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中国梦与民族复兴研究

ISBN:978-7-5161-9014-2

出版日期:2016-10

页数:422

字数:396.0千字

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基金信息: 陕西省社会科学基金重点项目 展开
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科学的理论总是以体系的形式呈现出来,只有把握科学的理论体系,才能全面地、系统地、准确地把握其内在逻辑和基本精神,防止和克服片面性。“文化大革命”结束以后,邓小平就曾要求我们要科学地对待毛泽东思想,他指出:“我们不能够只从个别词句来理解毛泽东思想,而必须从毛泽东思想的整个体系去获得正确的理解。”2104679“要善于学习、掌握和运用毛泽东思想的体系来指导我们各项工作。”2104680毛泽东思想作为一个科学体系已经得到了全党全国人民的确认。党的十一届三中全会以来,我们党在实践中形成和创立的中国特色社会主义理论也是一个科学理论体系。党的十八大以来,以习近平为总书记的党中央围绕“两个一百年”的奋斗目标,在推进社会主义现代化建设和实现中华民族复兴中国梦的伟大征程中,就如何坚持和发展中国特色社会主义、如何实现治国理政发表了一系列重要讲话,形成了一系列新思想、新观点、新论断,它们彼此联系、相互贯通,以民族复兴中国梦为核心构成一个完整的理论体系。深入学习和宣传习近平系列讲话精神,关键在于科学地、准确地把握中国梦的科学体系。

民族复兴中国梦思想之所以是一个科学理论体系,是因为:第一,它坚持了马克思主义实事求是的思想路线。马克思主义辩证唯物论和历史唯物论是我们党认识问题和解决问题的根本思想方法,用一个词表述,就是实事求是。实事求是,是毛泽东思想的精髓,也是中国特色社会主义理论体系的精髓。民族复兴中国梦思想,作为中国特色社会主义理论体系的最新成果,其精髓必然也是实事求是。习近平在治国理政的伟大实践中,特别注重学习和运用马克思主义辩证唯物论和历史唯物论的思想方法,强调一切从社会主义初级阶段的实际出发,坚持用全面的、辩证的、联系的、历史的观点看问题、做事情,要提高战略思维、历史思维、辩证思维、创新思维、底线思维、法治思维能力,这些都充分体现了实事求是的思想路线。第二,它有一条主线,这就是坚持和发展中国特色社会主义。中国特色社会主义,是科学社会主义理论逻辑和中国社会发展历史逻辑的辩证统一,它既坚持了科学社会主义的基本原则,又根据时代条件赋予其鲜明的中国特色。中国特色社会主义是一百多年来科学社会主义理论与实践发展的结晶,它是当代中国的科学社会主义,但绝不是科学社会主义的终结,它还要不断向前拓展,以不断丰富其实践特色、理论特色、民族特色、时代特色。民族复兴中国梦思想是十八大以来我们党坚持和发展中国特色社会主义的最新理论成果。第三,它有一个鲜明的主题。作为一个理论体系,它必然有一个自己的主题。毛泽东思想的主题就是“中国革命和建设”,邓小平理论的主题是“什么是社会主义,怎样建设社会主义”,“三个代表”重要思想的主题是“建设什么样的党,怎样建设党”,科学发展观的主题是“实现什么样的发展,怎样发展”,而习近平民族复兴中国梦思想的主题就是“什么是民族复兴,怎样实现民族复兴”。第四,它形成了一系列相互贯通的思想观点。具体包括:中国梦的本质是实现中华民族的伟大复兴,中国梦的基本内涵是国家富强、民族振兴、人民幸福,中国梦的实现途径是走中国道路、弘扬中国精神、凝聚中国力量,中国梦既是中国的也是世界的,等等。

