返回总库    

中图法分类

制度的力量

作者: 陈建兵 张雯
出版日期:2019-01-01
浏览次数:35次
简介: 实现中国梦必须要依靠中国力量,中国特色社会主义制度是具有鲜明中国特色、明显制度优势、强大自我完善能力的先进制度,是当代发展进步的根本制度保障。中国特色社会主义制度有力的支撑了当代中国的经济建设、政治建设、文化建设、社会建设和生态文明建设。完善和发展中国特色社会主义制度,不断展现和发挥中国特色社会主义制度优势,汇聚实现中国梦的磅礴力量。本书对深入认识中国特色社会主义制度的特色和优势、增强制度自信具有重要价值。

中国特色社会主义制度体系研究

作者: 秦正为
出版日期:2019-01-01
浏览次数:13次
简介: 中国特色社会主义制度体系,有着特定的形成条件,经历了特定的发展过程,其理论建构、主要内容、基本特征、基本经验具有鲜明的中国特色,彰显了特有的本质优势和比较优势,具有重大的历史意义。中国特色社会主义制度体系具有鲜明的体系特征,根本制度、基本制度、具体制度,结构合理、层次分明,大体系、中体系、小体系,有机统一、浑然一体。中国特色社会主义制度体系,是理论与实践、历史与现实、国内与国外诸多因素综合影响的必然结果,但内因是根本原因。这一制度体系,是中国发展取得巨大成就的根本制度保障,对于其他国家有参考借鉴意义,但不可照搬。

