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回顾与展望:改革开放以来中国的政治建设与政治发展

ISBN:978-7-5203-5722-7

出版日期:2019-12

页数:812

字数:781.0千字

点击量:8352次

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1978年中国共产党十一届三中全会开启了我国政治开放的历史新时期,至今已经30年了。从那时以来,我国人民在中国共产党的坚强领导下,以邓小平理论、“三个代表”重要思想和科学发展观为指导,顺应国内外形势发展变化,与时俱进,坚持理论创新和实践创新,开辟了中国特色社会主义道路,形成了中国特色社会主义理论体系,在全面建设小康社会的实践中把改革开放的伟大事业推向前进,取得了举世瞩目的辉煌成就,使社会主义中国的面貌发生了历史性变化。

改革开放以来中国特色社会主义建设是全面的,包括经济、政治、文化、社会等各个方面。但国外有一种错误的论调,似乎中国的改革只限于经济体制,不涉及政治领域。这是一种违背事实的严重误解。事实上,30年来坚定不移地发展社会主义政治和进行政治体制改革,始终是我国全面改革的重要组成部分。在中国共产党的领导下大力推进经济体制改革的同时,积极稳妥地推进政治体制改革,同样取得了很大的成绩,使我国社会主义民主政治制度日益发展和完善。认真地研究和阐明改革开放以来我国政治发展的成就,是政治学者义不容辞的责任。因此,由中国社会科学院政治学研究所研究员杨海蛟与许多专家学者参加撰写的《回顾与展望——改革开放以来的中国政治发展》一书的出版,是十分必要、非常及时的,值得我们庆贺。现该书即将面世,我有幸先睹为快,谈几点粗浅的读后感受。

第一,观点鲜明,论证有力。随着改革开放的不断深入和社会主义市场经济体制的建立和发展,社会利益格局急剧分化和调整,社会成员的价值取向日益多元化。《回顺与展望》一书,以高度负责的精神和科学的思维方式以及观察、思考的方法,从大局的高度和较为开阔的视野,全方位地回顾了中国改革开放以来政治发展的历史轨迹和主旋律,充分阐释了中国特色社会主义政治发展的主要内容,从理论和实践的结合上,系统地论述了改革开放30年来中国政治发展所取得的成就,全面总结了改革开放以来政治建设、政治体制改革和政治发展所积累的经验,并展示了未来中国政治发展的前景和方向。书中所提出的观点和命题均以权威的文献资料和划时代的变革实践过程予以支撑和说明,努力做到言之成理,持之有故,理论阐述,周密深入。可以这样说,该著不仅以无可辩驳的事实从理论上说明了中国特色社会主义政治发展的科学性和合理性以及所取得的辉煌成就,便于广大读者全面了解中国改革开放30年来政治发展的历史进程、独特优势和本质特征,而且以较为深邃的理性思考和理论论证为改革开放以来中国政治发展30年的实践过程提供了理论上的支撑,有利于广大读者对中国特色社会主义政治发展道路的坚持更加自觉,更加充满信心。

第二,资料丰富,凝重厚实。30年在历史的长河中可谓短暂的一瞬。然而,中国改革开放以来这30年,在中华民族的历史上,创造了奇迹,其中作为社会发展重要组成部分的政治发展,在其30年的历史进程中,所发生的一些重大事件,几乎都具有里程碑意义。用细腻的笔法将其真实地记录下来,在理论上得到整体再现,是现时代政治学工作者的使命和职责。《回顾与展望》一书,站在历史的高度,采用历史与逻辑相结合的方法,运用历史的眼光,以翔实的历史资料系统地审视改革开放30年的政治发展,无论是中国特色的社会主义民主政治建设,还是各种政治制度的健全和完善、政治体制改革和中国共产党的建设和反腐廉政建设过程的描述和成就、经验的总结,都通过丰富、翔实的历史资料和历史事实作为佐证。著者占有的历史资料极为丰富、可靠,毫无疑问,建立在丰富历史资料基础上的论述和阐释,不仅使其具有深厚、凝重的历史感,而且增加了其强有力的说服力。从某种意义上讲,该著作是一部中国改革开放30年政治发展的历史教科书。

