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“一带一路”倡议下中国海外园区建设与发展报告.2018

出版日期:2018-01-02
浏览次数:244次
简介: 摘要:“一带一路”是中国与有关国家在既有双多边机制和区域合作平台上,共同打造政治互信、经济融合、文化包容的利益共同体、命运共同体和责任共同体的倡议。自2013年“一带一路”倡议提出以来,中国已同80多个国家和组织签署了共建“一带一路”政府间协议,“一带一路”中蒙俄经济走廊、新亚欧大陆桥经济走廊、中国—中亚—西亚经济走廊、中巴经济走廊、孟中印缅经济走廊以及中国—中南半岛经济走廊六大经济走廊沿线的65个国家和地区从东向西横贯亚洲、中东欧和北非,为中国企业“走出去”提供了广阔的舞台。据商务部统计,2017年,中国企业共对“一带一路”沿线的59个国家非金融类直接投资143.6亿美元,中国在“一带一路”沿线的国家级境外经贸合作区新增19个,入园企业增加2330家,上缴东道国税费11.4亿美元,中国海外园区建设功不可没。然而,与国外先进海外园区相比,中国海外园区仍然存在战略统筹不足、商业模式不清、发展要素集聚不够、高质量园区不多的“四不”问题。因此,如何按照党的十九大对“一带一路”建设提出的新要求,科学评估中国海外园区发展绩效和增长潜力、规避中国海外企业和园区发展风险、制订统筹发展战略、打造适用的管理模式、提升园区发展水平与治理能力、丰富“一带一路”的内涵、扩大“一带一路”倡议的国际影响,也就成为新时期全球政界、学界、商界关注的焦点。为此,本报告遵循历程、条件、评估、对策的写作思路,从“一带一路”倡议下中国海外园区发展历程、面临的机遇与挑战入手,构建了由投资环境、发展绩效、增长潜力三大领域、16个具体指标构成的中国海外园区建设综合评价指标体系,并以此为依据,对81家中国海外园区和“一带一路”六大经济走廊沿线国家和地区的45个中国海外园区进行了评估分析,并提出了“抱团出海”等推进“一带一路”沿线国家中国海外园区建设的对策建议,以期为中国海外园区科学、健康发展提供参考。关键词:“一带一路”;海外园区;海外投资;对外合作;指标体系Abstract:“Belt and Road”is the initiative that can promotes common development through international cooperation which was launched by China in 2013.It is the initiative that can build a community of shared interests,destiny and responsibility featuring mutual political trust,economic integration and cultural inclusiveness.Based on the existing bilateral mechanism,multilateral mechanisms and regional cooperation platforms,the Initiative will focus on jointly building a new Eurasian Land Bridge and developing China-Mongolia-Russia,China-Central Asia-West Asia and China-Indochina Peninsula economic corridors by taking advantage of international transport routes,relying on core cities along the Belt and Road and using key overseas industrial parks as cooperation platforms.Covering 65 countries and regions from east to west across Asia,Central and Eastern Europe and North Africa,the Belt and Road Initiatives are providing a broader stage for Chinese enterprises and China's Industrial Parks to“go global”.According to the statistics of the Ministry of Commerce,Chinese enterprises made a total of 14.36 billion U.S.dollars of non-financial direct investment in the countries that along the Belt and Road Initiatives in 2017,and 19 new China's Overseas Economic and Trade Cooperation Zone were born 2,330 China's Overseas enterprises found their home in the industrial park,and their turned over 1.14 billion US dollars tax to the host country.With these great achievements in overseas investment and foreign cooperation,there are still problems of“four noes”compared with advanced parks overseas,such as incomplete strategic co-ordination,unidentified business models,insufficient development agglomeration and inadequate high-quality overseas parks in China's Overseas Industrial Parks; There-fore,how to avoid risks and solve these problems that are inevitable in development,how to scientifically assess the development performance and growth potential,how to formulate the overall development strategy and create suitable management models,how to enhance the development level and governance capacity of China's overseas parks to enrich the connotation and expand the influence of the“Belt and Road Initiative”will be the focus of the political,academic and business communities all over the world in the new era.With the leading framework of process,conditions,evaluation,countermeasures in this book,we reviewed the development course of China's Overseas Industrial Parks,analyzed the opportunities and challenges of China's Over-seas Industrial Parks under the Belt and Road Initiatives.Then we constructed a comprehensive evaluation index system based on 16 specific indicators and 3 factors which consisting of investment environment,development performance and growth potential.What is more,we evaluated the development of 81 Overseas Industrial Parks all over the world and 45 China's Overseas Industrial Parks around the 6 major economic corridors along the“One Belt and Road”.And proposed some count measures to promote the construction of the China's Overseas Industrial Parks which along the Belt and Road,with a view to providing reference for theirs scientific and healthy development.Key words: the Belt and Road Initiatives;China's Overseas Industrial Parks; Overseas Investment; Foreign cooperation; Index System
关键词: 工业园区  经济发展  研究报告  中国  

打造“一带一路”前行航标:新时代中国海外园区再出发

作者: 林拓 蔡永记
出版日期:2018-01-02
浏览次数:121次
简介: 我国海外产业园区经过20多年发展,为带动国内企业“走出去”,推动国际产能合作,促进“一带一路”沿线国家工业化、产业升级和双边经贸政治文化关系发展作出了积极贡献,成为共建“一带一路”、构建人类命运共同体的重要平台。本报告全面系统搜集整理了1995年以来我国企业创办的183个海外产业园区资料,详细描绘其历史演进轨迹及空间分布变化情况;通过比较“一带一路”建设实施前后海外园区发生的重大变化,阐述“一带一路”倡议带来的深刻影响;结合新加坡、日本、印尼、泰国、马来西亚等国实践经验,深入剖析当前我国海外产业园区面临的新问题和新挑战;在此基础上,提出了完善现行政策措施的建议。
关键词: 工业园区  经济发展  研究  中国  

