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发达国家和发展中国家能源消费与碳排放控制研究: 基于产业结构演...

作者: 栾晏
出版日期:2016-10-01
浏览次数:33次
ISBN:978-7-5161-9112-5
简介: 当前,由过度碳排放带来的大气环境污染问题已经逐渐引起国际社会的广泛关注,因为环境污染问题会涉及社会生产、居民生活等各个领域,所以,它不仅会影响各国未来经济的发展及当前经济发展模式的选择,同样也会影响到世界各国的政策选择,以及经济利益格局的分配。从世界各国经济发展情况来看,大多呈现明显的阶段性特征。在不同的经济发展阶段,国民经济中的主导产业不同,而主导产业的生产与发展又直接影响一次能源消费量与碳排放水平。能源的不断更替和变革是人类社会不断发展的重要标志,在推动经济增长和促进经济发展的同时,产生大量碳排放,对自然环境造成污染,加剧气候变化。更为重要的是,当前国际传统能源储备和环境承载能力有限,无法持续支持当前经济增长模式。因此,在产业结构演变视角下,研究发达国家与发展中国家能源消费与碳排放控制问题具有重要意义。碳排放主要受能源消费影响,而能源消费又决定于经济增长下的产业结构。全球经济社会的持续健康发展,需要开发出可替代的新能源,这些主要的新能源核心技术都集中于经济发达国家。同时,主要发达国家已走过工业化时期,现处于以第三产业为主的后工业化时期,第三产业碳排放低,有的行业甚至是零碳排放。这样

对外贸易、跨国外包与能源环境

作者: 吕延方
出版日期:2016-10-01
浏览次数:30次
ISBN:978-7-5161-8074-7
简介: 本书由华侨大学高层次人才科研启动项目和国家自然科学基金提供资助,全书共分七章,包括引言、能源环境约束下的贸易政策绩效、贸易对环境的非线性效应、外包内含的能源消耗和碳排放规模、承接外包与能源环境的动态关联性、对外贸易和外包实践的分地区分行业差异特征等内容。本书立足中国现实问题,探寻了现阶段中国对外贸易政策、外包实践与有效利用能源、保护环境协同发展的新路径,并针对性地提出了中国经济发展新常态时期可持续发展的新思路和经济转型的政策建议。
关键词: 对外贸易  研究  中国  服务业  对外承包  

我国能源行业财税政策及税费水平的国际比较

作者: 史丹
出版日期:2016-06-01
浏览次数:47次
ISBN:978-7-5161-8032-7
简介: 本书在对当前石油、天然气、电力和煤炭行业财税(费)制度的政策文件进行系统性梳理归纳的基础上,综合能源行业财税政策走向和税费负担水平的国际比较,对当前我国能源行业财税政策的效用、税费结构和税费负担的合意性,以及新形势下的改革方向与可行性路径进行了前瞻性探索和创新性回答,将为进一步规范和完善我国能源行业的财税制度、推进能源行业税费制度改革,实现能源行业持续健康发展提供重要的决策参考价值。
关键词: 能源政策  财政政策  研究  中国  税收政策  

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“一带一路”战略:互联互通、共同发展:能源基础设施建设与亚太...

