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中国脱贫攻坚调研报告.通辽篇

作者: 王苏敏 王泰 安春英
出版日期:2020-01-01
浏览次数:124次
ISBN:978-7-5203-6770-7
简介: 摘要:作为长期存在的一种社会经济现象,贫困问题是一个世界性难题,消除贫困,是全人类的共同目标和美好愿望。党的十八大以来,习近平同志把扶贫开发摆到治国理政的重要位置,提升到事关全面建成小康社会、实现第一个百年奋斗目标的新高度,纳入“五位一体”总体布局和“四个全面”战略布局进行决策部署,鲜明提出“精准扶贫”理念。内蒙古通辽地区长期以来由于其特殊的区域位置、地理环境问题和民族特点相互交织,贫困问题一直极其深厚,是内蒙古地区反贫困的重点,在少数民族地区的精准扶贫中具有一定的代表性。通辽市根据自身环境特点,立足特色资源,开展特色产业助力精准扶贫,通过品种改良、科学养殖、全产业链经营等方式,促进当地黄牛产业规模化,带动饲草、屠宰、加工、销售等相关领域的发展,助力农民增收;挖掘蒙医药经济、科技、文化、生态潜力,打造内蒙古蒙中药材品牌,努力把蒙中医药产业打造成为通辽市主要支柱产业,带动贫困地区农牧民转型发展和全区农牧民创收致富;开展乡村旅游,努力推动生态建设与脱贫攻坚深度融合,将“旅游+扶贫”作为带动贫困地区群众脱贫致富的民生产业和扶贫攻坚的重要抓手,着力引导贫困旗县依托当地景区旅游资源,实施景区品质提升工程,完善景区配套设施,实现景区对周边贫困村的带动力,帮助贫困嘎查村增收脱贫,持续释放旅游扶贫新活力;利用国家关于无补贴平价上网项目新政出台的有利契机,重点推进100万千瓦风电平价上网项目,结合生态保护和环境治理工作,积极推进光伏治沙、光伏领跑、采煤沉陷区、矿区排土场光伏发电项目,鼓励利用建筑物及附属场地,制定出台光伏能源产业发展规划,鼓励新能源企业通过改进技术、引进设备等方式降低成本,有序开展竞价上网,着力推进风电、光伏发电分别实现平价上网;通过打造通辽市电子商务产业园区,发展“互联网+”项目,引导贫困户融入电商产业链条,积极推动贫困地区、贫困户的产品线上线下互动营销,助推增加贫困户收入;通过推进公益林生态效益补偿、实施退耕还林、开展草沙系统治理等模式开展生态扶贫,依托并发挥贫困地区生态资源禀赋优势,选择与生态保护紧密结合、市场相对稳定的特色产业,将资源优势转化为产业优势、经济优势;通过落实助学资助政策体系,加大教育扶贫力度,为贫困家庭的孩子接受更好的教育创造条件,通过资助政策帮助贫困家庭学生完成学业,大力发展民族教育,通过扶贫与扶智有机结合,促进贫困民众内生动力,实现“输血”式扶贫向“造血”式扶贫的转变,全力打好教育扶贫“组合拳”,完成“发展教育脱贫一批”的重要任务;通过提升社会兜底保障工程,开展慢病贫困患者送医送药服务,实现家门口诊疗,所有旗县建立了“一站式”结算服务综合窗口等措施,推动社会救助体系进一步健全,确保困难群众基本生活水平与全面小康相适应,免除贫困户生产生活方面的后顾之忧。此外,本书还从完善精准扶贫效果、强化考核落实、提高地方政府治理能力、宣传能人带动战略及政策制定和实施等方面探讨了通辽市精准扶贫的经验、成就与启示,旨在打破扶贫工作的困境,扎实推进通辽市精准扶贫工作发展。未来通辽市将扎实做好后续帮扶工作,巩固脱贫成果;狠抓作风能力建设,加强对脱贫工作绩效特别是贫困县摘帽情况的监督;切实加强组织领导,健全攻坚机制,完善政策措施,集中力量全面完成剩余脱贫任务,切实提高贫困人口获得感。关键词:通辽市;精准扶贫;模式;经验Abstract: As a long-standing social and economic phenomenon,poverty is a worldwide problem.Eliminating poverty is the common goal and good wish of all mankind..Since the eighteen Party's Congress,the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as its core has put the poverty alleviation and development into an important position in governing the country that achieves to a new height of building a well-off society in an all-round way and accomplishs the first hundred year's goal of struggle.It has been included in the overall layout of the five in one and the strategic layout of the “four sides”,which aims to make decision and deployment,increase investment in poverty alleviation and innovate poverty alleviation.Major poverty alleviation policies and measures,which clearly put forward the concept of “targeted poverty alleviation”.For a long time,the poverty problem in Tongliao region of Inner Mongolia is very serious because of its special regional location,geographical environment and ethnic characteristics,which has been the focus of anti-poverty in Inner Mongolia autonomous region.It has a certain representativeness in the targeted poverty alleviation in minority areas.In the long-term theoretical summary and practical exploration of anti-poverty,Tongliao City,based on its own environmental characteristics and characteristic resources,has developed characteristic industries to help targeted poverty alleviation.Tongliao city has promoted the large-s cale and standardized breeding of lo cal cattle industry,thereby driving the development of forage,slaughter,processing,sales and other related fields,and has helped farmers increase their income through variety improvement,scientific breeding and whole industrial chain management.To drive the transformation and development of farmers and herdsmen in poverty-stricken areas,and create income and prosperity for farmers and herdsmen in the whole region,the Mongolian traditional medicine has been built in Tongliao city by exploring the potential of Mongolian medicine in economy,science and technology,culture and ecology,expanding and strengthening the cause of Mongolian medicine,building the brand of Mongolian traditional Chinese medicine in Inner Mongolia.To carry out rural tourism,strive to promote the deep integration of ecological construction and poverty alleviation,“tourism+poverty alleviation” has been taken as an important starting point for people's livelihood industry and poverty alleviation in poverty-stricken areas,and striving to guide poverty counties to rely on lo cal scenic spot tourism resources to implement the quality improvement project of scenic spot,improve the supporting facilities of scenic spot,and realize the driving force of scenic spot to surrounding poor villages,thereby helping the poor