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供应链知识共享的绩效评价与实现机制

作者: 陈伟
出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:8次
简介: 本书建立了供应链企业间的知识需求模型与知识共享模型,刻画了不同类型供应链成员企业间的知识需求以及不同层次中知识共享与转移的渠道和特点。利用结构方程模型,引入关系和信任两个变量,通过实证检验揭示了关系与信任导向下供应链企业间知识共享对创新绩效的影响路径及作用机理。最后,利用机制设计理论,研究了不同情形之下供应链企业间知识共享的实现机制。

中国政府行政软实力建设研究

作者: 吴帅
出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:7次
简介: 本书回顾了软实力以及与软实力相关的研究成果,以软实力理论、行政文化理论、新公共行政理论、新公共服务理论、新制度主义理论等为理论基础,运用文献分析法、比较分析法、实证分析法等研究方法,主要阐明和解决四个问题:什么是行政软实力?如何测度行政软实力?中国政府行政实力建设现状如何及存在的问题有哪些?怎样提升中国政府行政软实力?根据上述四个研究问题,提炼出中国政府行政软实力建设的一般性研究结论。

企业突破性技术创新管理

出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:7次
简介: 全书共分为15章,首先在文献总结回顾的基础上,分析了企业突破性创新组织柔性,并提出了其相关利益者治理体系。其次,对企业进行突破性技术创新活动时,面临的主要决策问题进行了研究,构建了企业突破性技术创新期权博弈模型、创新模式动态选择模型、投资决策模型,从理论上揭示了企业在突破性技术创新活动中的决策机制。然后,基于供应链视角,对企业突破性技术创新活动中创新伙伴选择问题,以及供应商、制造商参与创新问题,进行了深入分析,总结了突破性创新在供应链层面上的主要规律。最后,针对企业突破性技术创新中面临的主要不确定性因素及其带来的风险因素,进行了预警研究,并提出了相应的风险防控措施。
关键词: 企业管理  技术革新  创新管理  