新中国成立初期农村基层政权建设问题研究:1949~1958

作者: 刘文瑞
出版日期:2019-01-01
浏览次数:30次
简介: This dissertation focuses on the construction of the rural grass-roots power under the leadership of the CPC in the early years of New China,examining the issue in a chronological order with the interaction between the nation and the society as an entry point and discussing it through the following aspects: its process,approach,significance and effects.It also analyzes the underlying relationships and the interaction between the construction of rural grass-roots power and the social changes,such as the Land Reform and the Agricultural Cooperation.The first chapter briefly discusses the theoretical exploration and the practices of the construction of the rural grass-roots power before the 1949 China.In the period of Domestic Revolution,the CPC always sought to combine the Theory of Marxism and the objective reality of China,gradually developed a complete intellectual system for the construction of the new democratic transition regime,and successfully led the construction of the rural grass-roots power in the revolutionary base areas,which helped accumulate the following great valuable experiences: first,we must wholeheartedly rely on our people,believe their great power and lay a solid mass base for the construction of the rural grass-roots power;second,we must work in accordance with the actual conditions of China,following the path of socialism with distinctive Chinese features;third,we must hold the livelihood issues as our fundamental focuses,increasing the masses'satisfaction degrees,strengthening the relationship between the Party and the masses.The three pieces of experience above are constructive on the construction of the rural grass-roots power after the founding of PRC.Next,the dissertation spends three chapters to examine the history of the construction of the rural grass-roots power under the leadership of the CPC in the early years of New China.Chapter three focuses on the process during which the Party built the system of the rural grass-roots power through the takeover of the regime and the Land Reform.In the early years of New China,the Party strategically transferred the work focus,posed some primary ideas for the development of the economy and the society and completed the top design of the political system,which together founded the theoretical basis for the construction of the rural grass-roots power.In the practical level,the Party gradually transferred to the new organizing system of the rural grass-roots power through the takeover of the old regime,the abolishment of the Bao-Jia System and the grass-roots democratic development.Meanwhile,the Party launched the Land Reform in the newlyliberated area,which played an active role in the construction of the rural grassroots power.First,the Land Reform laid the economic foundation for the rural grass-roots power;Secondly,it changed the power structure of the rural society;Third,it helped strengthen the group political identification of the farmers;Forth,it reconstructed the organizing system of the rural grass-roots power.Through the Land Reform,the rural grass-roots power of the New China gained the support and the acknowledgment of the farmers and earned its legal foundation.Chapter Four mainly discusses how the Party reset the tasks,and opens a new chapter of the construction of the rural grass-roots power after the Land Reform.After the Land Reform,it appeared something new,for example,the class structure of agriculture,the hierarchy newly differentiated,farmers required to enrich their families.Thus,CPC changed their initial envisage of how to transitive to socialism in stand by the Party's general line of transitional period.Under this circumstance,the basic task of rural grass-roots power also became Socialist Transformation for farmers.So the CPC initiated the rural Agricultural Cooperation.Through the boosting of grass-roots power,the implementation of unified purchase and sale and class path,the construction of rural Party organization,a new progress of construction of regime for farmers' Socialist Transformation was preliminarily opened.By the same time,besides opening a new chapter of China's democracy progress,the first session of National People's Congress also established solid basis of democratic and legal system for the construction of rural grass-roots power;the fifth chapter mainly focuses on how rural grass-roots power accelerated the progress of farmers' Socialist Transformation in the later period of Agricultural Cooperation,and record successful implementation of the basic objectives of the grassroots political power constructioncourse.Since the second half of 1955,CPC changed the guideline of Agricultural Cooperation in order to speed up the socialist transformation of agriculture.Under active advocacy of CPC and grass-roots power,Agricultural Cooperation developed rapidly.Rural China completed the transformation from cooperation group to primary community and then to superior community in a short time,and the rural grass-roots power also achieved the basic goal of farmers' Socialist Transformation.Though the development of Agricultural Cooperation broke farmers' ideology bottom line,because of the trust in CPC and Chinese government,the need of production,the hope of the future,and the group psychology when facing stress,they eventually accepted the transformation of state power intent.Upon completion of the co-operative,in response to the wave of retirement from community in parts of the country,to consolidate the triumph of agricultural co-operation,CPC launched movements of rectify the cooperative and rural socialist education,to some extent,to break through the difficulties faced by the rural grassroots political power.However,the socialist education movement also caused the interruption of grassroots political power of self-adjustment process,caused some negative impact on the long-term development of the rural economy and society.Finally,the dissertation summarizes the three historical significances of construction of rural grass-roots power in the early years of New China and its modern enlightenments.First,the construction of rural grass-roots power in the early years of New China build unified regime organization system and effectively integrated the rural resources,which created favorable conditions for the modern transformation of Chinese society.Secondly,the construction of rural grass-roots power in the early years of New China gained farmers' political recognition and build legal foundation of regime,which basically ensured the regime consolidation of New China.Third,the construction of rural grass-roots power in the early years of New China perfected democracy legal system and build legal foundation of regime,which established system and ideology base for the democracy construction of New China.Fourth,establish a good social atmosphere;make notable progress in improving socialist spiritual civilization.By analyzingthe construction of rural grass-roots power in the early years of New China,three modern enlightenments are summarized.First,we must insist the leadership of CPC and strengthen the construction of ruling party,which basically ensure the construction of rural grass-roots power.And then,we must adhere to the principle of popular sovereignty and developdemocracy at the grass-roots level,which are the core of construction of rural grass-roots power.Last,we must stick to seek the benefit for the masses and improve the independent participation of farmers,which are the successful experiences of construction of rural grass-roots power.Keywords: Construction of The Rural Grass-Roots; Organizing System;Basic Task; Basic Goal
关键词: 农村  地方政府  建设  中国  1949~1958  

“弱”关系“强”在哪里:网络参与下地方政府决策回应模式研究

作者: 翁士洪
出版日期:2018-01-03
浏览次数:122次
简介: 网络时代公共政策制定和执行中如何有效吸纳公众意见、实现决策者与公众的良性互动?本书是在国家社科基金青年项目基础上完成的,通过研究和解释网络参与背景下中国地方政府决策回应中的行为逻辑、行为模式,以及不同环节、主体之间的内在联系和制度逻辑、回应过程和机制,来深入探讨网络参与和政府决策之间从冲突走向协商的可能性和途径。本书提出在网络参与背景下头现政府管理和基层民主有机结合,提升地方政府决策有效性和治理效能的对策建议,即分别从政府与公众两个主体层面提出完善网络立法、规范网络参与秩序、增强互信与互动。本书对网络治理的研究者和政府管理者有参考价值。
关键词: 互联网络  应用  地方  政府  行政管理  方针政策  研究  中国  