第三,内容全面,规模恢宏。高扬中国特色社会主义伟大旗帜,开辟中国特色政治发展道路,推动中国特色社会主义政治发展进程,是历史的必然、现实的选择和未来的方向。中国特色社会主义政治发展具有极为丰富的内容,其中中国共产党作为中国政治发展的领导力量,党的建设是中国政治发展的关键,中国特色社会主义民主政治建设是中国政治发展的主要内容,而这种政治民主是通过一系列政治制度体现和保障的,政治体制改革则是实现政治发展的动力,无论政治体制改革、还是政治制度的健全和完善,又必须在有序、和谐的政治环境和政治状态下进行。中国特色社会主义政治民主建设、各项政治制度的健全和完善以及政治体制改革的不断深化、政治稳定局面的形成和维护,构成了中国改革开放30年政治发展气势磅礴的图景。《回顾与展望》分9个专题,基本上展现了改革开放30年来政治发展的全貌,从回顾发展历程、概括成就、总结经验、设想前景等四个方面涵盖了改革开放以来政治发展30年的方方面面,洋洋洒洒七十多万字构成了恢宏气势。

当然,该著也有需要改进之处。由于分专题论述,虽然各专题的角度和侧重点不同,但专题之间难免有些重复;文中的某些提法、表述方式也有待进一步研究推敲,希望能引起我国政治学界同仁的关注和讨论。

