经济体制变革的理论与实践

ISBN:978-7-5203-0248-7

出版日期:2017-04

页数:273

字数:242.0千字

点击量:6338次

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图书简介

新中国成立以来,特别是党的十一届三中全会以来,中国共产党领导集体坚持马克思主义基本原理,依据我国社会主义初级阶段的基本国情,对社会主义市场经济体制变革与创新理论进行了深入的研究,确立了社会主义市场经济体制。这不仅是对马克思主义经济理论的继承,而且是对马克思主义政治经济学和科学社会主义的极大突破和创新。

首先,社会主义市场经济体制的确立极大地调动了我国被计划经济体制束缚已久的生产力,我国的社会主义物质文明建设呈现出无限的生机和活力。中国经济在过去30多年来一直保持着持续稳定的高增长速度,人民生活水平有了很大程度的改善,国家综合国力显著增强。

其次,市场经济资源配置的高效活力与社会主义公有制的制度优势交相辉映,最大限度地激发了社会主义建设者的劳动积极性、主动性、创造性,社会主义制度的优越性也日渐展现出来,社会主义生产力水平迅速提高。

最后,社会主义市场经济对我国经济政治文化的影响开始从点到线、从线到面,市场机制活跃在经济社会发展的方方面面,中国共产党领导的经济体制改革与社会发展实践为进一步探索社会主义与市场经济有机结合提供了现实依据。与此同时,在社会主义市场经济体制不断完善的过程中,社会主义市场经济理论与体制创新也日渐成为中国特色社会主义理论体系的重要组成部分。

中共十八大以来,以习近平为核心的党中央,对中国特色社会主义政治经济学做出了一系列新概况,提出了一系列新思想,总结了一系列新理论。比如,市场决定理论、经济新常态理论、五大发展理念、供给侧结构性改革理论等,这些新的概括和提炼,极大地丰富了马克思主义政治经济学的理论宝库,为我们研究中国社会主义市场经济体制提供了坚实而丰厚的理论支撑,激励着我们更加深入和扎实地学习马克思主义政治经济学基本原理和方法论,在此基础上,我们不断探索和研究中国市场经济变革的理论与实践,进而深刻认识中国特色社会主义的发展规律,具有十分重要的价值和意义。

本书在已有相关研究成果的基础上,从历代中国共产党人探索社会主义市场经济体制变革的历史过程出发,特别是从我国改革开放以来的社会实践出发,深入把握中国共产党领导集体关于社会主义市场经济体制变革的理论依据、时代背景、形成与发展历程、具体体制创新的基本内涵和特征、时代价值等,考察中国共产党认识社会主义市场经济发展规律的思考过程,通过分析中国共产党社会主义市场经济理论的历史性突破的丰富内涵,解读社会主义市场经济体制变革的历史经验和时代价值,认识中国共产党领导集体倡导的社会主义市场经济体制改革与马克思主义发展史的辩证关系。本书概括了中国共产党人对传统马克思主义政治经济学的历史性突破的基本要点,分析其市场经济理论与体制创新在马克思主义发展史上的历史贡献。

本书主体由四个部分构成:

第一章主要阐述中国共产党进行的社会主义市场经济体制变革深厚的理论基础和现实依据。马克思、恩格斯、列宁等有关计划与市场的思想是中国市场经济体制变革的理论基础,世界市场是中国市场经济体制变革的逻辑起点和历史起点,苏联社会主义计划经济体制的确立及经济体制改革的实践,我国传统的社会主义计划经济体制的形成及体制改革问题的提出。

第二章阐述中国市场经济体制变革的历史进程,包括理论创新和实践创新。中国共产党历代领导集体通过对经济体制的理论创新,引领体制创新经历萌芽阶段、形成阶段、攻坚阶段和完善阶段,并在实践中不断探索、建立、发展和完善社会主义市场经济体制。

第三章至第十章从农村经济体制改革、国有企业改革、非公有制经济发展、财税体制改革、金融体制改革、对外贸易体制改革、行政管理体制改革和社会保障制度改革八个方面阐述了我国社会主义市场经济具体体制变革的内涵。

第十一章至第十二章系统地总结了社会主义市场经济体制变革的主要经验和时代价值。依据中国共产党对社会主义市场经济理论的开创性贡献,研究它在马克思主义政治经济学和中国特色社会主义建设方面的时代价值,提高对中国经济体制改革的规律性认识,探索社会主义市场经济体制变革与创新对认识社会主义国家经济建设规律、促进中国经济发展和建立全球经济发展模式的历史性启示。

本书对中国共产党领导集体关于社会主义市场经济体制变革的总结与阐述有如下突出特点:

第一,本书选题的新意在于将对社会主义市场经济理论与体制变革的研究贯穿于新中国成立以后中国共产党领导集体对中国经济体制探索的全过程,以便继续坚持和完善社会主义市场经济理论提供思想基础为目标进行研究。