选举民主的有效性与有限性

作者: 吴雨欣
出版日期:2018-01-02
浏览次数:121次
简介: 选举民主是民主形式的一种,它不仅具有广泛的适应性,而且具有极大的包容性。本书在厘定选举民主的科学含义及其实践条件后,着重研究选举民主的有效性与有限性。通过充分地揭示选举民主有效性和有限性的内涵、本质、衡量标准和具体表现,廓清了人们在选举民主问题上的种种迷误,深化和拓展了民主理论研究的空间。更为重要的是,通过对选举民主有效性与有限性的研究,有助于人们正确地选择社会主义民主建设的路径和具体形式。
关键词: 选举制度  社会主义民主  研究  中国  

新民主观与全面政治发展

作者: 张树华
出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:39次
简介: 摘要:习近平总书记在党的十九大报告指出,中国特色社会主义政治道路,是近代以来中国人民长期奋斗历史逻辑、理论逻辑、实践逻辑的必然结果,是坚持党的本质属性、践行党的根本宗旨的必然要求。世界上没有完全相同的政治制度模式,政治制度不能脱离特定社会政治条件和历史文化传统来抽象评判,不能定于一尊,不能生搬硬套外国政治制度模式。长期以来,如何辨清西方政治模式和理论的局限性,如何从制度模式和发展道路上总结中国政治发展的优势、特征和潜力,是摆在中国理论界和学术界的重要课题。而近年来“西方之乱、中国之治”的政治图景,为突破西式政治概念和逻辑的桎梏、完善和发展中国政治学科话语体系提供了鲜活的素材和难得的历史机遇。本报告指出,2008年国际金融危机爆发以来,西方社会陷入困境,进一步暴露了西式民主政治的缺陷。多年来,西式民主一元论造成了“民主过热、自由透支、治理赤字、发展无力”。西式自由民主理论思维走入极端,逻辑上陷入悖论,实践中步入泥潭。西式民主政治陷入了多重困境。2016年以来,国际社会一些有识之士纷纷发表看法,“看空”西式民主,看好中国政治道路和中国优势。例如,面对西方政治乱局,《金融时报》2017年下半年连续刊文称,“全球民主大衰退”“英美民主政体遭遇危机”、呼吁做空“全球民主”。西方政治乱象和政治困局已经引起了国际范围内对民主问题的探讨与反思。“西方之乱,中国之治”的命题,成为当今世界一个鲜明的政治写照。世界政治的如此图景,引发了2017年以来的西方舆论对东西方政治的“大反差”和“大反转”。冷战结束近30年来,伴随着国际经济格局的变化,全球政治版图正处于历史转折期,国际社会面临着几百年来罕见的“大变局”。本报告提出,准确把握世界潮流、辨析西式民主,将有助于更加科学地认识西方政治本质和优劣,有助于树立正确的民主观,有助于坚持“四个自信”,有助于坚定不移地走中国特色社会主义全面发展的政治道路。本报告提出,应坚定政治自信,在民主等政治概念研究中有破有立、破立并举:超越西式民主阐释和研究范式;鼓励升级版的民主研究路径;强调发展民主的民族性和主权性;强调发展民主的历史性和具体性;强调民主的实践性;强调民主的成长性和阶段性;强调民主与政治发展的关联性和差异性;强调国际关系民主化,构建人类命运共同体。以全面发展观破解西式民主悖论。政治发展的全面性是中国成功的政治密码和政治优势所在。以“四个伟大”的理念统筹推进“五位一体”的总体布局,协调推进“四个全面”的战略布局。坚持全面的发展观,加强政治建设,将民主纳入政治发展的轨道。以全面的政治发展提升国家治理能力、国家政治发展力和国际政治竞争力。关键词:民主 民主化 民主观 政治发展 政治衰败 苏共 俄罗斯 世界政治Abstract:The path of socialist political advancement with Chinese characteristics is the logical outcome of the evolution of history,theory,and practice as the Chinese people have long engaged in struggles since the advent of modern times.It is a requisite for maintaining the very nature of the Chinese Communist Party and fulfilling its fundamental purpose.No two political systems are entirely the same,and a political system cannot be judged in abstraction without regard for its social and political context,its history,and its cultural traditions.For a long time, how to perceive the defects of the Western political modes and theories and how to sum up the advantages, characteristics and potential of the Chinese mode and path of political development have remained an important task for Chinese academics and theorists.In this regard, the recent unfolding of political events,typically the drastic comparison between“Western chaos and Chinese governance”has provided a living example and golden opportunity for them to break off Western conceptual and logical shackles, with a view to developing and improving the Chinese discourse system of political science.Since the outbreak of the international financial crisis in 2008,according to the report,the Western society has been caught deep in a dilemma, laying bare the defects of the Western modes of democracy and politics.For many years, the Western monism of democracy has given rise to a bunch of emerging problems, such as“democratic overheat, freedom overdraft, governance deficit, and development intrepidity”.Hence, the Western theories of democratic politics are encountering multiple dilemmas:paranoid thinking, logical paradox and practical impasse.From 2016 onward, particularly, people of insight began to cast doubt over the Western mode of democracy while laying hopes on the Chinese path of political development and its peculiar advantages.In 2017, for instance, the Financial Times carried a series of articles entitled“The Global Democratic Recession”“The Crisis in Anglo-American Democracy”, etc., calling for a sober reflection on“global democracy”.The political chaos in the West also triggered off a widespread discussion and debate on democracy across the globe.The proposition of“Western chaos and Chinese governance”presents a vivid political snapshot of the contemporary world, leading to a“drastic turn”and“major shift”of Western opinion on Western and Eastern politics since 2017.In the past three decades, great changes have taken place in the international economic arena insomuch that a historical period of transition is setting in for global politics as well.We are in the midst of a“great transformation”unknown before in centuries.A good perception of global trends and Western mode of democracy,as noted by the report, will contribute to our understanding of the nature and pros-ons of Western politics, and will help us develop a proper view of democracy, adhere to“Four Confidences”(confidence in our path, confidence in our guiding theories, confidence in our political system, and confidence in our culture), and unswervingly pursue a political path of all-round development with Chinese characteristics.The report contends that China should be politically confident in a bid to distinguish between good and bad elements in political concepts including democracy; transcend the Western interpretative cycle and research paradigm of democracy; encourage an updated research path of democracy; stress the nationality and sovereignty of democratic development;stress the historicity and specificity of democracy; stress the practicality of democracy; stress the growth and periodicality of democracy; stress the correlation and differentiation between democracy and political development; and stress the democratization of international relations with a view to building a community of a shared future for mankind.In order to unravel the Western paradox of democracy, it is necessary to develop a new view of all-round development.All-round political development has been the peculiar key and advantage to China's success.We should use the“Four Greats”(great struggle, great project, great cause and great dream)to promote the overall plan for all-round economic, political, cultural, social and ecological progress, and to implement the strategic blueprint of“Four Comprehensives”(comprehensively building a moderately prosperous society, comprehensively deepening reform, comprehensively govening the country in accordance with the law, and comprehensively strengthening Party discipline).By embracing a view of all-round development,we can incorporate democracy into the orbit of political development, and can, as such, enhance our country's governance capabilities, political competence and international competitiveness.Keywords: Democracy Democratization Political Development Political Demise Soviet Communist Party Russia World Politics
关键词: 新民主观  民主政治  政治建设  