village ofGacha get rid of poverty by increasing income and continuously release the new vitality of poverty alleviation.Taking advantage of the favorable opportunity of the new policy of the country's unsubsidized low-cost Internet project,Tongliao city has focused on promoting the 1 million-kilowatt wind-level Internet project,combined with ecological protection and environmental governance,actively promoting photovoltaic sand control,photovoltaic leadership,coal mining subsidence areas,and mining area dump for photovoltaic power generation projects,encouraging the use of buildings and affiliated venues,formulating development plans for the photovoltaic energy industry,encouraging new energy companies to reduce costs through improved technology,introduced equipment,etc,conducting orderly online bidding,and focusing on promoting wind power and photovoltaic power generation to achieve respectively parity access to the Internet.To develop “Internet+” project,guide poor households into the e-commerce industry chain,the e-commerce industrial park has been built in Tongliao city,which will actively promote online and offline interactive marketing of products in poor areas and poor households,and help increase the income of poor households.By promoting the ecological benefit compensation of public welfare forest,implementing the mode of returning farmland to forest,and developing the grass and sand systemgovernance,Tongliao city has carried out ecological poverty alleviation,relying on and exerting the advantages of ecological resources endowment in poor areas,and selecting characteristic industries that are closely integrated with ecological protection and have relatively stable markets to transform resources advantages into industrial advantages and economic advantages.By implementing the policy system of aid to students,the efforts of poverty alleviation through education has been strengthened to create conditions for children from poor families to receive better education.The aid policy has been carried out to help the students from poor families complete their studies,vigorously developing national education.The endogenous power of poor people has been promoted through the organic combination of poverty alleviation and intellectual support,aming to realize the transformation from “blood transfusion” poverty alleviation to“hematopoiesis” poverty alleviation,meanwhile,a good combination of education and poverty alleviation has also been made,aming to complete the important task of “developing education to lift a number of people out of poverty”; By enhancing the social support project,carrying out the delivery of medical services and medicines for chronically ill and poor patients,and achieving door-to-door diagnosis and treatment,all Qi counties have established a “one-stop” settlement service comprehensive window and other measures to promote the further improvement of the social assistance system,in order to ensure that the basic living standard of the poor is compatible with the overall well-off,and to avoid the worries of the poor households in production and life.In addition,this book also has discussed the achievements and enlightenment of targeted poverty alleviation in Tongliao City from the aspects of perfecting the effect of targeted poverty alleviation,strengthening the implementation of assessment,improving the governance ability of lo cal governments,promoting the strategy and policy formulation and implementation driven by competent people,aiming to break the dilemma of poverty alleviation and solidly promote the development of targeted poverty alleviation in Tongliao City.In the future,Tongliao City will do a solid job in the follow-up assistance work,consolidate the achievements of poverty alleviation; pay close attention to the construction of work style and capacity,strengthen the supervision of the performance of poverty alleviation work,especially the decapitation of poor counties; practically strengthen the organization and leadership,improve the key mechanism,as well as the policies and measures,focus on the overall completion of the remaining tasks of poverty alleviation,and effectively increase the sense of access of the poor people.Key words: Tongliao city; Targeted poverty alleviation; Model; Experience
关键词: 扶贫  调查报告  通辽  脱贫攻坚  

