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宋代江浙诗韵研究

Study on the Rhymes of Poets in Jiangzhe in Song Dynasty

ISBN:978-7-5203-5805-7

出版日期:2019-12

页数:444

字数:468.0千字

丛书名:《中国社会科学博士后文库》

点击量:5398次

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基金信息: 国家社科基金;中国博士后科学基金 展开
折扣价:¥76.8 [6折] 原价:¥128.0 立即购买电子书

图书简介

China is a country of poetry.Rich literature of ancient poetry in all history have high literary value and important value of language.“The poetry is a valuable literature of understanding pronunciation.” The ancient poetry provide us with sufficient raw materials for studying ancient voice.

After the poetry in Tang Dynasty,the poetry in Song Dynasty continued to develop.Song Dynasty boasted a large quality of the poetry of poems.The poetry in Song Dynasty had a remarkable achievements in the arts.In Song Dynasty,Jiangzhe(江浙)area was in a large population,economically developed,had profound cultural heritage,prosperous literature.This book attepts to make a study on the rhyming of 83965 poems in Song Dynasty,who were from Jiangzhe(江浙)area in Song Dynasty.

This book mainly uses “the multiple evidence”,that is to say,the combination of“verification of historical documents”and“history of Comparative”.We study the rhyme in Jiangzhe(江浙)in Song Dynasty by a large number of historical documents,such as notes,the collection of composition in Tang Dynasty and Song Dynasty,rich documents of modern dialect.

This book has generalised their rhyming system which consists of 18 rhyme categories,that's is to say,7 Open endings,7 Nasal endings and 4 Stop endings.Open endings:Ge-Ge(歌戈),Ma-Che(麻车),Jie-Lai(皆来),Zhi-Wei(支微),Yu-Mo(鱼模),Xiao-Hao(萧豪),You-Hou(尤侯); Nasal endings:Jian-Lian(监廉),Qin-Xun(侵寻),Han-Xian(寒先),Zhen-Wen(真文),Geng-Qing(庚青),Jiang-Yang(江阳),Dong-Zhong(东钟);Stop endings:Wu-Zhu(屋烛),Duo-Jue(铎觉),Yue-Tie(月帖),Zhi-Ji(质缉).The rhyming system consistents with the rhyming system used in the standard language in Song Dynasty.This fact indicts the poets in Jiangzhe(江浙)area in Song Dynasty used the same rhyme system as in the standard language.

The rhyme system by Jiangzhe(江浙)poets in Song Dynasty shows some important phonetic changes.For example,the character of Jia(佳)rhyme catepory and the character of Guai(夬)rhyme catepory fall into Ma-Che(麻车)catepory.And Hui(灰)rhyme catepory and He-kou(合口)of Tai(泰)rhyme belong to Jie-Lai(皆来)but at the same time some character rhymes fall into Zhi-Wei(支微)catepory.The labial initial characters in You-Hou(尤侯)fall into Yu-Mo(鱼模).The characters of De(德)fall into Wu-Zhu(屋烛)catepory.Stop endings with-p、-t、-k as the final consonants mix together to a large extent,some of which become glottal-ʔ.At the same time,there are rhyme characteristics between t Open endings and Stop endings,which shows the final consonants of Stop endings tended to weaken and disappear.

Through the analysis of rhyming situation of voiced-rising-tone characters,we find the qualities of the voiced-rising-tone characters with the departng tone is same as the voiced-rising-tone characters with the rising tone.At the same time,the qualities of the voiced-risingtone characters with the rising tone and the departng tone is far more than the front two cases.This fact shows that the voiced-rising-tone characters was in the process of evolution to the departng tone.

The analysis of specially rhymed characters is one of the the importont tasks in the study of rhyme.The analysis of some specially rhymed characters in Jiangzhe(江浙)poets can make up for the shortage of rhyming books and trace their evolution and diferent pronunciation.