跨层次组织公正的垂滴效应研究

作者: 金星彤
出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:63次
简介: 本书旨在探讨组织公正的垂滴效应,以分布于辽宁、吉林、湖北、四川、安徽、广西等地区38家企业686名不同层级员工的问卷调查数据为样本,应用多层线性模型、结构方程全模型和分层回归分析等实证研究方法,对同一层级组织公正四个维度对建言行为、创造力的影响,基层员工组织支持感知在组织公正与建言行为、创造力之间的中介作用,以及组织公正感知在组织内跨层次垂滴效应等问题加以研究,深入探讨组织公正对员工积极行为的影响过程。立足于组织公正、组织支持、建言行为和创造力等研究热点与社会焦点,以社会交换理论为基础,在微观逻辑框架下围绕“组织公正四个维度是否存在沿组织层级的垂滴影响”这一核心问题展开分析,共设计6章,具体内容如下:第一章,绪论。本章阐明研究所涉问题如何被提出,表明主要研究目的和意义,明确研究内容与方法,阐述研究动机和可能存在的三个创新点,并在最后介绍技术路线及结构设计。第二章,文献述评。首先,对与组织公正相关的理论文献进行了综述,内容包括组织公正的含义、理论发展以及组织公正的维度问题。其次,为便于研究,对应用于组织公正的垂滴研究进行了梳理。继而,对组织公正与建言行为、创造力的关系研究进行了回顾和评价。然后,对组织支持的概念、类别以及前因变量与结果变量等进行了综述,回顾了组织支持对员工积极行为影响效应的研究成果。最后,理清各研究变量间可能存在的关系,并对既有研究成果进行了述评。第三章,组织公正对建言行为、创造力影响的直接效应研究。该章在问卷调查获得数据的基础上,首先,应用AMOS17.0对被试企业三个层级组织公正、建言行为和创造力分别进行验证性因子分析。然后,应用AMOS17.0分别对三个层级组织公正与同层级建言行为、创造力间的直接效应进行结构方程分析。最后,得出结论:组织公正感知对员工促进性建言、抑制性建言、创造力均具有显著正向影响。第四章,组织支持在组织公正和建言行为、创造力间的中介作用研究。该章首先应用AMOS17.0对各变量进行了验证性因子分析。之后,应用AMOS17.0对组织支持在组织公正和建言行为、创造力间的中介作用进行了结构方程分析。最后,得出结论:组织支持在分配公正与建言行为间具有部分中介作用,在分配公正与创造力间具有完全中介作用;组织支持是人际公正与建言行为、创造力间的完全中介;组织支持是信息公正与建言行为、创造力间的完全中介;组织支持在程序公正与建言行为、创造力之间不具有中介作用。第五章,组织公正垂滴效应的综合模型研究。该章以问卷调查获得的数据为基础,首先,应用 AMOS17.0对各变量进行了验证性因子分析。之后,应用SPSS17.0对同层级组织公正和建言行为、创造力的关系进行回归分析。继而,应用HLM多层线性模型对组织公正的直接垂滴效应,以及以建言行为、创造力为中介的组织公正跨层次影响效应进行多层回归分析。最后,经过假设检验得出结论:上级的创造力、建言行为均对下级的组织公正感知具有显著的正向影响;组织公正四个维度的感知都能够直接垂滴到较低的层级;建言行为、创造力是人际公正从高层逐级垂滴到中层、基层的中介;抑制性建言是信息公正从高层逐级垂滴到中层、基层的中介;中层组织公正四个维度到基层组织公正的垂滴以创造力和建言行为做中介,而高层分配公正、程序公正此二组织公正维度到中层的垂滴不以建言行为和创造力为中介。第六章,结论与展望。该章总结了研究结果,阐述了引发的结论和启示,并对研究局限进行了总结,提出对未来研究方向的展望。研究得出了以下结论:结论一:组织公正强化员工良好的情感认知,进而激发其创造力和建言行为;结论二:组织公正感知自上而下地垂滴影响组织内各层级,优化组织心理环境;结论三:组织公正易于员工形成组织有利于己的判断,可借积极行为实现垂滴效应;结论四:组织支持感知赋予员工更强的心理所有权,利于改善组织雇佣关系。创新之处在于:(1)阐明并证实了组织公正四个维度对创造力和建言行为的影响;(2)剖析了创造力和建言行为对组织公正感知的跨层次影响机制;(3)构建了组织公正垂滴效应综合模型,揭示了不同层级员工对组织公正感知的影响机理。关键词:组织公正、建言行为、创造力、组织支持、垂滴效应AbstractThis book aims to explore the trickle-down effects of organizational justice.The sample of this research was based on the survey data from 38 private enterprises and 686 employees across different levels in Liaoning,Jilin,Hubei,Sichuan,Anhui and Guangxi etc.,and empirical research methods such as Liner Model,Structure Equation Full Models and Hierarchical Regression Analysis etc.were applied to study the impact of the four dimensions of organizational justice on one level has on the voice behavior and creativity,the mediating function of perceived organizational support of the basic-level employees on the voice behavior and creativity,and the trickle-down effects of the perceived organizational justice across levels,further discussing the process of how the organizational justice influences on the positive behaviors of the employees.Based on the social focal issues such as organizational justice,organizational support,voice behavior and creativity and the social exchange theory,this study discussed the core issue of“whether the four dimensions of organizational justice has the trickle-down effects across organizational levels”under the micro logic framework.The respective content of the six chapters are demonstrated below:Chapter 1,Introduction.The goal of this chapter was to present how the research question was raised,indicate the main purpose and implication,clarify the research content and method,and illustrate the research motivation and three potential innovative points.In the end,the technical route and the structural design were explained.Chapter 2,Literature Review.Firstly,the relevant literature of organizational justice was reviewed,including the definition of organizational justice,the theory development and the dimensional problem of the organizational justice.Further,in order to facilitate the research,the trickle-down effects which is applied in organizational justice was explained.Moreover,the research of the relationships between organizational justice and voice behavior and creativity were reviewed and evaluated.Then,the concept,category and antecedents variable and outcome variable of organizational support were summarized and the former research findings of the influence of the organizational support on the employees' positive behaviors were reviewed.Lastly,the potential relationships of every research variable were organized and an overview of existing research findings was given.Chapter 3 The direct effect of organizational justice on voice behavior and creativity.Based on the data attained via survey,this