中国脱贫攻坚调研报告.临沧篇

作者: 余炳武 李官 杨宝荣
出版日期:2020-01-01
浏览次数:49次
ISBN:978-7-5203-6769-1
简介: 摘要:临沧市是云南省最不发达的地区之一,2.4万平方公里的国土面积有97.5 %是山区,260多万人口。临沧生物多样,气候立体,山高谷深,江河纵横,交通不便,多民族杂居且劳动者素质偏低,在这样的边疆民族贫困地区,要实现全体人民持续脱贫致富,困难重重。临沧立足区域特征,因地制宜选择产业,持续优化产业布局,持之以恒抓产业发展。20世纪60年代起,开始布局蔗糖产业,用了近30年时间,稳步实现60万蔗农脱贫。1990年起优化布局茶叶产业,覆盖高中低三个海拔段,受益农业人口140万人。2005年开始大规模发展核桃产业,涉及人口100万人,实现高海拔山区32万农民脱贫。2002年将临沧坚果作为生态修复树进行推广种植,2012年开始整体推进,带动建档立卡贫困户6万多户,24万人实现脱贫。到2020年,临沧全部贫困人口如期脱贫,走出了一条依托产业发展持续脱贫、稳定脱贫、长久脱贫之路。临沧优化产业布局,协调发展,使生态不断得到修复、老百姓收入不断增长、农民综合技能不断提高。本书以临沧坚果产业发展为例,通过实地调研,收集大量的真实案例,结合产业发展相关资料,完整展示临沧坚果产业选择、试种推广、规划布局、示范引导、企业引领、科技支撑的全过程。临沧产业发展的成功经验告诉我们,要因地制宜选择产业、把握全局规划产业、引导群众发展产业、组织联动做大产业、依靠科技做强产业。临沧经验归根结底就是一句话:绿水青山就是金山银山。关键词:临沧坚果;产业布局;产业发展;精准脱贫;临沧市Abstract: Lincang City is one of the least developed areas in Yunnan Province,with 97.5 % mountainous area in its land of 24000 square kilometer and a population of more than 2.6 million.It is characterized by biodiversity,three-dimensional climate,high mountains and deep valleys,crisscross rivers,inconvenient transportation,mixed ethnic groups and low quality of workers.In such a povertystricken area,it is difficult for all the people to get rid of poverty and become rich continuously.However,based on regional characteristics,Lincang chooses industries according to lo cal conditions,continuously optimizes the industrial layout,and persistently focuses on industrial development.In the 1960s,the sugar industry began to be distributed in Lincang City,and 600000 sugarcane farmers were steadily lifted out of poverty in nearly 30 years.Since 1990,the layout of tea industry has been optimized there,covering high,middle and low altitudes,benefiting 1.4 million agricultural people.In 2005,they began to develop the walnut industry on a large s cale,involving a population of 1 million,and as a result,320000 farmers in highaltitude mountainous areas threw off poverty.Lincang nut was popularized in 2002,planted as an ecologi cal restoration tree,and in 2012 the crop was promoted as a whole,driving more than 60000 poverty-stricken households to file and es tablish cards and lifting 240000 people out of poverty.By 2020,all the poor people in Lincang will shake off poverty as scheduled,and a sustainable,stable and long-term way has been found out relying on industrial development.Lincang industry optimizes the layout and coordinates development,so that the ecology has been constantly restored,the income of the people is growing,and the comprehensive skills of farmers are constantly improved.This study takes the development of Lincang nut industry as an example.Based on numerous collected real cases through field research and the relevant information of industrial development,it fully displays the whole process of the selection,trial planting and promotion,planning and layout,demonstration guidance,enterprise guidance,and scientific and technologi cal support of Lincang nut industry.The successful experience of industrial development in Lincang tells us that we should select industries according to lo cal conditions,grasp their overall planning,guide the masses to develop them,organize linkage to expand them,and rely on science and technology to strengthen them.Lincang experience can be summed as: lucid waters and lush mountains are invaluable assets.Key words: Lincang nut; industrial layout; industrial development; precise poverty alleviation; Lincang City
关键词: 扶贫  调查报告  环境规划  临沧  

