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京津冀雾霾的协同治理与机制创新

出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:48次
简介: 本书是中国社会科学院国情调研重大项目成果。本书以京津冀三地实地调研和文献调研为基础,系统梳理了京津冀大气污染联防联控工作进展情况,从能源、产业、建筑、交通、应急预案、公众参与、国内外治理经验等方面进行了专项分析。基于区域大气环境问题具有整体性、复杂性、长期性、公共性的特性,本书根据协同治理的理论特征与雾霾治理特性的契合点,从府际协作、成本分担、监督问责、多元主体参与等方面提出创新京津冀雾霾协同治理机制的政策建议。
关键词: 空气污染  污染防治  华北地区  

拉丁美洲和加勒比经济发展分析与展望.2017

作者: 陈朝先
出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:10次
简介: 这本书集中分析了拉美地区当前的经济形势与经济政策。出书的目的很明确,就是为政府部门、工商企业和广大读者展示拉美经济的现实情况和发展态势,为推动中拉经贸合作提供决策咨询和学术研究方面的服务。因此,除拉美经济形势之外,中拉双方经贸合作的进展状况也是贯穿全书的重要内容。

中国绿色GDP绩效评估报告.2017年.湖北卷

出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:20次
简介: 《中国绿色GDP绩效评估报告(2017年湖北卷)》是华中科技大学国家治理研究院绿色GDP绩效评估课题组,继2016年成功发布中国首个由高校智库公开发布的地方性绿色GDP绩效评估报告《中国绿色GDP绩效评估报告(2016年湖北卷)》之后,第二次发布的绿色GDP绩效评估年度性研究报告。《中国绿色GDP绩效评估报告(2017年湖北卷)》发布后,人民网、新华网、光明网、《民生周刊》、湖北电视台等超过30余家各类媒体对报告内容及其观点进行了报道。多名专家和媒体记者认为,该报告资料翔实,数据可靠,所体现的绿色GDP绩效评估“中国算法”具有“破冰”意义,其政策建议具有科学基础,已经具备应用可能,值得实践和推广。相比《中国绿色GDP绩效评估报告(2016年湖北卷)》,《中国绿色GDP绩效评估报告(2017年湖北卷)》既有继承又有发展。第一,《中国绿色GDP绩效评估报告(2017年湖北卷)》所采集的数据量更大,使其结论更具科学性。课题组采集了湖北省统计局、湖北省环保厅、国家发展与改革委员会等公开发布的2008年至2015年共计496,791个有效数据。报告增加了湖北省2015年17个地市州在能源消耗、污染排放等方面的78,081个有效数据。第二,《中国绿色GDP绩效评估报告(2017年湖北卷)》提供了更加丰富、准确的决策支持信息。除去国家有关部门公开发布的GDP、人均GDP等数据外,课题组利用独立开发的“绿色发展大数据分析平台”测算出7,316个结论性数据。这些数据包括湖北省17个地市州2015年的绿色GDP、人均绿色GDP、绿色发展指数;各地市州GDP、人均GDP、绿色GDP、人均绿色GDP、绿色发展指数的年度性平均增速等量化评估结果。以上数据从多个层面呈现了湖北省17个地市州的绿色发展现状。第三,《中国绿色GDP绩效评估报告(2017年湖北卷)》的结论更加全面、准确。报告从历史、特点和发展目标三个主要方面,分别增加了湖北省17个地市州的背景描述,并在此基础上,结合测算出的GDP、人均GDP、绿色GDP、人均绿色GDP、绿色发展指数等各种科学数据,对湖北省2015年17个地市州的绿色发展规律、发展态势作了全面客观探索,并从思想认识、组织管理、制度建设、机制协调等多层面对湖北省的绿色发展提出了全方位的针对性政策建议。根据测算,《中国绿色GDP绩效评估报告(2017年湖北卷)》对湖北省17个地市州的GDP、人均GDP、绿色GDP、人均绿色GDP、绿色发展指数进行了绩效排名。报告指出,2015年湖北省17个地市州的GDP排名依次为:武汉、宜昌、襄阳、荆州、黄冈、孝感、荆门、十堰、黄石、咸宁、随州、鄂州、恩施州、仙桃、潜江、天门、神农架。2015年湖北省17个地市州的人均GDP排名依次为:武汉、宜昌、鄂州、襄阳、潜江、仙桃、黄石、荆门、咸宁、十堰、随州、天门、孝感、荆州、神农架、黄冈、恩施州。2015年湖北省17个地市州的绿色GDP排名依次为:武汉、宜昌、襄阳、黄冈、孝感、荆门、十堰、荆州、黄石、咸宁、随州、鄂州、恩施州、仙桃、潜江、天门、神农架。2015年湖北省17个地市州的人均绿色GDP排名依次为:武汉、宜昌、鄂州、襄阳、潜江、仙桃、黄石、荆门、咸宁、十堰、随州、天门、神农架、孝感、荆州、黄冈、恩施州。2015年湖北省17个地市州的绿色发展绩效指数排名依次为:武汉、宜昌、神农架、襄阳、十堰、仙桃、黄石、鄂州、随州、荆门、恩施州、潜江、咸宁、孝感、天门、黄冈、荆州。根据评估结果,《中国绿色GDP绩效评估报告(2017年湖北卷)》对湖北省17个地市州的绿色发展现状及其特点、发展趋势展开了理论分析。报告认为,第一,2015年湖北各地市州绿色发展区域差异明显,大致可分为“三大阵列”。武汉各项指标均居湖北省内首位,与宜昌、襄阳共列湖北绿色发展综合绩效第一方阵。而黄冈、孝感、荆州、恩施州、潜江、天门、神农架均有3个以上指标排在第12名之后。荆门、十堰、黄石、咸宁、随州、鄂州、仙桃的GDP、人均GDP、绿色GDP、人均绿色GDP、绿色发展指数排名位次多为第8名左右,处于中游。第二,经济新常态下,湖北各地绿色发展的转型阵痛感明显。自2011年之后,湖北省各地区的GDP、人均GDP、绿色GDP、人均绿色GDP增速均有不同程度放缓。2015年黄冈、荆州、潜江三地的各项指标均低于全省平均值,荆门、黄石、鄂州三地绿色GDP、人均绿色GDP、绿色发展绩效指数增幅高于湖北各地的平均增幅,但其GDP、人均GDP却低于全省平均增幅。第三,湖北省各地区继续保持各自不同的绿色发展态势。武汉、宜昌、十堰、鄂州、黄冈、荆门、神农架、咸宁在GDP增速、人均GDP增速、绿色GDP增速、人均绿色GDP增速方面各指标并没有较大波动。随州、恩施、荆州、孝感、仙桃等绿色GDP增速、人均绿色GDP增速开始超越该地区GDP增速、人均GDP增速。黄石地区、天门、襄阳等地的绿色GDP增速、人均绿色GDP增速明显低于该地区GDP增速、人均GDP增速。课题组认为,湖北省有必要继续强化绿色发展理念的贯彻和落实,从多个层面协同推进湖北省的绿色发展。《中国绿色GDP绩效评估报告(2017年湖北卷)》提出了六个方面的对策和建议。第一,在思想认识上,湖北省仍有必要立足湖北绿色发展的区域差异现状,进一步解放思想,坚持走绿色发展道路,高度重视湖北绿色发展的贯彻落实。第二,组织领导上,建议湖北省成立省委省政府直接领导的“绿色发展与改革领导小组”,加强湖北省绿色发展制度的顶层设计,统筹湖北绿色发展。绿色发展涉及诸多行业和部门,需要有一个权威机构整合各方资源。第三,干部绩效考核上,引入绿色GDP绩效评估机制,健全湖北省地方领导干部的“绿色发展考评”制度,制定与各地相适应的“绿色发展绩效考核”细则,抓好关键少数,压实主体责任,使之成为推动湖北绿色发展的主要抓手。第四,制度建设上,围绕湖北省的绿色发展需要,推进全省的绿色发展治理体系改革,强化发展与改革委员会、组织人事部、统计局、环保厅等各职能部门之间的协调,理顺湖北省的绿色发展体制机制。第五,数据跟踪与分析方面,建立省域绿色发展中心数据基地,强化对湖北各地绿色发展状况的精准跟踪监测与大数据分析、评估,帮助各级政府采取有针对性的有效措施,实现湖北绿色发展的精准治理。第六,积极构建政府决策机构与智库的良性互动长效机制,畅通绿色发展的专家决策支持、舆论宣传渠道,强化智库研究与地方治理的有效协作,共同推进湖北省绿色发展。《中国绿色GDP绩效评估报告(2017年湖北卷)》发布后,多名专家和媒体记者专门撰文指出,绿色发展不能蹈虚,而是要抓地有痕,落在实处,因而也需要一套实打实的缜密“算法”。华中科技大学国家治理研究院绿色GDP绩效评估课题组在绿色GDP绩效评估“中国算法”方面已经取得重大突破。这既是中国智库探索绿色发展路上的可贵成就,也是所有追求绿色发展的国家和地区可资借鉴的中国版“方法论”。珍视这套中国版的绿色发展“方法论”,尽快将其应用于实践之中,与官员政绩考核等相结合,让绿色发展更能“靶向施策”、有的放矢,也将成为当务之急。