中国梦作为一个科学理论体系,主要包括以下内容:第一,在民族复兴的根本目标问题上,强调实现国家富强、民族振兴、人民幸福。第二,在民族复兴的战略步骤问题上,强调到建党一百周年时实现全面建成小康社会,到建国一百周年时实现富强民主文明和谐的社会主义现代化国家,在此基础上实现中华民族的伟大复兴。第三,在民族复兴的道路选择上,强调中国特色社会主义是科学社会主义理论逻辑和中国社会发展历史逻辑的辩证统一,中国特色社会主义道路是实现民族伟大复兴的必由之路。第四,在民族复兴的总体部署问题上,强调全面落实经济建设、政治建设、文化建设、社会建设、生态文明建设五位一体总布局,促进现代化建设各方面相协调,促进生产关系与生产力、上层建筑与经济基础相协调,实现中国特色社会主义的全面发展。第五,在民族复兴的精神支撑问题上,强调要弘扬以爱国主义为核心的民族精神和以改革开放为核心的时代精神,培育和践行社会主义核心价值观。第六,在民族复兴的依靠力量问题上,强调要凝聚中国力量,依靠全国各族人民的大团结。第七,在民族复兴的根本动力问题上,强调改革开放是当代中国最鲜明的特色,是党和人民事业大踏步赶上时代的重要法宝,是实现中华民族伟大复兴的关键一招。第八,在民族复兴的外部条件问题上,强调走和平发展道路,但决不放弃正当权益,决不牺牲国家的核心利益。第九,在民族复兴的领导核心问题上,强调党要管党、从严治党,坚持理想信念,坚决惩治腐败,把权力关进制度的笼子里。第十,在民族复兴的战略布局问题上,强调要全面建成小康社会、全面深化改革、全面依法治国、全面从严治党的战略布局。

总的来说,民族复兴中国梦思想在新的历史条件下,坚持和发展了中国特色社会主义,进一步回答了什么是社会主义、怎样建设社会主义,建设什么样的党、怎样建设党,实现什么样的发展、怎样发展等问题,创造性地回答了什么是民族复兴,怎样实现民族复兴的问题,在实现民族复兴的根本目标、战略步骤、道路选择、总体部署、精神支撑、依靠力量、根本动力、外部条件、领导核心、战略布局等问题上形成了一系列重要观点,是贯通哲学、政治经济学、科学社会主义等领域,涵盖经济、政治、文化、社会、生态、军事、外交、党建等方面的科学理论体系,是与马克思列宁主义、毛泽东思想、中国特色社会主义理论体系既一脉相承又与时俱进的理论体系。