作者: 李平 刘强
出版日期:2015-09-01
浏览次数:48次
ISBN:978-7-5161-6923-0
简介: Abstract:The theme report for the 4th Global Forum on Energy Security Conference is completed by the Task Force of The Institute of Quantitative & Technical Economics (IQTE) of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS).The energy security is recognized as a critical global issue of common concern. As the world's largest energy consuming country,China is facing an extremely serious energy security situation. After a rapid development for three decades since the reform and opening-up,China's economy has entered the New Normal,which not only provides us with opportunities for the structural adjustment,industry upgrading and social problems solving,but also brings new problems and challenges.“One Belt,One Road” initiative is significant for the international energy cooperation. China puts forward the development concept of building “Silk Road Economic Belt” (SREB) and “21st Century Maritime Silk Road” (MSR). This strategic concept is accordance with China's inland and maritime energy import passage,which will help strengthen the energy ties between China and the countries along the passage. On the other hand,it will help to promote the regional integration and development,eliminate the development gap between different nations and eliminate the cradle for the extremism and terrorism through the cooperation in energy and traffic infrastructures,commercial,finance,and investment. If effectively implemented,it will bring our world more common interests beyond the anticipation.For energy cooperation,it is necessary to highlight the infrastructure interconnection,as well as the currency,capital,trade,financial cooperation in order to promote the development of a common energy market in Asia. In reference to the successful experiences of common energy market in North America and the European Union,the common energy market in Asia can be developed by sharing the financial platforms. It is suggested in the report to promote the construction of three regional energy common markets in North-East Asia,Central Asia and Southeast Asia,and to construct natural gas trading centers for Eastern Asia and Southeast Asia by means of the “21st Century Maritime Silk Road” Strategy. The following key projects are highly recommended.A.The report puts forward to build the northern deep-water port,Caofeidian,as the natural gas market where the three major pipelines,namely eastern section of China-Russia natural gas pipeline,Central Asia and West-East Gas Pipeline and the offshore liquefied natural gas (LNG) import pipeline from the Western and Southeast Asia and Australia,are connected with the huge consumer market in circum-Bohai-Sea (CBS)region and Northeast Asia. To fulfill this target,it is necessary to connect the natural gas supply networks between China's northeast region and CBS region with that in Far East regions of Russia and part of the Republic of Mongolia. This natural gas market will integrate storage,delivery and billing into one system,and affect the area of Northeast and Southeast Asia. This will effectively adjust the China's energy structure,promote the cooperative development of Beijing,Tianjin and Hebei province (BTH),and reduce the air pollution. This strategy will enable the combination of the “21st Century Maritime Silk Road” with Grassland Road and Silk Road,forming a new economic growth point in Asia.B.To promote the interconnection between China-Central Asia energy pipelines with Pakistan-China economic corridor and the Western Asia energy networks for cooperative economic development of the western China,the five Central Asian countries,Pakistan as well as Western Asia and the Caspian coastal region. This area has a population of approximately 200 million,and has rich energy resources and market potential,therefore,making itself the key development area of the Silk Road Economic Belt. It will greatly promote the peace and development process in the Middle East and bring the world with significant security benefits if this development goal is fulfilled.C.To push the energy cooperation between China and ASEAN,including enhancing the connectivity between China's Southern Power Grid and the electricity projects in Myanmar,Laos,Vietnam,Thailand,Cambodia to form a regional electricity networks,thus to improve the energy structure in southern China with clean hydropower. Also it is better to strengthen the cooperation between China and Singapore,Malaysia,Indonesia,Brunei and other countries in oil and gas and speed up the further integration of oil and gas markets in Eastern and Southeast Asia and the formation of pricing centre in Eastern Asia.Key Words:“One Belt One Road” lnitiative,Energy Security,Natural Gas Hub,Energy Connectivity

城市化、能源消费与经济增长:理论分析与实证研究

作者: 张优智
出版日期:2015-05-01
浏览次数:6次
ISBN:978-7-5161-6159-3
简介: 2013年我国GDP达到了568845.21亿元,同时期能源消费总量也达到了375000万吨标准煤,比1978年的57144万吨标准煤高出了317856万吨标准煤。图1-1显示,随着我国经济总量的增加,能源消费量迅速上升,但是1992年前后我国出现了能源供需矛盾。在1992年之前,中国能源生产总量大于能源消费总量,但是从1992年后则一直是能源消费总量大于能源生产总量,能源供需之间开始出现矛盾。《BP世界能源统计年鉴(2014)》的相关数据表明:我国2013年能源进口在GDP中所占比重几乎是2003年的3倍。《BP2030世界能源展望》还预测:到2030年,中国与印度将分别成为世界上最大和第三大经济体以及能源消费国,两国的人口、GDP和能源需求总和将占全球总量的35%。同时快速的经济发展意味着工业化、城市化和机动化。未来20年全球煤炭需求净增长将全部来自中国和印度,全球94%的石油需求净增长、30%的天然气需求净增长,以及48%的非化石燃料需求净增长都将来自中印两国。《BP2030世界能源展望》还指出:中国更高的能源需求将会导致2030年的全球煤炭、石油以及天然气需求分别提高32%、8
关键词: 城市化  关系  能源消费  研究  经济增长  

中国的能源产业成长:理论研究与战略设计

作者: 胡健
出版日期:2014-12-01
浏览次数:22次
ISBN:978-7-5161-5074-0
简介: 石油资源量是指已经发现的石油储量和未发现的石油资源量的总称。从2003年年底开始,国土资源部、国家发展和改革委员会、财政部启动了第三次全国油气资源评价工作。石油天然气评价了全国115个盆地;煤层气评价了42个含煤盆地(群),覆盖了全国主要含煤盆地;油砂评价了全国陆地24个盆地的106个矿带;油页岩评价了全国47个盆地的80个含矿区。根据全国第三次油气资源评价结果,我国石油远景资源量为1086×108t,石油地质资源量为765×108t,可采资源量为212×108t。由于地质条件和勘探程度的不同,我国石油资源的分布呈极不均衡态势。从分布的盆地上看,我国石油资源集中分布在渤海湾、松辽、塔里木、鄂尔多斯、准噶尔、珠江口、柴达木和东海陆架八大盆地,其可采资源量182.31×108t,占全国可采资源量的86%,而其他100多个盆地可采资源量都不多,合计起来也只占全国的14%(表1-1-1)。表1-1-1 石油资源量的主要盆地分布 单位:108t我国石油地质资源和可采资源的探明程度分别为36.0%和35.9%。全国累计探明原油地质储量超过1×108t的15个盆地的石油地质资源量和可采资源量分别是6
关键词: 能源工业  工业发展战略  研究  中国  
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