第二,本书试图以马克思主义历史唯物论为指导,实事求是地寻找从马克思主义经典作家到毛泽东、邓小平、江泽民、胡锦涛,以及到习近平为核心的中共新一代领导集体在思想理论体系和思维方式方面的一脉相承性,从而提高对中国经济体制改革的规律性认识,进一步明确中国社会主义市场经济体制变革与创新对中国经济发展乃至对社会主义国家经济体制改革探索的历史启示。

第三,本书主要从农村经济体制、国有企业管理体制、财税体制、金融体制、对外开放与外贸管理体制、社会保障制度等方面,全面阐述了中国共产党领导集体探索社会主义市场经济体制的艰辛历程、重要经验和时代价值,充分肯定了中国共产党人社会主义市场经济理论在科学社会主义理论与实践中的重要地位。

第四,在研究方法上,不仅综合运用了历史分析和逻辑分析、经济史和经济思想史、经济思想和政策思想相结合的方法,而且更加注重经验分析和规范分析。

与传统马克思主义的经济理论体系以及苏联东欧国家的社会主义经济体制改革探索不同,中国共产党历代领导集体从中国国情出发,在深刻总结社会主义探索正反两方面经验的基础上,依据全球经济政治发展的大趋势,在社会主义经济建设过程中的经济运行体制、分配制度、所有制实现形式等方面进行了全方位的探索与实践,从高度集中的社会主义计划经济体制转变为独具特色的社会主义市场经济体制,标志着中国经济和社会发展的新跨越。同时,中共中央领导集体制定的党在社会主义初级阶段的路线、纲领、方针、政策为中国在社会主义条件下发展市场经济的指明了方向,为社会主义市场经济建设和发展描绘了蓝图。改革开放以来,以公有制为主体、多种所有制经济共同发展的基本经济制度已经确立,社会主义市场经济体制正逐步完善,改革步伐不断加快,国家的综合国力显著增强,人民生活水平大幅度提高。经济发展保持了年均9%以上的增长速度,已经成为世界第二大经济体。

中国共产党领导的社会主义市场经济实践正在对我国经济政治文化产生越来越深刻的影响,已经延伸到经济和社会发展的各个领域,我国社会主义经济体制改革与社会发展的实践为进一步探索社会主义与市场经济的有机结合提供了现实依据。社会主义公有制的制度优势,最大限度地提高了社会主义建设者的劳动积极性、主动性和创造性。与此同时,市场经济资源配置的高效活力,也使社会主义制度的优越性得到了释放,社会主义生产力发展迅速。研究中国社会主义市场经济体制变革不断发展、不断创新的伟大历史进程和深刻内涵,具有重大的理论与现实意义。

第一,对社会主义市场经济体制变革的研究有助于为我国经济体制改革和社会主义现代化建设提供理论支撑和决策建议。当前,对中国共产党人社会主义市场经济理论与体制变革思想的研究,还局限在一般性的评价中,没有进行更深刻的解读和规律性的分析。可见,如果我们不作更深入的分析与研究,那么,关于中国经济体制变革的理论总结便是片面的,我们就不能真正破解中国经济体制改革成功之谜,也就不能真正在科学的基础上构建以中国为分析范本的转轨经济学。

第二,在社会主义市场经济体制变革与政治体制改革的关系方面,需要我们进行深入研究和总结,形成规律性的认识。而加强对中国特色社会主义市场经济理论和市场经济体制变革实践的研究,有利于指导我国的社会主义经济和政治体制改革的实践,促进社会主义现代化建设事业健康发展。

第三,中国共产党领导的社会主义市场经济体制变革具有划时代的意义,它在中国的成功运用,有着方法论上的诸多启示,同时,社会主义市场经济体制变革引起的观念革命对中国现代思维方式的变革产生了深远影响,这是21世纪以来我国哲学和社会科学研究应遵循的重要轨迹,但对此进行的研究同样是非常欠缺的,需要我们理论工作者长期不懈的努力。

第四,关于中国共产党市场经济体制变革理论与实践的研究,有利于推动现代马克思主义社会主义理论在中国的普及与发展,也有利于推动社会主义市场经济理论创新与体制变革,标志着在理论和实践上都实现了对原有经济运行理论、经济运行方式的根本性变革与创新,回答了长期困扰人们社会主义运动与实践的重大理论和实践难题,是马克思主义经典作家社会主义经济理论在中国的继承与发展。