This book analyses some irregular rhyme in detail of the rhyming system in Jiangzhe(江浙)poets in Song Dynasty,which is neither cosistent with the rhyming provisions in Guangyun(广韵)nor cosistent with the rhyme system in the standard language.The irregular rhyme includes:category Zhi-Wei(支微)contacts with category YuMo(鱼模),Ge-Ge(歌戈)with Yu-Mo(鱼模),Zhi-Wei(支微)with Jie-Lai(皆来),Ma-Che(麻车)with Jie-Lai(皆来),You-Hou(尤侯)with Xiao-Hao(萧豪); Han-Xian(寒先)with Jian-Lian(监廉),Dong-Zhong(东钟)with Jiang-Yang(江阳),Geng-Qing(庚青)with Jiang-Yang(江阳); Wu-Zhu(屋烛)with Duo-Jue(铎觉); Han-Xian(寒先)and Jian-Lian(监廉)with Zhi-Wei(支微),etc.Through the analysis,we find the vast majority of the irregular rhyming reflect the dialect in Jiangzhe(江浙)area in Song Dynasty,apart from imitating ancient rhyming and accidental rhyming.Although the poets in Jiangzhe(江浙)area in Song Dynasty used the same rhyme system as in the standard language,these irregular rhyming shows that the poets in Jiangzhe(江浙)in Song Dynasty occasionally use their own dialect in their poems.The rhyming system in Jiangzhe(江浙)poets in Song Dynasty contained extremely strong dialect in Jiangzhe(江浙).

In the last part of the arcicle,according to the unbalace distribution of the irregular rhyme,we speculate the language differences in different aeras,that's is to say,make dialect division in Jiangzhe(江浙).We find the dialect in Jiangzhe(江浙)was divided into three parts.As a part,the dialect in Xuzhou(徐州)is Zhong Yuan Manarin(中原官话).The dialect in Huaian(淮安)and Yangzhou(扬州)is Jiang Huai Manarin(江淮官话).The dialect in Nantong(南通)、Suzhou(苏州)、Ningbo(宁波)and Chunan(淳安)is Tai Hu dialect(太湖片)in Wu(吴)Dialect.The dialect in Tiantai(天台)and Huangyan(黄岩)is Taizhou dialect(台州片)in Wu(吴)Dialect.As a part,the dialect in Jinhua(金华)、Chuzhou(处州)and Quzhou(衢州)is Wu(吴)Dialect.The dialect in Wenzhou(温州)and Yongjia(永嘉)is Ou Jiang dialect(瓯江片)in Wu(吴)Dialect.The geographical distribution of the dialect in Jiangzhe(江浙)in Song Dynasty is basically same as this case in today.This fact shows that the geographical distribution of the dialect in Jiangzhe(江浙)at the latest developed their shape in Song Dynasty.

