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马克思生产理论与中国供给侧改革研究

ISBN:978-7-5227-0004-5

出版日期:2022-05

页数:211

字数:151.0千字

点击量:6017次

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改革开放四十多年来,中国经济保持高速增长,现已成功步入中等收入国家行列,成为名副其实的经济大国。但是其中的问题也不少,随着人口红利衰减、国际经济形势低迷等一系列内因与外因的作用,经济发展进入新常态。新常态下,中国经济下行压力明显,新旧动能转换,供给侧改革成为创新驱动发展战略的突破口,“释放新需求,创造新供给”被写入党的十八届五中全会公报,成为“互联网+”“中国制造2025”“大众创业,万众创新”“一带一路”等众多新动能的重中之重。如此重大的战略需要合适的理论给予指导和实际经验进行参照,但是目前理论界对于我国供给侧改革的研究大多来自西方经济学,而当下我国经济发展所面临的情况与当年西方明显不同,西方世界的国情和我国也有着本质的区别,生搬硬套无益于解决问题。供给侧改革不能只谈供给,要全面地看待问题,不能照搬照抄西方理论,要从本国的实际情况出发。

马克思生产理论是关于生产乃至经济发展的最本质的理论,生产力的思想是社会改革的标准,但是目前学界从马克思主义思想的角度研究供给侧改革的成果很少,这不得不说是个遗憾。《马克思生产理论与中国供给侧改革研究》正是基于这方面的考虑,从马克思生产思想出发,对供给侧改革涉及的相关理论和历史经验进行比较,对当代中国供给侧改革进行研究分析。本书的总体思路是先进行理论比较和实际经验比较,在这两者的基础上进行供给侧改革的理论定位和任务解析,内容主要涉及马克思生产相关理论与西方经济学相关理论比较、供给侧改革的历史经验比较、供给侧改革的指导理论定位、供给侧改革的任务分析等,并在这些理论和经验的基础上探索生产系统平衡性问题、产能过剩问题、资本循环和劳动力转移,以及国有经济和公共产品等议题。

本书的贡献和创新点在于:(1)在理论上探索了马克思的生产理论,并将其与西方经济学相关理论进行比较,区分其中的相似点与不同点,并最终运用到供给侧改革的研究中,阐明了中国的供给侧改革不能照搬西方经济学理论,而是应该在马克思生产理论的指导下进行。这不仅丰富了学界研究马克思主义现实问题的视角,而且在一定程度上解决了学界关于我国供给侧改革理论选择的争论。(2)在研究方法上使用了TFP(全要素生产率)的测算原理,用TFP原理探索了供给侧改革的生产系统平衡性问题,TFP方法的使用将供给侧改革的定位和方向阐述得更为明确和清晰。这个方法也为学界探索中国经济发展尤其是生产力提高路径,以及生产力提高以后如何实现新的供求均衡的发展提供了具体的方向。(3)在学术观点上提出供给侧改革要分析供给的“需求”改革和需求的“供给”改革。供给的“需求”改革和需求的“供给”改革的探讨能将供给侧改革的主体和客体分析清楚,让供给侧改革的任务“三去一降一补”更加明确和有的放矢。这个观点也可为学术界完善供给侧结构性改革的相关理论提供研究思路。

关键词:马克思生产理论;生产力;供给侧改革

Abstract

During the 40 years after the Chinese economic reform,the economy in China continues to grow rapidly,successfully making China a middle income country and veritably a country of great economic power.However,with a series of internal and external causes,such as the decreasing demographic dividend,the accumulation of the risk of the“middle income trap”,and the profound adjustment of the international economic structure,economic development has become the“new normal”.Economic downward pressure becomes obvious under the new normal,where new and old drives convert,supplier-side reform becomes the breakthrough point of an innovation driven development strategy,and“releasing new demands and creating new supplies”were all issued in a communique of the Fifth Plenary Session of the 18th Communist Party of China(CPC)Central Committee,turning into one of the most important new drives among others such as“the Internet”,“Made in China 2025”and“Mass Entrepreneurship and Innovation”.Such significant strategy requires an appropriate instructive theory and practical experience as reference.However,the most theoretical research provided by academia mostly derive from Western economics and the economic growth situation faced by the West at that time is apparently different than that faced by our country now.Moreover,the conditions of Western countries and our country is,in essence,different,and blindly following their path does no good to solving the problem.

Marx's production theory is the most essential theory about production and even economic development.The thought of productivity is the standard of social reform.However,research on supplier-side reform from the perspective of Marxism is rare,which,not to mention,is a shame.This is where this paper,Marx's Production Theory and the Supplier-Side Reform in Our Country,sets out,comparing relevant theories on supplier-side reform with past experiences from the viewpoint of Marxism and analyzing the supplier-side reform of contemporary China.This paper is mainly about the instructive theoretical status of supplier-side reform,references of supplier-side reform from past experiences,and an analysis of supplier-side reform,etc.With these theory and experience as the basis,issues such as the balance of the production system,excess capacity,circuit of capital and labor force transfer,are explored.

The innovation points:(1)This paper explores Marx's production theory in theory,compares it with the relevant theories of western economics,distinguishes the similarities and differences,and finally applies it to the research of supply side reform,and expounds that China's supply side reform can not copy western economic theory,but should be carried out under the guidance of Marx's production theory.This not only enriches the perspective of the academic circles to study the practical problems of Marxism,but also provides a different theoretical perspective for the academic circles to study China's supply side reform.(2)In the research method,the calculation principle of TFP(total factor productivity)is used to explore the balance of production system of supply side reform.The use of TFP method makes the positioning and direction of supply side reform more clear and clear.This method also provides a specific direction for the academic circles to explore the path of China's economic development,especially the improvement of productivity,and how to realize the new balanced development of supply and demand after the improvement of productivity.(3)From the academic point of view,it is proposed that the supply side reform should analyze the“demand”reform of supply and the“supply”reform of demand.The discussion of supply“demand”reform and demand“supply”reform can clearly analyze the subject and object of supply side reform,and make the task of supply side reform“three deletions,one reduction and one supplement”more clear and targeted.This view can also provide research ideas for academia to improve the relevant theories of supply side structural reform.

Key words: Marx's Production Theory; Productivity; Supplier-side Reform

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GB/T 7714-2015 格式引文
贾微晓.马克思生产理论与中国供给侧改革研究[M].北京:中国社会科学出版社,2022
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MLA 格式引文
贾微晓.马克思生产理论与中国供给侧改革研究.北京,中国社会科学出版社:2022E-book.
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APA 格式引文
贾微晓(2022).马克思生产理论与中国供给侧改革研究.北京:中国社会科学出版社
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