中国脱贫攻坚调研报告.喀什篇

作者: 邓延庭
出版日期:2020-01-01
浏览次数:32次
ISBN:978-7-5203-7030-1
简介: 摘要:喀什地区自古以来就是丝绸之路上的交通枢纽,多个民族共同创造了灿烂的历史文化,是当前中国与中亚、南亚国家共建丝绸之路经济带的重要桥头堡之一。但作为南疆深度贫困地区之一,贫穷、落后、闭塞等问题日益成为制约喀什地区各县市经济社会健康可持续发展的主要现实障碍,客观上制约了喀什在地理和人文历史等方面所拥有的传统优势系统转化为现实发展的动力。自精准扶贫全面开始以来,喀什地区牢固树立以发展带动减贫脱贫的思路,立足于自身的实际情况,在国家政策东风与红利和自身发展特点与需求之间,准确找到契合点,取得了一系列特色鲜明、成就显著、效果良好的扶贫发展成就。喀什地区的扶贫发展不仅为新时代新疆各县市的经济社会转型升级注入了强大的内生动力,而且在带动各民族共同致富奔小康的过程中,进一步增强了中华民族共同体意识,为民族团结和边疆稳定做出了积极贡献。本书主要从“十三五”期间喀什地区的总体扶贫发展情况着眼,同时选取全地区唯一位于帕米尔高原上的县——塔什库尔干,将叶城作为喀什绿洲上目前尚未脱贫摘帽的四个贫困县的代表,开展相关的个案研究,梳理和介绍当地近年来的扶贫发展思路、举措、成就,为系统认知全面决胜小康背景下的喀什地区发展机遇和挑战,提供相应的实证研究案例和观察视角。关键词:喀什地区;塔什库尔干;叶城;特色产业;易地搬迁;精准扶贫Abstract:The Kashi region has been the transportation hub on the Silk Road since ancient times.With its splendid history and cultures created by the multi-ethnic groups,it is one of the important bridge-heads of the Silk Road Economic Belt jointly constructed by China,Central Asian and South Asian countries.However,the region is one of the severely impoverished areas in the southern part of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region.Problems such as poverty,backwardness and lack of information are becoming the major obstacles which constrain the economic,social sustainable development of counties and cities in the Kashi region,thus eliminating the motives of turning its traditional strength in geography,humanity,history and culture into development opportunities.Since the beginning of targeted poverty alleviation project,the Kashi region has made excellent development in poverty alleviation,which features its own characteristics,prominence in achievement and excellence in results after it has firmly taken an approach of development driving poverty alleviation and poverty elimination and accurately targeted the meeting point among the national policies,policy dividends,features and demands of its own development route.Achievement in poverty alleviation in the Kashi region not only generates powerful endogenous momentum for economic and social upgrade in counties and cities in the ne w era,b ut also further deepens the co mmu nity sense of the Chinese nation developed in the process of the Prefecture's role of leading every ethnic group to achieve common prosperity and to strive for a relatively comfortable life,which has contributed to the unity of ethnic groups and the stability in border areas.This paper looks at the overall development of poverty alleviation in the Kashi Region during the period of the 13thFive-Year Plan(2016—2020),chooses Tashkurghan County(the only county located in the Pamir Plateau)and Yecheng County(a representative case of the four counties which are yet taken out of poverty in the oasis of Kashi)as case studies,and makes a reasonable review of and introduces the developmental approaches,measures and achievement of the poverty alleviation,providing empiri cal case study evidence and observation angles for the systematic understanding of the opportunities and challenges in the Kashi region when achieving the full victory in building a welloff society.Key words: Kashi region,Tashkurghan,Yecheng,special industry,relocation,targeted poverty alleviation
关键词: 扶贫  调查报告  喀什地区  

