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中国语音学报.第14辑

Chinese Journal of phonetics

ISBN:978-7-5203-8474-2

出版日期:2020-12

页数:156

字数:258.0千字

点击量:5602次

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语音学的三个分支:发音语音学、声学语音学及听觉语音学,分别对应有声语言言语链的三个重要环节:言语的产生、传播以及感知,一起构成交际双方的感知链和自我感知反馈链。言语链上的各个环节需要相互关联,共同协作,才能保证顺利的言语交际。然而,对于重度或极重度听障患者而言,由于听觉器官病变或损伤,无法构成完整的言语交互回路,从而制约了其语言能力的正常发展,影响其社会化进程。

本期《中国语音学报》特编辑了听障儿童语音加工障碍的综述和研究成果,集中了6篇有关听障儿童的非典型语音特征及干预个案研究,抛砖引玉,希望能有更多的同仁参与相关的研究,为进一步揭示汉语言语障碍人群的语音加工机制,实现对其言语障碍的有效评估及干预而努力。除此之外,本期还呈现了疫情防御新形势下“口罩模态”的语音交际,健听者及二语习得者的音段及超音段的产出与感知特点等多方面的研究。

语音学是一门相对独立且交叉性很强的学科,涉及的研究领域相当广泛。中国的言语听觉科学需要与语音学、听力学、康复医学、计算语言学等多学科交叉融合,才能深入地考察中国言语障碍人群的话语特征;而语音学也应该发挥自身的学科优势,逐步开启从韵律小单元迈向韵律大单元的研究新视野,逐步完善对中国言语障碍人群从音段特征到超音段特征的系统描写,为中国言语听觉康复事业提供新的研究范式和理论依据。

The three branches of phonetics, pronunciative phonetics, acoustic phonetics and auditory phonetics, correspond to the three important links of the speech chain of spoken language: the generation, transmission and perception of speech, which together constitute the perception chain and self-perception feedback chain of both sides of communication. All links in the speech chain need to be interconnected and work together to ensure smooth verbal communication. However, for patients with severe or very severe hearing impairment, due to the lesion or injury of the hearing organ, it is impossible to form a complete speech interaction circuit, which restricts the normal development of their language ability and affects their socialization process. This issue of Journal of Chinese Chinese and Sound specially edited the review and research results of speech processing disorders in hearing-impaired children, and concentrated 6 case studies on atypical speech characteristics and interventions in hearing-impaired children, hoping that more colleagues can participate in relevant research, so as to further reveal the speech processing mechanism of people with Chinese language impairment and realize the effective assessment and intervention of speech disorders. In addition, this issue also presents a variety of research on the speech communication of "mask mode" under the new situation of epidemic prevention, and the output and perception characteristics of the voice and super-voice of hearing speakers and second language learners. Phonetics is a relatively independent and highly intersectional discipline, involving a wide range of research areas. Chinese speech and hearing science needs to be cross-integrated with phonetics, audiology, rehabilitation medicine, computational linguistics and other disciplines to deeply investigate the discourse characteristics of Chinese people with speech disorders. Phonetics should also give full play to its own disciplinary advantages, gradually open a new horizon of research from small prosody unit to large prosody unit, and gradually improve the systematic description of Chinese speech disorder from syllabic characteristics to super-phonic characteristics, so as to provide a new research paradigm and theoretical basis for Chinese speech and hearing rehabilitation.(AI翻译)

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引文

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GB/T 7714-2015 格式引文
李爱军,于珏,中国社会科学院语言研究所.中国语音学报.第14辑[M].北京:中国社会科学出版社,2020
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MLA 格式引文
李爱军,于珏,中国社会科学院语言研究所.中国语音学报.第14辑.北京,中国社会科学出版社:2020E-book.
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APA 格式引文
李爱军,于珏和中国社会科学院语言研究所(2020).中国语音学报.第14辑.北京:中国社会科学出版社
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