research first conducted a confirmatory factor analysis by applying AMOS17.0 on the target organizations' organizational justice,voice behavior and creativity across levels respectively.Then,AMOS17.0 was applied to conduct structural equation analyses on the direct effect of the organization justice of three levels on voice behavior and creativity on the same level respectively.The results suggested significant positive effect of the organizational perceived justice on employees' promotive voice behavior,prohibitive voice behavior and creativity.Chapter 4,the mediating function of organizational support on organizational justice,voice behavior and creativity.This chapter conducted a confirmatory factor analysis by AMOS17.0 on every variable and a structural equation analysis on the mediating function of organizational support on organizational justice,voice behavior and creativity.The results showed that the organizational support has partly mediating functions in allocative justice and voice behavior and has full mediation in allocative justice and creativity;organizational support is the complete mediator on the interpersonal justice and voice behavior and creativity; organizational support is the complete mediator on the informative justice and voice behavior and creativity; organizational support has no meditation on the procedural justice and voice behavior and creativity.Chapter 5,The comprehensive model of the trickle-down effects of organizational justice.Based on the data attained via survey,this chapter con ducted a confirmatory factor analysis by AMOS17.0 on every variable.Then,by applying SPSS17.0,a regression analysis of organizational justice at the same level on voice behavior and creativity was conducted.Further,HLM multilevel liner model was applied on the direct trickle-down effects of organizational justice and regarding voice behavior and creativity as mediators,multilevel regression analyses were conducted on the influence of the organizational justice across levels.Finally,after testing the hypotheses,the conclusions suggested:the creativity and voice behavior of the superior showed significant positive effect of the perceived organizational justice of their subordinates; the perception of the four dimensions of organizational justice can be trickled down to lower levels; voice behavior and creativity are the mediators of the interpersonal justice to trickle down from high level to middle and basic levels;Prohibitive voice behavior is the mediator of informative justice to trickle down from high level to middle and basic levels;creativity and voice behavior are the mediators of the middle-level organizational justice to trickle down to basic-level organizational justice,but the organizational justice dimensions of allocative justice and procedural justice from high level to middle level show otherwise.Chapter 6,Conclusion and Future Research.This chapter concluded the research findings,discussed the conclusion and implication,demonstrated the limitation and the direction of future research.The conclusion of this study:Conclusion1:The organizational justice enforces the employee' s perceived positive emotion and thus stimulate their creativity and voice behavior.Conclusion2:The perceived organizational justice has top-down trickledown effects on every level of the organization and improves the psychological environment of the organization.Conclusion3:The organizational justice is conducive for employees to establish judgement which brings benefits to themselves,which could achieve the trickle-down effects by positive behaviors.Conclusion4:The perceived organizational support provides employees with stronger ownership of psychology,which is beneficial to the improvement of employment relationships.The innovative points are:(1)Explained and justified the effect of four dimensions of organizational justice has on the creativity and voice behavior.(2)Analyzed the across-level influencing mechanism of creativity and voice behavior has on the perceived organizational justice.(3)Established the comprehensive model of the trickle-down effects of organizational justice and revealed the influencing mechanism of the employees from different levels have on the perceived organizational justice.Key words:Organizational Justice,Voice Behavior,Creativity,Organizational Support,Trickle-Down Effects