发布会后,由《中国绿色GDP绩效评估报告(2017年湖北卷)》衍生出的“绿色GDP绩效评估:用科学数据指引地方绿色发展”、“绿色GDP绩效评估论要:缘起、路径与价值”、“绿色GDP绩效评估指引地方治理的实证新探索”等多项理论成果,也陆续被光明内参总编室、中共湖北省委员会、湖北省人民政府等机构采用。华中科技大学国家治理研究院绿色GDP绩效评估课题组,也将尽可能完善和发展绿色GDP绩效评估研究,适时推出系列研究报告等多项成果,持续助力全人类的绿色发展。Indicative AbstractReport onGreenGDPPerformance Evaluation of China(2017 Hubei Province)is the second annual research report published by the Institute of State Governance of Huazhong University of Science and Technology after the debut of the Report on GreenGDPPerformance Evaluation of China(2016 Hubei Province).Report on GreenGDPPerformance Evaluation of China(2017 Hubei Province)is the first localGDPPerformance Evaluation published by the university think tank.The report is reported by more than 30 media including People's Network,Xinhua News Agency,Guangming Network,Minsheng Weekly and Hubei TV,etc.after its publication.The report is rich in information and valid in data and the Chinese Algorithms reflected in GreenGDPperformance evaluation is the breakthrough in this regard.The policy suggestions have the scientific basis and are worth applying,putting into practice and promoting.Reporton GreenGDPPerformance Evaluation of China(2017 Hubei Province)realizes the further improvement on the basis of Report on GreenGDPPerformance Evaluation of China(2016 Hubei Province) while inherits good points of the report in 2016.First,Report on GreenGDPPerformance Evaluation of China(2017 Hubei Province)collected a larger volume of data to enhance the scientificity of the conclusion.496,791 valid data published by Hubei provincial statistics department,Hubei Environmental Protection Department and National Development and Reform Commission,etc between 2008 and 2015 are collected.78,081 valid data in energy consumption and pollution emission of 17 cities of Hubei province in 2015 are added to the report.Second,Report on GreenGDPPerformance Evaluation of China(2017 Hubei Province)provides more abundant and more accurate decision supporting information.Apart from theGDPand per capitaGDPpublished by the related national departments,the research group via the use of Green Data Analysis Platform calculated 7,316 conclusive data.These data cover the GreenGDP,per capita greenGDPand green development index of 17 states and cities in 2015 and meanwhile the annual average growth rates and other quantitative evaluation results ofGDP,per capitaGDP,GreenGDP,Green capitaGDP.The green development status quo of 17 states and cities in Hubei province are reflected from various levels.Third,the conclusion in Report on GreenGDPPerformance Evaluation of China(2017 Hubei Province)is more accurate and comprehensive.The backdrop descriptions of 17 states and cities in Hubei province are relatively added from the perspective of history,characters and development goals.Various sci entific data calculated includingGDP,per capitaGDP,GreenGDP,per capitaGDPand green development index make the objective exploration on the green development rule and development trend of 17 states and cities in 2015 and comprehensive targeted suggestions on the green development of Hubei province are put forward from the perspective of thinking,organizational administration,system construction and mechanism for coordination,etc.According to calculation,Report on GreenGDPPerformance Evaluation of China(2017 Hubei Province)of 17 states and cities,GDP,per capitaGDP,GreenGDP,per capita Green capitaGDPand green development index are ranked.The report points that the ranking ofGDPof 17 cities of Hubei Province in 2015 is as follows:Wuhan,Yichang,Xiangyang,Jinzhou,Huanggang,Xiaogan,Jinmen,Shiyan,Huangshi,Xianning,Suizhou,Ezhou,Enshizhou,Xiantao,Qianjiang,Tianmen,Shennongjia.The ranking of per capitaGDP17 cities