2008年8月

Ruxin: It has been 30 years since the Third Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China in 1978 opened a new historical period of China's political opening up. Since then, under the strong leadership of the Communist Party of China, guided by Deng Xiaoping Theory, the important thinking of the "three represents" and the scientific outlook on development, the Chinese people have adapted to the development and changes of the domestic and international situation, advanced with the times, persisted in theoretical and practical innovations, opened up the road of socialism with Chinese characteristics, formed a theoretical system of socialism with Chinese characteristics, pushed forward the great cause of reform and opening up in the practice of building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way, and achieved brilliant achievements that attracted worldwide attention. This has brought about historic changes in the face of socialist China. Since the reform and opening up, the construction of socialism with Chinese characteristics has been comprehensive, including economic, political, cultural and social aspects. But there is a mistaken argument abroad, as if China's reform is limited to the economic system and does not involve the political field. This is a serious misunderstanding that goes against the facts. In fact, the unswerving development of socialist politics and the reform of the political system over the past 30 years have always been an important part of China's comprehensive reform. While vigorously promoting the reform of the economic system under the leadership of the Communist Party of China, we have also made great achievements in actively and steadily promoting the reform of the political system, making China's socialist democratic political system develop and improve day by day. It is the unshirkable responsibility of political scientists to conscientiously study and expound the achievements of China's political development since the reform and opening up. Therefore, the publication of the book "Review and Prospects: China's Political Development Since the Reform and Opening Up" written by Yang Haijiao, a researcher at the Institute of Political Science of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, and many experts and scholars is very necessary and timely, and it is worth celebrating. Now that the book is about to come out, I have the privilege of giving a sneak peek and a few superficial impressions after reading. First, the viewpoint is clear and the argument is strong. With the deepening of reform and opening up and the establishment and development of the socialist market economic system, the pattern of social interests has sharply differentiated and adjusted, and the value orientation of members of society has become increasingly diversified. With a highly responsible spirit and a scientific way of thinking, as well as the methods of observation and thinking, from the height of the overall situation and a relatively broad perspective, the book "Shun and Prospect" comprehensively reviews the historical trajectory and main theme of China's political development since the reform and opening up, fully explains the main contents of the political development of socialism with Chinese characteristics, systematically discusses the achievements of China's political development in the past 30 years of reform and opening up from the combination of theory and practice, and comprehensively summarizes the political construction and political construction since the reform and opening up. The experience accumulated in political system reform and political development shows the prospects and direction of China's future political development. The views and propositions put forward in the book are supported and explained by authoritative literature and epoch-making change practice process, and strive to make the words reasonable, persistent, theoretical expounded, and thorough and in-depth. It can be said that this work not only theoretically explains the scientificity and rationality of the political development of socialism with Chinese characteristics and the brilliant achievements made by theoretically with irrefutable facts, so that the readers can fully understand the historical process, unique advantages and essential characteristics of China's political development in the past 30 years of reform and opening up, but also provides theoretical support for the practical process of China's political development in the past 30 years since the reform and opening up with profound rational thinking and theoretical arguments. It is conducive to the majority of readers to adhere to the path of socialist political development with Chinese characteristics more consciously and full of confidence. Second, it is rich in information and dignified and thick. 30 years is a short moment in the long river of history. However, in the past 30 years since China's reform and opening up, miracles have been created in the history of the Chinese nation, and the political development, which is an important part of social development, has almost all been milestones in some major events in its 30-year historical process. It is the mission and responsibility of political scientists in the current era to record it truthfully and theoretically reproduce it as a whole. From the perspective of history, the book "Review and Prospects" adopts the method of combining history and logic, uses historical perspective, and systematically examines the political development of the 30 years of reform and opening up with detailed historical data, whether it is the construction of socialist democratic politics with Chinese characteristics, or the description and achievements and summaries of experience in the process of building the Communist Party of China and the construction of anti-corruption and clean government, all of which are supported by rich and detailed historical data and historical facts. The historical materials in the author's possession are extremely rich and reliable, and there is no doubt that the exposition and interpretation based on rich historical materials not only give him a deep and dignified sense of history, but also increase its strong persuasive power. In a sense, the work is a history textbook of China's political development in the 30 years of reform and opening up. Third, the content is comprehensive and the scale is magnificent. Holding high the great banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics, opening up a path of political development with Chinese characteristics, and promoting the political development process of socialism with Chinese characteristics are the inevitable, realistic choices and future directions of history. The political development of socialism with Chinese characteristics has extremely rich content, of which the Communist Party of China as the leading force of China's political development, party building is the key to China's political development, the construction of socialist democratic politics with Chinese characteristics is the main content of China's political development, and this political democracy is embodied and guaranteed through a series of political systems, political system reform is the driving force for political development, whether it is political system reform, or the soundness and perfection of the political system, and must be orderly, Harmonious political environment and political state. The construction of socialist political democracy with Chinese characteristics, the sound and improvement of various political systems, the continuous deepening of political system reform, and the formation and maintenance of political stability constitute a magnificent picture of China's political development in the past 30 years of reform and opening up. "Review and Prospects" is divided into nine topics, which basically shows the overall picture of political development in the past 30 years of reform and opening up, covering all aspects of political development in the past 30 years since reform and opening up from four aspects: reviewing the development process, summarizing achievements, summing up experience, and envisioning prospects. Of course, there are also areas for improvement. As a result of the thematic discussions, although the perspectives and emphases of the topics are different, there is inevitably some duplication between the topics; Some of the formulations and expressions in the article also need to be further studied and scrutinized, hoping to attract the attention and discussion of colleagues in China's political science circles. August 2008(AI翻译)

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GB/T 7714-2015 格式引文
杨海蛟,王冠群,亓光.回顾与展望:改革开放以来中国的政治建设与政治发展[M].北京:中国社会科学出版社,2019
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MLA 格式引文
杨海蛟,王冠群,亓光.回顾与展望:改革开放以来中国的政治建设与政治发展.北京,中国社会科学出版社:2019E-book.
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APA 格式引文
杨海蛟,王冠群和亓光(2019).回顾与展望:改革开放以来中国的政治建设与政治发展.北京:中国社会科学出版社
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