我国体育服务产业政策及发展对策研究

作者: 吴香芝
出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:8次
简介: 随着体育产业自身的不断发展和人们对体育产业认识的不断深入,体育产业的研究范围越来越广,研究维度也越来越多。体育产业和相关产业政策的研究也是多年来体育领域研究的热点。在进行体育产业分类与统计的研究过程中,逐渐意识到:体育服务产业作为体育产业的主要表现形式和重要发展内容,相关政策的发展和完善对体育服务产业发展的影响非常关键。在我国体育服务产业种类繁多又急需完善和发展,以及我国体育制度需要改革的双重现实背景下,对体育服务产业政策的研究具有一定的理论意义和现实意义。

新民主观与全面政治发展

作者: 张树华
出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:7次
简介: 摘要:习近平总书记在党的十九大报告指出,中国特色社会主义政治道路,是近代以来中国人民长期奋斗历史逻辑、理论逻辑、实践逻辑的必然结果,是坚持党的本质属性、践行党的根本宗旨的必然要求。世界上没有完全相同的政治制度模式,政治制度不能脱离特定社会政治条件和历史文化传统来抽象评判,不能定于一尊,不能生搬硬套外国政治制度模式。长期以来,如何辨清西方政治模式和理论的局限性,如何从制度模式和发展道路上总结中国政治发展的优势、特征和潜力,是摆在中国理论界和学术界的重要课题。而近年来“西方之乱、中国之治”的政治图景,为突破西式政治概念和逻辑的桎梏、完善和发展中国政治学科话语体系提供了鲜活的素材和难得的历史机遇。本报告指出,2008年国际金融危机爆发以来,西方社会陷入困境,进一步暴露了西式民主政治的缺陷。多年来,西式民主一元论造成了“民主过热、自由透支、治理赤字、发展无力”。西式自由民主理论思维走入极端,逻辑上陷入悖论,实践中步入泥潭。西式民主政治陷入了多重困境。2016年以来,国际社会一些有识之士纷纷发表看法,“看空”西式民主,看好中国政治道路和中国优势。例如,面对西方政治乱局,《金融时报》2017年下半年连续刊文称,“全球民主大衰退”“英美民主政体遭遇危机”、呼吁做空“全球民主”。西方政治乱象和政治困局已经引起了国际范围内对民主问题的探讨与反思。“西方之乱,中国之治”的命题,成为当今世界一个鲜明的政治写照。世界政治的如此图景,引发了2017年以来的西方舆论对东西方政治的“大反差”和“大反转”。冷战结束近30年来,伴随着国际经济格局的变化,全球政治版图正处于历史转折期,国际社会面临着几百年来罕见的“大变局”。本报告提出,准确把握世界潮流、辨析西式民主,将有助于更加科学地认识西方政治本质和优劣,有助于树立正确的民主观,有助于坚持“四个自信”,有助于坚定不移地走中国特色社会主义全面发展的政治道路。本报告提出,应坚定政治自信,在民主等政治概念研究中有破有立、破立并举:超越西式民主阐释和研究范式;鼓励升级版的民主研究路径;强调发展民主的民族性和主权性;强调发展民主的历史性和具体性;强调民主的实践性;强调民主的成长性和阶段性;强调民主与政治发展的关联性和差异性;强调国际关系民主化,构建人类命运共同体。以全面发展观破解西式民主悖论。政治发展的全面性是中国成功的政治密码和政治优势所在。以“四个伟大”的理念统筹推进“五位一体”的总体布局,协调推进“四个全面”的战略布局。坚持全面的发展观,加强政治建设,将民主纳入政治发展的轨道。以全面的政治发展提升国家治理能力、国家政治发展力和国际政治竞争力。关键词:民主 民主化 民主观 政治发展 政治衰败 苏共 俄罗斯 世界政治Abstract:The path of socialist political advancement with Chinese characteristics is the logical outcome of the evolution of history,theory,and practice as the Chinese people have long engaged in struggles since the advent of modern times.It is a requisite for maintaining the very nature of the Chinese Communist Party and fulfilling its fundamental purpose.No two political systems are entirely the same,and a political system cannot be judged in abstraction without regard for its social and political context,its history,and its cultural traditions.For a long time, how to perceive the defects of the Western political modes and theories and how to sum up the advantages, characteristics and potential of the Chinese mode and path of political development have remained an important task for Chinese academics and theorists.In this regard, the recent unfolding of political events,typically the drastic comparison between“Western chaos and Chinese governance”has provided a living example and golden opportunity for them to break off Western conceptual and logical shackles, with a view to developing and improving the Chinese discourse system of political science.Since the outbreak of the international financial crisis in 2008,according to the report,the Western society has been caught deep in a dilemma, laying bare the defects of the Western modes of democracy and politics.For many years, the Western monism of democracy has given rise to a bunch of emerging problems, such as“democratic overheat, freedom overdraft, governance deficit, and development intrepidity”.Hence, the Western theories of democratic politics are encountering multiple dilemmas:paranoid thinking, logical paradox and practical