公共理性视域下的中国协商民主制度建构

作者: 周岑银
出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:36次
简介: 本书从公共理性与协商民主的逻辑关联性出发,致力于建构契合中国民主政治发展需要的协商民主制度体系。发展协商民主有助于实现公民参与、优化治理结构、提升决策品质和维护社会政治稳定。中国国家治理现代化呼唤协商民主的制度化发展,而使协商民主真正地运转起来,需要遵循规范性要求进行一些有益的制度建构,基于公共理性的中国协商民主制度建构的研究意义正在于此。

中国政治认识论

作者: 杨光斌
出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:64次
简介: 如何认识中国政治,是一项极具挑战性的重大课题。本书提出“大十字视野”,即从纵向的中国大历史和横向的世界政治的维度,历史地分析中国政治是如何一路走过来的,以及中国治理成就在世界政治中的比较优势。在此前提下,本书尝试对当代中国政治逻辑进行民主话语的阐释:政治道路(国体)的人民民主——政治制度(政体)的民主集中制——政治过程的协商共识型民主——政治评价体系上的“可治理的民主”。这种“大十字视野”下的历史比较和国际比较以及对不同层次的中国政治的民主理论解释,是作者长期以来与西方学术界关于中国政治的观念和认知的对话性产物。
关键词: 政治制度  认识论  
上一页 1 2345678910下一页  第 /15页  跳转

版权所有:中国社会科学出版社 地址:北京西城区鼓楼西大街甲158号 邮编:100720

京ICP备05032912号-4