中国脱贫攻坚调研报告.定西篇

作者: 张永丽 李文刚 沈志宇 耿小娟
出版日期:2020-01-01
浏览次数:12次
ISBN:978-7-5203-6773-8
简介: 摘要:素有“陇中苦瘠甲于天下”之称的定西市位于甘肃省中部,境内丘陵起伏,沟壑纵横,历史上自然条件严酷、生态环境脆弱,灾害频发、干旱缺水,基础设施建设落后、社会经济发展水平低,人民生活长期徘徊在温饱线上。为了改变当地的贫困面貌,在党中央、国务院和甘肃省委、省政府的亲切关怀和帮助下,1982年启动的“三西”扶贫开发计划拉开了定西市有计划、有组织、大规模区域性扶贫开发的序幕,此后的“八七”扶贫、开发式扶贫、整村推进扶贫均取得了显著的扶贫成效。2013年精准扶贫精准脱贫政策的实施则使定西市进入了脱贫攻坚的决胜期、改革开放的深化期和民生改善的黄金期,历史性地消灭了绝对贫困,定西市将与全国一道步入全面小康。报告共九章。首先介绍了定西市的社会经济发展状况、历史上贫困的成因和扶贫开发历程与实践。在此基础上,对定西市精准扶贫政策体系与主要内容、精准扶贫开发的重要举措和成效进行了梳理。为进一步体现定西市精准扶贫政策成效,该书针对当地具有典型意义的马铃薯、中医药、新能源、养殖业、劳务输转、金融扶贫等展开案例分析,对其精准扶贫的内容与措施、扶贫模式、扶贫成效、经验启示进行了剖析。最后,在客观分析精准扶贫精准脱贫实践意义的情况下,总结得出了定西市精准扶贫精准脱贫的经验,并就进一步巩固脱贫成果、解决相对贫困问题的政策措施进行了探讨。关键词:定西市 精准扶贫 精准脱贫 成效 经验案例Abstract: Due to the harsh ecologi cal environment,poor infrastructure and low level of social and economic development,farmers have long struggled to meet their basic needs.Dingxi has long been regarded as a typi cal example of poor areas.In order to change the face of poverty,under the cordial care of the Party Central Committee,the State Council,provincial Party committees and provincial governments,the “Three West” poverty alleviation and development program,launched in 1982,opened the historic prologue of planned,organized and large-s cale regional development and poverty alleviation in Dingxi,since then,the Poverty Reduction Plan in 1987,development-oriented poverty alleviation,the whole village poverty reduction program have achieved remarkable results.The implementation of the anti-poverty policy in 2013 made Dingxi enter the decisive stage of poverty alleviation,all the counties and districts of Dingxi will have been lifted out of poverty in the end of 2020.There are nine chapters in this book.Firstly,it introduces the social and economic development of Dingxi,the causes of poverty and the process of poverty alleviation and development.On this basis,the paper sorts out the policy system and main contents,as well as the important measures and effects of the development of the precision poverty alleviation in Dingxi.To further demonstrate the effectiveness of the targeted poverty alleviation and Development Policy,the book focuses on poverty alleviation from the aspects of the typi cal potato industry,traditional Chinese medicine industry,new energy industry,aquaculture and other industries in the city,as well as labor transfer and poverty alleviation,on the aspect of financial poverty alleviation,the paper makes a detailed analysis of the process of industrial development,the content and measures,the model,the effectiveness and the experience of poverty alleviation,and further comprehensive analysis of the lo cal industrial experience of poverty alleviation,with a view to relevant regions,related industries to provide reference for poverty alleviation.Finally,based on the objective analysis of the practi cal significance of precision poverty alleviation,the author concludes the experience and reference of Dingxi precision poverty alleviation.Keywords: Dingxi; Targeted Poverty Alleviation; Results;Experience; Case
关键词: 扶贫  调查报告  定西  

中国脱贫攻坚调研报告.延安篇

作者: 燕连福 李新烽
出版日期:2020-01-01
浏览次数:13次
ISBN:978-7-5203-6772-1
简介: 2019年4月,中国社会科学院积极响应国家主席习近平在2018年中非合作论坛北京峰会开幕式主旨讲话精神,成立中国非洲研究院,旨在同非洲各国深化文明互鉴,加强治国理政和发展经验交流,为中非共建“一带一路”,共同建设面向未来的中非全面战略合作伙伴关系,携手构筑更加紧密的中非命运共同体提供智力支持和人才支撑。习近平主席在致中国非洲研究院成立贺信中指出,希望中国非洲研究院汇聚中非学术智库资源,增进中非人民相互了解和友谊,为中非和中非同其他各方的合作集思广益、建言献策,为促进中非关系发展、构建人类命运共同体贡献力量。中国非洲研究院成立以来,着力打造中非交流平台,密切中非学术交往,促进人心相通;发挥研究基地作用,开展共同研究,助力中非共建“一带一路”;发挥人才高地作用,培养高端专业人才;发挥传播窗口作用,讲好中国故事、非洲故事和中非友好合作故事。
关键词: 扶贫  调查报告  延安  