impasse.From 2016 onward, particularly, people of insight began to cast doubt over the Western mode of democracy while laying hopes on the Chinese path of political development and its peculiar advantages.In 2017, for instance, the Financial Times carried a series of articles entitled“The Global Democratic Recession”“The Crisis in Anglo-American Democracy”, etc., calling for a sober reflection on“global democracy”.The political chaos in the West also triggered off a widespread discussion and debate on democracy across the globe.The proposition of“Western chaos and Chinese governance”presents a vivid political snapshot of the contemporary world, leading to a“drastic turn”and“major shift”of Western opinion on Western and Eastern politics since 2017.In the past three decades, great changes have taken place in the international economic arena insomuch that a historical period of transition is setting in for global politics as well.We are in the midst of a“great transformation”unknown before in centuries.A good perception of global trends and Western mode of democracy,as noted by the report, will contribute to our understanding of the nature and pros-ons of Western politics, and will help us develop a proper view of democracy, adhere to“Four Confidences”(confidence in our path, confidence in our guiding theories, confidence in our political system, and confidence in our culture), and unswervingly pursue a political path of all-round development with Chinese characteristics.The report contends that China should be politically confident in a bid to distinguish between good and bad elements in political concepts including democracy; transcend the Western interpretative cycle and research paradigm of democracy; encourage an updated research path of democracy; stress the nationality and sovereignty of democratic development;stress the historicity and specificity of democracy; stress the practicality of democracy; stress the growth and periodicality of democracy; stress the correlation and differentiation between democracy and political development; and stress the democratization of international relations with a view to building a community of a shared future for mankind.In order to unravel the Western paradox of democracy, it is necessary to develop a new view of all-round development.All-round political development has been the peculiar key and advantage to China's success.We should use the“Four Greats”(great struggle, great project, great cause and great dream)to promote the overall plan for all-round economic, political, cultural, social and ecological progress, and to implement the strategic blueprint of“Four Comprehensives”(comprehensively building a moderately prosperous society, comprehensively deepening reform, comprehensively govening the country in accordance with the law, and comprehensively strengthening Party discipline).By embracing a view of all-round development,we can incorporate democracy into the orbit of political development, and can, as such, enhance our country's governance capabilities, political competence and international competitiveness.Keywords: Democracy Democratization Political Development Political Demise Soviet Communist Party Russia World Politics
关键词: 新民主观  民主政治  政治建设  