Scientific theories are always presented in the form of systems, and only by grasping the scientific theoretical system can we comprehensively, systematically and accurately grasp its internal logic and basic spirit, and prevent and overcome one-sidedness. After the end of the Cultural Revolution, Deng Xiaoping asked us to treat Mao Zedong Thought scientifically, pointing out: "We cannot understand Mao Zedong Thought only from individual words, but must obtain a correct understanding from the entire system of Mao Zedong Thought." "2104679" should be good at studying, mastering and applying the system of Mao Zedong Thought to guide our work. 2104680 Mao Zedong Thought as a scientific system has been confirmed by the whole party and the people of the whole country. Since the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, the theory of socialism with Chinese characteristics formed and created by our Party in practice is also a scientific theoretical system. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee with Xi Jinping as its general secretary has made a series of important speeches on how to uphold and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics and how to realize governance in the great journey of promoting socialist modernization and realizing the Chinese dream of the rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, centering on the "two centenary goals" and on the great journey of promoting socialist modernization and realizing the Chinese dream of national rejuvenation. The key to in-depth study and publicity of the spirit of Xi Jinping's series of speeches lies in scientifically and accurately grasping the scientific system of the Chinese dream. The reason why the idea of national rejuvenation of the Chinese dream is a scientific theoretical system is: First, it adheres to the Marxist ideological line of seeking truth from facts. Marxist dialectical materialism and historical materialism are our party's fundamental ideological methods for understanding and solving problems. Seeking truth from facts is the essence of Mao Zedong Thought and the essence of the theoretical system of socialism with Chinese characteristics. As the latest achievement of the theoretical system of socialism with Chinese characteristics, the essence of the idea of national rejuvenation of the Chinese dream must also be seeking truth from facts. In the great practice of governing the country, Xi Jinping paid special attention to studying and applying the ideological methods of Marxist dialectical materialism and historical materialism, emphasizing that everything should proceed from the reality of the initial stage of socialism, insisting on looking at problems and doing things from a comprehensive, dialectical, connected, and historical point of view, and improving the ability of strategic thinking, historical thinking, dialectical thinking, innovative thinking, bottom-line thinking, and rule of law thinking, all of which fully embody the ideological line of seeking truth from facts. Second, it has a main line, that is, adhering to and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics. Socialism with Chinese characteristics is the dialectical unity of the theoretical logic of scientific socialism and the historical logic of China's social development, which not only adheres to the basic principles of scientific socialism, but also gives it distinctive Chinese characteristics according to the conditions of the times. Socialism with Chinese characteristics is the crystallization of the development of the theory and practice of scientific socialism for more than 100 years, it is scientific socialism in contemporary China, but it is by no means the end of scientific socialism, it must continue to expand forward, so as to constantly enrich its practical, theoretical, national and epochal characteristics. The idea of national rejuvenation of the Chinese dream is the latest theoretical achievement of our party in adhering to and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics since the 18th National Congress. Third, it has a distinct theme. As a theoretical system, it necessarily has a theme of its own. The theme of Mao Zedong Thought is "China's revolution and construction", the theme of Deng Xiaoping Theory is "what is socialism and how to build socialism", the theme of the important thinking of "three represents" is "what kind of party to build and how to build the party", the theme of the scientific outlook on development is "what kind of development to achieve and how to develop", and the theme of Xi Jinping's thought on national rejuvenation of the Chinese dream is "what is national rejuvenation and how to achieve national rejuvenation". Fourth, it has formed a series of interconnected ideological views. Specifically, the essence of the Chinese dream is to realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, the basic connotation of the Chinese dream is the prosperity and strength of the country, national rejuvenation and people's happiness, the way to realize the Chinese dream is to take the Chinese road, carry forward the Chinese spirit, and unite Chinese strength, the Chinese dream is both Chinese and the world, and so on. As a scientific theoretical system, the Chinese Dream mainly includes the following: First, on the issue of the fundamental goal of national rejuvenation, it emphasizes the realization of national prosperity and strength, national rejuvenation and people's happiness. Second, on the issue of strategic steps for national rejuvenation, it is emphasized that a moderately prosperous society should be built in an all-round way by the 100th anniversary of the founding of the CPC, and a prosperous, strong, democratic, civilized, and harmonious modern socialist country by the 100th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China, so as to realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation on this basis. Third, in the choice of the road of national rejuvenation, it is emphasized that socialism with Chinese characteristics is the dialectical unity of the theoretical logic of scientific socialism and the historical logic of China's social development, and the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics is the only way to realize the great national rejuvenation. Fourth, on the issue of the overall deployment of national rejuvenation, it emphasizes the comprehensive implementation of the five-in-one general layout of economic construction, political construction, cultural construction, social construction and ecological civilization construction, promotes the coordination of all aspects of modernization, promotes the coordination of production relations and productive forces, and the superstructure and economic foundation, and realizes the comprehensive development of socialism with Chinese characteristics. Fifth, on the issue of spiritual support for national rejuvenation, it is emphasized that it is necessary to carry forward the national spirit with patriotism as the core and the spirit of the times with reform and opening up as the core, and cultivate and practice the core socialist values. Sixth, on the issue of relying on the strength of national rejuvenation, it is emphasized that it is necessary to unite China's strength and rely on the great unity of the people of all ethnic groups throughout the country. Seventh, on the issue of the fundamental driving force of national rejuvenation, emphasizing that reform and opening up is the most distinctive feature of contemporary China, an important magic weapon for the cause of the party and the people to make great strides to catch up with the times, and a key move to realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. Eighth, on the issue of external conditions for national rejuvenation, we emphasize taking the path of peaceful development, but we will never give up our legitimate rights and interests or sacrifice the core interests of the country. Ninth, on the issue of the core of leadership for national rejuvenation, it is emphasized that the party should manage the party, administer the party strictly, adhere to ideals and beliefs, resolutely punish corruption, and put power in the cage of the system. Tenth, on the issue of the strategic layout of national rejuvenation, it emphasizes the strategic layout of building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way, comprehensively deepening reform, comprehensively governing the country according to law, and comprehensively administering the party strictly. In general, under the new historical conditions, the idea of national rejuvenation of the Chinese dream has adhered to and developed socialism with Chinese characteristics, further answered the questions of what socialism is, how to build socialism, what kind of party to build, how to build the party, what kind of development to achieve, how to develop, creatively answered the questions of what is national rejuvenation and how to achieve national rejuvenation, and the fundamental goals, strategic steps, road choices, overall arrangements, spiritual support, relying on strength, fundamental driving force, and external conditions for achieving national rejuvenation It is a scientific theoretical system that runs through the fields of philosophy, political economy, scientific socialism, etc., covering economy, politics, culture, society, ecology, military, diplomacy, party building, etc., and is a theoretical system that is in line with Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought and the theoretical system of socialism with Chinese characteristics and keeps pace with the times.(AI翻译)

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GB/T 7714-2015 格式引文
许门友,郭东敏,许伟.中国梦与民族复兴研究[M].北京:中国社会科学出版社,2016
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MLA 格式引文
许门友,郭东敏,许伟.中国梦与民族复兴研究.北京,中国社会科学出版社:2016E-book.
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APA 格式引文
许门友,郭东敏和许伟(2016).中国梦与民族复兴研究.北京:中国社会科学出版社
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