中国脱贫攻坚调研报告.恩施州利川篇

作者: 安春英 杨镇全
出版日期:2020-01-05
浏览次数:21次
ISBN:978-7-5203-6771-4
简介: 摘要:自20世纪80年代中期以来,利川市经历了大规模开发式扶贫、八七扶贫攻坚、新时期扶贫开发、精准扶贫四个发展阶段。党的十八大以来,利川市委、市政府围绕“六个精准”“五个一批”,坚持目标导向,聚焦贫困问题,建立精准扶贫工作体系与机制,出台了一系列精准扶贫、精准脱贫的指导政策,推出了完善基础设施、发展特色产业、做强民宿旅游新经济、探索电商扶贫方式、促进贫困人口就业、以金融扶贫“贷”动脱贫、夯实教育扶贫根基、提升医疗服务保健康、生态保护与扶贫开发相结合、易地扶贫搬迁谋幸福、社会保障兜底与扶贫开发有效衔接等举措,成效显著。2014—2019年,利川市累计减贫219119人,141个贫困村全部出列,贫困发生率从2013年年底的27.4 %下降至2019年年底的0.25 %。2020年4月,在经过县市自查、州级初审、省级第三方评估检查后,湖北省人民政府公示公告利川市退出贫困县序列,利川市脱贫攻坚阶段性目标如期完成。坚持党的领导,压实脱贫攻坚责任,强化扶贫领域作风建设,加大扶贫资金投入支持力度,坚持扶贫先扶志与扶智,因地制宜兴产业,壮大村级集体经济,构筑“三位一体”全社会合力扶贫大格局,是利川市精准扶贫、精准脱贫的宝贵经验。在脱贫攻坚由非常态“攻坚战”进入常态“持久战”之时,利川市正在继续探索“后2020年升级版”的可持续减贫之路。关键词:利川市;精准扶贫;政策体系;专业扶贫;行业扶贫;社会扶贫;经验分享Abstract: Since the mid-1980s,Lichuan county has experienced four development stages,including “large-s cale development-oriented poverty alleviation”“the Seven-Year Priority Poverty Alleviation Program”“poverty alleviation development in the new era”and “targeted poverty alleviation”,in order to explore the path of rapid economic and social development,and the improvement of people?s wellbeing.Focusing on the “six precision”and “five batches”oriented approach in order to eliminate poverty,since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China,Lichuan Municipal Party Committee and Municipal Government have established systems and mechanisms for targeted poverty alleviation,issued a series of guidelines for targeted poverty alleviation and targeted poverty reduction.Comprehensive measures have been conducted with successful achievements,including improving infrastructure,developing special entity industries,strengthening the new economic growth point of home-stay tourism,exploring the e-commerce poverty alleviation model,tackling unemployment,using financial loans to improve financial stability,preventing poverty through education,improving medi cal services to protect health,combining ecologi cal protection measures with poverty alleviation and development,relocating people in poverty to a good location to seek happiness,as well as providing basic social security for extremely poor people.From 2014 to 2019,a total of 219,119 people in Lichuan county were no longer living in destitution,with all 141 previously poverty-stricken villages no longer being classified as poor.The incidence of poverty decreased from 27.4% at the end of 2013 to 0.25% at the end of 2019.In April 2020,after internal examination at county level,preliminary examination at state level and third-party assessment at provincial level,with the announcement of the People?s Government of Hubei Province to withdraw Lichuan from the list of poverty-stricken counties,the goal of tackling poverty in Lichuan county has been completed as scheduled.Adhering to the leadership of Chinese Communist Party,consolidating responsibilities,strengthening the construction of work style,increasing investment and support of poverty alleviation funds,sticking to the project initiative and wisdom,promoting the industry according to lo cal conditions,strengthening the village-level collective economy,and building a “trinity”pattern of joint society poverty alleviation are valuable experiences that have been gained through Lichuan?s targeted poverty alleviation and reduction project.While poverty alleviation has been transformed from an extraordinarily “tough battle”into a normal “protracted war”,Lichuan county continues to explore the road to sustainability of the “post-2020 upgraded version”.Key Words: Targeted Poverty Alleviation,Policy System,Lichuan County,Professional Poverty Alleviation,Poverty Alleviation in the Field,Social Poverty Alleviation Experience Sharing
关键词: 扶贫  调查报告  利川市  