Since the founding of New China, especially since the Third Plenary Session of the 11th CPC Central Committee, the leading collective of the Communist Party of China has adhered to the basic tenets of Marxism, conducted in-depth research on the theory of reform and innovation of the socialist market economy system in accordance with the basic national conditions of the initial stage of socialism in our country, and established the socialist market economic system. This is not only the inheritance of Marxist economic theory, but also a great breakthrough and innovation in Marxist political economy and scientific socialism. First of all, the establishment of the socialist market economic system has greatly mobilized China's productive forces, which have been bound by the planned economic system for a long time, and the construction of socialist material civilization in our country has shown unlimited vitality and vitality. Over the past 30 years, China's economy has maintained a sustained and stable high growth rate, people's living standards have improved to a great extent, and the country's comprehensive national strength has been significantly enhanced. Secondly, the efficient vitality of the allocation of market economy resources and the institutional advantages of socialist public ownership have stimulated the enthusiasm, initiative and creativity of socialist builders to the greatest extent, and the superiority of the socialist system has been gradually displayed, and the level of socialist productive forces has rapidly improved. Finally, the influence of the socialist market economy on China's economy, politics and culture has begun to move from point to line and from line to surface, and the market mechanism is active in all aspects of economic and social development, and the economic system reform and social development practice led by the Communist Party of China provide a realistic basis for further exploring the organic combination of socialism and market economy. At the same time, in the process of continuous improvement of the socialist market economy system, the theory and institutional innovation of the socialist market economy have increasingly become an important part of the theoretical system of socialism with Chinese characteristics. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee with Xi Jinping as the core has made a series of new overviews of the political economy of socialism with Chinese characteristics, put forward a series of new ideas, and summarized a series of new theories. For example, market determination theory, economic new normal theory, five major development concepts, supply-side structural reform theory, etc., these new generalizations and refinements have greatly enriched the theoretical treasure house of Marxist political economy, provided us with solid and rich theoretical support for our study of China's socialist market economic system, and encouraged us to study the basic principles and methodology of Marxist political economy more deeply and solidly. It is of great value and significance to deeply understand the development law of socialism with Chinese characteristics. On the basis of the relevant research results, starting from the historical process of successive generations of Chinese Communists exploring the reform of the socialist market economy system, especially from the social practice since China's reform and opening up, this book deeply grasps the theoretical basis, background of the times, formation and development process, the basic connotation and characteristics of specific system innovation, and the value of the times of the leading collective of the Communist Party of China on the reform of the socialist market economy system, and examines the thinking process of the Communist Party of China in understanding the law of the development of the socialist market economy. Through analyzing the rich connotation of the historical breakthrough of the socialist market economy theory of the Communist Party of China, interpreting the historical experience and epochal value of the reform of the socialist market economy system, and understanding the dialectical relationship between the reform of the socialist market economy system advocated by the leadership collective of the Communist Party of China and the development history of Marxism. This book summarizes the basic points of the historical breakthrough of the Chinese Communists in the traditional Marxist political economy, and analyzes the historical contributions of their market economy theory and institutional innovation in the history of Marxist development. The main body of this book consists of four parts: The first chapter mainly expounds the profound theoretical basis and practical basis for the reform of the socialist market economy system carried out by the Communist Party of China. Marx, Engels, Lenin and other ideas on planning and the market are the theoretical basis for the reform of the Chinese market economy system, the world market is the logical starting point and historical starting point of the Chinese market economy system reform, the establishment of the Soviet socialist planned economic system and the practice of economic structural reform, the formation of China's traditional socialist planned economic system and the proposal of structural reform. Chapter 2 describes the historical process of China's market economy system reform, including theoretical innovation and practical innovation. Through theoretical innovation of the economic system, successive generations of leading collective leaders of the Communist Party of China have led the system innovation through the embryonic stage, the formation stage, the stage of tackling difficult problems and the stage of improvement, and have continuously explored, established, developed and improved the socialist market economic system in practice. Chapters 3 to 10 expound the connotation of the specific structural reform of China's socialist market economy from eight aspects: rural economic structural reform, state-owned enterprise reform, non-public economic development, fiscal and taxation system reform, financial system reform, foreign trade system reform, administrative management system reform, and social security system reform. Chapters 11 to 12 systematically summarize the main experiences and epochal values of the reform of the socialist market economic system. Based on the pioneering contribution of the Communist Party of China to the theory of socialist market economy, study its epochal value in Marxist political economy and the construction of socialism with Chinese characteristics, improve the understanding of the law of China's economic system reform, and explore the historical enlightenment of the reform and innovation of the socialist market economic system to understand the law of economic construction of socialist countries, promote China's economic development and establish a global economic development model. This book summarizes and expounds the leading collective of the Communist Party of China on the reform of the socialist market economy system has the following outstanding characteristics: First, the novelty of the topic of this book lies in the fact that the research on the theory and