能源消费转型及其社会、经济和环境影响研究

作者: 张馨
出版日期:2018-01-02
浏览次数:218次
简介: 当前,全球范围内新一轮能源革命已然兴起。我国在经济增速趋缓、资源环境约束趋紧的新常态下,推动能源革命势在必行、刻不容缓。本书以能源消费转型为主线,系统阐述了能源消费研究的相关理论及其应用,深入探讨了全球能源转型的轨迹、趋势和特征,国外主要国家能源转型的实践和经验借鉴,以及我国能源转型面临的形势、阶段性特征、发展方向和实施路径,从理论和实证层面分析能源消费转型对于社会进步、经济发展和环境保护的影响,并分别提出能源与社会、经济和环境协调发展的路径选择。本书以全方位视角探析了能源消费转型问题,力求推动能源消费向绿色、低碳、可持续的方向发展,最终实现人与自然的和谐共生。
关键词: 能源消费  关系  经济发展  研究  中国  

中国工业经济学会知名学者学术概览

出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:66次
简介: 本书是对中国工业经济学会知名学者的生平、求学经历、著作、论文以及学术观点等内容的介绍,包括吴岐山、戴伯勋、张一民、金祖钧、邬义钧、吴家骏、李悦、赵国良等人。
关键词: 工业经济  文集  

中国工业经济运行年度报告.2017—2018

出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:26次
简介: 2017年中国工业呈现出趋稳向好的总体特征。工业行业结构继续呈现高端迈进态势,东北地区工业明显改善,工业投资增速小幅回落但结构持续优化,工业出口增速为2012年以来最好水平,工业企业利润保持较高增速。工业经济趋稳向好是供给侧结构性改革、市场复苏等多因素耦合的结果。但也要看到,国际环境不稳定、不确定因素仍然存在,国内经济正处在新旧动能的转换期,仍面临不少隐忧与挑战。短期内工业企业成本攀升态势值得注意。模型预测结果显示,2018年规模以上工业增加值增速为6.2%-6.7%的概率很大。

中国工业经济运行夏季报告.2018

出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:29次
简介: 摘要:2018年上半年,中国工业生产超预期增长,但结构分化。西部地区工业持续走低;东北地区工业延续整体向好态势,但内部工业分化。工业投资增速下降,但结构优化。工业出口波动加剧,整体增速放缓。工业利润增速加快,但行业分化。当前,国际环境不稳定、不确定因素仍然存在,国内经济正处在结构调整的过渡期,面临不少隐忧和挑战,短期内工业企业偿债能力下降,预计下半年中国工业面临较大的下行压力。在当前经济形势下,更要坚持战略定力,坚定不移地推动新一轮改革开放;坚持自主创新,质量优先,强化制造业的支柱地位,不断向制造业强国迈进。关键词:中国工业;制造业;自主创新Abstract: In the first half of 2018,China's industrial production grew faster than expected but its structure was divided,the industry in the west China continued to decline,while the industrial in the northeast China continued to maintain a good overall situation but the internal industry was divided,the growth rate of industrial investment declined but the structure was optimized,industrial export fluctuations increased and overall growth slowed,Industrial profit growth accelerated but the industry divided.At present,we should also realize that the international environment is still unstable and uncertain,the domestic economy is in a period of structural adjustment,there are still many problems in China's economic operation,which showed the solvency of industrial enterprises declined in the short term,China's industry is expected to face greater downward pressure in the second half of the year.Under the current economic situation,we should persist in strategic determination,unswervingly push forward the new round of reform and opening up,persist in independent innovation,give priority to quality,strengthen the pillar position of the manufacturing industry,and continue to advance to a strong manufacturing country.Key Words:China's Industry,Manufacturing Industry,Independent Innovation
关键词: 工业经济  研究报告  2018  

工业生态园资源价值流转分析研究

出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:28次
简介: 本书主要包括五个部分:一、理论框架篇:对传统的资源价值流分析方法在理论和实践应用上进行拓展和延伸,构建了一套基于循环经济的工业生态园区资源价值流分析的理论与方法框架体系;二、园区企业篇:建立了包括资源价值流转核算的基本模型、方法体系、综合评价指标体系在内的园区企业资源价值流转综合分析体系;三、园区整体篇:建立了适合我国国情的工业生态园资源价值流转理论分析框架并对其应用流程进行规划;四、政策保障篇:针对当前我国工业生态园的政策保障体系存在的诸多问题,提出了园区(产业)经济政策、技术支撑与标准、法律法规、政策保障执行与监管等四个方面的政策保障体系;五、案例实践篇:以湖南省宁乡经济开发区为对象进行案例研究。
关键词: 工业园区  资源价值  

国家绿色园区发展报告.2018

出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:17次
简介: 绿色、低碳和循环发展已成为世界经济发展的重要潮流,是世界各国实现可持续发展的关键举措。绿色园区作为突出工业绿色理念和要求的重要组成部分和主要空间载体,是工业绿色发展的重要内容。2016年,工业和信息化部启动了国家绿色园区创建工作,并将其作为工业绿色制造体系建设的重要组成部分。本报告围绕国家绿色园区创建实践,全面展示了国家绿色园区创建的历程与成效,凝练了国家绿色园区创建过程中绿色发展的思路、理念、举措和模式,对未来进一步推动工业实现绿色低碳发展具有重要意义。
关键词: 工业园区  绿色经济  经济发展  研究报告  2018  
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