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中国社会建设报告.2017

出版日期:2019-01-01
浏览次数:105次
简介: 《中国社会建设报告(2017)》,是根据《中国统计年鉴(2016年)》、《中国区域经济统计年鉴(2016年)》等统计数据,研制了中国社会建设指数评价体系,在全国首次对31个省市自治区社会建设水平进行了评价及其得分排序,并将北京与全国13个1000万人口以上的特大型城市、G20国、金砖五国以及新加坡、韩国、香港的社会建设指数作了横向比较;《报告》还依据《中国统计年鉴(2016年)》的数据,对中国的社会建设走势作出了定性和定量的分析。
关键词: 社会建设  报告  中国  2017  

京津冀雾霾的协同治理与机制创新

出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:191次
简介: 本书是中国社会科学院国情调研重大项目成果。本书以京津冀三地实地调研和文献调研为基础,系统梳理了京津冀大气污染联防联控工作进展情况,从能源、产业、建筑、交通、应急预案、公众参与、国内外治理经验等方面进行了专项分析。基于区域大气环境问题具有整体性、复杂性、长期性、公共性的特性,本书根据协同治理的理论特征与雾霾治理特性的契合点,从府际协作、成本分担、监督问责、多元主体参与等方面提出创新京津冀雾霾协同治理机制的政策建议。
关键词: 空气污染  污染防治  华北地区  

中国顺应经济新常态,迈向中高端研究

作者: 张平
出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:55次
简介: 2010年,中国人均国民收入(GNI)达到4035美元,成功地跨过了世界银行关于中上等收入国家的界定标准(3975美元)的门槛,跻身于中上等收入国家行列。而中国经济能否保持中高速增长,迈向中高端发展,成为中国跨越“中等收入陷阱”的关键。本书借助两大体系进行分析,一大体系是一国经济如何通过持续的结构性变革来提升劳动生产率和全要素贡献率来迈向中高端发展;另一大体系是结合国际经验数据,讨论中国未来进入中高速阶段,特别是通过区域追赶特征进行统计分析和推断。主要得到了以下结论:(1)中国经济中长期增长路径中增长加速和增长减缓过程较为频繁,虽然2015年再次出现增长减缓拐点,结构性减速特征明显,但是,中国经济依然较为稳定,预计2016—2017年,经济增长仍然保持在6.5%以上的水平、“十三五”规划期间,保持在6.5%左右的增长是可预期的。(2)中国经济迈向中高端发展需要持续的效率提升仍是严峻的挑战。中国经济迈入中高端发展的关键是“两个效率提升”。第一个效率提升是劳动生产率的提高。劳动生产率的增长速度直接决定了工资水平提升速度,没有劳动生产率的提升,就难以进行人力资本深化。第二个效率提升是全要素生

精准扶贫:理论、路径与和田思考

作者: 王灵桂 侯波
出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:77次
简介: 党的十八大以来,习近平总书记从人民利益和幸福出发,提出了精准扶贫的战略思想。五年来,我国贫困治理体系不断创新完善,贫困治理能力逐步提髙,精准扶贫理论不断丰富和发展。消除贫困、改善民生、实现共同富裕的精准扶贫思想已成为习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想的重要组成部分。《精准扶贫:理论、路径与和田思考》回顾了我国扶贫工作的历史,研究了精准扶贫的理论基础与制度,并结合新疆的形势提出精准扶贫的“和田思考”与对策建议,符合党中央的方针政策,为我国精准扶贫工作的继续发展提供了有力依据和支持。
关键词: 扶贫研究  精准扶贫  和田  

中小城镇发展与城乡一体化

作者: 陈春生
出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:39次
简介: 本书是基于城乡关系与空间结构演化研究中小城镇发展问题的。中小城镇的作用主要有四个方面:第一是就业承载作用,包括承接大城市因去工业化和城市功能优化等原因引起的产业转移。第二是在属地资源优化配置和污染治理方面的作用。前者主要指中小城镇在资源利用上可以最大限度地促成属地资源的供求平衡;后者是说由于污染排放能力存在着规模递增倾向,而中小城镇在污染治理上具有多种优势,以中小城镇为人口承载主体的集聚结构可以使污染得到根本治理。第三是在空间结构优化方面的作用,包括基于租金的结构优化和使集聚经济与“疏散”状态的资源利用优势相结合的结构优化。第四是指中小城镇发展可以为实现农业现代化提供城镇化条件。最后推导了“中小城镇发展的技术线路图”。基于上述逻辑结构可以解释一个国家如何才能突破“中等收入和高收入陷阱”、产业结构升级与空间结构优化间的关系以及与此相应的集聚结构的基本格局等发展问题。本书既是中小城镇建设者、爱好者的理想读物,又可作为经济类研究生的辅助教材或参考读物。
关键词: 城乡一体化  中小城镇  城镇  

