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小双桥遗址的商与夷

作者: 李宏飞 王宁
出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:21次
简介: 本书运用考古类型学方法对小双桥遗址出土岳石文化特征陶器进行辨识,并利用X射线荧光光谱(XRF)进行元素成分分析,推测部分岳石文化特征陶器属于本地生产。运用C、N稳定同位素分析方法将该遗址所出商代人骨区分为从事不同生业模式的甲、乙两类人群。在考古学文化所见商夷关系转变的历史背景下,结合甲、乙两类人群的文化背景和生业模式,推测其分属夷人和商人。结合小双桥遗址不同阶段考古遗存的性质,推测夷人以某种形式的介入是导致小双桥遗址废弃以及商王朝对东夷展开猛烈攻势的重要原因之一。
关键词: 文化遗址  郑州  商代  

中国考古学·三国两晋南北朝卷

作者: 杨泓 朱岩石
出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:7次
简介: 三国两晋南北朝时期,起始于东汉建安年间曹魏、蜀汉、孙吴三个政权实际形成,自此古代中国从大一统进入长期分裂混乱的格局,直到隋朝重新统一全国,长达四个世纪之久。也正是自汉至唐之间的漫长的过渡时期。在这段历史时期,从三国分立到隋朝统一,中间只是在西晋王朝灭吴后有36年短暂的统一,其余时间都在分裂和战乱之中。同时出现了史无前例的由民族迁徙引起的移民狂潮,众多古代少数民族内迁中原北方地区,北方的汉族又大举渡长江南徙,挤压许多江南古代民族向东南移动。还有西域人士经由丝路内迁归附华土。汉族传统文化与内迁的众多古代民族文化,仍至外来文化,不断接触、碰撞、争斗乃至溶合,使中华文明步入更加灿烂光辉的新阶段。从辉煌的汉文化,经过这一段漫长、痛苦而又生机勃勃的过渡时期,孕育出更加辉煌的站立在当时世界文化巅峰的唐文化。三国两晋南北朝考古学,正是用田野考古获得的有限遗迹和考古标本,努力反映和解析这一伟大历史过渡期的历史与文化。《三国两晋南北朝卷》是《中国考古学》(九卷本)的第七卷,这卷的内容,主要是综合介绍20世纪、主要是1949年中华人民共和国建国以来迄今,三国两晋南北朝时期田野考古调查发掘和研究的成果。重点介绍对三国两晋南北朝时期城市(以都城为代表)遗迹的考古新发现和研究,究明其在中国古代都城发展历史中的重要地位。对这一时期的墓葬发掘工作,也进行了全方位的介绍,还对壁画墓的艺术价值予以特别关注。由于这一历史过渡时期在文化上与前不同的特点,佛教考古与石刻和简牍文书的研究,在本卷中进行了仔细的梳理和阐述。并选择从考古标本能够阐明的几个侧面,阐述了三国两晋南北朝生产技术和社会生活。本卷尽量依据有限的考古发掘成果,构筑三国两晋南北朝考古的学科体系。对三国两晋南北朝这一汉唐之间的历史过渡阶段的历史,特别是物质文化的发现,进行还原和解析。本书运适合研究历史、考古、文博和艺术史的专业人员及广大历史、考古爱好者阅读。
关键词: 考古  三国时代  魏晋南北朝时代  

稽古文存:卢兆荫汉唐考古文集

作者: 卢兆荫
出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:37次
简介: 本书是卢兆荫为从事汉唐考古工作60年所辑,均为作者根据考古发掘资料并结合文献记载进行研究的学术论文,内容涵盖考古与历史、玉器与玉文化、唐代金银器三大方面。作者是满城汉墓的发掘者之一,他在田野考古发掘之余,还曾在《考古》编辑部工作,其文笔优美流畅、深入浅出,所作汉代玉器、唐代金银器的文章,不但具有较高的学术价值,也适合普通读者阅读。卢先生已有91岁高龄,此书也是他一生从事考古工作的总结。
关键词: 古玉器  考古  汉代  文集  金银器(考古)  唐代  