of Hubei Province in 2015 is as follows:Wuhan,Yichang,Ezhou,Xiangyang,Qianjiang,Xiantao,Huangshi,Jinmen,Xianning,Shiyan,Suizhou,Tianmen,Xiaogan,Jinzhou,Shennongjia,Huanggang,Enshizhou.GreenGDP17 cities of Hubei Province in 2015: Wuhan,Yichang,Xiangyang,Huanggang,Xiaogan,Jinmen,Shiyan,Jinzhou,Huangshi,Xianning,Shuizhou,Ezhou,Enshizhou,Xiantao,Qianjiang,Tianmen,Shennongjia.Per capita greenGDPof 17 cities of Hubei Province in 2015: Wuhan,Yichang,Ezhou,Xiangyang,Qianjiang,Xiantao,Huangshi,Jinmen,Xianning,Shiyan,Suizhou,Tianmen,Shenningjia,Xiaogan,Jinzou,Huanggang,Enshizhou.The green development performance index of 17 cities of Hubei Province in 2015:Wuhan,Yichang,Shennongjia,Xiangyang,Shiyan,Xiantao,Huangshi,Ezhou,Suizhou,Jinmen,Enshizhou,Qianjiang,Xianing,Xiaogan,Tianmen,Huanggang,Jinzhou.According to the evaluation result,theoretical analysis of the status quo,character and development trend of the green development is carried out in theReport on GreenGDPPerformance Evaluation of China(2017 Hubei Province).First,regions of green development differ in Hubei province 2015,which can be divided into three arrays.Every single index of Wuhan city along with the comprehensive performance of Hubei green development of Yichang and Xianggang belong to the first array.However at least three index of Huanggang,Xiaogan,Jinzhou,Enshizhou,Qianjiang,Tianmen,Shennongjia rank after 12th;GDP,per capitaGDPGreenGDP,per capitaGDPof Jinmen,Shiyan,Huangshi,Xianning,Suizhou,Ezhou,Xiantao rank between 8th,in the middle reach.Second,under the backdrop of the new normal of China's economy,the transformation of green development of Hubei province is faced with difficulties.TheGDP,per capitaGDP,greenGDPand per capita greenGDPof Hubei province slow down in various degrees.In 2015,every single index of Huanggang,Jinzhou,Qianjiang are below the provincial average.The growth annual growth of greenGDP,per capita greenGDPand green development performance index exceed that of the average one among which theGDP,per capitaGDPare below the provincial level.Third,different regions in Hubei province keep different trend of green development.There is not huge fluctuation in every index ofGDPgrowth rate,per capitaGDPgrowth rate,greenGDPgrowth rate and per capita greenGDPin Wuhan,Yichang,Shiyan,Ezhou,Huanggang,Jinzhou,Shennongjia and Xianning.GreenGDPgrowth rate and per capita greenGDPgrowth rate of Suizhou,Enshi,Jinzhou,Xiaogan,Xiantao begin to surpass theGDPgrowth rate,per capitaGDPgrowth rate of the above cities.The greenGDPgrowth rate and per capita greenGDPgrowth rate of Huangshi district,Tianmen,and Xianggang etc are far below theGDPgrowth rate and per capita growth rate of the above regions.It is believed that there is a need for Hubei province to further reinforce the implementation of green development principle and the green development of Hubei province needs to be promoted from different aspects.Report on GreenGDPPerformance Evaluation of China(2017 Hubei Province)puts forwards suggestions from six aspects.First,there is a need for Hubei province on the basis of the present regional differences in green development to further emancipate the mind,embark on the road of green development and attach great importance to the implementation of green development of Hubei province.Second,it is suggested that the guiding team of green development and reform should be practiced under the leadership of the provincial government,top-down design of green development should be established.Green development concerns several industries and sectors and a authority is needed to integrate resources of different sectors.Third,from the perspective of cadre performance