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实通智效:智慧法院建设的盐田实践

SOLID,CONNECTED,INTELLIGENT,AND EFFECTIVE:THEYANTIAN PRACTICE OF BUILDING SMART COURTS

ISBN:978-7-5203-7482-8

出版日期:2020-12

页数:155

字数:101.0千字

丛书名:《国家智库报告》

点击量:5142次

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摘要:“十三五”期间人民法院信息化建设取得巨大成就,“智审、智执、智服、智管”的智慧法院体系基本建成,人民法院信息化3.0版深化完善。党的十九届五中全会对坚持创新驱动发展作出重大部署,为人民法院全面深化智慧法院建设、促进审判体系和审判能力现代化提供了根本遵循。认真谋划和推进“十四五”时期智慧法院建设,一方面要加强顶层设计和统筹,另一方面应及时总结和推广富有成效的地方经验,立足实践需求,下足细节功夫,进一步强弱项、补短板、增质效、解新题。

通过实地走访调研,课题组发现,智慧法院建设取得举世瞩目的成绩,得益于全国各级法院的共同努力和交流互鉴。最高人民法院为智慧法院建设夯基垒台、立柱架梁,地方法院实干笃定、各展神通。深圳盐田法院结合基层工作实际,充分发挥自身优势,走出一条基层智慧法院建设的特色之路:以目标为导向,推动全流程数字化办案落地起效;以法官为本位,采用JEC模式,提升法官审判能力与质效;以改革为重点,保障司法改革成果与智慧法院建设交融互促;以便民为追求,不断满足人民群众多元司法需求。自2017年4月被广东省高院确定为全省“智慧法院”试点单位以来,盐田法院率先在全国实现全流程无纸化办案,智慧法院建设取得丰硕成果,体现了“实通智效”的突出特点:坚实基础,全面筑牢建设根基;融合贯通,深化协同机制效应;交互运智,整体增进司法能力;以智促效,提升智慧法院效能。实为基础,通为前提,智为运用,确保建设取得良好成效,这些经验和心得值得系统总结和借鉴推广。

全面深化智慧法院建设,推动顺应时代进步和科技发展的诉讼制度转型,要在既有建设基础上守正创新,以更宽广视野不断拓展智慧法院发展路径。课题组认为,全流程数字化办案和电子卷宗深度应用是必须抓牢的“牛鼻子”,构建深层次治理规则和制度,强化网络数据安全保障体系,加强对人工智能、区块链、系统融合等前沿问题的研究应用,建立外部专家独立评估机制等可成为加快智慧法院建设步伐的重要着力点。

关键词:智慧法院;实通智效;全流程数字化办案

Abstract: China has made huge achievements in the informatization of people's courts during the period of the 14thFive-year Plan: the construction of a smart court system characterized by“smart trial,smart service and smart governance”has been basi cally completed and the Court Informatization System Version 3.0 has been further improved.The Communist Party of China made major arrangements for innovation-driven development at the Fifth Plenary Session of its Nineteenth Central Committee,laying down fundamental principles to be followed by people's courts in constructing smart court in an all-round way and in modernizing the trial system and capacity.To further advance the construction of smart court in the period of the 14thFiveyear Plan,China should,on the one hand,strengthen the top-level design and overall planning and,on the other hand,timely summarization and popularize successful lo cal experiences,base itself on practi cal needs,pay attention to details,strengthen weak points,improve quality and efficiency,and solve new problems.

Through field investigations,the Project Team has found out that the remarkable achievements made by China in the construction of smart courts own a great deal to the joint efforts made by and the exchange and mutual learning between people's courts at various levels in the whole country.The Supreme People's Court has laid a solid foundation and built the framework for the construction of smart courts and lo cal people's courts have carried out the concrete work in a down-to-earth manner,with each showing its special prowess,in the actual construction of smart court.In recent years,the People's Court of Yantian District,Shenzhen City,Guangdong Province,by basing itself on the grassroots practice and giving full play to its own advantages,has developed an approach to the construction of grassroots smart court with its own characteristics,namely promoting the whole-process digital handling of cases by being target-oriented,adopting the judge-based JEC mode to enhance the trial capacity of judges and the quality and efficiency of trial,taking the reform as the emphasis to guarantee the integration and mutual promotion between the results of judicial reform and the construction of smart courts,and taking the convenience for the people as the aim to continuous meet the people's diversified judicial needs.Since it was chosen by the Higher People's Court of Guangdong Province as the pilot unit for the construction of smart court in the province in April 2017,the Court has taken the lead in the whole country to realize whole-process paper-less handling of cases and achieved fruitful results in the construction of smart court.These results embody the prominent characteristics of“solidness,connectedness,intelligence and effectiveness”: laying a solid foundation and comprehensively strengthening the basis of the construction;attaching importance to integration and connection and enhancing the effect of the coordination mechanism; building overall judicial capacity through interactive application of intelligence; and improving the efficiency of smart courts through intelligence.By taking solidness as the basis,connectedness as the premise,and intelligence as the application,it has achieved good results in the construction of smart court.These experiences are worthy of systematic summarization and generalization.

In order to deepen the construction of smart court and promote the adapt the litigation system to the development of the times and the progress of science and technology,China must,on the basis of existing achievements,adhere to the right course,make innovations,and continuously expand the development path of smart courts with an increasingly broad view.The Project Team holds that the deep application of whole-process digitalized handling of case and electronic case file are the key links that must be firmgrasped by China in the construction of smart courts and constructing deep-level governance rules and institutions,reinforcing the network and data security safeguarding system,strengthening the researches on and application of such frontier technologies as AI,block chain and system integration,and establishing a mechanism for external evaluation by independent experts are the focuses of future efforts to be made by China in speeding up the construction of smart courts.

Keywords: smart court; solidness,connectedness,intelligence and effectiveness; whole-process digitalized handling of cases

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引文

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GB/T 7714-2015 格式引文
中国社会科学院法学研究所国际法研究所法治战略研究部,深圳市盐田区人民法院联合课题组.实通智效:智慧法院建设的盐田实践[M].北京:中国社会科学出版社,2020
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MLA 格式引文
中国社会科学院法学研究所国际法研究所法治战略研究部,深圳市盐田区人民法院联合课题组.实通智效:智慧法院建设的盐田实践.北京,中国社会科学出版社:2020E-book.
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APA 格式引文
中国社会科学院法学研究所国际法研究所法治战略研究部和深圳市盐田区人民法院联合课题组(2020).实通智效:智慧法院建设的盐田实践.北京:中国社会科学出版社
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