structural reform of the socialist market economy runs through the whole process of the exploration of China's economic system by the leading collective of the Communist Party of China after the founding of New China, so as to continue to adhere to and improve the theory of the socialist market economy and provide an ideological basis for the research. Second, this book attempts to take Marxist historical materialism as the guide, realistically seek the continuity of the ideological and theoretical system and thinking mode of the new generation of CPC leadership from Marxist classic writers to Mao Zedong, Deng Xiaoping, Jiang Zemin, Hu Jintao, and Xi Jinping, so as to enhance the understanding of the regularity of China's economic system reform. Further clarify the historical enlightenment of China's socialist market economic system reform and innovation to China's economic development and even the exploration of economic system reform in socialist countries. Third, this book comprehensively expounds the arduous course, important experience and epochal value of the CPC leading collective in exploring the socialist market economic system mainly from the aspects of rural economic system, state-owned enterprise management system, fiscal and taxation system, financial system, opening up and foreign trade management system, and social security system, and fully affirms the important position of the socialist market economy theory of the Chinese communists in the theory and practice of scientific socialism. Fourth, in terms of research methods, it not only comprehensively uses the method of combining historical analysis and logical analysis, economic history and economic thought history, economic thought and policy thought, but also pays more attention to empirical analysis and normative analysis. Different from the traditional Marxist economic theory system and the exploration of the reform of the socialist economic system in the Soviet Union and Eastern European countries, the leading collective of the Communist Party of China has carried out all-round exploration and practice in the economic operation system, distribution system and ownership realization form in the process of socialist economic construction based on China's national conditions, on the basis of profoundly summing up the positive and negative experiences of socialist exploration, and in accordance with the general trend of global economic and political development. The transformation from a highly centralized socialist planned economic system to a unique socialist market economic system marks a new leap forward in China's economic and social development. At the same time, the party's line, program, principles and policies in the initial stage of socialism formulated by the leading collective of the CPC Central Committee have pointed out the direction for China's development of the market economy under socialist conditions and drawn up a blueprint for the construction and development of the socialist market economy. Since the beginning of reform and opening up, the basic economic system with public ownership as the main body and the common development of various ownership economies has been established, the socialist market economic system is gradually improving, the pace of reform has been continuously accelerated, the country's comprehensive national strength has been significantly enhanced, and the people's living standards have been greatly improved. The economy has maintained an average annual growth rate of more than 9% and has become the second largest economy in the world. The practice of socialist market economy under the leadership of the Communist Party of China is exerting an increasingly profound impact on China's economy, politics and culture, and has extended to all fields of economic and social development. The institutional advantages of socialist public ownership have maximized the enthusiasm, initiative and creativity of socialist builders. At the same time, the efficient and vigorous allocation of resources in the market economy has also released the superiority of the socialist system and the rapid development of socialist productive forces. It is of great theoretical and practical significance to study the great historical process and profound connotation of the continuous development and innovation of China's socialist market economic system. First, the study of the reform of the socialist market economy system is conducive to providing theoretical support and decision-making suggestions for China's economic structural reform and socialist modernization. At present, the study of the theory of socialist market economy and the thinking of the Chinese communists on structural reform is still limited to general evaluation, and there is no more profound interpretation and regular analysis. It can be seen that if we do not conduct more in-depth analysis and research, then the theoretical summary of China's economic system reform is one-sided, and we cannot truly solve the mystery of the success of China's economic system reform, and we cannot truly build a transition economics with China as a model of analysis on the basis of science. Second, in terms of the relationship between the reform of the socialist market economic system and the reform of the political system, we need to conduct in-depth research and summing up and form a regular understanding. Strengthening research on the theory of socialist market economy with Chinese characteristics and the practice of market economic system reform is conducive to guiding the practice of socialist economic and political system reform in China and promoting the healthy development of socialist modernization. At the same time, the conceptual revolution caused by the reform of the socialist market economy system has a profound impact on the transformation of China's modern way of thinking, which is an important trajectory that China's philosophy and social science research should follow since the 21st century, but the research on this is also very lacking, requiring the long-term unremitting efforts of our theoretical workers. Fourth, the study of the theory and practice of the reform of the market economy system of the Communist Party of China is conducive to promoting the popularization and development of modern Marxist socialist theory in China, and is also conducive to promoting the innovation and institutional reform of socialist market economy theory, marking the realization of fundamental changes and innovations in the original economic operation theory and economic operation mode in theory and practice, and answering the major theoretical and practical problems that have long plagued people's socialist movement and practice. It is the inheritance and development of socialist economic theory of Marxist classic writers in China.(AI翻译)

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引文

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GB/T 7714-2015 格式引文
杨志平.中国市场经济体制变革的理论与实践[M].北京:中国社会科学出版社,2017
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MLA 格式引文
杨志平.中国市场经济体制变革的理论与实践.北京,中国社会科学出版社:2017E-book.
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APA 格式引文
杨志平(2017).中国市场经济体制变革的理论与实践.北京:中国社会科学出版社
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