assessment the greenGDPperformance evaluation system is introduced,rules and regulations for green development performance assessment were formulated.Critical minority should be attached great importance and main body responsibility should be strengthened to make theGDPperformance evaluation system the key point for green development of Hubei province.Third,from the perspective of cadre performance assessment the greenGDPperformance evaluation system is introduced,rules and regulations for green development performance assessment were formulated.Critical minority should be attached great importance and main body responsibility should be strengthened to make theGDPperformance evaluation system the key point for green development of Hubei province.Fourth,from the perspective of system construction,reform in provincial green development management system is promoted,coordination between development and every functional departments including Development and Reform Committee,Organization and Personnel Division,Statistics Department and Department of Environmental Protection is strengthened and thus a system for green development will be rationalized.Fifth,from the perspective of data trace and analysis,provincial data base for green development is established to strengthen the accurate supervision and big data analysis and assessment for green development of Hubei province so as to help governments at different levels to take the effective and targeted measures to realize the precise management of green development.Sixth,a positive and long-term interactive system is established between government policy-making body and think-tank.Experts decision supporting for green development and propaganda channel should be available to strengthen the efficient corporation between think tank research and local management.Many experts and media reporters report that green development should be put into real practice and a set of meticulous algorithm should be established after the publication ofReport on GreenGDPPerformance Evaluation of China(2017 Hubei Province).Breakthroughs have been made in Chinese Algorithm for greenGDPperformance evaluation by the GreenGDPPerformance Evaluation Assessment Research Team from the Institute of State Governance of Huazhong University of Science and Technology.The pperformance evaluation is not only the valuable achievement of Chinese think tank to explore the road of green development but also the Chinese methodology for other countries' reference.That the set of Chinese methodology fro green development should be treasured and put into practice as soon as possible and should be combined with the performance examination of government officials to make the green development more targeted has become the top priority.After the press conference,greenGDPperformance evaluation derives from Report on GreenGDPPerformance Evaluation of China(2017 Hubei Province).Many theoretical achievements including to lead the local green development with scientific data; performance evaluation of GreenGDP: the origin,path and value;the empirical exploration of green developmentGDPperformance evaluation guides the local governance are adopted by internal editor-in-chief of Guangming News agency,Hubei Provincial Committee of CPC,People's Government of Hubei Province,etc.GreenGDPPer formance Evaluation Assessment Research Team of the Institute of State Governance of Huazhong University of Science and Technology will make the utmost effort to enhance the greenGDPperformance assessment research,launch several research reports and will continue to make the share of contribution to the green development of humankind.