打造“一带一路”前行航标:新时代中国海外园区再出发

作者: 林拓 蔡永记
出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:26次
简介: 我国海外产业园区经过20多年发展,为带动国内企业“走出去”,推动国际产能合作,促进“一带一路”沿线国家工业化、产业升级和双边经贸政治文化关系发展作出了积极贡献,成为共建“一带一路”、构建人类命运共同体的重要平台。本报告全面系统搜集整理了1995年以来我国企业创办的183个海外产业园区资料,详细描绘其历史演进轨迹及空间分布变化情况;通过比较“一带一路”建设实施前后海外园区发生的重大变化,阐述“一带一路”倡议带来的深刻影响;结合新加坡、日本、印尼、泰国、马来西亚等国实践经验,深入剖析当前我国海外产业园区面临的新问题和新挑战;在此基础上,提出了完善现行政策措施的建议。

拉丁美洲和加勒比经济发展分析与展望.2017

作者: 陈朝先
出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:90次
简介: 这本书集中分析了拉美地区当前的经济形势与经济政策。出书的目的很明确,就是为政府部门、工商企业和广大读者展示拉美经济的现实情况和发展态势,为推动中拉经贸合作提供决策咨询和学术研究方面的服务。因此,除拉美经济形势之外,中拉双方经贸合作的进展状况也是贯穿全书的重要内容。

贸易开放、要素再配置及其经济效应

作者: 高凌云
出版日期:2018-01-01
浏览次数:15次
简介: This book considers thefactors reallocation process induced by trade that most trade literature ignores,and relaxes the assumption of no cost in trade adjustment.It specifically considers three aspects:First,whether trade openness brings the reallocation of production factors in inter-industries and intra-industries at the same time?What are the positive economic effects of the induced reallocation of productive factors?Second,if the first question is answered affirmative,what kind of adjustment cost will the induced reallocation of production factors generate?What are the ways(or mechanisms)of these adjustment costs?Third,if we analyze the cost of trade adjustment and weigh the costs and benefits after trade liberalization,will trade openness bring positive economic effect?In view of the above three aspects,using the data at various levels in China,the book draws the following basic conclusions:First,it is like Melitz(2003)from the perspective of enterprise heterogeneity.Based on China' s industry level data,the book finds that import competition caused by trade openness leads to a reallocation process of intra-industry and inter-industry.Among them,about 40% of the productivity effect of import competition can be explained by the induced positive intra-industry reallocation process.The reallocation of the induced factors among industries is not statistically significant.Moreover,the non-significant reallocation is not enough to offset the negative reallocation caused by other reasons.Second,there is a clear functional relationship between the scale of government expenditure and the variables such as trade,risk and induced employment adjustment.Ignoring the induced employment adjustment variables will lead to a serious omission error.Considering the employment adjustment caused by trade liberalization,the traditional compensation hypothesis and the efficiency hypothesis do not explain the impact of trade openness on the scale of local government consumption expenditure.Trade liberalization led to negative employment adjustment,and the expected risk led to a positive employment adjustment,and its intensity exceeded the negative adjustment induced by trade.There is a significant difference in the impact mechanism of trade opening on the different expenditure items of local governments.The positive impact of lagged trade opening on the scale of real investment expenditure is essentially the impact of expected risk induced employment adjustment.But for the actual transfer payment scale of local government,the influence of the lagged trade opening is always not significant.The urbanization rate,the raising rate,the Wagner rule and the expected risk induced employment adjustment have always had significant positive effectsThird,with the deepening of open trade openness,especially the accession to the World Trade Organization(WTO),both from the macro and micro mechanism behind the appearance,our production factors and economic structure have undergone large-scale adjustment,and this change will naturally be reflected in the change in the share of labor income.By decomposing labor income share into internal labor share effect,added value effect,entry effect and exit effect that can fully reflect the dynamic change of enterprises,we can see that there are great differences in the changing direction of the different components of the share of labor income.The negative impact of trade openness on the overall change of labor income share is due to a comprehensive trade-off between the positive effect of the internal share effect and the exit effect,the negative impact of the added value effect and the entry effect.Fourth,there is a significant monotonous increasing relationship between China' s per capita income and export specialization,indicating that China' s exports are becoming more and more concentrated in a few industries.Moreover,this trend is present in our country when the per capita income is far below the international demarcation point.This indicates that the development of China' s export specialization is far beyond its own development stage.In the future,if the per capita income exceeds a certain amount,the export will probably accelerate specialization.Special attention should be paid to such a way of export specialization,which may inhibit the long-term growth of the economy.This shows that the development of China' s export specialization is not enough to offset the cost of economic growth.
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