中国脱贫攻坚调研报告.湘西篇

作者: 李新烽 刘琪洲 王南
出版日期:2020-01-01
浏览次数:19次
ISBN:978-7-5203-6774-5
简介: 摘要:湘西地处湖南西部山区,曾经苦苦探索扶贫脱贫之路,并付出了艰辛努力。习近平总书记2013年11月3日视察湘西时做出“实事求是、因地制宜、分类指导、精准扶贫”的重要指示,首次提出“精准扶贫”理念,不但为湘西扶贫发展带来了前所未有的历史性机遇,而且为中国的扶贫脱贫注入了强劲动力、指明了前进方向。在“精准扶贫”理念的指导下,湘西州全面推进“十项工程”,为湘西扶贫提供了不竭动力。包括:发展生产脱贫工程、乡村旅游脱贫工程、转移就业脱贫工程、易地搬迁脱贫工程、生态补偿脱贫工程、教育发展脱贫工程、医疗救助帮扶工程、社会保障兜底工程、基础设施配套工程和公共服务保障工程。截至2020年3月,湘西8个县市全部实现脱贫摘帽,区域性整体贫困问题基本得到解决,湘西的扶贫攻坚取得历史性成就。湘西州扶贫经验包括:牢记习总书记殷切嘱托,提高政治站位;强化党委领导,压实四级责任;坚持分类指导,实施“十项工程”;突出精准发力,促进“五个结合”6751865;注重脱贫质量,做到“四防两严”6751866。“脱贫摘帽不是终点,而是新生活、新奋斗的起点。”未来,湘西将继续落实高质量发展要求,以巩固提升脱贫攻坚成果为总抓手,以贫困村为主战场,以解决相对贫困问题为主攻方向,着眼建立解决相对贫困的长效机制,全面提升湘西州贫困农村的发展能力,适时启动乡村振兴战略的实施。本报告主要采用实地考察、人物访谈、文献研读,以及查阅媒体报道等方式收集相关信息和材料,并在此基础上进行归纳、分析和判断,以作为本报告撰写的素材和依据。本报告共六章,介绍了精准扶贫理念的提出、湘西的基本情况及特点,回顾了湘西扶贫历程,对湘西精准扶贫的举措、典型案例、取得的成就等进行了充分的展示,同时也描述了未来湘西脱贫攻坚的努力方向。关键词:精准扶贫;十八洞村;十项工程;五个结合;四防两严;未来发展Abstract: Xiangxi is located in the mountainous area of western Hunan.Throughout recent history, many people have made great efforts to alleviate poverty in the region.During his inspection of Xiangxi on November 3,2013, General Secretary Xi Jinping made an instruction that we should“seek truth from data, adapt to local conditions, and implement Targeted Poverty Alleviation”.This concept of Targeted Poverty Alleviation was proposed for the first time in history, presenting unprecedented historical opportunities for the development of Xiangxi,and it also pointed out the way forward for poverty alleviation throughout China.Under the guidance of the concept of Targeted Poverty Alleviation, Xiangxi Prefecture comprehensively promoted the Ten Projects, which were a highly effective source of poverty alleviation.These projects include the development of production, rural tourism, employment migration, relocation, ecological compensation, the development of education, healthcare assistance, social security, infrastructure facilities construction and public services.By March 2020, all eight counties and cities in Xiangxi have achieved the goal of poverty alleviation,and the overall regional poverty problem has been basically resolved.The poverty alleviation efforts have achieved historic success.Poverty alleviation experiences in Xiangxi Prefecture include: strengthening the party committee's leadership and fulfilling the four-level responsibilities; adhering to guidance and implementing Ten Projects; making precise efforts; promoting the Five Combinations6751867; focusing on the quality of poverty alle viation; and achieving the Four Preventions and Two Requirements6751868.“Removing poverty is not the end point,but the starting point of a new life and a new struggle.”In the future, Xiangxi will continue to implement the development requirements, with an overall focus on consolidating and improving the positive results of poverty alleviation.Poor villages will be the battlefield on which to solve poverty problems and begin to fix problems related to relative poverty, focusing on establishing a long-term mechanism to solve these problems, comprehensively improving the development capacity of poor rural areas in Xiangxi Prefecture, and launching the implementation of the rural revitalization strategy in due course.The investigators and authors of the Report collected information through trips to the field,interviews,literature review,and an examination of press reports.After analyzing these sources, they selected the materials and references for the final Report.The Report is composed of six chapters,introducing the proposal of the concept of Targeted Poverty Alleviation, providing an overview of the region and reviewing the history and performance of its various poverty alleviation methods.The authors also explain the specific measures enacted, some typical cases, the achievements of the program and the direction of future poverty alleviation work.Key words: Targeted Poverty Alleviation; Shibadong Village;Ten Projects;Five Combinations;Four Preventions and Two Requirements; Future Development.