新兴经济体研究.2017年12月.第1辑:总第10辑

作者: 郭连成
出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:13次
简介: 顾 问 罗肇鸿主 任 张宇燕委 员 (按姓氏笔画排序) 马加力 王绍媛 冯绍雷 李向阳 李文 李建民 江时学 任佳 朴健一 邢广程 陆南泉 吴国平 张宇燕 张仁德 张树华 张小东 何自力 郭连成 杨光 贺文萍 姚枝仲 姚桂梅 高铁生 赵鸣文 袁东振 徐小杰 徐坡岭 柴瑜 程亦军 殷罡 程伟 景维民主 编 郭连成副 主 编 姚枝仲编辑部 主任 刘秀莲编辑部副主任 万军 欧阳向英农业无论在苏联时期还是在其继承国俄罗斯时期,一直是一个重要的经济部门,同时又是一个薄弱的部门,往往成为一个尖锐的社会经济问题。为此,从历史上看,在斯大林逝世后的各个不同时期,各届领导人都要花很大的力气抓农业问题。十月革命前,俄国虽然已经走上了资本主义发展道路并过渡到垄断资本主义,但必须看到,俄国仍然是一个小农经济占优势并且农业水平相当落后的国家。1917年,农村人口占全俄人口的82%。1914年,俄国民经济固定资产的构成是:农业占53.7%,工业、交通、商业、事业合计占46.3%;国民收入中,农业占53.6%,其余部门占46.4%。无论从哪个角度来讲,俄国的农业生产水平都是十分低下的。第一次世界大战前,俄国的农业机