西伯利亚的“罪与罚”:苏联地区日本战俘问题研究:1945—1956

作者: 赵玉明
出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:8次
简介: 莫斯科时间1945年8月8日晚23时,苏联按照《雅尔塔协议》相关规定,对日本宣战并出兵中国东北地区、日本所属的萨哈林岛(库页岛)南部和千岛群岛地区。到1945年8月15日日本宣布无条件投降为止,在上述出兵地区,苏联红军共计俘获了60余万日本战俘。8月23日,苏联国防委员会发布第9898号决议,宣布移送50万日本战俘到苏联各地从事劳动改造,其中30万人将被安置在西伯利亚地区。从1945年9月到1946年4月,苏联实际上从上述地区以及朝鲜半岛北部地区移送了50余万名日本战俘到苏联各地从事原木采集、矿藏采掘、铁路与公路修筑等各种形式的劳动利用。从1946年底起,苏联开始陆续遣送日本战俘归国,到1956年两国签订《苏日共同宣言》,实现关系正常化为止,日本战俘才基本被遣返完毕。在此期间,日本战俘遣返工作经历了前期集中遣返和后期集中遣返两个阶段。苏联地区日本战俘问题是战后苏日关系史上的重要问题,由此引发的苏日两国政府、民间以及国际社会的争论至今尚未停止。本书利用苏联解密档案、俄日学界最新研究成果、苏联地区日本战俘经历者回忆录等资料,及对当事人访谈等形式,对日本战俘的入苏过程与战俘营区域分布,战俘的日常管理、思想政治教育、劳动利用及遣返过程进行系统梳理和研究。本书共分五章。第一章重点介绍了日本战俘营的设立过程及地域分布,共分为三节。第一节对苏联战俘管理机构的历史沿革进行了回顾。第二节对苏日交战过程及日本战俘人员结构进行介绍,之后重点对劳动大队的编组与战俘入苏过程进行了历史还原。第三节重点描述日本战俘营的地域分布、所处的自然环境与周边人文状况,并对战俘营的日常警戒制度进行了重点梳理。第二章重点探讨苏联战俘管理当局对日本战俘的日常管理,共分为四节。第一节对战俘营的粮食供给制度进行了描述。第二节对战俘营的日用物资、越冬保障与日常通信保障进行了研究。第三节就战俘患病与战俘营医疗卫生保健制度进行了论述。第四节主要对战俘死亡与埋葬问题进行了相关探讨。第三章分为战犯审判与战俘思想教育两节,围绕战俘营内战犯审判与战俘思想政治改造问题进行了深入论述。尤其是关于战俘思想政治教育一节,将以民主教育运动和以针对战俘发行的日文报纸《日本新闻》为载体进行探讨。第四章为苏联战俘管理当局对战俘劳动利用的相关研究。分为基本劳动管理制度与劳动时间、效率和成果两节,对日本战俘在苏联地区的核心活动内容——劳动利用进行了全方位研究。第五章探讨了苏联地区日本战俘的集中遣返问题。战后日本政府的外交权受限,关于苏联地区日本战俘遣返问题由驻日盟军总司令与苏联进行交涉。1946年12月19日,苏美双方就日本战俘遣返问题达成《苏美协定》,开始遣返日本战俘。1950年4月22日,苏联通过塔斯社发表消息称,除少量残余日本战犯外,日本战俘已被遣返完毕。余下少量日本战俘的遣返归国问题,在《对日和平条约》生效后,由恢复完全主权的日本政府与苏联政府在建交谈判中予以解决。本章设两节对日本战俘归国问题进行了论述。第一节集中探讨从1946年底到1950年4月期间日本战俘前期集中遣返过程。第二节对1950年4月至1956年12月后期战俘集中遣返过程进行了研究。最后为结语部分,将在总结全书内容的基础上,对苏联地区日本战俘问题进行总结性思考。关键词:日本战俘;日本战俘营;内务部;劳动大队;思想政治教育;日本战俘遣返

中产阶层与社会发展

作者: 张翼
出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:20次
简介: 在中国从农业社会转变为工业社会的过程中,我们社会的阶级结构也从相对比较简单的状态转变为越来越复杂的状态,在这个转变过程中,显著的特征是:在农民阶层向工人阶级的转变过程中,农民阶层、工人阶级、以及其他新阶级的子弟也适时转变为中产阶层。这个阶层的人员构成与社会态度,是一个需要在时代变化中被深入讨论的话题。
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