中国考古学·三国两晋南北朝卷

作者: 杨泓 朱岩石
出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:7次
简介: 三国两晋南北朝时期,起始于东汉建安年间曹魏、蜀汉、孙吴三个政权实际形成,自此古代中国从大一统进入长期分裂混乱的格局,直到隋朝重新统一全国,长达四个世纪之久。也正是自汉至唐之间的漫长的过渡时期。在这段历史时期,从三国分立到隋朝统一,中间只是在西晋王朝灭吴后有36年短暂的统一,其余时间都在分裂和战乱之中。同时出现了史无前例的由民族迁徙引起的移民狂潮,众多古代少数民族内迁中原北方地区,北方的汉族又大举渡长江南徙,挤压许多江南古代民族向东南移动。还有西域人士经由丝路内迁归附华土。汉族传统文化与内迁的众多古代民族文化,仍至外来文化,不断接触、碰撞、争斗乃至溶合,使中华文明步入更加灿烂光辉的新阶段。从辉煌的汉文化,经过这一段漫长、痛苦而又生机勃勃的过渡时期,孕育出更加辉煌的站立在当时世界文化巅峰的唐文化。三国两晋南北朝考古学,正是用田野考古获得的有限遗迹和考古标本,努力反映和解析这一伟大历史过渡期的历史与文化。《三国两晋南北朝卷》是《中国考古学》(九卷本)的第七卷,这卷的内容,主要是综合介绍20世纪、主要是1949年中华人民共和国建国以来迄今,三国两晋南北朝时期田野考古调查发掘和研究的成果。重点介绍对三国两晋南北朝时期城市(以都城为代表)遗迹的考古新发现和研究,究明其在中国古代都城发展历史中的重要地位。对这一时期的墓葬发掘工作,也进行了全方位的介绍,还对壁画墓的艺术价值予以特别关注。由于这一历史过渡时期在文化上与前不同的特点,佛教考古与石刻和简牍文书的研究,在本卷中进行了仔细的梳理和阐述。并选择从考古标本能够阐明的几个侧面,阐述了三国两晋南北朝生产技术和社会生活。本卷尽量依据有限的考古发掘成果,构筑三国两晋南北朝考古的学科体系。对三国两晋南北朝这一汉唐之间的历史过渡阶段的历史,特别是物质文化的发现,进行还原和解析。本书运适合研究历史、考古、文博和艺术史的专业人员及广大历史、考古爱好者阅读。
关键词: 考古  三国时代  魏晋南北朝时代  

两汉祭祀文化与两汉文学

作者: 张影
出版日期:2017-01-05
浏览次数:57次
简介: 汉代文学无论从创作实践,还是从创作理论来看,都显示出不同于前代文学的性质和特点。总的来看,是政治化、哲学化的文学。非文学的因素贯穿于两汉文学的始终,汉代文学包含很多方面,各种学术文化都融在其范畴之内。因此,研究汉代文学不仅要关注文学,更要关注文化。“国之大事,在祀与戎”。祭祀是古代人生活的重要组成部分,史籍所见两汉时期的祭祀活动不仅是当时人精神生活的头等大事,而且是社会生活的重要组成部分。祭祀文化对汉代社会方方面面都产生了一定的影响,同样,汉代祭祀文化对汉代文学也产生了很大的影响,促进并丰富了汉代文学的发展。本书在文化的视野下结合考古学、文献学资料对两汉祭祀文化与文学进行了梳理和研究,以汉代的一些重要祭祀文化事象、祭祀神灵和祭祀文学文本作为重点研究对象,考察了汉代祭祀文化风俗及意蕴,探讨了祭祀文化与祭祀文学的关系。

禹人絮语:考古随笔集

作者: 王吉怀
出版日期:2017-01-01
浏览次数:66次
简介: 本书以考古发掘现场为背景,以真实的考古发掘经历为素材,创作了《辉煌尉迟寺》《解读禹会村》《考古历险记》三篇内容。作者用通俗易懂的语言,把不同时段的考古经历成书。它有别于通常的考古报告和考古论文,意在让读者轻松阅读,在感受考古乐趣的同时普及考古知识。本书的内容没有夸张,没有虚构,完全是考古工作中的真实写照。本书适合于考古专业人员、历史学者、考古爱好者、大专院校及中学生阅读和收藏。
关键词: 考古  中国  文集  