环渤海地区创业生态指数报告.2015:企业创新与创业成长

出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:3次
简介: 本书是《京津冀创业生态指数报告(2013)》《北京市创业生态指数报告(2011)——创业生态学原理及其应用》的后续研究。在2015年的研究中,我们将创业生态研究的范围扩展到环渤海地区的五个省市,在此基础上对创业型企业的企业成长、外部环境、基础设施等要素进行了考察。本书还对创业型企业的创新活动进行了调研,将其作为研究的重要模块纳入全书中。本书对创业生态这一概念进行了较深入的探讨,研究成果也将惠及社会多个层面。
关键词: 环渤海经济圈  创业  研究报告  2015  

中国金融稳定综合测评:基于金融发展与经济增长的关联性

作者: 陈阳
出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:2次
简介: 金融自由化改革在改善金融抑制现象的同时,导致了金融危机的频繁爆发,由此催生了世界各国对金融稳定问题的关注。伴随着国际金融一体化趋势的加快以及改革开放进程的深入,金融稳定问题在中国金融改革进程中的重要性也日益突出。一般而言,金融稳定意味着金融机构和金融市场正常运转,不发生金融危机,或在遭受冲击时能够进行有效抵御。实际上,金融稳定源自金融发展和经济增长的相互关联保持正常状态。基于对金融稳定内涵的解读,结合中国金融改革实践,本书从考察金融发展与经济增长关联性的视角,展开对中国金融稳定的综合测度。金融发展与经济增长的关联性体现在微观、宏观、系统三个层面,本书相应地从微观比较机制、宏观影响机制和系统互促机制三个角度进行研究,评述中国1999—2012年的金融稳定状态。本书从金融稳定概念的内涵解析和对经典理论的理解出发,确立了整体研究视角和研究方向,即通过考察金融发展与经济增长的关联性来评价中国金融稳定状况。随后,系统全面地梳理了自改革开放以来我国金融体系改革历程的演进,说明金融体系伴随着经济增长的日益发展,引发了金融监管机制改革以及对金融稳定问题的空前重视。金融发展综合指数和经济增长指数的构建和

中国经济增长数量、质量和效益的耦合研究

作者: 王薇
出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:8次
简介: 本书应用系统论、耦合理论和发展经济学的方法,从理论和实证两方面对中国经济增长数量、质量和效益的不一致性的形成机理与演进轨迹进行了系统分析。运用耦合模型和投影寻踪模型对1978—2014年间中国经济增长数量、质量和效益的不一致性进行定量测度,并进行了跨国比较研究。在对制度、要素、技术等多维复合因素考察的基础上,提出了实现中国经济增长数量、质量和效益相耦合的机制、路径和政策。

Practice of BRI Think Tank Internationalization RDI Annual R...

作者: 王伟光
出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:2次
简介: 在中国政府和中国社会科学院建设新型智库的大力支持下,蓝迪国际智库致力于打造整合资源的平台和网络,服务中央决策,支持中国企业,推动“一带一路”伟大战略的落实。本书总结了蓝迪国际智库在2015年所取得的工作成就。全书分为三章,分别介绍了蓝迪国际智库积极探索建设中国特色新型智库的体制机制,整合资源建言献策发挥智库作用,以及推进国际合作,务实共建“一带一路”取得的进展。目的是让世界对中国有更深入的认识,以推动更广泛的国际合作
关键词: 咨询机构  研究报告  中国2017  英文报告  
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