中国脱贫攻坚调研报告.盐池篇

作者: 张风林 王林聪
出版日期:2020-01-01
浏览次数:13次
ISBN:978-7-5203-6953-4
简介: 摘要:宁夏盐池县位于陕甘宁蒙四省交界,地处毛乌素沙漠南缘,是革命老区、国家级贫困县,“老”“少”“边”“穷”在很长时间都是盐池县的代名词。盐池县脱贫之路经历了五个阶段:从1983—1993年“三西”建设到1994—2000年“双百”攻坚,从2001—2010年千村扶贫到2011—2015年百万贫困人口扶贫,再到2016—2020年精准扶贫,经过几代人坚持不懈的努力,盐池县成功实现脱贫。特别是党的十八大以来,盐池县深入贯彻落实习近平总书记关于精准扶贫精准脱贫基本方略,举全县之力向贫困发起总攻,找准脱贫攻坚之路,压实主体责任,激发贫困群众内生动力,统筹实施产业扶贫、金融扶贫、光伏扶贫、科技扶贫、生态扶贫、基础提升等十项工程,通过发展滩羊、牧草、中草药、小杂粮、黄花和适合农户增收的家庭经营小品种产业为重点,强产业稳增收,夯基础补短板,建机制兜底线,于2018年顺利实现脱贫摘帽,成为宁夏第一个脱贫摘帽县。本报告认为,在党和政府的领导下,盐池人民将中国特色扶贫脱贫之路成功付诸实践,创造了脱贫攻坚伟大奇迹,彻底改变了盐池的历史面貌。脱贫攻坚的盐池经验是,严格按照党中央作出打赢脱贫攻坚战的重大决策部署,实施产业扶贫、金融扶贫、光伏扶贫、基础提升等十项工程,瞄准贫困群众发展产业资金短缺的薄弱环节,以此为扶贫工作的突破口,创新开展互助资金、评级授信、四信平台建设等多种金融扶贫小额信贷工作,全面构建社会信用体系,打造诚信社会,创新担保模式,以“互助资金”结合“千村信贷”撬动了数倍发展资金,扩大贫困户评级授信覆盖面;创新推行“扶贫保”,破解了建档立卡贫困户贷款困难、因病因灾返贫等十大难题,形成了独具特色的盐池模式。盐池样板的意义在于,充分发挥政治优势、制度优势和政策优势,采取综合措施,加大脱贫攻坚力度,以久久为功的韧性,夯实基础、授人以渔,从源头上阻断贫困的代际传递,彻底改变贫困地区的落后面貌。同时,巩固提升扶贫攻坚成果,坚持摘帽不摘责任、摘帽不摘政策、摘帽不摘帮扶、摘帽不摘监管,扶贫工作与实施乡村振兴战略相结合,真正使县域经济强起来和农民富起来。关键词:脱贫攻坚;“三区”;贫困标签;盐池经验Abstract: Yanchi County,Ningxia,is located at the junction of Shaanxi,Gansu,Ningxia and Inner Mongolia,and on the south edge of the Mu Us Desert.It is an old revolutionary base area and national poverty-stricken county.Even in a long period,Yanchi County is the representative of remote and poverty-stricken areas.The poverty alleviation way in Yanchi County has gone through five stages: construction of“Three-Xi”(Hexi,Dingxi and Xihaigu)(1983-1993),“double-hundred”priority poverty alleviation(1994-2000),1000-village poverty alleviation(2001-2010),poverty alleviation for millions of poor people(2011-2015)and targeted poverty alleviation(2016-2020).Through the unremitting efforts of several generations,Yanchi County successfully achieved poverty relief.In particular,since the Eighteenth Congress of the Communist Party of China,Yanchi County has thoroughly implemented the general strategy of targeted poverty alleviation and poverty relief proposed by General Secretary Xi Jinping,taken the full resources of the county to change poverty,found the right way for priority poverty relief,firmly established the main responsibility,well aroused the endogenous power of the poverty-stricken masses,coordinated the implementation of ten projects of industry poverty alleviation,financial poverty alleviation,photovoltaic poverty alleviation,poverty alleviation through science and technology,ecologi cal poverty alleviation,foundation improvement,etc.By focusing on the development of Tan sheep,pasture,Chinese medi cal herbs,minor coarse cereals,daylily and family-run small variety industry suitable for farmers to increase their income,strengthening the industry to stabilize the income increase,consolidating the foundation to make up for the weakness,and building a mechanism to ensure the basic life,Yanchi was successfully removed from the poverty list in 2018,becoming the first county in Ningxia.In this report,it is believed that under the leadership of the Party and government,the people in Yanchi County successfully have put the poverty alleviation and relief way with Chinese characteristics into practice,created a great miracle in priority poverty relief,and fundamentally changed the histori cal features of Yanchi.Experience of Yanchi in the priority poverty relief: Yanchi County has made major decisions and arrangements for priority poverty relief as per the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China strictly,implemented ten projects of industry poverty alleviation,financial poverty alleviation,photovoltaic poverty alleviation,foundation improvement,etc.,taken the weak link of fund shortage in the industry development of the poverty-stricken masses as the breakthrough of poverty alleviation,innovated and conducted the mutual financial poverty alleviation microfinance work such as mutual funds,rating and credit granting and construction of four-credit platform,to comprehensively construct the social credit system and create the credible society;innovated the guarantee mode,leveraged the development funds of several times through combination of“mutual funds”and“1000-village credit”,enlarged the coverage of the rating and credit granting system for registered poverty-stricken households;and innovated and implemented the“poverty alleviation insurance”,to solve ten difficult problems of registered povertystricken households,including loan difficulty and poverty returning due to diseases and disasters,and form the Yanchi mode with unique features.The significance of Yanchi model lies in full exerting politi cal,institutional and policy advantages,adopting comprehensive measures,increasing the intensity of priority poverty relief,and constantly consolidating the foundation by“teaching people to fish”,to truly block intergenerational transmission of poverty from the source and channel,and completely change the backward appearance of poverty areas.At the same time,Yanchi County has consolidated and improved the poverty relief results,and adhered to the policy of insisting on responsibilities,policies,supporting and supervision after getting rid of poverty and being removed from the poverty list and combining the poverty alleviation and implementation of rural revitalization,so as to truly strengthen the county-level economy and enrich the peasants.Key Words: Priority Poverty Relief,“Three-Area”,Poverty Label,Yanchi Experience
关键词: 扶贫  调查报告  盐池县  
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