第二届世界考古论坛会志.英文版

作者:
出版日期:2017-01-01
浏览次数:28次
简介: The second Shanghai Archaeology Forum was held in Shanghai from the 14th through 17th of December 2015,jointly organized by the Institute of Archaeology at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences,Shanghai Academy,Shanghai University,and Shanghai Municipal Bureau of Cultural Heritage Administration under the auspices of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and Shanghai Municipal Government. Among the 150 scholars who participated in the forum were over 80 overseas scholars from 27 countries or regions. About 70 scholars from China also attended the forum. Most of them are leading scholars at provincial institutes of cultural heritage and archaeology as well as universities with archaeology / museology / cultural heritage programs.At the opening ceremony,Mr. Yang Xiong (Mayor of Shanghai),Mr. Liu Yuzhu (Director General of the State Bureau of Cultural Heritage),and Mr. Wang Weiguang (President of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences) offered their congratulatory remarks. On behalf of the Shanghai Archaeology Forum,President Wang Weiguang presented the first Lifetime Achievement Award to Professor Colin Renfrew from the University of Cambridge. The awardees of the SAF Awards were also honored during the opening ceremony; subsequently they presented their discoveries and research findings in the plenary sessions. Their presentations allowed the forum participants to learn more about these awarded archaeological projects,particularly theoretical perspectives,research methodologies,and the importance of actual findings.The central theme of the second Shanghai Archaeology Forum was the archaeology of culture contact and cultural diversity. It was chosen because of the following considerations:Today's world is faced with ever-increasing globalization,along with conflict and confrontation of many kinds. A very challenging issue we are all facing is how we find the solutions to conflicts among different cultures and civilizations. How might peoples from all walks of life learn from each other and work together toward the common future of humanity while also protecting and preserving their own values and traditional cultures in the wave of globalization?History is a mirror of life. As an ultimate goal,archaeology should seek potential solutions to many problems we are facing in modern societies through a full understanding of our human histories,thus contributing to the present as well as the future by learning from the past.During the second Shanghai Archaeology Forum,eleven distinguished speakers gave keynote presentations exclusively focusing on the forum's central theme despite a wide range of regional and temporal coverage. Their presentations were not only empirically grounded but also full of inspiring ideas and intellectual insights. They discussed how to protect and value the social environment of cultural diversity from various perspectives,strongly demonstrating the great concerns of archaeologists across the world on contemporary issues,and the relevance of archaeological research to the present as well as the future.Following the suggestions from the inaugural forum in 2013,parallel sessions were added,allowing more opportunities for the SAF members to discuss their research projects and exchange ideas. More than forty participants spoke in these parallel sessions,covering a wide range of regions and subjects. The speakers for the Public Archaeology Keynote Lecture Series were Professors Colin Renfrew,Charles Higham,and Lothar von Falkenhausen; each attracted a very large crowd.During the forum,a group of participants were invited to join an open discussion on various issues concerning the current situation and future development of the Shanghai Archaeology Forum,such as an award ceremony,international publicity and public outreach,needs of involving more young scholars,having more focused subjects and more engaged discussion,the development of special sessions on Chinese archaeology and workshops concurrent with the forum.On the last day of the forum we also organized group visits to the Shanghai Museum and Shanghai Natural History Museum.As a result of joint efforts,the second Shanghai Archaeology Forum was an extraordinary success. On behalf of forum organizers,I would like to express my heartfelt thanks to all the participants. Special thanks also goes to the leadership of Shanghai University,along with the staff and students of its history department and guest houses,whose hard work contributed greatly to the forum's success. With the support and assistance from many contributors from different countries across the world,the staff at the Office of the Shanghai Archaeology Forum made earnest efforts to put together this biennial bulletin for the publication; they deserve very special appreciation.Secretary General of the Office of Shanghai Archaeology ForumAcademician of the Chinese Academy of Social SciencesOctober 2017

抚壶论道:造物史视野中的先秦青铜“壶”形器

作者: 李嘉
出版日期:2016-01-01
浏览次数:79次
简介: 从造物史的发展历程来看,“壶”形器的使用几乎贯穿了中国造物史的每个时期,它的发展演变形成了一条较为完整的线性发展轨迹,而先秦时期的青铜“壶”形器又具备上下承和的典型特征。本书以先秦青铜“壶”形器为线索,从一个新的角度阐释了先秦造物史的发展历程,青铜“壶”形器不仅蕴含着中华民族的设计智慧,同时也折射出中国早期造物艺术历史的发展脉络,其中所蕴含的自然生态观、伦理观、价值观,以及情感特征、功能特征和造物观念等都可以成为为中国当代设计提供良好借鉴的蓝本。
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