Key words:Song Dynasty; Jiangzhe(江浙); poetry; phonology of dialect

China is a country of poetry. Rich literature of ancient poetry in all history have high literary value and important value of language.“ The poetry is a valuable literature of understanding pronunciation.” The ancient poetry provide us with sufficient raw materials for studying ancient voice. After the poetry in Tang Dynasty,the poetry in Song Dynasty continued to develop. Song Dynasty boasted a large quality of the poetry of poems. The poetry in Song Dynasty had a remarkable achievements in the arts. In Song Dynasty,Jiangzhe (Jiangsu and Zhejiang) area was in a large population,economically developed,had profound cultural heritage,prosperous literature. This book attepts to make a study on the rhyming of 83965 poems in Song Dynasty,who were from Jiangzhe (Jiangsu and Zhejiang) area in Song Dynasty.This book mainly uses "the multiple evidence",that is to say,the combination of“verification of historical documents”and“history of Comparative”. We study the rhyme in Jiangzhe (Jiangsu and Zhejiang) in Song Dynasty by a large number of historical documents, such as notes, the collection of composition in Tang Dynasty and Song Dynasty, rich documents of modern dialect. This book has generalised their rhyming system which consists of 18 rhyme categories,that's is to say,7 Open endings,7 Nasal endings and 4 Stop endings. Open endings: Ge-Ge, Ma-Che, Jie-Lai, Zhi-Wei, Yu-Mo, Xiao-Hao, You-Hou; Nasal endings: Jian-Lian (Jianlian), Qin-Xun (invasion), Han-Xian (Hanxian), Zhen-Wen (Zhenwen), Geng-Qing (Gengqing), Jiang-Yang (Jiangyang), Dong-Zhong (Dongzhong); Stop endings: Wu-Zhu (House Candle), Duo-Jue (Duo Jue), Yue-Tie (Monthly Post), Zhi-Ji (Quality).The rhyming system consistents with the rhyming system used in the standard language in Song Dynasty.This fact indicts the poets in Jiangzhe (Jiangsu and Zhejiang) area in Song Dynasty used the same rhyme system as in the standard language. The rhyme system by Jiangzhe (Jiangsu and Zhejiang)poets in Song Dynasty shows some important phonetic changes. For example, the character of Jia(佳)rhyme catepory and the character of Guai(夬)rhyme catepory fall into Ma-Che (麻車)catepory.And Hui (gray)rhyme catepory and He-kou (合口) of Tai (泰)rhyme belong to Jie-Lai (all come) but at the same time some character rhymes fall into Zhi-Wei catepory.The labial initial characters in You-Hou fall into Yu-Mo.The characters of De fall into Wu-Zhu (house candle) catepory.Stop endings with-p,-t、-k as the final consonants mix together to a large extent,some of which become glottal-ʔ. At the same time,there are rhyme characteristics between t Open endings and Stop endings,which shows the final consonants of Stop endings tended to weaken and disappear. Through the analysis of rhyming situation of voiced-rising-tone characters,we find the qualities of the voiced-rising-tone characters with the departng tone is same as the voiced-rising-tone characters with the rising tone. At the same time,the qualities of the voiced-risingtone characters with the rising tone and the departng tone is far more than the front two cases. This fact shows that the voiced-rising-tone characters was in the process of evolution to the departng tone. The analysis of specially rhymed characters is one of the the importont tasks in the study of rhyme. The analysis of some specially rhymed characters in Jiangzhe (Jiangsu and Zhejiang)poets can make up for the shortage of rhyming books and trace their evolution and diferent pronunciation. This book analyses some irregular rhyme in detail of the rhyming system in Jiangzhe poets in Song Dynasty, which is neither cosistent with the rhyming provisions in Guangyun nor cosistent with the rhyme system in the standard language. The irregular rhyme includes: category Zhi-Wei contacts with category YuMo, Ge-Ge with Yu-Mo, Zhi-Wei with Jie-Lai, Ma-Che with Jie-Lai, You-Hou with Xiao-Hao; Han-Xian with Jian-Lian, Dong-Zhong with Jiang-Yang, Geng-Qing with Jiang-Yang; Wu-Zhu (House Candle) with Duo-Jue (Duo Jue); Han-Xian and Jian-Lian with Zhi-Wei, etc. Through the analysis, we find the vast majority of the irregular rhyming reflect the dialect in Jiangzhe (Jiangsu and Zhejiang) area in Song Dynasty,apart from imitating ancient rhyming and accidental rhyming. Although the poets in Jiangzhe (Jiangsu and Zhejiang) area in Song Dynasty used the same rhyme system as in the standard language, these irregular rhyming shows that the poets in Jiangzhe (Jiangsu and Zhejiang) in Song Dynasty occasionally use their own dialect in their poems. The rhyming system in Jiangzhe (Jiangsu and Zhejiang)poets in Song Dynasty contained extremely strong dialect in Jiangzhe(Jiangsu and Zhe).In the last part of the arcicle,according to the unbalace distribution of the irregular rhyme,we speculate the language differences in different aeras,that's to say,make dialect division in Jiangzhe.We find the dialect in Jiangzhe (Jiangsu and Zhe)" was divided into three parts. As a part,the dialect in Xuzhou (Xuzhou) is Zhong Yuan Manarin.The dialect in Huaian and Yangzhou is Jiang Huai Manarin.The dialect in Nantong, Suzhou, Ningbo and Chunan (淳安) is Tai Hu dialect in Wu (武) Dialect.The dialect in Tiantai (天台) and Huangyan (Huangyan) is Taizhou dialect (台) in Wu (吴) Dialect.As a part, the dialect in Jinhua, Chuzhou and Quzhou (Quzhou) is Wu (吴)Dialect.The dialect in Wenzhou (Wenzhou) and Yongjia (Yongjia) is Ou Jiang dialect in Wu (吴)Dialect.The geographical distribution of the dialect in Jiangzhe (Jiangzhe) in Song Dynasty is basically same as this case in today. This fact shows that the geographical distribution of the dialect in Jiangzhe (Jiangsu and Zhejiang) at the latest developed their shape in Song Dynasty.Key words:Song Dynasty; Jiangzhe (Jiangsu and Zhejiang); poetry; phonology of dialect(AI翻译)

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引文

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GB/T 7714-2015 格式引文
钱毅.宋代江浙诗韵研究[M].北京:中国社会科学出版社,2019
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MLA 格式引文
钱毅.宋代江浙诗韵研究.北京,中国社会科学出版社:2019E-book.
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APA 格式引文
钱毅(2019).宋代江浙诗韵研究.北京:中国社会科学出版社
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